Xuanyu Hao, Shiwen Li, Yanmin Yang, Huixu Dai, Yumeng Yan, Dongyang Li
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) and the SARS-CoV-2 infection risk, severity or mortality of COVID-19, however, the outcomes remain controversial. OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine whether a dose-response association of DII and SARS-CoV-2 infection exists. DESIGN: A dose-response meta-analysis was performed to investigate the association of DII and SARS-CoV-2 infection. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed, Embase and Web of Science up to March 15th, 2023...
February 20, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Claudia Francisca Martinez, Emilia Ruggiero, Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Esposito, Simona Costanzo, Chiara Cerletti, Maria Benedetta Donati, Giovanni de Gaetano, Licia Iacoviello, Marialaura Bonaccio
BACKGROUND: Breakfast quality, together with regularity of breakfast, has been suggested to be associated with cardiometabolic health advantages. We aimed to evaluate the quality of breakfast and its socioeconomic and psychosocial correlates in a large sample of the Italian population. METHODS: Cross-sectional analyses on 7,673 adult and 505 children/adolescent regular breakfast eaters from the Italian Nutrition & Health Survey (INHES; 2010-2013). Dietary data were collected through a single 24-h dietary recall...
February 19, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Zahra Darabi, Abbas Ali Sangouni, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Gordon A Ferns, Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh
BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that a greater degree of adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is associated with a lower risk of depression and a poor quality of life (QoL). The Lifelines diet score (LLDS) is a new, evidence-base scoring system to define the quality of diet. We designed a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between LLDS with depression and QoL in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 733 female adolescents were recruited from Mashhad and Sabzevar cities, Iran...
February 15, 2024: Nutrition Journal
N E Bonekamp, E Cruijsen, J M Geleijnse, R M Winkels, F L J Visseren, P B Morris, C Koopal
BACKGROUND: Improving dietary habits is a first-line recommendation for patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). It is unclear which dietary pattern most effectively lowers cardiovascular risk factors and what the short- and long-term effects are. Therefore, this network meta-analysis compared the effects of popular dietary patterns on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with established CVD. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane library, SCOPUS and Web of Science was conducted up to 1 April 2023...
February 8, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Mengxia Yu, Xiaoxuan Li, Mingxia Chen, Linglong Liu, Tianying Yao, Jiarong Li, Wang Su
BACKGROUNDS & AIMS: The nutritional evaluation of pancreatic cancer (PC) patients lacks a gold standard or scientific consensus, we aimed to summarize and systematically evaluate the prognostic value of nutritional screening and assessment tools used for PC patients. METHODS: Relevant studies were retrieved from major databases (PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) and searched from January 2010 to December 2023. We performed meta-analyses with STATA 14...
February 3, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Ruoting Wang, Yingxin Liu, Lehana Thabane, Ivan Olier, Likang Li, Sandra Ortega-Martorell, Gregory Y H Lip, Guowei Li
BACKGROUND: The association between dietary iron intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) remains inconsistent. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between trajectories of dietary iron intake and risk of T2DM. METHODS: This study comprised a total of 61,115 participants without a prior T2DM from the UK Biobank database. We used the group-based trajectory model (GBTM) to identify different dietary iron intake trajectories. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the relationship between trajectories of dietary iron intake and risk of T2DM...
February 2, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Luanne Robalo DeChristopher
Labels do not disclose the excess-free-fructose/unpaired-fructose content in foods/beverages. Objective was to estimate excess-free-fructose intake using USDA loss-adjusted-food-availability (LAFA) data (1970-2019) for high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) and apple juice, major sources of excess-free-fructose, for comparison with malabsorption dosages (~ 5 g-children/ ~ 10 g-adults). Unlike sucrose and equimolar fructose/glucose, unpaired-fructose triggers fructose malabsorption and its health consequences...
February 2, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Qiuyun Gu, Youmei Wu, Zhuowei Feng, Yimeng Chai, Shan Hou, Zhiping Yu, Xiuhua Shen
BACKGROUND: The role of dietary intake on precocious puberty remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association between the amount and frequency of dietary intake and the risk of precocious puberty in Chinese girls. METHODS: In this case-control study, we enrolled 185 precocious puberty girls and 185 age-matched controls. Their dietary intake was assessed through a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Their sociodemographic and lifestyle data were collected...
January 31, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Matilda Nordman, Anne Dahl Lassen, Lene Møller Christensen, Ellen Trolle
BACKGROUND: Public food procurement and catering are recognized as important leverage points in promoting sustainable and healthy dietary habits. This study aimed to analyze changes in nutritional quality and carbon footprint (CF) of food service in childcare centers in the City of Copenhagen from 2018 to 2022, following a new climate-friendly food strategy in 2019. The strategy has a target of decreasing the CF of municipal food service by 25% before 2025 compared to a 2018 baseline...
January 27, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Yasmine Probst, Vivienne Guan, Elizabeth Neale
BACKGROUND: Avocados are a rich source of nutrients including monounsaturated fats, dietary fibre and phytochemicals. Higher dietary quality is reported in studies of consumers with higher avocado intakes. The present study aimed to examine avocado consumption and cardiometabolic risk measures in a representative sample of Australian adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed using Australian Health Survey 2011-2013 (n = 2,736 observations)...
January 25, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Syathirah Hanim Azhar Hilmy, Norhasnida Nordin, Mohd Yusmiaidil Putera Mohd Yusof, Tuan Yuswana Tuan Soh, Norashikin Yusof
Excessive sugar consumption is well documented as a common risk factor for many Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs). Thus, an adequate intervention description is important to minimise research waste and improve research usability and reproducibility. A systematic review was conducted to identify components in published evidence interventions pertaining to the health promotions on reducing sugar intake among adults. The review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement and used the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) for quality appraisal...
January 17, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Amanda J Lee, Lisa-Maree Herron, Stephan Rainow, Lisa Wells, Ingrid Kenny, Leon Kenny, Imogen Wells, Margaret Kavanagh, Suzanne Bryce, Liza Balmer
BACKGROUND: Affordability of healthy food is a key determinant of the diet-related health of First Nations Peoples. This systematic scoping review was commissioned by the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Women's Council (NPYWC) in Central Australia to identify interventions to improve economic access to healthy food in First Nations communities in selected high-income, colonised countries. METHODS: Eight databases and 22 websites were searched to identify studies of interventions and policies to improve economic access to healthy food in First Nations communities in Australia, Canada, the United States or New Zealand from 1996 to May 2022...
January 16, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Qi Zhang, Yimei Shen, Meihua Yu, Zhongrong Yang, Zheng Huang, Jingying Ding, Xinfeng Zhu
BACKGROUND: As the prevalence of hypertension increases in China, it is advised to use salt-restriction spoons (SRS) as a lifestyle modification. This study aimed to examine the associations between estimated salt consumption, SRS usage, and the hypertension status in individuals with poorly controlled hypertension. METHODS: Data was collected in Huzhou City, Zhejiang Province, in 2021 using convenience sampling. The analysis involved ordinal logistic regression and restricted cubic splines to assess the relevant factors...
January 15, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Yahui Fan, Min Wu, Xiaohui Li, Jinping Zhao, Jia Shi, Lu Ding, Hong Jiang, Zhaofang Li, Wei Zhang, Tianyou Ma, Duolao Wang, Le Ma
BACKGROUND: Abnormal blood potassium levels are associated with an increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases and mortality in the general population; however, evidence regarding the association between dyskalemia and mortality among patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains inconclusive. This study aimed to evaluate the association of potassium levels with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality among patients with CVD. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched up to August 2023 to identify relevant cohort studies among patients with CVD, such as myocardial infarction, stroke, and heart failure...
January 10, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Mousa Khalafi, Michael E Symonds, Aref Habibi Maleki, Mohammad Hossein Sakhaei, Mahsa Ehsanifar, Sara K Rosenkranz
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Exercise training (Ex) and intermittent fasting (IF) are effective for improving body composition and cardiometabolic health overweight and obese adults, but whether combining Ex and IF induces additive or synergistic effects is less well established. We therefore, performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the combined versus independent effects of Ex and IF on body composition and cardiometabolic health in adults. METHOD: An electronic search was conducted in three main online databases including PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus, from inception to March 9, 2023 for studies involving Ex plus IF trials versus standalone Ex and/or IF interventions in adults...
January 6, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Yeli Wang, Binkai Liu, Han Han, Yang Hu, Lu Zhu, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Najmeh Seifi, Mina Nosrati, Glareh Koochackpoor, Malihe Aghasizadeh, Hossein Bahari, Hedyeh Beheshti Namdar, Nafiseh Afkhami, Reza Assaran Darban, Farnoosh Azarian, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported insulin resistance (IR) to be associated with hyperuricemia. In this study, we aimed to assess the possible associations between the empirical dietary index for IR (EDIR), the empirical lifestyle index for IR (ELIR), and non-insulin-based surrogates (triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index, triglyceride-to-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) and TyG with body mass index (TyG-BMI)) and hyperuricemia in an Iranian population...
January 4, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Junxiu Liu, Stella S Yi, Rienna G Russo, Carol R Horowitz, Donglan Zhang, Janani Rajbhandari-Thapa, Dejun Su, Lu Shi, Yan Li
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the association between food security and cardiometabolic diseases (CMDs), yet none have investigated trends in prevalence of CMDs by food security status in the United States (US). METHODS: Serial cross-sectional analysis of the US nationally representative data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2018) was conducted among adults aged 20 years or older. Food security status was defined by the US Household Food Security Survey Module (full, marginal, low, and very low food security)...
January 3, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Xiaoyan Wang, Shuchuan Miao, Yuanwei Yang, Qilin Yang, Dejiao Meng, Hong Liang
BACKGROUND: Whether early dietary fiber intake in septic patients is associated with a better clinical prognosis remains unclear, especially the time and the amount. Therefore, we assessed the association between early dietary fiber intake and clinical outcomes in septic patients by examining an extensive database. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the MIMIC IV 2.1 database, focusing on consecutive septic patients requiring mechanical ventilation in medical or mixed medical-surgical ICUs...
January 3, 2024: Nutrition Journal
Meryem Al Fatly, Monique T Mulder, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep, Henk J Blom, Kirsten A C Berk
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Having type 2 diabetes (T2D) in combination with being overweight results in an additional increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. In addition, T2D and obesity are associated with increased levels of total homocysteine (tHcy), possibly contributing to the CVD risk. Weight loss dieting has positive effects on several CVD risk factors, but whether it affects tHcy remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the effect of a calorie restricted diet on tHcy in overweight people with T2D...
January 3, 2024: Nutrition Journal
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