Julia Ravazzi Casari, Marina Bellodi Montresor, Daniel Gregório Gonsalves, Giuliano Roberto Gonçalves, Richard Halti Cabral, Leandro Henrique Grecco, Renato Rissi
Terminologia Anatomica (TA) is a unique collection of technical terms that allow communication in anatomy and medicine around the world. Considering this, we reviewed articles published by Latin American authors on Terminologia Anatomica and synthesized the main results found in this article. This study is a systematic review about Terminologia Anatomica that focuses on non-English-speaking countries in Latin America. The database used was Scopus via Elsevier. 207, and candidate articles were identified after applying the search strategy and with no restriction of year of publication...
June 19, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Matthew J Zdilla
The glans clitoris has a corona; however, unlike the corona of the glans penis, the corona of the glans clitoris is practically "nonexistent" as evidenced by the noteworthy absence of its mention and depiction in anatomical and clinical sciences. Accordingly, the corona of the glans clitoris has been neglected in anatomical education and clinical practice. This report details the history regarding the anatomical terminology of the glans and identifies that descriptions of the glans penis, corona of the glans penis, and other penile structures have preceded descriptions of the homologous anatomy of the clitoris by at least a century...
June 11, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Filipe F Pinto, M Dulce Madeira, Pedro A Pereira
Several studies reported anatomical variations in the sinoatrial node artery (SANa). Here, we report a rare variation in the origin of the SANa on a human adult male cadaver. During dissection, we identified the SANa originating from a large atrial branch of the right coronary artery (RCA). This branch originates at the level of the inferior border of the heart and courses upwards. The initial part of this vessel is tortuous, and then it follows a straight path parallel to the RCA along the anterior surface of the right atrium...
May 24, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Aliakbar Shoja, Mojtaba Sani, Seyedeh-Tarlan Mirzohreh, Mohammad Javad Ebrahimi, Maral Moafi, Nika Balaghirad, Hosein Jafary, Mastoore Sagharichi, Mohammad Amin Aalipour, Younes Yassaghi, Yasaman Nazerian, Meysam Hassani Moghaddam, Amir-Hossein Bayat, Hengameh Ashraf, Abbas Aliaghaei, Paria Davoudi Bavil Olyayi
Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder that significantly affects the quality of life of patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the effectiveness of dental pulp stem cell (DPSC) transplantation in decreasing inflammation and cell death in brain cells, thus reducing seizure damage. We induced seizures in rats using intraperitoneal injections of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ). In the PTZ + DPSC group, we conducted bilateral hippocampal transplantation of DPSCs in PTZ-lesioned rat models. After 1 month, we performed post-graft analysis and measured some behavioral factors, such as working memory and long-term memory, using a T-maze test and passive avoidance test, respectively...
May 23, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Sén Takeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Rosemol Xaviour, Kevin K Joseph, Jose T Jacob
Variations in the arch of the aorta and aortic valves among fetal, cadaveric, and post-mortem specimens present a spectrum of anatomical configurations, posing challenges in establishing a standard norm. While some variations hold surgical significance, many bear little functional consequence but provide insights into embryological origins. The aortic arch exhibits diverse branching patterns, including common trunks and different orders, relevant for endovascular surgeries. Meanwhile, malformations in the aortic valve, affecting the aorta, may lead to ischemia and cerebral infarction, warranting understanding of coexisting arch and valve anomalies to predict complications like aortic dissection...
May 17, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Matthew Boulton, Ali Al-Rubaie
Traumatic brain injuries (TBI) commonly occur following head trauma. TBI may result in short- and long-term complications which may lead to neurodegenerative consequences, including cognitive impairment post-TBI. When investigating the neurodegeneration following TBI, studies have highlighted the role reactive astrocytes have in the neuroinflammation and degeneration process. This review showcases a variety of markers that show reactive astrocyte presence under pathological conditions, including glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), Crystallin Alpha-B (CRYA-B), Complement Component 3 (C3) and S100A10...
May 13, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Kenji Okazaki, Sawako Hamasaki, Yuka Koyama, Takao Mukuda, Hironobu Nakane, Ryota Taniguchi, Ryota Furuichi, Toshio Kameie, Toshiyuki Kaidoh
The extensor digitorum profundus complex underwent degeneration of the ulnar segments during primate adaptation and evolution. This process resulted in the preservation of only the extensor pollicis longus and extensor indicis in some apes, including humans. Consequently, anatomical variations within the digitorum profundus complex in modern humans have been well-documented, with detailed reports on their frequency and patterns in previous studies. Here, we report an unusual arrangement involving two anomalies in the extensor digitorum profundus complex, identified in a 66-year-old Japanese male cadaver...
May 11, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Beatriz Arrillaga, Maribel Miguel-Pérez, Ingrid Möller, Laura Rubio, Juan Blasi, Albert Pérez-Bellmunt, Juan Carlos Ortiz-Sagristà, Sara Ortiz-Miguel, Carlo Martinoli
This study aimed to describe the shoulder anatomy, together with the anatomical relationships in adults and early stages of development. The shoulder muscles were studied from ultrasound, anatomical, and microscopic perspectives in a sample of 34 human shoulders. Thickness measurements were taken of the tendons and fasciae of the subscapularis, long head tendon of the biceps brachii, supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor. Ultrasound and dissection techniques are strongly correlated. However, the measurements obtained from the dissection technique were superior to those obtained from the ultrasound in all cases, except for the thickness of the long head tendon of the biceps brachii, the teres minor tendon, and the fascia thickness of the infraspinatus...
May 8, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Vladimír Musil
Latin anatomical terminology has been codified since 1895. However, the situation is different for national anatomical terminologies. There are countries that have standardized anatomical terminology in their language, e.g., Poland, Slovenia, Japan, Spain, Hungary, others, such as the Czech Republic or Slovakia, are still lacking their own standardized and official terminology. In the Bohemian Lands, the first terms describing parts of the human body appeared as early as the ninth century in works written in Cyrillic script...
May 3, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Taku Tazawa, Masaya Yasui, Shun Otsuka, Naoyuki Hatayama, Munekazu Naito, Shigemichi Ohshima, Hiroki Yokota
The shoulder joint has a high degree of freedom and an extremely complex and unstable kinematic mechanism. Coordinated contraction of the rotator cuff muscles that stop around the humeral head and the deltoid muscles and the extensibility of soft tissues, such as the joint capsule, labrum, and ligaments, contribute to shoulder-joint stability. Understanding the mechanics of shoulder-joint movement, including soft-tissue characteristics, is important for disease prevention and the development of a device for disease treatment...
May 2, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Xin Xia, Lei Li, Jianliang Jin, Yongjie Zhang, Jinlian Li, Yizhi Zuo
In the domain of anatomy, some Chinese characters in anatomical terms possess distinctive morphological significance. Chinese characters evolved from pictographic characters, with some of these pictographs being created by ancient people based on their own body structure. This implies that the comprehension and depiction of the human body structure have been integral since the inception of Chinese characters, and this knowledge has been passed down and developed through the continued inheritance of Chinese characters...
May 2, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Siôn Owain Roberts, Arun Cardozo
The spinal accessory nerve, considered part of the eleventh cranial nerve, provides motor innervation to sternocleidomastoid and trapezius. A comprehensive literature review and two cadaveric dissections were undertaken. The spinal accessory nerve originates from the spinal accessory nucleus. Its rootlets unite and ascend between the denticulate ligament and dorsal spinal rootlets. Thereafter, it can anastomose with spinal roots, such as the McKenzie branch, and/or cranial roots. The spinal accessory nerve courses intracranially via foramen magnum and exits via jugular foramen, within which it usually lies anteriorly...
May 2, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Ivan Varga, Niels Hammer, Lada Pavlíková, Amelie Poilliot, Martin Klein, Renáta Mikušová
Histological terminology of the female genital organs is currently a part of the internationally accepted nomenclature Terminologia Histologica (TH), the latest edition of which dates back to 2008. Many new discoveries have been documented within 16 years since then, and many discrepancies have been found. This paper aims to revise the terminology from clinical and educational perspectives comprehensively. The authors thoroughly searched the current edition of "Terminologia Histologica: International Terms for Human Cytology and Histology," focusing on missing and controversial terms in the chapter Female genital system...
April 29, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Nicolás E Ottone, Paloma A Escalante-Villanueva, Fernanda I González-Godoy, Luis M González-Hormazábal, Mariano Del Sol
The development of a standard anatomical language in Spanish dates back to the early stages of medicine, and its significance lies in the necessity for a common vocabulary to describe the structures of the human body. Anatomists and morphologists have been striving to achieve this goal since the late nineteenth century when the first Anatomical Nomenclature was created in Basel in 1895. Over the years, various versions of the International Anatomical Terminology have been published in Spanish, following the guidelines of the International Federation of Associations of Anatomists (IFAA)...
April 27, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Anne Maria Reet Agur, Arthur F Dalley
This paper focuses on the authors perspectives of the terminology developed by the Gross and Clinical Anatomy Working Group for Terminologica Anatomica2. Terminologica Anatomica2 represents a great deal of work by the Gross and Clinical Anatomy Working Group of the Federative International Program for Anatomical Terminology. Listing of synonyms and eponyms can be of great utility in terms of historical translation. However, the initial goal of achieving an international standard for anatomical terminology derived through a scholarly, consensus based process has been lost in Terminologica Anatomica2 as it provides a variety of choices that can be used to name a particular structure, in contrast to Terminologica Anatomica1 where preferred terminology is explicitly stated...
April 18, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Kiyoung Ryu, Okto Lee, Jaesook Roh
Because experimental studies to determine the developmental toxicity of exposure to various substances in children are impossible, many studies use immature male rats. This study aimed to provide normative data for longitudinal bone growth with age during the puberty in male rats. In order to evaluate long bone growth and mineralization we examined bone size and bone density by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, analyzed histomorphometry of the growth plate, and serum hormone levels relevant to bone growth from postnatal day (PD)20 to PD60...
April 10, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Matthew J Zdilla
Relatively more-apparent body parts are often used to name relatively less-apparent body parts. To explore this etymological phenomenon, this report assesses anatomical terminology derived from some of the most apparent structures of the human body-hairs. Hair-related anatomical terminology involves varied etymons, roots, and derivatives: calvus "bald," cilia "eyelashes," glaber "hairless," pilus "hair," pubes (historically referring to the developing beard), pudendum "modesty" (referring to hair growth that covers genitalia), tempus "time" (referring to the location where hair commonly grays, thus showing a person's age), and tragus "goat" (referring to the tuft of hair that resembles the beard of a goat)...
April 8, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Tatsuo Sakai, Fukushima Masayuki
The oldest extant anatomy textbooks compiled in ancient Rome were by Galen who described in writing most of the various parts and organs of the body. History tells us that ever since the time of Galen, anatomical terminology would be a necessary and beneficial feature, but it also brought unexpected and annoying consequences into the field. The benefits are readily apparent in the case of muscle terminology. Galen identified more than 150 different kinds of skeletal muscles, most of which were unnamed, hence difficult to identify without professional knowledge of anatomy...
April 7, 2024: Anatomical Science International
Michael L Pretterklieber
As the title indicates, this article deals with the origins of anatomic terminology and its development up to the present day. The first attempt to name anatomical structures in animals and humans date back to Alkmaion, i.e. to the fifth century BC. Further work has been done at the same time by the Hippocratics and about 100 years later by Aristotle. As the Alexandrians Erasistratos and Herophilos first in history dissected human bodies, they expanded the anatomical terms. Until Celsus (around Christ's birth) and even later on, anatomical terminology was almost exclusively based on the Greek language...
April 5, 2024: Anatomical Science International
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