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Natalio Extremera Pacheco, Lourdes Rey, Nicolás Sánchez-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: The Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS) is a self-report emotional intelligence scale based on the theoretical framework of Mayer & Salovey (1997). The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Wong and Law Emotional Intelligence Scale (WLEIS; Wong & Law, 2002) in a large sample of 1,460 adults (815 women and 645 men) ranging from 17 to 64 years old (M = 33.27, SD = 11.60). METHOD: The scale was back-translated and participants completed a battery of questionnaires including the Spanish WLEIS (WLEIS-S), perceived stress scale, subjective happiness scale, life satisfaction scale, and suicide behavioural questionnaire...
February 2019: Psicothema
Ana Romero-Abrio, Belén Martínez-Ferrer, Juan C Sánchez-Sosa, Gonzalo Musitu
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to identify predictive variables of relational aggression related to the individual, family and school environment in Mexican adolescents according to sex and age. METHOD: A total of 8,115 Mexican adolescents (51.5% boys), aged 11 to 16 years old (M = 13.34 years, SD = 1.040), selected by proportional stratified sampling. RESULTS: From a stepwise regression analysis it was observed that the main predictors of relational aggression were non-conformist self-perception of social reputation, psychological distress, attitude toward institutional authority and offensive communication with the mother...
February 2019: Psicothema
María M Martín-Perpiñá, Ferran Viñas Poch, Sara Malo Cerrato
BACKGROUND: The emergence of multi-function devices has created a perceived need to always be connected to multiple media devices, which is called media multitasking. This phenomenon is linked to deficits in cognitive control affecting executive function and learning and academic achievement in adolescents. The present study aimed to explore the relationship of MM, executive functions and academic performance. METHOD: The sample comprised 977 students aged between 11 and 18 from 6 schools...
February 2019: Psicothema
Estanislao Castellano, Roger Muñoz-Navarro, María S Toledo, Carlos Spontón, Leonardo A Medrano
BACKGROUND: Workers constantly resort to cognitive processes of emotion regulation to deal with emotions they experience in the workplace. These processes belong either to the “automatic” (preconscious and fast) or the “elaborative” (conscious and slow) mode. This study aims to determine the role of these variables in the work setting and to analyze their relationship with positive and negative affect, engagement and burnout. METHOD: 350 employees (54...
February 2019: Psicothema
José A León, José A Martínez-Huertas, Ricardo Olmos, José D Moreno, Inmaculada Escudero
BACKGROUND: Metacomprehension skills determine an individual reader’s ability to judge their degree of learning and text comprehension and have considerable importance in their ability to learn from reading. Given that many comprehension processes are influenced by text characteristics, the aim of the present study was to analyze whether different types of text have significant impact on metacomprehension skills at two different points in primary education. METHOD: A total of 823 students (4th and 6th years of primary school, 9 to 11 years old) read three different texts (narrative, expository and discontinuous texts) taken from ECOM-PLEC...
February 2019: Psicothema
Juan C Meléndez, Joaquín Escudero, Encarnación Satorres, Alfonso Pitarque
BACKGROUND: Autobiographical memory (AM) presents components related to the type of memory and may present an associated emotional valence. Comparing healthy older adults, adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and adults with Alzheimer´s disease (AD) gives contradictory results. We examined AM in these groups to analyze differences and provide information that would contribute to the understanding of AM and associated emotional deficits in patients. METHOD: 31 AD, 32 MCI, and 32 healthy older adults were evaluated using the Autobiographical Memory Test...
February 2019: Psicothema
Bárbara Gil-Luciano, Tatiana Calderón-Hurtado, Daniel Tovar, Beatriz Sebastián, Francisco J Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) has been identified as an important transdiagnostic process. However, little empirical research has been conducted into how triggers for RNT are organized. This study tested the hypothesis that these triggers are usually hierarchically related. METHOD: One-hundred undergraduates underwent several evaluation phases. Firstly, a diagnostic interview was administered. Secondly, participants responded to several questionnaires measuring emotional symptoms and the tendency to engage in RNT...
February 2019: Psicothema
Héctor González-Pardo, Jorge L Arias, Guillermo Vallejo, Nélida M Conejo
BACKGROUND: Exposure to maternal separation (MS) in rodents may have long-lasting consequences for the structure and function of several brain regions, eventually associated with alterations in cognition and emotion later in life. Post-weaning environmental enrichment (EE) has been reported to ameliorate the detrimental effects of exposure to early life stress mainly in the hippocampus. METHOD: In vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was applied to evaluate possible volumetric changes in the dorsal and ventral hippocampus, the medial prefrontal cortex and the dorsal striatum of 90-day-old male rats after daily MS for 240 min from postnatal days 2-21...
February 2019: Psicothema
Victoria A Ferrer-Pérez, Esperanza Bosch-Fiol, Andrés Sánchez-Prada, Carmen Delgado-Álvarez
BACKGROUND: Some attitudes serve to justify violence against women, to blame women for the violence they experience, and to perpetuate levels of this violence. These attitudes often stem from traditional norms and beliefs which are important to identify. The purpose of this study is to compare beliefs about intimate partner violence against women (IPVAW) between two time points, examining the effect of the respondents– sex and previous academic-training. METHOD: Two opportunity samples of undergraduates took part in this study: 1,392 in 2006 (34...
February 2019: Psicothema
Olaya Begara Iglesias, Laura E Gómez Sánchez, Mª A Alcedo Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study is to explore how youth with intellectual disability or Asperger syndrome use new technologies and social media in comparison with their peers without disability. METHOD: Participants were 181 adolescents with a mean age of 16 years old (SD=3.7) who completed the “Cyber-aggression Questionnaire for Adolescents”, the “Cyber-victimization Questionnaire for Adolescents” and a questionnaire on social media and new technologies...
February 2019: Psicothema
Juanjo Macías, Luis Valero-Aguayo, Frank W Bond, María J Blanca
BACKGROUND: The literature is replete with evidence regarding the impact of psychological distress in the workplace. Traditionally, worksite interventions to enhance mental health have been carried out in groups. This study aimed to implement a brief individual program in the workplace through the combination of Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for Public Administration employees. METHOD: One hundred and six public employees from a Spanish city council completed pretest measures and forty-three met the inclusion criteria...
February 2019: Psicothema
Soledad Quero, Sonia Mor, Mar Molés, Iryna Rachyla, Rosa M Baños, Cristina Botella
BACKGROUND: Adjustment Disorders (AjD) are one of the most prevalent psychological problems in primary and hospital care. It is necessary to have evidence-based instruments to help professionals diagnose and better understand this problem, which has been little studied. This study presents an adaptation of the Inventory of Complicated Grief for the assessment of AjD symptoms, referred to as the Inventory of Stress and Loss (ISL), and explores the differences in the response to stressful situations between general and clinical Spanish populations...
February 2019: Psicothema
José Muñiz, Eduardo Fonseca-Pedrero
Ten steps for test development. BACKGROUND: Tests are the measurement instruments most used by psychologists to obtain data about people, both in professional and research contexts. The main goal of this paper is to synthesize in ten steps the fundamental aspects that must be taken into account when building a test in a rigorous way. METHOD: For the elaboration of the ten proposed phases, the specialized psychometric literature was revised, and previous works by the authors on the subject were updated...
February 2019: Psicothema
María J Blanca, Rebecca Bendayan
BACKGROUND: Phubbing is an increasingly common behavior that involves using a smartphone in a social setting of two or more people and interacting with the phone rather than with the other people. Research to date on phubbing has measured it using different scales or single questions, and therefore standard measures with appropriate psychometric properties are needed to improve its assessment. The aim of our study was to develop a Spanish version of the Phubbing Scale and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, reliability, and concurrent validity...
November 2018: Psicothema
Greibin Villegas Barahona, Nerea González García, Ana B Sánchez-García, Mercedes Sánchez Barba, María P Galindo-Villardón
BACKGROUND: One of the most important concepts within Cognitive Social Theory as framed by Bandura is the perceived self-efficacy; this concept became widespread in 1981 when Mathias Jerusalem and Ralf Schwarzer, using 10 items, established a one-dimensional and universal construct of this scale. The main purpose of this study is to show that the General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) is not a one-dimensional and universal construct, as is currently assumed. METHOD: The data from 19,719 people from 26 countries were analyzed...
November 2018: Psicothema
Guillermo Vallejo Seco, María P Fernández García, Pablo E Livacic Rojas, Ellián Tuero Herrero
BACKGROUND: A multivariate extension of the Brown-Forsythe (MBF) procedure can be used for the analysis of partially repeated measure designs (PRMD) when the covariance matrices are arbitrary. However, the MBF procedure requires complete data over time for each subject, which is a significant limitation of this procedure. This article provides the rules for pooling the results obtained after applying the same MBF analysis to each of the imputed datasets of a PRMD. METHOD: Montecarlo methods are used to evaluate the proposed solution (MI-MBF), in terms of control of Type I and Type II errors...
November 2018: Psicothema
Barbara Barcaccia, Susanna Pallini, Roberto Baiocco, Marco Salvati, Angelo M Saliani, Barry H Schneider
BACKGROUND: Adolescent victims of bullying often present high levels of maladjustment, such as depression, anxiety, and the inability to manage anger. Both forgiveness and friendship have been found to be moderating agents for the debilitating psychological effects seen in the victims of bullying. Our aim was to explore the roles of forgiveness and friendship in the psychological adjustment of victimised youths. METHOD: The sample was composed of 2,105 adolescents (age range 13-20) recruited from central and southern Italy...
November 2018: Psicothema
Cristina De Francisco, Constantino Arce, Elisa I Sánchez-Romero, María P Vílchez
BACKGROUND: Engagement could constitute a frame of reference for promoting positive experiences in sport, hence the importance of learning about what precedes it in order to promote its development. This study was conducted to examine the role of self-motivation as a mediator between basic psychological needs satisfaction and athlete engagement. METHOD: A sample of 426 male and female athletes from different sports were asked to complete three questionnaires measuring each of the study variables: The Basic Needs Satisfaction in Sport Scale, the Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire and the Athlete Engagement Questionnaire...
November 2018: Psicothema
Beatriz Pereira, Paula Magalhães, Raquel Pereira, Raquel Azevedo, Sofia Kirkman, Rosa Mourão, Pedro Rosário
BACKGROUND: Data from the World Health Organization shows obesity has more than doubled worldwide since 1980. Childhood obesity is mainly associated with external and modifiable factors, as eating habits, existing room for promoting healthy lifestyles. Additionally, learning can take place in contexts other than schools, as the hospital, potentiating the time of hospitalization. Self-regulated learning framework is suited to train the skills necessary for self-management processes and behavioral changes...
November 2018: Psicothema
Joana R Casanova, Antonio Cervero, José C Núñez, Leandro S Almeida, Ana Bernardo
BACKGROUND: The increase of students in higher education means a more heterogeneous student body, complicating the identification of the variables that influence students' decisions to stay in or drop out of university. The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of these variables on students' decisions by establishing specific groups of students based on performance. METHOD: A study was carried out with 2,970 first-year university students from Portugal, using the decision tree technique...
November 2018: Psicothema
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