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Journal of Physical Activity & Health

João Martins, Adilson Marques, Nuno Loureiro, Francisco Carreiro da Costa, José Diniz, Margarida Gaspar de Matos
BACKGROUND: To examine the trends of moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) from 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014 in a representative sample of Portuguese adolescent girls and to investigate MVPA changes during adolescence in surveys of each year and by generation. METHODS: A nationally representative sample of 6018 girls between 11 and 13 years and 3838 girls between 15 and 17 years was drawn from the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children surveys in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, James F Sallis, Justine Nabanoba, David Basangwa, Adewale L Oyeyemi, Sandra S Kasoma, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, James Mugisha
BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether reported neighborhood variables explained variance in time spent walking, exercising, and being sedentary, in addition to mental health and demographic variables among Ugandan outpatients with mental illness. METHODS: Ninety-nine outpatients (78 men; 31.1 [8.6] y) of the Butabika National Referral Hospital in Uganda completed the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for Africa, the Simple Physical Activity Questionnaire, and the Brief Symptoms Inventory-18...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Pedro J Teixeira, Adilson Marques, Carla Lopes, Luís B Sardinha, Jorge A Mota
BACKGROUND: This study describes levels of self-reported physical activity, frequency of selected opportunistic nonsedentary behaviors, and preferences of leisure-time activities in a representative sample of Portuguese adults, using data from a national survey on diet and activity behaviors (National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, IAN-AF, 2015-2016). METHODS: Participants were 3873 Portuguese adults (1827 men). They were interviewed face to face, and the short version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire was used...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Oliver W A Wilson, Scott Graupensperger, M Blair Evans, Melissa Bopp
BACKGROUND: Entering college is associated with significant lifestyle changes and the potential adoption of a lifelong lifestyle. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) in the hopes that findings could inform student health promotion. METHODS: A total of 369 undergraduate students provided complete responses to demographic, PA, and FVC items via an online survey 3 times over a 6-month period...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Kara L Gavin, Julian Wolfson, Mark Pereira, Nancy Sherwood, Jennifer A Linde
BACKGROUND: This analysis helps clarify the individual and joint effects of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in concert with significant life events (eg, divorce, marriage, job change or loss, pregnancy, etc) on weight following a behavioral weight loss intervention. METHODS: Data from the Tracking Study weight loss trial were utilized to perform a 4-way decomposition of moderation and mediation of life events (≥ 1 vs 0) and MVPA (low <2500 kcal vs high ≥ 2500 kcal) on 24-month weight...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Emma E Sypes, Genevieve Newton, Zakkoyya H Lewis
BACKGROUND: Electronic activity monitor systems (EAMSs) have been readily incorporated into physical activity (PA) and weight-loss interventions to facilitate self-monitoring PA behavior. A comprehensive review is required to better understand their utility as intervention modalities in nonclinical populations. METHODS: Medscape, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane databases were searched in February 2017, with a search update in April 2017. Citation screening, risk of bias assessment, and an intensity evaluation were conducted in duplicate by 2 investigators...
March 8, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Steven Loy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Denny Meyer, Madawa W Jayawar, Samuel Muir, David Ho, Olivia Sackett
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the impact of an online workplace program that promotes physical activity and health, while focusing on performance measures relating to physical activity, nutrition, and overall health. METHODS: The large sample size (more than 18,000 participants) allowed the use of text mining and machine-learning methods to determine what descriptions of the program identify successful outcomes, and hierarchical linear models to determine the most beneficial program modules and features...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Rodney P Joseph, Kathryn E Royse, Tanya J Benitez
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the existing scientific literature on e- and mHealth interventions promoting physical activity (PA) among African American (AA) and Hispanic women. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis guidelines, 5 electronic databases and gray literature sources were searched in August 2017. Inclusion criteria are published in English language peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2017, use of an e- or mHealth delivery strategy to promote PA, primary focus on AA or Hispanic women, and reported PA outcome data...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Lennart Raudsepp, Kristi Vink
BACKGROUND: To examine longitudinal associations between sedentary behavior and depressive symptoms among adolescent girls. METHODS: A 6-year longitudinal study was conducted consisting of 3 waves, each separated by 3 years. Participants' (n = 249, mean age 12.1 y at baseline) sedentary behaviors were registered using ecological momentary assessment and girls completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale. Structural equation modeling of cross-lagged panel models was used to test longitudinal and bidirectional associations...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Heather L Colleran, Andrea Hiatt, Laurie Wideman, Cheryl A Lovelady
BACKGROUND: During lactation, women may lose up to 10% of bone mineral density (BMD) at trabecular-rich sites. Previous studies show that resistance exercise may slow BMD; however, the long-term effects of exercise on BMD during lactation have not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of two 16-week exercise interventions (4- to 20-wk postpartum) in lactating women at 1-year postpartum on lumbar spine, total body, and hip BMD. METHODS: To increase sample size at 1-year postpartum, two 16-week exercise interventions were combined for analysis...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Dimitrios Aivazidis, Fotini Venetsanou, Nikolaos Aggeloussis, Vassilios Gourgoulis, Antonis Kambas
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at evaluating the effect of the "Walk," an 8-month physical activity (PA) program led by classroom and physical education teachers, on the motor competence (MC) and PA of 5- to 6-year-old children. METHODS: A total of 143 children (mean age = 61.51 [1.85] mo) participated in the study and were randomly assigned to the experimental and control groups. Children's MC was assessed by the Körperkoordination Test für Kinder (KTK), and PA was objectively measured by Omron HJ-720IT-E2 pedometers...
January 30, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Karin A Pfeiffer, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Bo Andersen, Anna Bugge
BACKGROUND: To analyze the longitudinal association between academic performance and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA), vigorous physical activity (VPA), and sedentary (SED) in a 3-year longitudinal study. A secondary aim was to determine whether MVPA and VPA were indirectly related with academic performance via waist circumference (WC). METHODS: Physical activity (PA) and SED were measured by accelerometers. Academic performance was assessed by national tests in Danish and Math...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
John M Schuna, Daniel S Hsia, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Neil M Johannsen
BACKGROUND: Active workstations offer the potential for augmenting energy expenditure (EE) in sedentary occupations. However, comparisons of EE during pedal and treadmill desk usage at self-selected intensities are lacking. METHODS: A sample of 16 adult participants (8 men and 8 women; 33.9 [7.1] y, 22.5 [2.7] kg/m2 ) employed in sedentary occupations had their EE measured using indirect calorimetry during 4 conditions: (1) seated rest, (2) seated typing in a traditional office chair, (3) self-paced pedaling on a pedal desk while typing, and (4) self-paced walking on a treadmill desk while typing...
January 12, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Jakob Tarp, Anna Bugge, Niels Christian Møller, Heidi Klakk, Christina Trifonov Rexen, Anders Grøntved, Niels Wedderkopp
BACKGROUND: The role of muscle fitness in controlling cardiometabolic risk factors during childhood is incompletely understood. METHODS: A prospective observational design including 6- to 11-year-old children (n = 512) was used to study associations between 1.5-year changes in handgrip strength, standing vertical jump displacement, the short shuttle run, and a composite of these with changes in composite and single cardiometabolic risk markers. The authors modeled sequential mixed linear regressions controlling for changes in cardiorespiratory fitness, waist circumference, and other putative confounding variables...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Koji Yonemoto, Takanori Honda, Hiro Kishimoto, Daigo Yoshida, Jun Hata, Naoko Mukai, Mao Shibata, Yoichiro Hirakawa, Toshiharu Ninomiya, Shuzo Kumagai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe changes in physical activity volumes and sedentary time over 3 years in the middle-aged and older Japanese population. METHODS: Study participants included 1151 Japanese community-dwelling residents aged ≥40 years in 2009 who underwent 2 sets of health examinations (2009 and 2012). Using a triaxial accelerometer, longitudinal changes in sedentary time, light physical activity volume, moderate to vigorous physical activity volume, number of steps, and total physical activity volume were evaluated according to sex, age (40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, and ≥80 y), and obese (nonobese and obese) categories...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Gregory W Heath, John Bilderback
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of studies, especially among diverse populations, demonstrating the effects of policy and environmental interventions to increase regular physical activity. The Grow Healthy Together Chattanooga project provided the opportunity to assess the impact of physical activity policy and environmental interventions on the physical activity among predominately African American children living in the inner city. METHODS: Using the System for Observing Physical Activity and Recreation in Communities (SOPARC), the authors examined the physical activity of children along urban pedestrian/bike routes/trails and recreational park areas within the boundaries of the Grow Healthy Together Chattanooga communities...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Sofiya Alhassan, Christine W St Laurent, Sarah Burkart, Cory J Greever, Matthew N Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: For a health behavior intervention to be sustainable within preschool centers, the intervention should be implemented by classroom teachers. Unfortunately, teachers are constrained by demands such as meeting early childhood education standards. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of integrating a health behavior intervention into early education learning standards on physical activity (PA), diet, and sleep (PADS) behavior of preschoolers...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Carolina Menezes Fiorelli, Emmanuel Gomes Ciolac, Lucas Simieli, Fabiana Araújo Silva, Bianca Fernandes, Gustavo Christofoletti, Fabio Augusto Barbieri
BACKGROUND: People with Parkinson's disease (PD) present cognitive impairments, which deteriorate their quality of life and increase disability. Acute aerobic exercise has demonstrated favorable effects on cognitive function in healthy neurologically individuals, but these effects have a dose-response relationship. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the acute effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) versus continuous moderate-intensity training (MICT) on cognitive functions in people with PD...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
André Luiz Galvim, Isabela Martins Oliveira, Tatiane Vieira Martins, Leonardo Moreira Vieira, Natália Caroline Cerri, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Renata Valle Pedroso, Grace Angélica de Oliveira Gomes
BACKGROUND: One of the most important health determinants is social vulnerability, which can interfere in the practice of physical activity (PA). This study aimed at analyzing adherence to a PA program in a high social vulnerability context. METHODS: A longitudinal study with a 6-month intervention period was conducted. The program offered monitored walks associated with behavioral change educational campaigns. Sociodemographic characteristics, occupation, PA level, noncommunicable chronic diseases, participants' frequency of participation in the program, and intervention dropout reasons were evaluated...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
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