Nuzha Hafleen, Chelsea D'Silva, Elizabeth Mansfield, Dianne Fierheller, Ferzana Chaze, Amish Parikh, Sara Martel, Gurpreet Malhotra, Baldev Mutta, Zofishan Hasan, Ian Zenlea
BACKGROUND: This manuscript explores sociocultural and systemic factors influencing diabetes management among South Asian (SA) caregivers in Peel Region, Ontario. METHODS: Twenty-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with SA caregivers using a qualitative descriptive design. Data were analyzed using thematic analysis and intersectionality analysis. RESULTS: Identified themes were: 1) Prioritizing family caregiving over diabetes self-management; 2) Labour market impacts on diabetes self-management; and 3) Challenges navigating Canadian health and social service systems...
April 5, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Danielle K Nagy, Lauren C Bresee, Dean T Eurich, Scot H Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between place of residence (metropolitan, urban, rural) and guideline concordant processes of care in the first year of type 2 diabetes management. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of new metformin users between April 2015 and March 2020 in Alberta. Outcomes were identified as guideline concordant processes of care through the review of clinical practice guidelines and published literature. Using multivariable logistic regression, the following outcomes were examined by place of residence: dispensation of a statin, angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitor (ACEi) or angiotensin-II-receptor-blocker (ARB), eye examination, and glycated hemoglobin A1C, cholesterol, and kidney function testing...
April 5, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Tucker Reed, Sara Scott, Eshleen Grewal, Fatima Macavinta, Saania Tariq, David J T Campbell
BACKGROUND: The rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Canada poses a significant health challenge. Despite the convenience of screening for diabetes with glycated hemoglobin concentration, people experiencing homelessness (PEH) often face barriers to accessing diabetes screening, potentially leading to underdiagnosis. This study aims to assess the prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes among PEH in Calgary, Alberta, contributing insights for planning healthcare services and public health initiatives...
April 4, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Tricia S Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Sonia Butalia, Chuan Wen, Ronald Sigal, Peter Senior, Hude Quan, Luan Manh Chu, Roseanne O Yeung, Padma Kaul
OBJECTIVE: Since 2016, clinical guidelines have recommended SGLT2is for people with type 2 diabetes with heart failure. We examined SGLT2i dispensation, factors associated with dispensation, and heart failure hospitalization and all-cause mortality in people with diabetes and heart failure. METHODS: This retrospective, population-based cohort study, identified people with diabetes and heart failure between Jan 1, 2014 to Dec 31, 2017 in Alberta, Canada (population ∼ 4...
March 26, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
David M Goldman, Cassandra B Warbeck, Thomas J Waterfall, Adam Sud, Michael Quarshie, Joel C Craddock
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a significant public health challenge for which effective lifestyle interventions are needed. A growing body of evidence supports the use of both plant-based eating patterns and early time-restricted eating (eTRE) for the prevention and treatment of T2D, but research has not yet explored the potential of these dietary strategies in combination. This narrative review assessed the evidence by which plant-based diets, in conjunction with eTRE, could support T2D care. The electronic databases Medline and the Web of Science were searched for relevant articles published throughout the last decade...
March 19, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Idit Dotan, Tzipora Shochat, Talia Diker-Cohen, Amit Akirov, Alexander Gorshtein
BACKGROUND: No data are available regarding glycemic control of patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) during Passover. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Passover on diabetes management and glycemic control in adults with T1D with nutritional changes during Passover (observant) compared with patients who did not change their dietary habits during Passover (non-observant). METHODS: Observational pre-post study of adult patients with T1D, followed in a diabetes clinic in Israel...
March 18, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Holly Tschirhart, Janet Landeen, Jennifer Yost, Kara A Nerenberg, Diana Sherifali
BACKGROUND: Diabetes distress has been understudied in the pregnancy population. Pregnancy is known to be a complex, highly stressful time for women with diabetes because of medical risks and the high burden of diabetes management. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explain and understand diabetes distress in women with pre-existing diabetes in pregnancy. METHODS: An explanatory, sequential mixed methods study was undertaken. The first strand consisted of a cross-sectional study of 76 women with type 1 and type 2 diabetes...
March 14, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Megan M MacPherson, Cara Johnston, Kaela D Cranston, Sarah Der, Jenna Ap Sim, Mary E Jung
AIM: Diabetes prevention programs targeting dietary and physical activity behavior change have been shown to decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes; however, more thorough reporting of intervention characteristics is needed to expedite the translation of such programs into different communities. This scoping review aims to synthesize how diabetes prevention programs are being reported and implemented. METHODS: A scoping review following the Arkey and O'Malley methods was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines...
February 26, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Kaitlyn E Watson, Kirnvir Dhaliwal, Eleanor Benterud, Sandra Robertshaw, Nancy Verdin, Ella McMurtry, Nicole Lamont, Kelsea M Drall, Sarah Gill, David J T Campbell, Kerry McBrien, Ross T Tsuyuki, Neesh Pannu, Matthew T James, Maoliosa Donald
OBJECTIVE(S): To (1) explore barriers and enablers to patient and healthcare providers (HCPs) behaviours related to SDMG, (2) identify theory-informed strategies to advise SDMG intervention design, and (3) obtain perspectives on an eHealth tool for this purpose. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study using qualitative conventional content analysis was undertaken. Interviews and focus groups were held with patients and HCPs from January 2021 to April 2022. Data was analyzed using the behaviour change wheel and theoretical domains framework to inform intervention design...
February 21, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Terra Arnason, Kerry Mansell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Soraia de Camargo Catapan, Carina Vasconcelos Silva, Dominique Bird, Monika Janda, Len Gray, Lisbeth Maunder, Jane Clemensen, Anish Menon, Anthony Russell
BACKGROUND: Diabetes care in Australia is often fragmented and provider-centered, resulting in suboptimal care. Innovative solutions to bridge the evidence-practice gap are needed, and technology can facilitate the redesign of type 2 diabetes care. To increase the chances of fulfilling stakeholders' needs we used Participatory Design. Using this method, we explored solutions aimed at redesigning diabetes care, focusing on the previously identified needs. METHODS: The Participatory Design project was guided by stakeholders' contributions...
February 14, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Alyssa Caldwell McGee, Trenton Reinicke, Diego Carrasco, Jesse Goodrich, Meda E Pavkov, Daniel van Raalte, Carissa Birznieks, Robert G Nelson, Kristen J Nadeau, Ye Ji Choi, Tim Vigers, Laura Pyle, Ian de Boer, Petter Bjornstad, Kalie L Tommerdahl
AIMS: Glycoprotein acetyls (GlycA) is a biomarker of systemic inflammation and cardiovascular disease, yet little is known about its role in type 1 diabetes (T1D). We examined the associations among GlycA, central adiposity, insulin resistance, and early kidney injury in youth with T1D. METHODS: Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow (RPF) by iohexol and p-aminohippurate clearance, urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), central adiposity by DXA, and estimated insulin sensitivity were assessed in fifty youth with T1D (16±3...
February 7, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Jessica C Kichler, Krista Lucier, Alana Gyemi, Robert Papak, Kenzie Tapp, Brianna Grandi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 4, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Mario B Prado, Karen Joy B Adiao
BACKGROUND: Current medications for diabetic neuropathy (DN) recommended by ADA and AAN don't address the pathologic process of denervation among DN patients, hence ancillary treatments such as reactive oxygen scavengers (ROS) may be needed. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the available evidence about the efficacy and safety of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA) in the management of DN. METHODS: Using the search terms [(alpha lipoic acid or ALA or thioctic acid or thioctacid) or (gamma linolenic acid or GLA)] AND [(Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus) AND (polyneuropathy or neuropathy or sensorimotor polyneuropathy or radiculopathy)], 11 studies were included in this review and combined meta-analysis...
January 29, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Gurleen Gill, Sarah Zankar, Danica Goulet, Clare Liddy, Amir Afkham, Erin Keely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Hannah Geddie, Sanja Visekruna, Sarah Lawrence, Diana Sherifali, Ereny Bassilious
OBJECTIVES: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a challenging chronic condition. Young children with T1D require daily support to manage their condition while at school. In 2018, Ontario established a provincial policy to ensure safe and equitable school participation for children with diabetes. Despite this, children and parents describe very different school experiences. In this qualitative study we describe the interpretation and implementation of school board policy related to the care of children with T1D from the perspective of school educators (principals/teachers)...
January 21, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Benazir Hodzic-Santor, Michael Colacci, Afsaneh Raissi, Prachi Ray, Amol A Verma, Fahad Razak, Derek R MacFadden, Tor Biering-Sørensen, Kristoffer Grundtvig Skaarup, Shohinee Sarma, Michael Fralick
IMPORTANCE: International classification of disease (ICD) codes are commonly used to identify cases of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) in health services research but they have not been validated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of ICD-10 (10th Revision) diagnosis codes for DKA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We conducted a multicenter cross-sectional study using data from 5 hospitals in Ontario, Canada. Each hospitalization has a single most responsible diagnosis code...
January 21, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Lucas Mosienko, Brandy Wicklow, Jonathan McGavock, Elizabeth Sellers, Sara Schur, Brenden Dufault, Melissa Gabbs, Allison Dart
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) impacts adolescents living in challenging socioeconomic conditions disproportionately. However, impacts of T2D on quality of life (QOL) in this context are unknown. The objective of this study was to evaluate QOL, and identify its biological, psychological, and social determinants amongst adolescents living with and without T2D from similar sociodemographic backgrounds. Relationships between glycemic stability, early complications and treatments of T2D and QOL were also examined...
January 18, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Elizabeth A C Sellers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2024: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
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