Tahrir M Aldhirgham, Lulu A Almutairi, Atheer S Alraqea, Amani S Alqahtani
BACKGROUND: Obesity and chronic diseases are significant public health issues in the Middle East and North Africa region. A robust body of evidence demonstrated the association between beverage consumption, obesity, and chronic diseases. Therefore, the assessment of beverage consumption is gaining more interest in health policy development, food industry partnerships, research expansion and community involvement. Although beverage-consumption assessment tools have been developed for various populations, none were developed for the Arabic population...
March 22, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Jasmin Bhawra, Sharon I Kirkpatrick, Marissa G Hall, Lana Vanderlee, Christine M White, David Hammond
BACKGROUND: Nutrition knowledge is an important determinant of diet-related behaviour; however, the use of disparate assessment tools creates challenges for comparing nutrition knowledge levels and correlates across studies, geographic contexts, and populations. Using the Food Processing Knowledge (FoodProK) score - a measure of nutrition knowledge based on consumers' ability to understand and apply the concept of food processing in a functional task - nutrition knowledge levels and associated correlates were assessed in five countries...
March 16, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Maryam Armin, Zahra Heidari, Gholamreza Askari, Bijan Iraj, Cain C T Clark, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have reported that dietary renal acid load has an important role in insulin resistance and metabolic factors. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of a low renal acid load diet (LRALD) on blood pressure, lipid profile, and blood glucose indices in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: In this parallel randomized clinical trial, 80 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned to the LRALD (n = 40) or control (n = 40) groups, for 12 weeks...
March 15, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Chun-Chieh Chen, Shih-Sheng Chang, Chih-Hsiang Chang, Chih-Chien Hu, Yoshihiro Nakao, Shan May Yong, Yen Ling Ow Mandy, Chia Juan Lim, Eric Kian-Shiun Shim, Hsin-Nung Shih
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability among older adults. Medical and surgical treatments are costly and associated with side effects. A natural nutraceutical, collagen hydrolysate, has received considerable attention due to its relieving effects on OA-associated symptoms. This study investigated the effects of hydrolyzed collagen type II (HC-II) and essence of chicken (BRAND'S Essence of Chicken) with added HC-II (EC-HC-II) on joint, muscle, and bone functions among older adults with OA...
March 15, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Eduard Bezuglov, Maria Shoshorina, Artemii Lazarev, Anton Emanov, Egana Koroleva, Ilsyuyar Anishchenko, Zbigniew Waśkiewicz, Mikhail Butovskiy, Ryland Morgans
BACKGROUND: Currently there are no data examining the relationship between the serum concentration of vitamin D bio-chemical marker 25(OH)D and strength and speed characteristics in elite young track and field athletes. Moreover, there are currently no data examining the correlation of vitamin D status with testosterone concentration in elite young track and field athletes. In studies involving members of the general population and athletes from other sports, conflicting data have been reported...
March 8, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Victoria Lambert, Sonia Edith Muñoz, Carla Gil, María Dolores Román
BACKGROUND: There is ample evidence that considers diet as an important factor in the prevention of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). The aim of this review is to synthesise the existing evidence on the relationship between GDM and maternal dietary components. METHODS: We performed a systematic bibliographic search in Medline, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (Lilacs) and the Latin American Nutrition Archive (ALAN) of regional and local literature, limiting the searches to observational studies published between 2016 and 2022...
March 7, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Henrik Hagström, Linda Nyström Hagfors, Anna Tellström, Rikard Hedelin, Krister Lindmark
BACKGROUND: Low carbohydrate high fat (LCHF) diet has been a popular low carbohydrate diet in Sweden for 15 years. Many people choose LCHF to lose weight or control diabetes, but there are concerns about the effect on long-term cardiovascular risks. There is little data on how a LCHF diet is composed in real-life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the dietary intake in a population with self-reported adherence to a LCHF diet. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 100 volunteers that considered themselves eating LCHF was conducted...
March 2, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Sandra M Travasso, Smitha Joseph, Sumathi Swaminathan, Anjaly Teresa John, Sanchit Makkar, Patrick Webb, Anura Kurpad, Tinku Thomas
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted livelihoods and diets across the world. This study aimed to assess changes in household diet diversity and food consumption between the pre-COVID-19 period (December 2019-January 2020) and during the lockdown (March-May 2020), and to identify the socio-economic characteristics that determine these changes in rural Bihar, India. METHODS: Households that had provided their phone numbers in the pre-COVID-19 household survey (n = 1797) were contacted for interviews during the lockdown telephonic survey in a longitudinal survey in two districts (Gaya and Nalanda) in Bihar...
February 27, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mohammad Zamani, Fatemeh Rezaiian, Saeede Saadati, Kaveh Naseri, Damoon Ashtary-Larky, Mohsen Yousefi, Elnaz Golalipour, Cain C T Clark, Samira Rastgoo, Omid Asbaghi
BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction serves as an early marker for the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD); therefore, it is an attractive site of therapeutic interventions to reduce the risk of CVD. This study was conducted to investigate the effect of folic acid supplementation on endothelial function markers in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: PubMed, ISI web of science, and Scopus databases were searched up to July 2022 for detecting eligible studies...
February 24, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Samira Karbasi, Malihe Mohamadian, Mohsen Naseri, Zahra Khorasanchi, Asghar Zarban, Afsane Bahrami, Gordon A Ferns
BACKGROUND: The composition of breast milk (BM) is dynamic and can be influenced by maternal variables that include the diet and nutritional status. This study examined the association between maternal adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) and total antioxidant content of BM and infant urine. METHODS: We collected 350 BM samples from mothers and urine samples from their infants. The dietary intakes of the mothers were recorded using a validated 65 items-food frequency questionnaire (FFQ)...
February 23, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Omid Asbaghi, Behzad Nazarian, Mojtaba Yousefi, Javad Anjom-Shoae, Hamid Rasekhi, Omid Sadeghi
Since a 2014 meta-analysis, several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating the effect of vitamin E intake on glycemic indices and insulin resistance in adults with diabetes have reached inconsistent conclusions. Therefore, we updated the previous meta-analysis to summarize the current evidence in this regard. Online databases including PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched to identify relevant studies published up to September 30, 2021, using relevant keywords. Random-effects models were used to obtain overall mean difference (MD) comparing vitamin E intake with a control group...
February 17, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Masoud Khorshidi, Zohreh Sajadi Hazaveh, Malek Alimohammadi-Kamalabadi, Sanaz Jamshidi, Omid Moradi Moghaddam, Beheshteh Olang, Sayeh Hatefi, Amirhossein Hosseini, Parsa Jamilian, Meysam Zarezadeh, Parichehr Kohansal, Javad Heshmati, Parmida Jamilian, Aliakbar Sayyari
PURPOSE: Dyslipidemia is considered as a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Yet various trials with wide ranges of doses and durations have reported contradictory results. We undertook this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine whether omega-3 supplementation can affect lipid profile in children and adolescents. METHODS: Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, and Scopus databases were searched up to March 2021. Meta-analysis was performed using random-effect method...
February 10, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Mohamed Abuelazm, Basel Abdelazeem
We read the article by Haung et al. that pooled the effects of vitamin D on irritable bowel syndrome symptoms and associated quality of life. However, the current review suffers from some methodological errors: inadequate search strategy; the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation (GRADE) miss-assessment; and miss-interpretation. Accordingly, addressing the emphasized limitations will lead to more robust findings and conclusions.
January 20, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Mitra Kazemi Jahromi, Ebrahim Mokhtari, Golaleh Asghari, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Andrea L S Bulungu, Luigi Palla, Joweria Nambooze, Jan Priebe, Lora Forsythe, Pamela Katic, Gwen Varley, Bernice D Galinda, Nakimuli Sarah, Kate Wellard, Elaine L Ferguson
BACKGROUND: Traditional recall approaches of data collection for assessing dietary intake and time use are prone to recall bias. Studies in high- and middle-income countries show that automated wearable cameras are a promising method for collecting objective health behavior data and may improve study participants' recall of foods consumed and daily activities performed. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using automated wearable cameras in rural Eastern Ugandan to collect dietary and time use data...
January 12, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Monica D Zuercher, Danielle J Harvey, Margarita Santiago-Torres, Lauren E Au, Nitin Shivappa, Aladdin H Shadyab, Matthew Allison, Linda Snetselaar, Buyun Liu, John A Robbins, James R Hébert, Lorena Garcia
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the association between the dietary inflammatory index (DII® ) and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Hispanic women from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), and to determine if body mass index (BMI) interacted with the DII scores. METHODS: Secondary analysis of baseline dietary data and long-term CVD outcomes among 3,469 postmenopausal women who self-identified as Hispanic enrolled in WHI. DII scores were calculated from self-administered food frequency questionnaires...
January 12, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Edward Buzigi, Stephen Onakuse
BACKGROUND: This study assessed staple food price volatility, household food consumption scores (FCS), poor household food consumption status and its association with socio-economic inequalities during enforcing and partial lifting of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) lockdown restrictions in slum and non-slum households (HHs) of Nansana municipality, Uganda. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional surveys were conducted during enforcing and partial lifting of COVID-19 lockdown restrictions...
January 11, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Parvin Mirmiran, Farshad Teymoori, Hossein Farhadnejad, Ebrahim Mokhtari, Ammar Salehi-Sahlabadi
BACKGROUND: Vegetables is the main sources of dietary nitrate. Studies suggested the potential link between nitrate content of vegetables and reduce the risk of chronic diseases. We aimed to assess the association between nitrate-containing vegetables (NCVs) with odds of nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) in Iranian adults. METHOD: This case-control study was performed on a total of 225 newly diagnosed NAFLD cases and 450 controls aged 20-60 years...
January 10, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Anjali Ganpule, Kerry Ann Brown, Manisha Dubey, Nikhil Srinivasapura Venkateshmurthy, Prashant Jarhyan, Avinav Prasad Maddury, Rajesh Khatkar, Himanshi Pandey, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Sailesh Mohan
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is a major public health problem worldwide. In India, there are limited food insecurity assessment studies using a conventionally accepted method like the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES), developed by the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO). This study aims to measure food insecurity using the FIES and explore its determinants and association with body mass index (BMI) among Indian adults.  METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we used FIES to measure food security in a sample of 9005 adults residing in North and South India...
January 9, 2023: Nutrition Journal
Hossein Farhadnejad, Farshad Teymoori, Mitra Kazemi Jahromi, Ebrahim Mokhtari, Golaleh Asghari, Parvin Mirmiran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Systemic inflammation can be the initiator in developing chronic diseases that may be affected by the lifestyle and diet of individuals. In the current study, we aimed to assess the association of the inflammatory potential of diet and lifestyle, determined by the food-based index of dietary inflammatory potential (FBDI), dietary inflammation score (DIS), and lifestyle inflammation score (LIS), with risk of chronic kidney disease(CKD) in Iranian adults. METHODS: A total of 6044 CKD-free individuals aged ≥ 18 years, were recruited from among participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study(surveys 3 and 4) and followed a mean of 6...
January 7, 2023: Nutrition Journal
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