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Journal of Dentistry for Children

Fahad Hegazi, Mohammed Hassan
Regional odontodysplasia is a non-hereditary development dental anomaly involving epithelial and mesenchymal-derived dental tissues. The condition affects both primary and permanent teeth. Clinically, affected teeth are hypoplastic, soft upon probing, have a yellow-brown discoloration and present high susceptibility to caries. Radiographically, the teeth show enlarged pulp chambers, open apices and no clear differentiation between enamel and dentin. The reduced radiopacity of the enamel and dentin gave rise to the term ghost teeth...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Anu Marttala, Erkki Sihvonen, Saara Kantola, Pekka Ylöstalo, Tellervo Tervonen
Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by lip swelling and gingival alterations. OFG occurs either as a separate clinical entity or associated with a systemic disorder such as Crohn's disease (CD). The purpose of this paper is to report the case of a 13-year old boy who presented with marked granulomatous gingival inflammation and stomach discomfort. Periodontal therapy resulted in only slight reduction in gingival inflammation and enlargement. The diagnosis of OFG, which was evidently associated with inflammation in the bowel, was based on the gingival status and biopsy, self-reported symptoms, and laboratory markers of iron metabolism and fecal calprotectin level...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Olivia Kérourédan, Rawen Smirani, Noëlie-B Thébaud, Raphaël Devillard
Natal and neonatal teeth are rare features that can lead to various issues, from traumatic injuries and feeding difficulties to more severe problems, such as risk of aspiration due to excessive mobility of teeth. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the diagnosis and management of natal and neonatal teeth, and describe three cases of newborns with natal teeth. Decision processes and management are detailed regarding the specificity of each case. Periodic follow-up is recommended to maintain oral health and prevent any issues related to premature loss or eruption of primary teeth...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Elinor Halperson, Michael Weintraub
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease characterized by abnormal proliferation of bone marrow-derived histiocytes (Langerhans cells). LCH may manifest orally with single or multiple lesions of the alveolar or basal bone. Ulcerated mucosal lesions may be accompanied by periodontal lesions that present with gingival inflammation, bleeding, recession, necrosis, toothache, dental hypermobility, tooth development abnormalities, and premature tooth loss. This paper presents the case of a five-month-old boy with very early oral manifestations of LCH and describes the combined systemic and dental treatment during a 36-month follow-up...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Brian A Schmitz, John H Unkel
Crohn's Disease (CD) is a granulomatous inflammatory disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Oral ulcers can appear months or years before intestinal signs or symptoms are seen, which can lead to a diagnosis of other granulomatous inflammatory diseases, including or facial granulomatosis. A 16-year-old female diagnosed with CD presented with asymptomatic white linear patches and erosions bilaterally in mandibular vestibules. Cobble-stoning lesions were seen on the buccal mucosa bilaterally, and pyostomatitis vegetans was seen palatally...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Johan K M Aps, Leslie Yuan Gazdeck, Travis Nelson, Rebecca L Slayton, JoAnna M Scott
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the position of the mandibular lingula in a sample of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images taken on pediatric patients. Methods: A sample of 280 outpatient CBCT (i-CAT) scans (153 males and 127 females) were divided into three age groups: six to nine years (n=103), 10 to 13 years (n=103), and 14 to 18 years (n=74). The position of the lingula was determined relative to the anterior and posterior border of the ramus, mandibular notch, inferior border of the mandible, and mandibular plane...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Jennifer Tung, Christopher Carillo, Richard Udin, Melissa Wilson, Thomas Tanbonliong
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to clinically compare injection pain experience in children using three methods. Methods: This was a randomized clinical trial conducted among 150 children (81 girls, 69 boys), from seven to 14 years of age, who required operative dental treatment. Fifty patients were randomized into one of three groups: DentalVibe® , manual stimulation, or no stimulation (control). During the injection, the pulse rate and perceived pain, using the Wong Baker FACES Pain Rating Scale were recorded...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Najmeh Movahedian, Shadi Abedi, Mahtab Memarpour
Purpose: To compare the accuracy of dental age (DA) estimates in children using the Demirjian method and the proportion of root resorption in primary teeth. Methods: Panoramic images from 497 children aged three to 11.99 years were evaluated. Individuals were classified in five groups of two-year age intervals. Seven permanent teeth in the left mandible were scored based on diagrams developed by Demirjian. The proportion of root resorption was determined in the primary mandibular left canine and primary second molar, and age was estimated according to the length of root resorption (one quarter, one half, three quarters)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Adesh Kakade, Mugdha S Raut, Anitha Santosh, Saurabh Nagar, Shivani Bansal, Rajiv S Desai
Localized gingival enlargement associated with vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) is rarely encountered in the modern era. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of extensive inflammatory gingival enlargement in the mandibular anterior region associated with vitamin C deficiency in a 10 year-old boy. There was a significant improvement of the gingival enlargement seven days after starting oral vitamin C supplementation. Vitamin C deficiency should be included in the differential diagnosis of any gingival enlargement, especially in children...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Persis P Dastoor, Raju Umaji Patil, Rashmi Singh Chauhan, Sangeeta J Palaskar, Darshana Rajesh Shah
Lipoma is very common benign tumor of adipose tissue, but its presence in the oral cavity is rare. Fibrolipoma is a histological variant of lipoma that affects the buccal mucosa and nasal septum in the orofacial region and causes functional and cosmetic issues. However, this lesion has not been reported on the upper lip and may be confused with other soft tissue lesions of children. Hence, accurate histopathological examination of lipomas is important for a correct treatment plan. The purpose of this report is to describe the case of an 11-year-old boy with fibrolipoma of the upper lip...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Gabriela Meyge de Brito, Diana Simões, André Wilson Machado
The purpose of this case report is to present the management of an impacted permanent mandibular left central incisor using a removable appliance. A minor surgery was done to expose the tooth crown and bond an orthodontic button. The removable appliance was used to apply extrusion forces to the impacted tooth. Over a course of six months, the tooth was fully erupted. To recover the lost space of the primary canine, a fixed appliance was bonded on the mandibular arch and retention was placed until the permanent canine erupted...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Richard E Campbell, Heather T Morris, Kyle T Reynolds, Elizabeth S Gosnell
A 13-year-old female presented with traumatized maxillary central incisors that had been endodontically treated. Five years later, at a different dental office, she had the clinical crowns removed, leaving subgingival margins. From the patient's history and our initial assessment, it seemed as if the teeth had been fractured and luxated but not avulsed. Endodontic posts with spot-welded orthodontic brackets were temporarily cemented to enable orthodontic extrusion. Once access to restorable margins was obtained, the temporary posts were removed and conventional fiber posts with interim composite crowns were placed...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Ivan Lima Oliveira-Filho, Cristiane Tomaz Rocha, Alinne Késsia Almeida de Menezes, Marcelo Ferraro Bezerra, Beatriz Gonçalves Neves
Proliferative periostitis is a rare condition that can affect children and adolescents. It is characterized by the successive deposition of layers of bone caused by low-virulence infection or chronic inflammatory stimulation. The purpose of this paper is to report a case of proliferative periostitis in a pediatric patient, emphasizing the clinical and radiographic aspects as well as the therapeutic management.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Martha Holland, Caroline Carrico, Tiffany Williams
PURPOSE: To assess pediatric dentists' choice for restoring Class II carious lesions in primary molars. METHODS: A survey with eight cases of class II carious lesions was emailed to American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry members, who were asked to choose either a stainless steel crown (SSC) or composite resin as a final restoration, or no treatment. Treatment decisions were compared to evidence-based treatment recommendations. Repeated measures logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with treatment decisions...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Nili Tickotsky, Sarit Faibis, Geula Gellman, Michael Shoshani, Yael Kutiner, Moti Moskovitz
PURPOSE: To examine the rate of adherence of Israeli dentists who treat children and their rate of adherence, in 2010-2011 and in 2016, to changes made to the 2008 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for endocarditis prevention. METHODS: A questionnaire on adherence to AHA guidelines was handed out in two consecutive continuing education courses in 2010-2011 and again in 2016. Data were analyzed using student's t test, chi-square, and analysis of variance...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Ana Carolina Bosco Mendes, Manuel Restrepo, Elcilaine Rizzato Azevedo, Rita De Cássia Loiola Cordeiro, Lourdes Santos-Pinto, Angela Cristina Cilense Zuanon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of two molar clamps on artificially demineralized enamel of permanent teeth after three periods of isolation. METHODS: Twenty extracted third molars were immersed in a biological solution for development of artificial white spot lesions and then were equally divided into two groups according to the clamp being placed (Group G205: clamp no. 205; Group G26: clamp no. 26). The loss of fluorescence and lesion area of demineralized surface after each isolation were assessed by quantitative light-induced fluorescence...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Joe C Ontiveros
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Thais Rodrigues Campos Soares, Luciana Pereira da Silva, Patrícia de Andrade Risso, Lucianne Cople Maia, Laura Guimarães Primo
This is a case report on the management of a vital lateral incisor with a radiolucent cervical area associated with the presence of necrotic pulp due to a dens invaginatus (DI) type III. A nine-year-old boy presented to a university pediatric dental clinic with dental trauma. The examination showed poor oral hygiene, an uncomplicated fracture in the permanent maxillary left central incisor, and a fistula near the permanent maxillary right lateral incisor. A radiograph showed that the right lateral incisor had incomplete root development and a type III DI...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
John K Brooks, Kashif Poshni, Zaid H Khoury, John R Basile
Gingival squamous papilloma (SP) is a mucocutanous, benign proliferation rarely seen in the pediatric population. The majority of publications of affected younger patients have been confined to datasets from clinicopathologic investigations. A limited number of case reports in this age group have appeared in the literature, usually featuring primary gingival lesions. Recognition of recurrent gingival SPs in pediatric patients has been underappreciated. The purpose of this report is to present the case of a four-year-old boy with a gingival SP that recurred twice within 18 months and to increase awareness of this entity in children...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
Joshua Westphal, Elizabeth Berry, Caroline Carrico, Bhavna Shroff, Tegwyn Brickhouse
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to: (1) assess children's preferences for their pediatric dentist's attire; (2) assess guardians' preferences for their child's pediatric dentist's attire; and (3) determine which attributes are associated with different types of attire. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study using survey methodology with patients and parents who attended the pediatric dental clinic at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Va., USA. METHODS: A total sample of 100 guardians and 97 pediatric patients completed the computer-based questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
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