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Journal of Women's Health

Hoang T Phan, Seana L Gall, Christopher L Blizzard, Natasha A Lannin, Amanda G Thrift, Craig S Anderson, Joosup Kim, Rohan Grimley, Helen C Castley, Peter Hand, Dominique A Cadilhac
INTRODUCTION: There is some evidence that women receive evidence-based care less often than men, but how this influences long-term mortality after stroke is unclear. We explored this issue using data from a national stroke registry. METHODS: Data are first-ever hospitalized strokes (2010-2014) in the Australian Stroke Clinical Registry from 39 hospitals linked to the national death registrations. Multilevel Poisson regression was used to estimate the women:men mortality rate ratio (MRR), with adjustment for sociodemographics, stroke severity, and processes of care (stroke unit care, intravenous thrombolysis, antihypertensive agent[s], and discharge care plan)...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Fern R Hauck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Puja K Mehta, Shilpa Sharma, Margo Minissian, Manya R Harsch, Melissa Martinson, John A Nyman, Leslee J Shaw, C Noel Bairey Merz, Nanette K Wenger
BACKGROUND: Persistent angina is prevalent in women, who more often present with atypical angina, and experience less relief from antianginal therapies. The impact of ranolazine on female-specific angina is unclear. A single-arm, open-label trial was conducted to quantify the impact of ranolazine on angina in women with ischemic heart disease (IHD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women with IHD and ≥2 angina episodes/week were recruited from 30 U.S. sites. Angina and nitroglycerin (NTG) consumption were assessed using patient-reported diaries, Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Duke Activity Score Index (DASI), and Women's Ischemia Symptom Questionnaire (WISQ) at baseline and at 4 weeks of treatment with ranolazine 500 mg twice/day...
March 19, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Ann L Coker, Heather M Bush, Candace J Brancato, Ginny Sprang
BACKGROUND: Interpersonal violence continues to affect health long after violence has ended. This analysis investigated stress, support, and health behaviors as mediators potentially explaining persistent health impacts of violence. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional analysis of 12,594 women "Wellness, Health & You" (WHY) participants, authors measured violence as intimate partner violence (IPV), sexual assaults (SA), and childhood abuse (CA) by recency (current, past as an adult, or child) and number of violence forms...
March 18, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Jowanna Malone, Sevly Snguon, Lorraine T Dean, Mary Anne Adams, Tonia Poteat
INTRODUCTION: Black women are more likely to be diagnosed at later stages of breast cancer compared with White women due to lower frequency of screening and lack of timely follow-up after abnormal screening results. Disparities in breast cancer screening, risk, and mortality are present within both Black women and sexual minority communities; however, there exists limited research concerning breast cancer care among Black sexual minority women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This scoping review examines the literature from 1990 to 2017 of the breast cancer care continuum among Black sexual minority women, including behavioral risk factors, screening, treatment, and survivorship...
March 18, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Cary Suzanne Lea, Carolina Perez-Heydrich, Andrea C Des Marais, Alice R Richman, Lynn Barclay, Noel T Brewer, Jennifer S Smith
BACKGROUND: Approximately one-half of cervical cancer cases in the United States occur in underscreened or never-screened women. We examined predictors to completing Papanicolaou (Pap) testing and whether a positive human papillomavirus (HPV) self-collection result affects Pap testing adherence among underscreened women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Low-income women aged 30-65 years who reported no Pap testing in ≥4 years were recruited in North Carolina. Knowledge, attitudes, and barriers regarding cervical cancer and Pap testing were assessed by telephone questionnaires...
March 15, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Susan C Harvey, Lisa Ann Mullen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Laura B Attanasio, Mary T Paterno
BACKGROUND: Little is known about trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) uptake and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) success on the national level, which is important as national-level data may help shape future clinical guidelines. This study examined correlates of trial of labor and successful VBAC among women with one prior cesarean in the United States in 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used publically available birth certificate data for 2016. Outcomes were TOLAC among women with one prior cesarean (N = 338,311) and VBAC among women with a TOLAC (N = 76,688)...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Njeri K Thande, Melinda Wang, Kaveri Curlin, Nisha Dalvie, Carolyn M Mazure
BACKGROUND: Sex is a biological variable linked to our chromosomal complement, while gender refers to one's personal identification as influenced by social, cultural, and personal experience. Both sex and gender and their interactions influence health outcomes. Although this is increasingly clear, we have not yet ensured that the next generation of physicians and physician-scientists is being taught the empirical findings necessary to understand these relationships. We assert that medical schools must incorporate these data into didactics throughout an integrated curriculum...
March 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Willi Horner-Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Timothy C Nielsen, Katherine G Michel, Renita White, Kristin M Wall, Lauren Christiansen-Lindquist, Eva Lathrop, Mark Adams, Lisa B Haddad
BACKGROUND: Understanding factors associated with contraceptive use post-abortion can inform clinical practices to improve contraception uptake. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included adult women who completed the survey before surgical abortion at an Atlanta, Georgia clinic, with an online survey 12 weeks later. Poisson regression models assessed associations between demographic and reproductive factors and use of more effective (contraceptive pill, ring, patch, injectables, intrauterine device [IUD], implant, sterilization) versus less effective (none, condoms, withdrawal, rhythm methods) contraception at follow-up...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Yindi Zhang, Yushu Li, Zhongyan Shan, Yingxi Xu, Chenyan Li, Xiaochen Xie, Yan Li, Weiwei Wang, Jinyuan Mao, Weiping Teng
BACKGROUND: Although increasing data suggest that hyperthyroidism is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, there are only a few reports with different conclusions on whether the mild transient reduction in thyrotropin (TSH) with or without free thyroxine (FT4) elevation during the early stage of pregnancy also causes adverse pregnancy outcomes. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data from 3,783 women in this study from August 2011 to December 2013. Participants completed a questionnaire survey...
March 11, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Alison M Whitehead, Nancy H Maher, Karen Goldstein, Bevanne Bean-Mayberry, Claire Duvernoy, Melinda Davis, Basmah Safdar, Fay Saechao, Jimmy Lee, Susan M Frayne, Sally G Haskell
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. civilian population, sex differences have been identified in cardiovascular health; these differences have been used to inform care. Our objective is to determine if the same sex differences are present in Veterans who use the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health Care System given the additional stressors associated with military service. METHODS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and conditions among women and men Veterans using VA in fiscal year (FY) 2014 were identified through the presence of International Classification of Disease, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes in VA administrative records...
March 6, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Christiana M Zhang, Emily R Insetta, Christine Caufield-Noll, Rachel B Levine
BACKGROUND: Despite national efforts to expand women's health education, internal medicine (IM) residents remain unprepared to provide comprehensive care to women. The objectives of this scoping review are to provide an overview of published women's health curricula in IM residency programs and to identify potential areas for improvement. METHODS: Studies were identified using PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), Web of Science, and MedEdPORTAL...
February 22, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Monika Sarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Kafuli Agbemenu, Samantha Auerbach, Nadine Shaanta Murshid, James Shelton, Ndidiamaka Amutah-Onukagha
BACKGROUND: African refugee women in the United States are at risk of poor reproductive health outcomes; however, examination of reproductive health outcomes in this population remains inadequate. We compared: (1) prepregnancy health and prenatal behavior; (2) prenatal history and prenatal care utilization; and (3) labor and birth outcomes between African refugee women and U.S.-born Black and White women. METHODS: A secondary data analysis of enhanced electronic birth certificate data was used...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Molly K Findley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Sarah Barnard, Jacqueline French
Over half a million women of childbearing age have epilepsy, many of which will require family planning care at some point in their reproductive years. Matters relating to contraception, pregnancy, fertility, and sexual functioning are all impacted to varying degrees by the use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) to treat epilepsy and require active management by a woman's neurologist. It is important that a woman's obstetrician/gynecologist (OBGYN) and internist are aware of the way in which their care may be related to her epilepsy care and how this can be successfully comanaged with her neurologist...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Susan G Kornstein, Pauline M Maki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
Bonnie Jerome-D'Emilia, Hanh Trinh
BACKGROUND: Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) treatments have been on the rise among white women with early stage unilateral breast cancer who have a higher socioeconomic status (SES) and private insurance. Low income and uninsured women are not choosing CPM at the same rate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the socioeconomic factors related to the choice of surgical treatment in women diagnosed with unilateral breast cancer in the state of New Jersey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study of 10 years of breast cancer data abstracted from the New Jersey State Cancer Registry utilized bivariate analyses and two multivariate logistic regression models to analyze the effect of socioeconomics on choice of surgical treatment...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Women's Health
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