Changpeng Liu, Dongjian Yang, Yuxi Liu, Heng Piao, Tao Zhang, Xi Li, Erjiang Zhao, Di Zhang, Yan Zheng, Xiance Tang
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) is linked to lung cancer incidence and mortality. However, the impact of PM2.5 exposure on lung cancer patients after lobectomy, which remains the primary treatment for early-stage lung cancer, is unknown. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between PM2.5 exposure and the survival of lung cancer patients after lobectomy. This study included 3,327 patients with lung cancer who underwent lobectomy procedures. We converted residential addresses into coordinates and estimated individual patients' daily PM2...
March 7, 2023: Environmental Health
Frida Soesanti, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Kees Meliefste, Jie Chen, Bert Brunekreef, Nikmah S Idris, Diederick E Grobbee, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch, Gerard Hoek
BACKGROUND: Ambient air pollution has been recognized as one of the most important environmental health threats. Exposure in early life may affect pregnancy outcomes and the health of the offspring. The main objective of our study was to assess the association between prenatal exposure to traffic related air pollutants during pregnancy on birth weight and length. Second, to evaluate the association between prenatal exposure to traffic related air pollutants and the risk of low birth weight (LBW)...
February 27, 2023: Environmental Health
Youssef Oulhote, Florence Rouget, Léah Michineau, Christine Monfort, Mireille Desrochers-Couture, Jean-Pierre Thomé, Philippe Kadhel, Luc Multigner, Sylvaine Cordier, Gina Muckle
BACKGROUND: Chlordecone is a highly persistent organochlorine insecticide that was intensively used in banana fields in the French West Indies, resulting in a widespread contamination. Neurotoxicity of acute exposures in adults is well recognized, and empirical data suggests that prenatal exposure affects visual and fine motor developments during infancy and childhood, with greater susceptibility in boys. OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between pre- and postnatal exposures to chlordecone and cognitive and behavioral functions in school-aged children from Guadeloupe...
February 27, 2023: Environmental Health
Philip Crepeau, Zhenyu Zhang, Rhea Udyavar, Lilah Morris-Wiseman, Shyam Biswal, Murugappan Ramanathan, Aarti Mathur
BACKGROUND: Limited data exists suggesting that cumulative exposure to air pollution in the form of fine particulate matter (aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 μm [PM2.5 ]) may be associated with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), although this relationship has not been widely established. This study aims to evaluate the association between PM2.5 and PTC and determine the subgroups of patients who are at the highest risk of PTC diagnosis. METHODS: Under IRB approval, we conducted a case-control study of adult patients (age ≥ 18) newly diagnosed with PTC between 1/2013-12/2016 across a single health care system were identified using electronic medical records...
February 23, 2023: Environmental Health
Veronika Ehrlich, Wieneke Bil, Rob Vandebriel, Berit Granum, Mirjam Luijten, Birgitte Lindeman, Philippe Grandjean, Andreas-Marius Kaiser, Ingrid Hauzenberger, Christina Hartmann, Claudia Gundacker, Maria Uhl
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are of public health concern, because of their ubiquitous and extremely persistent occurrence, and depending on their structure, their bio-accumulative, mobile and toxic properties. Human health effects associated with exposure to PFAS include adverse effects on the immune system. In 2020, EFSA (the European Food Safety Authority) defined adverse effects on the immune system as the most critical effect for human health risk assessment, based on reduced antibody responses to childhood vaccines and similar effects observed in experimental animal studies...
February 22, 2023: Environmental Health
Enora Cléro, Claire Demoury, Bernd Grosche, Liudmila Liutsko, Yvon Motreff, Takashi Ohba, Deborah Oughton, Philippe Pirard, Agnès Rogel, Thierry Schneider, An Van Nieuwenhuyse, Dominique Laurier, Elisabeth Cardis
BACKGROUND: The SHAMISEN (Nuclear Emergency Situations - Improvement of Medical And Health Surveillance) European project was conducted in 2015-2017 to review the lessons learned from the experience of past nuclear accidents and develop recommendations for preparedness and health surveillance of populations affected by a nuclear accident. Using a toolkit approach, Tsuda et al. recently published a critical review of the article by Cléro et al. derived from the SHAMISEN project on thyroid cancer screening after nuclear accident...
February 17, 2023: Environmental Health
M N S Figaroa, M Gielen, L Casas, R J F Loos, C Derom, S Weyers, T S Nawrot, M P Zeegers, E M Bijnens
BACKGROUND: Globally, the rapid increase of obesity is reaching alarming proportions. A new approach to reduce obesity and its comorbidities involves tackling the built environment. Environmental influences seem to play an important role, but the environmental influences in early life on adult body composition have not been thoroughly investigated. This study seeks to fill the research gap by examining early-life exposure to residential green spaces and traffic exposure in association with body composition among a population of young adult twins...
February 17, 2023: Environmental Health
Xiaoli Shen, Xia Meng, Cuiping Wang, Xiangfeng Chen, Qian Chen, Jing Cai, Jun Zhang, Qianlong Zhang, Lichun Fan
BACKGROUND: Considerable attention has been paid to reproductive toxicity of fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ). However, the relationship between prenatal PM2.5 exposure and anogenital distance (AGD) has not been well studied. We aim to investigate the potential effects of prenatal exposure to PM2.5 on newborn AGD. METHODS: Prenatal PM2.5 exposure of 2332 participates in Shanghai (2013-2016) was estimated using high-performance machine learning models. Anoscrotal distance (AGDas) in male infants and anofourchette distance (AGDaf) in female infants were measured by well-trained examiners within 3 days after birth...
February 9, 2023: Environmental Health
Annelise Blomberg, Jann Mortensen, Pal Weihe, Philippe Grandjean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2023: Environmental Health
Xiang Zeng, Ge Tian, Jingfang Zhu, Fuyun Yang, Rui Zhang, Huijun Li, Zhen An, Juan Li, Jie Song, Jing Jiang, Dongling Liu, Weidong Wu
Epidemiological evidence has linked air pollution with adverse respiratory outcomes, but the mechanisms underlying susceptibility to air pollution remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of glutathione S-transferase (GST) polymorphism in the association between air pollution and lung function levels. A total of 75 healthy young volunteers aged 18-20 years old were recruited for six follow-up visits and examinations. Spirometry was conducted to obtain lung function parameters such as forced vital capacity (FVC), and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 )...
January 27, 2023: Environmental Health
Joachim Schüz, Evgenia Ostroumova, Ausrele Kesminiene, Louise Davies, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Kayo Togawa, Salvatore Vaccarella
BACKGROUND: Using a toolkit approach, Tsuda et al. critiqued work carried out by or in collaboration with the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO), including the IARC technical publication No. 46 on "Thyroid health monitoring after nuclear accidents" (TM-NUC), the project on nuclear emergency situations and improvement on medical and health surveillance (SHAMISEN), and the IARC-led work on global thyroid cancer incidence patterns as per IARC core mandate. MAIN BODY: We respond on the criticism of the recommendations of the IARC technical publication No...
January 26, 2023: Environmental Health
Hristina Denic-Roberts, Lawrence S Engel, Jeanine M Buchanich, Rachel G Miller, Evelyn O Talbott, Dana L Thomas, Glen A Cook, Tina Costacou, Jennifer A Rusiecki
BACKGROUND: Long-term neurological health risks associated with oil spill cleanup exposures are largely unknown. We aimed to investigate risks of longer-term neurological conditions among U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) responders to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill. METHODS: We used data from active duty members of the DWH Oil Spill Coast Guard Cohort Study (N=45224). Self-reported oil spill exposures were ascertained from post-deployment surveys. Incident neurological outcomes were classified using International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, codes from military health encounter records up to 5...
January 25, 2023: Environmental Health
Zachariah E M Morgan, Maximilian J Bailey, Diana I Trifonova, Noopur C Naik, William B Patterson, Frederick W Lurmann, Howard H Chang, Bradley S Peterson, Michael I Goran, Tanya L Alderete
BACKGROUND: Higher prenatal ambient air pollution exposure has been associated with impaired neurodevelopment in preschoolers and school-aged children. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between prenatal ambient air pollution exposure and neurodevelopment during infancy. METHODS: This study examined 161 Latino mother-infant pairs from the Southern California Mother's Milk Study. Exposure assessments included prenatal nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) and particulate matter smaller than 2...
January 24, 2023: Environmental Health
Jodie R Gawryluk, Daniela J Palombo, Jason Curran, Ashleigh Parker, Chris Carlsten
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2023: Environmental Health
Leah Grout, Tim Chambers, Simon Hales, Marnie Prickett, Michael G Baker, Nick Wilson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies linking low levels of nitrate in drinking water to colorectal cancer have raised public concerns over nitrate contamination. The aim of this study was to analyze the media discourse on the potential human health hazard of nitrates in drinking water in a high-income country with a large livestock industry: New Zealand (NZ). METHODS: Searches of media sources ("major newspapers") held by the Factiva database for the NZ setting in the five-year period 17 December 2016 to 20 December 2021...
January 20, 2023: Environmental Health
Jodie R Gawryluk, Daniela J Palombo, Jason Curran, Ashleigh Parker, Chris Carlsten
BACKGROUND: While it is known that exposure to traffic-related air pollution causes an enormous global toll on human health, neurobiological underpinnings therein remain elusive. The study addresses this gap in knowledge. METHODS: We performed the first controlled human exposure study using functional MRI with an efficient order-randomized double-blind crossover study of diesel exhaust (DE) and control (filtered air; FA) in 25 healthy adults (14 males, 11 females; 19-49 years old; no withdrawals)...
January 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Elizabeth M Kamai, Andrea Calderon, Yoshira Ornelas Van Horne, Theresa M Bastain, Carrie V Breton, Jill E Johnston
BACKGROUND: Environmental exposures during pregnancy and early childhood can have acute and chronic adverse health impacts. As minoritized populations are more likely to reside in areas with greater pollution, it is important to understand their views and lived experiences to inform action. The purpose of this community-driven qualitative research study was to understand how urban Latina mothers in Los Angeles County, California perceived environmental health and risks. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured individual interviews with Latina pregnant women and mothers of young children, recruited through existing collaborations with community organizations...
January 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Yi He, Wanyanhan Jiang, Xi Gao, Chengwei Lin, Jia Li, Lian Yang
BACKGROUND: There are few studies on the effects of air pollutants on acute lower respiratory tract infections (ALRI) in children. Here, we investigated the relationship of fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ), inhalable particulate matter (PM10 ), sulfur dioxide (SO2 ), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2 ) with the daily number of hospitalizations for ALRI in children in Sichuan Province, China, and to estimate the economic burden of disease due to exposure to air pollutants. METHODS: We collected records of 192,079 cases of childhood ALRI hospitalization between January 1, 2017 and December 31, 2018 from nine municipal/prefecture medical institutions as well as the simultaneous meteorological and air pollution data from 183 monitoring sites in Sichuan Province...
January 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Dariya Ordanovich, Aurelio Tobías, Diego Ramiro
BACKGROUND: Although adaptation to continuously rising ambient temperatures is an emerging topic and has been widely studied at a global scale, detailed analysis of the joint indicators for long-term adaptation in Spain are scarce. This study aims to explore temporal variations of the minimum mortality temperature and mortality burden from heat and cold between 1979 and 2018. METHODS: We collected individual all-cause mortality and climate reanalysis data for 4 decades at a daily time step...
January 13, 2023: Environmental Health
Julia R Varshavsky, Swati D G Rayasam, Jennifer B Sass, Daniel A Axelrad, Carl F Cranor, Dale Hattis, Russ Hauser, Patricia D Koman, Emily C Marquez, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Catherine Oksas, Sharyle Patton, Joshua F Robinson, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Peggy M Shepard, Tracey J Woodruff
A key element of risk assessment is accounting for the full range of variability in response to environmental exposures. Default dose-response methods typically assume a 10-fold difference in response to chemical exposures between average (healthy) and susceptible humans, despite evidence of wider variability. Experts and authoritative bodies support using advanced techniques to better account for human variability due to factors such as in utero or early life exposure and exposure to multiple environmental, social, and economic stressors...
January 12, 2023: Environmental Health
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