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Behavioral Sleep Medicine

Mariana G Figueiro, Philip D Sloane, Kimberly Ward, David Reed, Sheryl Zimmerman, John S Preisser, Seema Garg, Christopher J Wretman
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether light delivered through the eyelids of sleeping persons might create phase delay in older adults who are adversely affected by advanced sleep phase disorder. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-two cognitively intact, community-dwelling participants aged ≥ 50 years (20 females, 12 males) with Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index scores ≥ 5 (poor sleep) completed the study. METHODS: This within-subjects, randomized, two-treatment crossover design study exposed participants to an active "blue" (λmax   =  480 nm) lighting intervention or a placebo "red" (λmax  = 640 nm) control through closed eyelids during sleep for 8 weeks...
December 27, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Mamatha Chary, Maureen E McQuillan, John E Bates, Kirby Deater-Deckard
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poorer executive function (EF) has been implicated in the etiology of negative parenting (e.g., harsh, reactive, intrusive). EF may be affected by good or poor quality sleep, and thus sleep may be involved in negative parenting. In the current exploratory study, we investigated the additive and interactive effects of maternal EF and sleep indicators in the statistical prediction of negative parenting. PATIENTS/METHODS: A sample of 241 mothers of 2...
December 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Hilary K Brown, Sarah Brennenstuhl, Summer Haddad, Flavia C Marini, Robyn Stremler
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Our primary objective was to describe and identify predictors of any and predominant bed-sharing at 4 and 12 weeks postpartum among Chinese-Canadian mothers. PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a longitudinal study of 570 Chinese immigrant and Canadian-born women in Toronto, Ontario. METHODS: Any bed-sharing, defined as sharing a bed or mattress for any part of the night on any night in the previous week, and predominant bed-sharing, defined as sharing a bed or mattress for most of the night, on more than half the nights of the previous week, were evaluated at 4 and 12 weeks postpartum...
December 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Elyse Stewart, Brandon Gibb, Gregory Strauss, Meredith Coles
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Numerous psychiatric conditions characterized by repetitive negative thinking (RNT) are also frequently associated with disruptions in the duration and timing of sleep. The emerging literature supports that these types of sleep disruptions may be associated with negative psychological consequences such as depressed mood, anxiety, and poor emotion regulation, all of which have features of RNT. There is a paucity of research on the association between RNT and disruptions in sleep duration and timing in adolescents...
December 17, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Barbara Schwerdtle, Andrea Kübler, Angelika Schlarb
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is common in school-aged children and often associated with other mental disorders. Here, we investigated the effectiveness and acceptance of the KiSS program in an "all-comer" pediatric insomnia clinic. PARTICIPANTS/METHODS: Forty-five families (children: 5-10 years, 57.8% female) were randomly assigned to the multicomponent six-session KiSS treatment (CBT-I, hypnotherapy, and imaginations) or a wait-list control group. A sleep diary was recorded before intervention or waiting time, immediately after, as well as 3, 6, and 12 months postintervention (primary outcome: sleep efficiency, SE; sleep-onset latency, SOL)...
November 27, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Bruno Saconi, Hyunju Yang, Alexa J Watach, Amy M Sawyer
BACKGROUND: Coping strategies are predictive of 1 week CPAP use. Coping strategies may predict longer-term CPAP use among adults with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of two coping styles (active and passive) and individual coping processes on CPAP use at 1 week and 1 month; and explore the association between self-efficacy and coping on CPAP use. PARTICIPANTS: CPAP-naïve adults (52.3% male, 90.9% White) newly diagnosed with OSA (AHI ≥ 5 events/hr) from two U...
November 26, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Kelly M Shaffer, Allison J Applebaum, Katherine N DuHamel, Sheila N Garland, Philip Gehrman, Jun J Mao
OBJECTIVES: Insomnia is common among cancer survivors, yet survivors' beliefs about their insomnia following cancer are largely unknown. This study describes cancer survivors' causal attributions of insomnia and whether these beliefs differ by sociodemographic characteristics. PARTICIPANTS: 160 cancer survivors meeting diagnostic criteria for insomnia disorder. METHODS: Survivors endorsed how likely they believed 12 different factors were causally related to their insomnia and self-reported sociodemographics...
November 26, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Shelby L Bandel, Amy M Brausch
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep has been shown to have multiple negative outcomes during adolescence, in both academic and mental health domains. Several studies have identified the association between poor sleep and suicide risk in adolescents. However, onset of and engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is also common in this age group, but this behavior has rarely been studied in association with sleep in adolescent samples. In the current study, it was expected that poorer sleep and more symptoms of insomnia would associate with a greater likelihood of recent NSSI engagement and greater NSSI severity...
November 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jacob M Williams, Daniel J Taylor, Danica C Slavish, Christie E Gardner, Marian R Zimmerman, Kruti Patel, David A Reichenberger, Jade M Francetich, Jessica R Dietch, Rosemary Estevez
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Actigraphy is an inexpensive and objective wrist-worn activity sensor that has been validated for the measurement of sleep onset latency (SOL), number of awakenings (NWAK), wake after sleep onset (WASO), total sleep time (TST), and sleep efficiency (SE) in both middle-aged and older adults with insomnia. However, actigraphy has not been evaluated in young adults. In addition, most previous studies compared actigraphy to in-lab polysomnography (PSG), but none have compared actigraphy to more ecologically valid ambulatory polysomnography...
November 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Christopher A Magee, Sarah Blunden
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: This paper utilized a person-centered approach to examine individual differences in sleep timing cross-sectionally and prospectively in adolescents. PARTICIPANTS: Data from Waves 5 and 6 of the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children were used. At Wave 5, the sample included 3,552 Australian adolescents aged 12-13 years (51% males, 49% females); 84% provided data at two-year follow-up (Wave 6). METHODS: Through structured interviews, adolescents provided information on sleep timing (bedtimes, sleep-onset times, and wake times) on weekends and weekdays, and relevant covariates...
November 25, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Andrea Galbiati, Marco Sforza, Mattia Poletti, Laura Verga, Marco Zucconi, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Vincenza Castronovo
BACKGROUND: Two distinct insomnia disorder (ID) phenotypes have been proposed, distinguished on the basis of an objective total sleep time less or more than 6 hr. In particular, it has been recently reported that patients with objective short sleep duration have a blunted response to cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I). The aim of this study was to investigate the differences of CBT-I response in two groups of ID patients subdivided according to total sleep time. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six ID patients were subdivided into two groups, depending on their reported total sleep time (TST) assessed by sleep diaries...
November 23, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Ami Cohen, Natali Ben Abu, Iris Haimov
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbances are considered among the negative consequences of smoking. However, the relationship between sleep quality and smoking among young adults, a population in which the prevalence of smoking is highest, has scarcely been examined. The current study aimed at examining differences in sleep indices, assessed by both subjective and objective (actigraphy) measures, between smokers and nonsmokers, and whether such differences are associated with levels of nicotine dependence...
November 21, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Cindy Lebrun, Marie-Christine Gély-Nargeot, Khaalid Hassan Maudarbocus, Sophie Bayard
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Safety behaviors play a prominent role in the development and maintenance of insomnia. The Sleep-Related Behaviors Questionnaire (SRBQ) is a self-report questionnaire designed to assess safety behaviors employed to cope with fatigue or to improve sleep. Despite its frequent use in insomnia, no systematic psychometric validation of the SRBQ has been conducted; its factor structure has never been explored. Furthermore, there is no French version of this scale. The goal of this study was to empirically validate a French version of the SRBQ...
November 21, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Nancy S Redeker, Samantha Conley, George Anderson, John Cline, Laura Andrews, Vahid Mohsenin, Daniel Jacoby, Sangchoon Jeon
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is common among patients with stable heart failure (HF) and associated with inflammation and altered autonomic function. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) on the Hypothalamic Pituitary (HPA) Axis, autonomic function, inflammation, and circadian rhythmicity and the associations between these biomarkers and insomnia, sleep characteristics, symptoms, functional performance, and sleep-related cognitions...
November 21, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Sergio Garbarino, Wayne A Bardwell, Ottavia Guglielmi, Carlo Chiorri, Enrica Bonanni, Nicola Magnavita
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with mental disorders, but the strength of this association is unknown. The aim of our study was to investigate the association among OSA, depression, and anxiety in adults and to quantitatively summarize the results. METHODS: A literature search in Medline, PubMed, PsycInfo, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted. Seventy-three articles were selected for study. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence of depressive and anxious symptoms in OSA patients was 35% (95% CI, 28-41%) and 32% (95% CI, 22-42%), respectively...
November 19, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jason C Ong, Donna Arand, Michael Schmitz, Kelly Baron, Richard Blackburn, Michael A Grandner, Kenneth L Lichstein, Sara Nowakowski, Celso Teixeira, Karlyn Boling, Spencer C Dawson, Kathryn Hansen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Jennifer N Felder, Barbara Laraia, Kimberly Coleman-Phox, Nicole Bush, Madhuvanthi Suresh, Melanie Thomas, Nancy Adler, Elissa Epel, Aric A Prather
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality is common in pregnancy and associated with increased psychological distress, which has adverse consequences for families. Emerging theory suggests that mindfulness-based interventions may help reduce cognitive and emotional reactivity to stressful events. The current study examines the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on the relationship between poor sleep quality and increased depression symptom severity and perceived stress during pregnancy...
November 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Kristine A Wilckens, Kirk I Erickson, Mark E Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity benefits executive control, but the mechanism through which this benefit occurs is unclear. Sleep is a candidate mechanism given that it improves with exercise and has restorative effects on the prefrontal cortex. The present cross-sectional study examined the mediating role of sleep in the relationship between physical activity and executive control in young and older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Young (n = 59) and older (n = 53) community-dwelling adults ages 21-30 and 55-80...
November 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Erika J Bagley, Thomas E Fuller-Rowell, Ekjyot K Saini, Lauren E Philbrook, Mona El-Sheikh
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: A growing body of work indicates that experiences of neighborhood disadvantage place children at risk for poor sleep. This study aimed to examine how both neighborhood economic deprivation (a measure of poverty) and social fragmentation (an index of instability) are associated with objective measures of the length and quality of children's sleep. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were 210 children (54.3% boys) living predominantly in small towns and semirural communities in Alabama...
November 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Fei Wang, Wei Zheng, Ling Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are clinically effective for insomnia, but the research findings have been mixed. This meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examined the effect of MBIs on insomnia. METHOD: Both English (PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases) and Chinese (WanFang and CNKI) databases were systematically and independently searched. Standardized mean differences (SMDs) and risk ratio (RR) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random effects model...
October 31, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
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