Junchen Guo, XiaoXuan Liu, Zeng Wang, Rongzhe Lu, Yige Liu, Yiying Zhang, Wei Tian, Shaohong Fang, Shanjie Wang, Bo Yu
BACKGROUND: The inconsistent relationship between Vitamin B12 (B12), methylmalonic acid (MMA, marker of B12 deficiency) and mortality was poorly understood, especially in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). This study aims to investigate the association of serum MMA, and B12-related biomarkers (serum level, dietary intake, supplement use, and sensibility to B12) with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in adults with CHD. METHODS: The data of this study were from a subcohort within the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 29, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Daiki Watanabe, Yumiko Inoue, Motohiko Miyachi
BACKGROUND: Although water is essential to the maintenance of health and life, standard values for human water requirements are yet to be determined. This study aimed to evaluate the distribution of water turnover (WT) according to sex and age, estimated using a prediction equation, in Japanese adolescents and adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the 2016 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. Data were obtained from electronically available aggregated reports in the survey's official website...
November 29, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Djibril M Ba, Shu Zhang, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Tian Qiu, Xiang Gao, Joshua Muscat, Rei Otsuka
BACKGROUND: Prior study reported that mushroom consumption was associated with a lower incidence of hyperuricemia, but there is limited evidence on this association. We conducted a collaborative study to investigate the association between mushroom intake and hyperuricemia in middle-aged and older populations. METHODS: We used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the U.S. (2007-2018) and the National Institute for Longevity Sciences-Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA) in Japan (1997-2012)...
November 22, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mahdi Mazandarani, Narges Lashkarbolouk, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mostafa Qorbani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review is to evaluate the changes in gut microbiota (GM) induced by the Ketogenic Diets (KD) as a potential underlying mechanism in the improvement of neurological diseases. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted on three electronic databases, including PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus until December 2022. The inclusion criteria were studies that described any changes in GM after consuming KD in neurological patients...
November 20, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Zeinab Ghorbani, Morvarid Noormohammadi, Asma Kazemi, Hossein Poustchi, Akram Pourshams, Fahimeh Martami, Maryam Hashemian, Reza Malekzadeh, Azita Hekmatdoost
BACKGROUND: Although studies have reported an inverse association between fruits, vegetables, and fiber consumption and all-cause and cause-specific mortality, the issue remains incompletely defined in the Middle Eastern population. AIMS: The current study aimed to investigate the association between dietary fiber, fruit, and vegetable intake and all-cause and cause-specific mortality. METHODS: A total of 48632 participants (mean age = 52years), 57...
November 17, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mirsada Durmisi, Nina Kaegi-Braun, Natasha A Müller, Carla Wunderle, Pascal Tribolet, Zeno Stanga, Beat Mueller, Philipp Schuetz
INTRODUCTION: Cortisol is a metabolically active stress hormone that may play a role in the pathogenesis of malnutrition. We studied the association between admission cortisol levels and nutritional parameters, disease severity, and response to nutritional support among medical inpatients at nutritional risk. METHODS: Admission cortisol was measured in a subset of 764 patients participating in the Effect of Early Nutritional Support on Frailty, Functional Outcomes, and Recovery of Malnourished Medical Inpatients Trial (EFFORT), a multicentre, randomized-controlled trial that compared individualized nutritional support with usual nutritional care...
November 15, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Jundi Jia, Jie Zhang, Qiao He, Mingqi Wang, Qiyu Liu, Tongxin Wang, Xuanye Chen, Wen Wang, Hao Xu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality, and vascular calcification has been highly correlated with CVD events. Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) has been shown to predict subclinical CVD and incident CVD events. However, the relationship between vitamin C and abdominal aortic calcification remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of dietary vitamin C with AAC among the adult population in the US. METHODS: The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013-2014 provided the data for the cross-sectional study...
November 15, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mengyan Wang, Jianhong Peng, Caili Yang, Wenyuan Zhang, Zicheng Cheng, Haibin Zheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 14, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Weina Wang, Xinxuan Meng, Jiaojiao Liu, Xiaowei Lou, Ping Zhang, Peipei He, Jianghua Chen, Jing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) has been reported to be pretty common in maintenance dialysis patients. However, the existing PEW diagnostic standard is limited in clinical use due to the complexity of it. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), as a non-invasive nutritional assessment method, can objectively and quantitatively analyze the changes of body tissue components under different nutritional states. We aim to explore the association between PEW and BIA and establish a reliable diagnostic model of PEW...
November 9, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Julia W Korzilius, Sosha E Oppenheimer, Nicole M de Roos, Geert J A Wanten, Heidi Zweers
BACKGROUND: Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is commonly used to evaluate body composition as part of nutritional assessment. Current guidelines recommend performing BIA measurements in a fasting state of at least 2 h in a clinical setting and 8 h in a research setting. However, since asking patients with malnutrition or sarcopenia to fast is not desirable and literature to support the strategy in the guidelines is lacking, this study aimed to assess the impact of breakfast on BIA measurements...
October 31, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mengyan Wang, Jianhong Peng, Caili Yang, Wenyuan Zhang, Zicheng Cheng, Haibin Zheng
BACKGROUND: Population-based studies have shown that adequate magnesium intake is associated with a lower risk of stroke and all-cause mortality. Whether adequate magnesium intake is important for reducing all-cause mortality risk after stroke remains unclear. METHODS: We analyzed data from 917 patients with a self-reported history of stroke from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2018. The total magnesium intake was calculated by summing the magnesium intake from dietary and dietary supplements, and then adjusting for total energy intake according to the nutrient density method...
October 30, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Danhui Mao, Jin Feng, Yangzilin Zhou, Honggang Li
BACKGROUND: Dietary patterns play an important role in regulating serum uric acid levels in the body, but evidence for the association between different kinds of plant-based and animal-based dietary patterns and individual serum uric acid levels is scarce and inconsistent. METHODS: We analyzed data from the sixth wave of the China Health and Nutrition Survey. The plant-based diet of 7,806 participants was determined using three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls, and latent profile analysis was used to identify dietary patterns among participants...
October 27, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Khang Jin Cheah, Lin Jia Cheah
BACKGROUND: Protein supplements have been widely used among those who are struggling with sarcopenic obesity among older adults. However, despite their popularity, there is still a lack of concrete evidence on both the potential benefits and side effects of protein supplementation and exercise on sarcopenic obesity (SO). OBJECTIVE: Thus, we aimed to determine the impacts of protein supplementation and exercise in older adults with sarcopenic obesity. METHOD: A systematic database search was conducted for randomised controlled trials, quasi experimental study and pre-post study design addressing the effects of protein supplementation in improving sarcopenic obesity among older adults...
October 23, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Abed Ghavami, Sara Banpouri, Rahele Ziaei, Sepide Talebi, Mahdi Vajdi, Elyas Nattagh-Eshtivani, Hanieh Barghchi, Hamed Mohammadi, Gholamreza Askari
OBJECTIVES: Pervious epidemiologic evidence indicates that soluble fiber is protective against hypertention: however, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have presented varying results. In the present study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis to summarize published RCTs which assess the effect of soluble fiber supplementation on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). METHODS: Scopus, PubMed, and ISI Web of Sciences were searched to identify relevant studies up to Aug 2022...
October 13, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Shooka Mohammadi, Omid Asbaghi, Sina Dolatshahi, Hossein Salehi Omran, Niusha Amirani, Fatemeh Jahangir Koozehkanani, Hossein Bagherzadeh Garmjani, Kian Goudarzi, Damoon Ashtary-Larky
BACKGROUND: It is suggested that supplementation with milk protein (MP) has the potential to ameliorate the glycemic profile; however, the exact impact and certainty of the findings have yet to be evaluated. This systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessed the impact of MP supplementation on the glycemic parameters in adults. METHODS: A systematic search was carried out among online databases to determine eligible RCTs published up to November 2022...
October 6, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Yong Yang, Si-Xuan Li, Yan Zhang, Fei Wang, Dan-Jie Jiang, Si-Jia Wang, Peng Cao, Qing-Hai Gong
BACKGROUND: A later chronotype has been found to be associated with unhealthy habits and diseases, such as an unhealthy diet and metabolic syndrome in adults. Little is known about the association between chronotype, eating habits, physical activity and obesity. Thus, this study aimed to explore the relationships between chronotype, eating behaviors, physical activity, and overweight in Chinese school-aged children. METHODS: Data from this study was based on 952 schoolchildren (10-12 y) from six primary schools that participated in China...
October 6, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Xuanfeng Tang, Xinyi Lv, Ruohua Wang, Xiaoqing Li, Wenyu Xu, Nan Wang, Shuran Ma, He Huang, Yucun Niu, Xiangju Kong
BACKGROUND: The relationship between marine polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake and cardiovascular disease and mortality in dyslipidemic patients is unclear. Men with dyslipidemia have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than women, and PUFA supplementation may be more beneficial in men. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between different types of marine polyunsaturated fatty acids intakes and cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality, and cardiovascular mortality in adult U...
October 6, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Nasim Ghodoosi, Niloufar Rasaei, Kian Goudarzi, Maral Hashemzadeh, Sina Dolatshahi, Hossein Salehi Omran, Niusha Amirani, Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Ghazaleh Shimi, Omid Asbaghi
BACKGROUND: The present systematic review and meta-analysis sought to evaluate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) supplementation on glycemic control, adipokines, cytokines, malondialdehyde (MDA) and liver function enzymes in patients at risk of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Relevant studies were obtained by searching the PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science databases (from inception to January 2023). Weighted mean differences (WMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using a random-effects model...
October 5, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Yeli Wang, Binkai Liu, Han Han, Yang Hu, Lu Zhu, Eric B Rimm, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
BACKGROUND: Plant-based dietary patterns are gaining more attention due to their potential in reducing the risk of developing major chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2D), cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, and mortality, while an up-to-date comprehensive quantitative review is lacking. This study aimed to summarize the existing prospective observational evidence on associations between adherence to plant-based dietary patterns and chronic disease outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence across prospective observational studies...
October 4, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Wenyi Lu, Xuan Zhao, Jinye Sheng, Xuelin Zhao, Qingya Tang, Hongmei Zhang, Yi Feng, Yang Niu
BACKGROUND: Obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are risk factors for hyperuricemia. However, which anthropometric indices can better predict incident hyperuricemia in patients with T2DM remains inconsistent. This study aimed to examine the associations between hyperuricemia and different anthropometric indices in middle-aged and older male patients with T2DM. METHODS: In this retrospective study, a total of 1447 middle-aged (45-65 years, n = 791) and older (≥ 65 years, n = 656) male patients with T2DM were collected from December 2015 to January 2020 at Shanghai Xinhua Hospital...
September 22, 2023: Nutrition Journal
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