Deborah B Ehrenthal, Rebecca B McNeil, Emma G Crenshaw, C Noel Bairey Merz, William A Grobman, Corette B Parker, Philip Greenland, Victoria L Pemberton, Phyllis C Zee, Christina M Scifres, LuAnn Polito, George Saade
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM), hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP), and preterm birth (PTB), but it is unclear whether this association is due to the pregnancy complication(s) or prepregnancy/early pregnancy confounders. The study examines the association of GDM, HDP, and PTB with MetS 2-7 years later, independent of early pregnancy factors. Materials and Methods: Large, diverse cohort of nulliparous pregnant people with singleton gestations enrolled during their first trimester and who attended a follow-up study visit 2-7 years after delivery...
June 1, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Rachel Hennein, Rhayna Poulin, Hannah Gorman, Sarah R Lowe
Background: Gender discrimination among healthcare workers (HCWs) negatively impacts their mental health and career development; however, few studies have explored how experiences of gender discrimination change during times of health system strain. Methods: This survey-based study assesses the associations between gender discrimination and four stress-related mental health outcomes (posttraumatic stress, depression, anxiety, and burnout), as well as the qualitative experiences of gender discrimination in healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic...
May 30, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Jeffrey T Jensen, David F Archer, Carolyn L Westhoff, Anita L Nelson, Shelli Graham, Brian Bernick
Background: We evaluated satisfaction with use of a segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (0.15/0.013 mg) contraceptive vaginal system (CVS) among women who had recently used a monthly contraceptive vaginal ring or contraceptive pills. The CVS is a ring-shaped device used in a 21-days-in/7-days-out regimen for 13 cycles. Materials and Methods: We analyzed post hoc satisfaction responses at cycle 3 and end of study (EOS) from a subset of participants with documented recent use of the monthly ring or daily pills before enrollment in a multinational, phase 3, 13-cycle trial evaluating the CVS...
May 29, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Cierra Buckman, Allison Flowers, Salma Syed, Dmitry Tumin
Objective: The gendered impact of the COVID-19 on scientific productivity has been primarily studied in nonclinical academic fields. We investigated the gendered effect of the pandemic on diverse measures of research participation among physician faculty, who experienced an increase in clinical duties concomitant with pandemic-era challenges to research. Materials and Methods: Physician faculty employed in both 2019 (prepandemic) and 2021 (pandemic era) were identified at one U.S. medical school. Annual outcomes included scientific publications, Institutional Review Board (IRB)-approved protocols, and extramural funding submissions (funding data were unavailable for 2019)...
May 18, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Danielle M Panelli, D Alan Nelson, Samantha Wagner, Jonathan G Shaw, Ciaran S Phibbs, Lianne M Kurina
Background: Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prevalent in pregnancy, especially among military members. These conditions can lead to adverse birth outcomes, yet, there's a paucity of evidence for prevention strategies. Optimizing physical fitness is one understudied potential intervention. We explored associations between prepregnancy physical fitness and antenatal depression and PTSD in soldiers. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study of active-duty U.S. Army soldiers with live births between 2011 and 2014, identified with diagnosis codes from inpatient and outpatient care...
May 17, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Katherine A Ahrens, Kristin Palmsten, Heather S Lipkind, Mariah Pfeiffer, Catherine Gelsinger, Christina Ackerman-Banks
Objective: The aim of this study is to estimate the risk of a new mental health diagnosis within the first 24 months postpartum among women with common pregnancy conditions, overall and by rurality. Materials and Methods: This longitudinal population-based study used the Maine Health Data Organization's All-Payer Claims Data to estimate the cumulative risk of a new mental health disorder diagnosis in the first 24 months postpartum among women with deliveries during 2007-2019 and who did not have a mental health diagnosis before pregnancy...
May 15, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Moon O Lee, Brenda Flores, Magali Fassiotto, Cherri Hobgood
Objective: Gender parity lags in academic medicine. We applied the Rank Equity Index (REI) to compare the longitudinal progress of women's academic medicine careers. We hypothesized that women have different rank parity in promotion by specialty based on the proportion of women in the specialty. Method: Aggregate data by sex for medical students, residents, assistant professors, associate professors, and professors in nine specialties were obtained from the Association of American Medical Colleges for 2019-2020...
May 15, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Jodie G Katon, Andrew S Bossick, Erica V Tartaglione, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Kristin O Haeger, Amanda M Johnson, Erica W Ma, David Savitz, Jonathan G Shaw, Jeffery Todd-Stenberg, Elizabeth M Yano, Donna L Washington, Alicia Y Christy
Objective: Limited population-based data examines racial disparities among pregnant and postpartum veterans. Our objective was to determine whether Black/white racial disparities in health care access, use, and veteran and infant outcomes are present among pregnant and postpartum veterans and their infants using Veterans Health Administration (VA) care. Methods: The VA National Veteran Pregnancy and Maternity Care Survey included all veterans with a VA paid live birth between June 2018 and December 2019. Participants could complete the survey online or by telephone...
May 15, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Adeel Khoja, Prabha H Andraweera, Zohra S Lassi, Anna Ali, Mingyue Zheng, Maleesa M Pathirana, Emily Aldridge, Melanie R Wittwer, Debajyoti D Chaudhuri, Rosanna Tavella, Margaret A Arstall
Background and Aim: We aimed to systematically examine literature on the prevalence of known modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for premature coronary heart disease (PCHD) in women compared with men. Materials and Methods: PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, and Web of Science databases were searched. Review protocol is registered in PROSPERO (CRD42020173216). Quality was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute tool. Review Manager 5.3 was used for meta-analysis. Effect sizes were expressed as odds ratio (OR) and mean differences/standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for categorical and continuous variables...
May 15, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Sherry L Farr, Maureen Galindo, Karrie F Downing, Wendy N Nembhard, Scott E Klewer, Ashley S Judge, Elijah H Bolin, Argelia Benavides, Matthew E Oster
Background: Women with disabilities are less likely to receive reproductive health counseling than women without disabilities. Yet, little is known about reproductive health counseling and concerns among women with congenital heart defects (CHD) and disabilities. Methods: We used population-based survey data from 778 women aged 19 to 38 years with CHD to examine contraceptive and pregnancy counseling and pregnancy concerns and experiences by disability status, based on six validated questions on vision, hearing, mobility, cognition, self-care, and living independently...
May 12, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Sara Wagner Moyer, Roy Brown, Nancy Jallo, Patricia Anne Kinser
Objective: To evaluate the validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) for screening during the perinatal period in the United States and concerns regarding its acceptability and performance. Methods: We conducted a systematic search in OVID MEDLINE, EMBASE (OVID), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), and PsycInfo (EBSCO) for articles published from inception of the database through February 2023. We included primary quantitative and qualitative studies on the validation of the EPDS in the United States and identified 880 articles of which 9 met criteria for inclusion...
May 10, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Sarah E Scott, Lauren Risser, Summer Miller-Walfish, Anna Marjavi, Anisa Ali, Jane Segebrecht, Tracy Branch, Shawndell Dawson, Elizabeth Miller
Objectives: This study evaluates Project Catalyst's impact on policies related to Intimate Partner Violence (IV) and Human Trafficking (HT), which contribute to negative health outcomes for survivors. Methods: We utilized continuous evaluation using data from policy assessment tools and interviews with participating state leadership team (SLT) members. Results: Five SLTs reported integration of IPV into state-level initiatives. All implemented clinical practice and organizational policy recommendations. SLTs reported that Project Catalyst increased awareness of IPV/HT and health impacts and established ongoing partnerships between the three organizations...
May 9, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Leslie V Farland, Megan S Rice, William J Degnan, Kathryn M Rexrode, JoAnn E Manson, Eric B Rimm, Janet Rich-Edwards, Elizabeth A Stewart, Sarah L Cohen Rassier, Whitney R Robinson, Stacey A Missmer
Background: Hysterectomy, oophorectomy, and tubal ligation are common surgical procedures. The literature regarding cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk after these surgeries has focused on oophorectomy with limited research on hysterectomy or tubal ligation. Materials and Methods: Participants in the Nurses' Health Study II ( n  = 116,429) were followed from 1989 to 2017. Self-reported gynecologic surgery was categorized as follows: no surgery, hysterectomy alone, hysterectomy with unilateral oophorectomy, and hysterectomy with bilateral oophorectomy...
May 8, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Lisa Zak-Hunter, Christopher P Carr, Allan Tate, Abby Brustad, Kaitlyn Mulhern, Jerica M Berge
Background: This study sought to understand the characteristics of racially/ethnically diverse pregnant and breastfeeding women who have experienced adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and stressful life events (SLEs) and the relationship among ACEs, SLEs, and health outcomes in this population. Materials and Methods: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the Family Matters study. The participants in this study were families with children ages 5-9 ( N  = 1,307) recruited from Minneapolis-St...
May 3, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Megan L Kavanaugh, Mia R Zolna
Background: People's preferences regarding how they want to obtain contraception should be considered when building and refining high-quality contraceptive care programs, especially in light of recent shifts to incorporate more telehealth options into contraceptive care due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Methods: Our study is a cross-sectional analysis of population-representative surveys conducted between November 2019 and August 2020 among women aged 18-44 years in Arizona ( N  = 885), New Jersey ( N  = 952), and Wisconsin ( N  = 967)...
April 26, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Annie M Dude, Kallie Drexler, Lynn M Yee, Nevert Badreldin
Objective: Professional guidelines and state law require screening for sexually transmitted infections (STI) during pregnancy. Our objective was to evaluate adherence to these recommendations. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study of patients initiating prenatal care before 20 weeks' gestation. Demographic characteristics and STI screening were abstracted from prenatal records. Tests of interest included initial syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B, chlamydia, and gonorrhea tests, as well as repeat (third trimester) syphilis and HIV tests...
April 20, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Lisa Gill, Jamie E Coborn, Anthony R Hoovler, Katherine Sherif
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder commonly affecting women of reproductive age. Compared with women without PCOS, women with PCOS are more likely to have overweight or obesity. Materials and Methods: To better understand the role of obstetricians/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) in diagnosis and treatment of patients with PCOS and obesity, we conducted an anonymous, United States population-based, cross-sectional online survey with 251 patients with PCOS and obesity and 305 health care professionals (HCPs), of which 125 were OB/GYNs...
April 19, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Jessica N Holtzman, Gurleen Kaur, Juliette E Power, Maryam Barkhordarian, Adriana Mares, Amit Goyal, Martha Gulati
Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of mortality for women and men. Prior studies have demonstrated the underrepresentation of women in published clinical trials, but no study to date has assessed inclusion of women in late-breaking clinical trials (LBCTs) presented at national meetings. Objectives: To characterize the inclusion of women participants in LBCT presented at the 2021 American College of Cardiology (ACC), American Heart Association (AHA), and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) annual meetings and identify trial characteristics associated with improved inclusion...
April 17, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Chunying Fu, Wenting Hao, Yan Ma, Nipun Shrestha, Salim S Virani, Shiva Raj Mishra, Dongshan Zhu
Objectives: The association between birth-related factors and dementia is unclear. We aimed to investigate their association and subsequent risk of dementia in a large-scale follow-up prospective study. Materials and Methods: This population-based cohort study used data from U.K. Biobank (2006-2010), and the median follow-up was 12.0 years. Multivariable-adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) between number of children, age of first live birth, age of last live birth, span of births, and dementia...
April 13, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
Elizabeth Barr, Samia Noursi, Erik Roodzant, Amelia Ubesie, Shilpa Amin, Nikeya Macioce, Damiya Whitaker, Janine A Clayton, Sarah M Temkin
Objectives: To assist with planning a congressionally requested conference on women's health research, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH) invited comments to characterize public concerns related to any or all of the specified public health issues: maternal morbidity and mortality (MMM); stagnant rates of cervical cancer survival; and the growing incidence of chronic debilitating conditions in women (CDCW). This analysis summarizes public priorities in women's health research...
April 11, 2023: Journal of Women's Health
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