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Nutrition Journal

Reza Ganji, Meysam Moghbeli, Ramin Sadeghi, Golnaz Bayat, Azita Ganji
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) is known as a reason of metabolic osteopathy. Progression of non-invasive methods such as bone densitometry has shown that an important ratio of CD cases is faced with impaired bone mass and such cases are prone to bone fractures. Variety of low bone mineral density in CD is probably because of ignored confounding factors such as age, menopause, and drug. The aim of our study was to systematically review the osteoporosis and osteopenia incidences among premenopausal females and males with CD...
February 7, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Ali Alami, Seyedeh Belin Tavakoly Sany, Elaheh Lael-Monfared, Gordon A Ferns, Maryam Tatari, Zahra Hosseini, Alireza Jafari
BACKGROUND: The impact of iron and vitamin D supplements among adolescent is not well understood. The prevalence of supplement use, and the behavioral intentions of adolescents was studied to better understand the data on supplement intake. We used the theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) to explore the determinants that influence supplement intake, and its potential constructs to examine determinants that influence dietary supplement behavior towards the use of iron and vitamin D supplements amongst a sample of Iranian schoolgirl...
February 6, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Peter Putz, Birgit Kogler, Isabel Bersenkowitsch
BACKGROUND: The Vienna Food Record was developed as a simple paper-based pre-coded food record for use in Austrian adults, which can be completed over a flexible period of time. The present study aimed at evaluating test-retest reliability of the Vienna Food Record and its concurrent validity against a weighed food record. METHODS: A randomised cross-over study served to compare outcomes of the Vienna Food Record with those of the weighed food record. The Vienna Food Record was completed for a second time, in order to assess test-retest reliability...
January 28, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Chao Li, Lingxia Zeng, Duolao Wang, Shaonong Dang, Tao Chen, Victoria Watson, Hong Yan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to identify the average effect across different time points and to specify the time effects of maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and weekly gestational weight gain on the mental development and physical growth of infants. METHODS: The present cohort study used a repeated measures study design that began in 2004 with follow up at 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months of age. The participants were a subset from a controlled, cluster-randomized, double-blind trial...
January 23, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Guilherme Balsan, Lúcia Campos Pellanda, Grasiele Sausen, Thaís Galarraga, Denise Zaffari, Bruna Pontin, Vera Lúcia Portal
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of the intake of yerba mate (YM) and green tea (GT) on serum levels of leptin and paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), compared to control. METHODS: Controlled, randomized clinical trial (RCT) that evaluated 142 men and women affected by overweight or obesity aged 35-60 years, untreated dyslipidemia and no history of coronary artery disease. Participants were randomized to ingest 1000 mL GT, YM or apple tea (AT, control group) daily, during eight weeks...
January 19, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Rui Jorge, Inês Santos, Vitor Hugo Teixeira, Pedro Jorge Teixeira
There is not much evidence about how diet strictness during weekends and holidays influence long-term weight loss maintenance. Our aim was to examine how dieting more or less strictly during weekends and holidays (vs. weekdays and non-holiday periods) influence weight loss maintenance.Participants (n = 108) from the Portuguese Weight Control Registry indicated whether they had a more or less strict diet regimen during weekends compared to weekdays. A similar question about holiday and non-holiday period' diet regimen was answered...
January 11, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Samira Fernandes Morais Dos Santos, Fernanda Valente Mendes Soares, Andrea Dunshee de Abranches, Ana Carolina Carioca da Costa, Maria Elisabeth Lopes Moreira, Vania de Matos Fonseca
BACKGROUND: Children with microcephaly due to vertical exposure to Zika virus are an interesting population for investigation. Highlighted among their unique aspects are those related to nutrition due to its impact on child growth and development. Knowledge about the nutrition of microcephalic infants can help mothers and caregivers provide better care. Thus, this study aimed to describe the nutritional status and feeding practices of infants with microcephaly due to Zika virus exposure at birth and 12-23 months of age...
January 11, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Elly Mertens, Anneleen Kuijsten, Johanna M Geleijnse, Hendriek C Boshuizen, Edith J M Feskens, Pieter Van't Veer
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in estimating environmental impact of individuals' diets by using individual-level food consumption data. However, like assessment of nutrient intakes, these data are prone to substantial measurement errors dependent on the method of dietary assessment, and this often result in attenuation of associations. PURPOSE: To investigate the performance of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for estimating the environmental impact of the diet as compared to independent 24-h recalls (24hR), and to study the association between environmental impact and dietary quality for the FFQ and 24hR...
January 8, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Tamara Simpson, Saurenne Deleuil, Nicole Echeverria, Mrudhula Komanduri, Helen Macpherson, Chao Suo, Shakuntla Gondalia, Masoumeh Tangestani Fard, Andrew Pipingas, Andrew Scholey, Con Stough
BACKGROUND: The Australian Research Council Longevity Intervention (ARCLI) was designed to investigate the effects of two active supplements, Pycnogenol and Bacopa monnieri (CDRI08) on cognitive performance in a cohort of elderly participants. An additional antioxidant supplement has been included into the trial. A neuroimaging component has also been added to the ARCLI study to investigate the neurochemical biomarkers of oxidative stress in vivo, as well as structural and functional changes associated with ageing and oxidative stress...
January 5, 2019: Nutrition Journal
Edyta Adamska-Patruno, Lucyna Ostrowska, Joanna Goscik, Barbara Pietraszewska, Adam Kretowski, Maria Gorska
BACKGROUND: Hormones, which influence satiety and hunger, play a significant role in body energy balance regulation. Ghrelin is a peptide that plays an important role in short-term appetite regulation, whereas leptin is a factor that controls long-term energy balance and is considered as a satiety hormone. The aim of this study was to evaluate the leptin/ghrelin ratio in a fasting state and after the intake of meals with varying macronutrient contents and to assess the possible differences between normal body weight and overweight/obese men...
December 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Wonjeong Chae, Yeong Jun Ju, Jaeyong Shin, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
BACKGROUND: To discover the association between eating alone and diet quality among Korean adults who eat alone measured by the mean adequacy ratio (MAR), METHODS: The cross-sectional study in diet quality which was measured by nutrient intakes, indicated as MAR and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR) with the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) VI 2013-2015 data. Study population was 8523 Korean adults. Multiple linear regression was performed to identify the association between eating behaviour and MAR and further study analysed how socioeconomic factors influence the diet quality of those who eat alone...
December 19, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Behailu Derseh, Kalayu Mruts, Takele Demie, Tesfay Gebremariam
BACKGROUND: In spite of the availability of guidelines for the management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in Ethiopia, high comorbidity and poor treatment outcomes are still observed in therapeutic feeding centers among under -five children with SAM. The aim of this study was to assess comorbidity, treatment outcomes and factors affecting the recovery rate of children aged 1-59 months with SAM admitted into Therapeutic Feeding Centers (TFCs). METHODS: A total of 413 records of children with SAM admitted in three selected hospitals from July 2013 to July 2015 G...
December 18, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Jufen Liu, Zhiwen Li, Rongwei Ye, Jianmeng Liu, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: Folic acid (FA) supplementation is known to prevent neural tube defects (NTDs). We examined whether this preventive effect differs by the sex of the infant. METHODS: Data were gathered from a large population-based cohort study in China that evaluated the effects of FA supplementation on NTDs. All births at 20 complete gestational weeks, including live births, stillbirths, and pregnancy terminations, and all NTDs, regardless of gestational age, were recorded...
December 12, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Analí Castellanos-Gutiérrez, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Alicia Carriquiry, Teresa H M da Costa, Ana Carolina Ariza
BACKGROUND: Obesity and diabetes mellitus (DM) are public health concerns in Mexico of top-level priority due to their high prevalence and their growth rate in recent decades. The accumulation of adipose tissue leads to an unbalanced release of pro-oxidant factors, which causes cellular damage and favors the development of comorbidities. Recent evidence suggests that oxidative stress also promotes the accumulation of adipose tissue and the development of insulin resistance. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between usual intake of antioxidant nutrients, specifically vitamins A, C, E and magnesium with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and serum glucose concentrations in a representative sample of Mexican adults...
December 5, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Helene Bohnert, Max Maurer, Philip C Calder, Johann Pratschke, Paul Thul, Verena Müller
BACKGROUND: Data on the use of lipid emulsions containing fish-oil (FO) derived n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) in addition to medium- and long-chain triglycerides (MCT/LCT) for long-term home parenteral nutrition (HPN) are limited. This study aimed to compare HPN regimens containing either MCT/LCT/FO-derived n-3 PUFAs (test group) or MCT/LCT (control group) with respect to efficacy and safety during 8 weeks of HPN using a non-inferiority trial design with change of body mass index (BMI) as primary endpoint...
November 30, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Wenli Ni, Tian Tian, Le Zhang, Zhiwen Li, Linlin Wang, Aiguo Ren
BACKGROUND: The association between maternal consumption of sprouted potato during periconceptional period on the development of neural tube defects (NTDs) or orofacial clefts (OFCs) remains unclear. We aimed to examine the association between maternal consumption of sprouted potatoes during periconceptional period and risks of NTDs or OFCs. METHODS: Subjects included 622 NTD cases, 135 OFC cases and 858 nonmalformed controls, were recruited from a case-control study in Shanxi Province of northern China between 2002 and 2007...
November 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Sridharshi Chintha Hewawitharana, Frances Elizabeth Thompson, Catherine M Loria, Warren Strauss, Jyothi Nagaraja, Lorrene Ritchie, Karen Lucy Webb
BACKGROUND: A dietary screener questionnaire (DSQ) was used to assess dietary outcomes among children in the Healthy Communities Study (HCS), a study of the relationships between programs and policies to prevent child obesity and child diet, physical activity and weight outcomes. METHODS: To compare dietary intake estimates derived from the DSQ against those from the Automated Self-Administered 24-Hour Recalls for Children (ASA24-Kids) among children, a measurement error model, using structural equation modelling, was utilized to estimate slopes, deattenuated correlation coefficients, and attenuation factors by age and sex, ethnicity, and BMI status...
November 27, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Ingegerd Johansson, Lena Maria Nilsson, Anders Esberg, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Anna Winkvist
BACKGROUND: The association between milk and dairy intake and the incidence of cardiometabolic diseases, cancer and mortality has been evaluated in many studies, but these studies have had conflicting results with no clear conclusion on causal or confounding associations. The present study aims to further address this association by cross-sectional and longitudinal evaluation of the associations between exposure to various types of dairy products and metabolic risk markers among inhabitants in northern Sweden while taking other lifestyle factors into account...
November 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
R Colin Carter, Sandra W Jacobson, Sharmilah Booley, Baheya Najaar, Neil C Dodge, Lori J Bechard, Ernesta M Meintjes, Christopher D Molteno, Christopher P Duggan, Joseph L Jacobson, Marjanne Senekal
BACKGROUND: Although animal and human studies have demonstrated interactions between dietary choline and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, dietary choline deficiency in pregnancy is common in the US and worldwide. We sought to develop and validate a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (QFFQ) to estimate usual daily choline intake in pregnant mothers. METHODS: A panel of nutrition experts developed a Choline-QFFQ food item list, including sources with high choline content and the most commonly consumed choline-containing foods in the target population...
November 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Makeda Sinaga, Meron Worku, Tilahun Yemane, Elsah Tegene, Tolassa Wakayo, Tsinuel Girma, David Lindstrom, Tefera Belachew
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is defined as the presence of central obesity plus any two of the following markers: high triglycerides (> 150 mg/dl), low high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol < 40 mg/dl in men and < 50 mg/dl in women, hypertension (blood pressure > 130/85 mmHg or use of antihypertensive medication), high fasting blood glucose (> 100 mg/dl or use of treatment for diabetes mellitus). Since recently, metabolic syndrome and obesity have become emerging problems of both low and middle income countries, although they have been the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in high income countries for the past decades...
November 22, 2018: Nutrition Journal
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