Journals Nigerian Journal of Clinical P...

Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Altinkaya, S Yazar, E C Karadag, O Er
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) can metastasize to various organs of the body. The skin is an uncommon site for metastasis. However, if metastasis to skin occurs, scalp is a common area. We present a 77-year-old male patient, with a 12-year history of RCC. In the current presentation, he was hospitalized due to hematuria, fatigue, electrolyte imbalance, and deteriorating kidney functions. After the patient was stabilized, he was referred to the plastic surgery clinic due to an unusual, extremely large, hemorrhagic, ulcerative, and vegetative mass on his scalp...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
M Mustafa, M Almuhaiza, H M Alamri, A Abdulwahed, Z I Alghomlas, T A Alothman, F F Alhajri
Background: Endodontic treatment failure is one of the most common problems encountered in dentistry. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the causes of failure of endodontic treatment among patients in the Saudi Arabian city of Al-Kharj. Subjects and Methods: A total of 250 patients of both genders were involved in the study. Criteria confirming the failure of the endodontic treatment were pain, tenderness on pressure, periapical radiolucency, and sinus tract...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
H Sekar, S Krishnamoorthy, N Kumaresan, D Chandrasekaran, P Ramaswamy, S Sundaram, N Raj
Aim: To assess the VHL gene expression as a prognostic marker in Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) and compare it with clinicopathologic features. Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted in the department of Urology and Renal Transplantation in Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai from August 2016 to August 2018. Thirty patients who have undergone a radical/partial nephrectomy with biopsy proven histological diagnosis of RCC during the study period were included in the study...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
T Ayyildiz, E Dolar, N Ugras, O S Dizdar, B Erturk, S B Adim, O Yercı
Background: Adiponectin (ApN) is a 244-amino acid protein mainly secreted from the adipose tissue and involved in various physiological functions. ApN exerts its metabolic effects by binding to two major receptors: adiponectin receptor-1 (Adipo-R1) and adiponectin receptor-2 (Adipo-R2). Recent studies have reported ApN's involvement in the progression of cancer. However, there are no studies evaluating the relationship between Adipo-R1/R2 expression and gastric intestinal metaplasia (IM), which is a predisposing factor in gastric cancer (GC) development, and Helicobacter pylori H...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
I Ahmad, G S Zaman, S P Silvian, M S Alshaharani, I Ahmad, N Mansuri, S Fayazuddin
Background: High-altitude disease prevalence varies according to types of exposure and the effects of hypoxic and hypobaric environments, with the result that people at high altitudes present many different physiological responses. Aims: The research aims to analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) exercises at high altitudes on obese subjects and to explain the determinants that make obese people more susceptible to various chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, asthma, etc...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Arslan, V Acik, E Bilgin, K A Afser, G Cavus, Y Gezercan, A I Okten
Aims: This study aimed to compare the clinical courses, complications, and clinical outcome scores of patients with perimesencephalic (PM) and nonperimesencephalic (n-PM) subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with no vascular pathology observed on cerebral angiography. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 52 of 310 patients who underwent cerebral digital subtraction angiography for SAH between October 2016 and April 2018. The patients were categorized into PM and n-PM groups based on the type of hemorrhage observed on brain CT...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
O S Ayedun, F A Oredugba, E O Sote
Background: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease that causes reversible decalcification and cavitation of susceptible teeth exposed to sugary substrates over a period of time in the oral cavity. It gives clinical and social burdens to the child patients and their parents/carers. Stainless steel crown (SSC) restoration is one of the restorative treatment options in the management of carious primary molars. Aims: The Hall technique is a biologic method of managing primary teeth by sealing in the caries with preformed metal crowns (SSCs)...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
J S Tedla, D R Sangadala, K Gular, R S Reddy, M S Alshahrani, I Ahmad, M Abohashrh
Aims: To establish normative values for functional, lateral, and Oblique Direction Reach Tests (ODRT) and to assess the validity and reliability of the ODRT in Saudi children of age 6-15 years. Methods: Three hundred Saudi children of age 6-15 years children were recruited by using snowball sampling. Children were measured for distance reached in forward, lateral, and oblique direction on a graph paper, which was mounted on a wall/cardboard. Results: The Mean ± SD for forward, lateral and oblique direction reach was 25...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Panchal, J S Tedla, D Ghatamaneni, R S Reddy, D R Sangadala, M S Alshahrani
Background: The timed up-and-go test (TUGT) is a quick, reliable, and valid assessment tool for evaluating functional mobility or dynamic balance. Aims: The purpose of this study was to establish the normative values for TUGT in children aged 4 to 11 years old in Surat, India. Methods: A total of 420 children (210 boys and 210 girls) were included. Subjects were divided into seven age groups. In each age group, 60 (30 males and 30 females) subjects were included...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
M Ozdikici, E Bulut, S Agca
Objectives: In this study, we retrospectively evaluated the orbital and ocular dimensions using computed tomography (CT) scans in healthy adults. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study included 302 Turkish adult individuals aged 20-76 years (158 males and 144 females), who underwent paranasal sinus or craniofacial CT due to headache or suspicion of sinusitis, but abnormal orbital or cranial CT findings were not detected. Linear and volumetric measurements of the orbital structures were performed in the sagittal, coronal, and axial planes on CT slices...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A C T Celik, E Coban, H E Ulker
Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different types of mouthwashes (Klorhexidin, Curasept ADS 205, Meridol, Listerine Cool Citrus) on the surface roughness and color changes of a microhybrid (Point 4), a bulk fill (SonicFill), and a nanohybrid (Nova Compo-N) resin-based composite (RBC). Materials and Methods: Disk-shaped specimens were prepared from tested RBCs and divided into four subgroups which immersed in four different types of mouthwashes...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A Soylu, M Sarier, R Kutlu
Background: The method used in the first assessment of patients with veno-occlusive erectile dysfunction (ED) is penile color doppler ultrasonography (PCDU). However, cavernosography performed following intracavernosal pharmacostimulation is accepted as a more precise method for showing venous leakage. Aims: The objectives of this study were to compare results obtained from patients undergoing PCDU, and those undergoing cavernosography, and to investigate the diagnostic value of PCDU in the diagnosis...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
F Benjamin, A T Ezekiel, O U Kelvin, O U Albert, A Rowlan, A R Emmanuel
Background: Orbital cellulitis, also called postseptal cellulitis, is an infection of contents of the orbit (periorbital fat, neurovascular bundle, and the extraocular muscles). It should be differentiated from preseptal (periorbital) cellulitis which is a lesion of the anterior portion of the eyelid. However, both preseptal and postseptal cellulitis could present in a similar way with eye pain, edema, and erythema. Aim: The aim of the study was to review patients with orbital cellulitis as a complication of odontogenic cervicofacial infections seen in a Nigerian tertiary care facility...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
O Onoral, M G Caymaz
Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the perception, attitude, and awareness of dental practitioners (DPs) and intern DPs towards SARS-COV-2 by comparing the awareness-attitude score (AAS). Materials and Methods: An online survey was generated in Google Forms. An invitation email was sent to all DPs in Northern Cyprus (n = 270) and intern DPs at Near East University (n = 200). Data were blindly collected from March 2020 to May 2020. Participants received 1 point for each correct answer...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
F Yagci, G Turker, H Yilanci
Aim: The purpose of this study is to determine the thickness and limitation of the safe enamel for laminate veneers and orthodontic stripping applications. Enamel thickness (ET) was determined in detail for each tooth and also it was examined whether there was a relationship between the mesiodistal crown width of the teeth and the thickness of the enamel and whether there was a sexual dimorphism. Subjects and Methods: CBCT records of 101 subjects (mean age: 20.88 ± 2...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A E Aronu, N Uwaezuoke, J M Chinawa, A Bisi-Onyemaechi, N C Ojinnaka
Background: Epilepsy, a chronic brain disorder, predisposes children to low Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). Objective: This study aimed at assessing the HRQOL in Nigerian children with epilepsy and compare it with that in healthy children. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 166 children with epilepsy (CWE), aged 5-18 years on anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) for at least 6 months and 166 age and sex-matched apparently healthy children was conducted...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Lily P Wu, Jean Paul Milambo, Nadraj Naidoo
Background: Chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) is a complex disease caused by peripheral artery disease. It is associated with ischemic foot pain (rest pain) and tissue loss in the form of chronic nonhealing foot ulcers or gangrene. CLTI has a high short-term risk of limb amputations, postoperative sepsis, and cardiovascular-related events. Aims: The present study was conducted to assess the demographic and anthropometric profile of patients with CLTI and their postoperative outcomes after 2-year follow-up at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
M Zahran, D Abderbwih, H Mandourah, S B Afif, D Sabbahi, K Merdad, H Sonbul
Objective: To evaluate the effect of varying ferrule height and distribution on the fatigue resistance and fracture strength of endodontically treated premolars. Materials and Method: Thirty-two extracted human premolars were endodontically treated and prepared to receive all-ceramic crowns. Teeth were randomly divided into two groups. The occluso-cervical height was reduced to 2 mm and 4 mm for the 1st and 2nd groups, respectively. According to the ferrule distribution, samples in each group were randomly divided into two subgroups with inadequate ferrule on 1 or 2 proximal walls, respectively...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
A E Orimadegun, R I Funwei, O S Michael, O O Ogunkunle, J A Badejo, F I Olusola, O Agede, O E Anjorin, I O Ajayi, A S Jegede, O Ojurongbe, C O Falade
Background: Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (mRDTs) are the preferred option for programmatic deployment. Aims: There are numerous mRDTs on the Nigerian market and there is a need to guide practitioners on the relative performance of the commonly used brands of mRDT in Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: The performance of three commonly used Histidine-Rich-Protein-2-based mRDTs (SD-Bioline™, Carestart™ and Paracheck-Pf™) against microscopy of Giemsa stained blood and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was evaluated among 190 febrile under-5 children in Ibadan, Nigeria...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
L Damgaci, H Ozer, G Rona
Aims: To investigate the accuracy of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) findings, and the effect of tumor volume in determining the perinephric and renal sinus invasion in clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs). Method: Fifty patients with ccRCCs underwent non-contrast and nephrographic-phase contrast-enhanced MDCT examination before total nephrectomy. The following MDCT features were used to diagnose perinephric fat tissue invasion: perinephric stranding, perinephric vascularity, and irregular contour...
April 2021: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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