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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714060/questionnaire-survey-on-the-management-of-erosive-tooth-wear
#1
Philipp Kanzow, Jana Biermann, Annette Wiegand
PURPOSE: This questionnaire survey aimed to analyse management strategies for erosive tooth wear and to identify factors influencing dentists' decision-making. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire presenting clinical cases with erosive tooth wear on anterior and posterior teeth (BEWE scores 1 to 3) was sent electronically to German dentists (n = 13.683). Statistical analysis was performed by Wilcoxon signed-rank tests, Kruskal-Wallis-tests and Fisher's exact tests (p <0...
January 22, 2019: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714059/a-manual-bristleless-toothbrush-demonstrates-slight-improvement-in-gingival-recession-compared-to-a-conventional-soft-manual-brush
#2
Clara S Kim, Sam Chui, Josephine Franc, Tobias K Boehm
PURPOSE: This randomized clinical trial tested whether a novel bristleless toothbrush design is more effective in preventing gingival recession in adults receiving periodontal maintenance than is a soft toothbrush with nylon bristles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-three subjects with gingival recession were recruited who received regular periodontal maintenance care at Western University of Health Sciences Dental Center, and who did not exhibit signs of acute dental or systemic disease, occlusal discrepancies or parafunctional habits...
January 22, 2019: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30714058/effect-of-custom-made-probiotic-chocolates-on-streptococcus-mutans-plaque-ph-salivary-ph-and-buffering-capacity-in-children-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rajeswari Gopalakrishnan Janani, Sharath Asokan, Pollachi Ramakrishnan Geetha Priya
PURPOSE: To compare the effect of three custom-made probiotic chocolates and conventional chocolates on plaque pH, salivary pH and buffering capacity of saliva in children. The study also evaluated its antimicrobial efficacy against S. mutans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A parallel randomised double-blinded trial was conducted in two phases. For the phase І trial, 90 children were randomly divided into 3 groups: milk (MC), white (WC) and dark chocolate (DC). Salivary pH, plaque pH and buffering capacity were assessed at baseline, 10 min, 30 min and 60 min after consumption of the chocolates...
January 22, 2019: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30511052/patterns-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-and-determinant-factors-among-brazilian-victims-of-physical-aggression-a-4-year-study
#4
Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Renata de Castro Martins, Sérgio d'Avila
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of oral-maxillofacial trauma among Brazilian victims of physical aggression and identify its associated factors from a medico-legal and forensic perspective. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving the analysis of complete medico-legal and social reports of 3668 victims of physical aggression treated at a centre of legal medicine and forensic dentistry over the course of four years. The dependent variable was the occurrence of oral-maxillofacial trauma...
December 3, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30511051/qualitative-and-quantitative-evaluation-of-cytotoxicity-of-five-different-one-step-self-etching-adhesives
#5
Zehra Süsgün Yıldırım, Şeyhmus Bakır, Elif Bakır, Egemen Foto
PURPOSE: To qualitatively and quantitatively compare the cytotoxic potentials of five different one-step self-etching adhesives: Prime&Bond One-Select (PB-OS), Optibond All-in-One (OB-AIO), G-Bond (GB), Clearfil Universal Bond (CUB), Single Bond Universal (SBU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the first stage of the study, the cytotoxic activities of the test materials were evaluated qualitatively using the direct contact method. In this method, the test materials were placed directly into a monkey kidney epithelial cell culture medium...
December 3, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29569661/evaluation-of-the-fluoride-releasing-and-recharging-abilities-of-various-fissure-sealants
#6
Bakhtinur Oybutaevich Khudanov, Jakhongir Ravshanovich Abdullaev, Peter Bottenberg, Andreas Gerhard Schulte
PURPOSE: To evaluate the fluoride release from different fissure sealants sold mainly in non-Western countries via a curve-fitting method, and to investigate the ability of these materials to be recharged with fluoride. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four different fissure sealants which the manufacturers claim to release F- were tested; glass-ionomer cement Argecem (AC), the composite resins Fisskhim (FK), Fissulight (FL), Helioseal F (HF). Helioseal (HS), a composite resin not declared to release F, was used as a negative control...
March 22, 2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574611/assessment-between-dental-caries-index-and-body-mass-index-among-adults
#7
Afonso Luís Puig Pereira, Antônio Carlos Frias, Claudia de Cassia Tanoue Hasegawa, Danielle Viana Ribeiro Ramos, Alessandra de Lima Rocha, Daiana Bonfim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMF index) and body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, population-based study developed in 2015 at a primary health care (PHC) unit in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Participants completed a form including sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, nutritional, general health and oral health data. An anthropometric oral assessment was performed, and the association of DMFT and its components with not-categorised and categorised BMI was tested through simple and multiple logistic analysis, trend test and Spearman correlation...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574610/the-effects-of-fluoride-treatment-time-and-concentration-on-in-vitro-caries-lesion-demineralisation-and-remineralisation
#8
Ali J Maarafi, Anderson T Hara, John A Levon, Tien-Min G Chu, George J Eckert, Frank Lippert
PURPOSE: To investigate the possible interaction between fluoride treatment time and concentration on enamel caries lesion de-/remineralisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study design followed a three (fluoride concentration: 0, 275, 1250 ppm as sodium fluoride) x four (treatment time: 10, 30, 60, 120 s) factorial design. Caries lesions were created in bovine enamel and the extent of demineralisation determined using Vickers surface microhardness (VHN). Lesions were pH cycled (18 days) with the daily schedule consisting of two fluoride treatments, a 4-h demineralisation period and exposure to artificial saliva at all other times...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574609/behaviour-and-prevention-of-5-fluorouracil-and-doxorubicin-induced-oral-mucositis-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-solid-tumors-a-randomised-trial
#9
Rafaela Rozza-de-Menezes, Paulo H C Souza, Fernando H Westphalen, Sérgio A Ignácio, Simone T Moysés, Viviane A Sarmento
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy of four methods to prevent chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with solid tumors (ST). In addition, the behaviour of OM was investigated in these oncological patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patients, aged 27-84, were randomly allocated to different groups from the first day of chemotherapy (CT), in the following sequence: group 1: intensive oral care programme (IOCP); group 2: 0.12% chlorhexidine mouthrinse; group 3: 0...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574608/salivary-adiponectin-and-leptin-levels-are-increased-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-gingival-inflammation
#10
Pınar Meriç, Özgün Özçaka, Banu Ceyhan-Öztürk, Aliye Akcal, Ayşe Nalbantsoy, Nurcan Buduneli
PURPOSE: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is defined as glucose intolerance with first onset or diagnosis in pregnancy. This study evaluated clinical and biochemical parameters in a possible association between GDM and gingival inflammation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 87 pregnant women - 44 with GDM and 43 without (NGDM) - were included. Subgroups were created according to gingival inflammation. Plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), and probing depth (PD) were recorded...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574607/methodological-proposal-to-assess-gingival-thickness-in-children
#11
Sophie-Myriam Dridi, Doriane Chacun, Clara Joseph, Elisabeth Dursun
PURPOSE: Inadequate gingival thickness (GT) may lead to gingival recession. Thus, early identification of patients/teeth at risk would be advantageous. In adults, the probe's visibility through the marginal gingiva (reference test) has been considered a reliable criterion to describe a thin gingiva. This study aimed to evaluate in children two more convenient methods: the whitening of the attached gingiva with coronal labial traction (GW test) and the visibility of the gingival blood supply (BS test)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574606/practices-attitudes-and-confidence-of-nurses-in-the-performance-of-oral-health-checkups-for-elderly-patients-in-a-japanese-hospital
#12
Satoru Haresaku, Hisae Aoki, Michiko Makino, Mayumi Monji, Akino Kansui, Keiko Kubota, Madoka Kuroki, Toru Naito
PURPOSE: To investigate the practices, attitudes, and confidence of nurses in the performance of oral health checkups in order to develop an educational oral health checkup training programme for nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was distributed to nurses (n = 184) who worked in a hospital and an affiliated long-term care facility in Japan from September to October in 2016. The questionnaire survey investigated their practices, attitudes and confidence in the performance of oral health checkups for elderly patients who were in their care and the factors that were associated with the performance of oral health checkups...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574605/oral-health-among-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#13
Ozlem Gurbuz Oflezer, Kursat Altinbas, Mehtap Delice, Ceyhan Oflezer, Erhan Kurt
PURPOSE: To compare the oral health of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) with a control group of subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample comprised 242 patients with BD and a mean age of 35.8 years. The control group comprised 187 subjects and a mean age of 37.3 years. Oral health was assessed through clinical examination by the Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth (DMFT) Index, the Community Periodontal Index (CPI), and the Simplified Oral Hygiene Index (OHI-S)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574604/drug-related-dysgeusia-a-systematic-review
#14
Hamed Mortazavi, Shervin Shafiei, Soroush Sadr, Hannaneh Safiaghdam
PURPOSE: Dysgeusia is an unpleasant alteration in taste. It can affect the nutritional and psychological status and decrease the quality of life of patients. It may be caused by nerve injury, head and neck trauma or surgery, infections, radiotherapy and drugs, but certain aetiological factors have not yet been identified. Understanding dysgeusia as a drug side effect is important for practitioners. The aim of this systematic review was to provide detailed information about dysgeusia in patients receiving different common medications...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574603/effects-of-sealing-marginal-occlusal-defects-of-composite-restorations-with-a-nanofiller-reinforced-flowable-resin-composite-a-double-blind-randomised-clinical-trial-with-one-year-follow-up
#15
Juan Estay, Cristian Bersezio, Jorge Faune, María Paz Correa, Pablo Angel, Javier Martín, Eduardo Fernández
PURPOSE: To evaluate the 6-and 12-month performance of microrepairs of marginal occlusal microdefects of resin composite restorations in a group of patients with high caries risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with at least three resin composite restorations with marginal occlusal defects were randomly distributed into three treatment groups: (1) sealed with flowable resin composite; (2) sealed with resin-based sealant; or (3) control. Restorations in all groups were assessed using World Dental Federation (FDI) criteria at three time points: baseline, and at 6 and 12 months after sealing...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30574602/guest-editorial-diabetes-why-should-the-dental-team-bother
#16
Corinna Bruckmann, Andreas Stavropoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460360/pufa-index-and-related-factors-among-36-to-71-month-old-children-in-turkey-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Cansu Ozsin Ozler, Meryem Uzamis Tekcicek, Pinar Ozdemir, Bahar Guciz Dogan
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical consequences of untreated dental caries among preschool children by using the pufa index (visible pulp, ulceration of the oral mucosa due to root fragments, a fistula or an abscess) and the incorporation of some risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected via structured, pre-tested questionnaires from 729 parents in Turkey's capital, Ankara. Examinations were performed under field conditions by one examiner. The decayed teeth were scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) II criteria...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460359/plaque-accumulation-and-inflammation-adjacent-to-restorations-of-amorphous-calcium-phosphate-containing-composite-in-early-childhood-caries
#18
Ceren Gürlek, Fahinur Ertuğrul, Christopher Nile, David F Lappin, Nurcan Buduneli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical, biochemical, and microbiological reactions to nanocomposite containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) in comparison to a traditional composite restorative material in early childhood caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen teeth were restored with the test material (ACP-containing resin) and 18 teeth were restored with the control material (traditional composite, TC) in fourteen paediatric patients using a split-mouth design...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460358/isolation-and-characterisation-of-probiotics-for-antagonising-the-cariogenic-bacterium-streptococcus-mutans-and-preventing-biofilm-formation
#19
Pei-Pei Lin, You-Miin Hsieh, Cheng-Chih Tsai
PURPOSE: Consumption of refined foods and beverages high in sugar make the teeth susceptible to the formation of biofilm and may lead to dental caries. The aim of the present study was to determine the ability of selected probiotics to inhibit growth and biofilm formation by the cariogenic bacterium Streptococcus mutans in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Strains of latic acid bacteria (LAB) (n = 120) from the Bioresources Collection and Research Center (BCRC), saliva of healthy adults and infant stool were screened...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30460357/protection-against-discolouration-by-two-over-the-counter-desensitising-products
#20
Stefano Ardu, Vysnave Varatharaju, Enrico di Bella, Isaline Rossier, Ivo Krejci
PURPOSE: To determine in vitro the protection potential against discolouration of two OTC (over-the-counter) desensitising products on enamel and dentin in comparison to a standard toothpaste and water by means of a spectrophotometer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 96 samples of bovine enamel-dentin complex and 48 of bovine dentin were alternatively immersed in red wine, tea, coffee or water after having been treated by a sodium monofluorophosphate- and calcium phosphate-based product (Curodont Protect), an amine fluoride-based toothpaste (Elmex Red), a stannous chloride-based toothpaste (Elmex Protection Erosion) or distilled water (negative control)...
2018: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
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