Ixel Hernandez-Castro, Sandrah P Eckel, Caitlin G Howe, Zhongzheng Niu, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Morgan Robinson, Helen B Foley, Tingyu Yang, Mario J Vigil, Xinci Chen, Brendan Grubbs, Deborah Lerner, Nathana Lurvey, Laila Al-Marayati, Rima Habre, Genevieve F Dunton, Shohreh F Farzan, Max T Aung, Carrie V Breton, Theresa M Bastain
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests organophosphate esters (OPEs) are neurotoxic; however, the epidemiological literature remains scarce. We investigated whether prenatal exposures to OPEs were associated with child neurobehavior in the MADRES cohort. METHODS: We measured nine OPE metabolites in 204 maternal urine samples (gestational age at collection: 31.4 ± 1.8 weeks). Neurobehavior problems were assessed among 36-month-old children using the Child Behavior Checklist's (CBCL) three composite scales [internalizing, externalizing, and total problems]...
September 22, 2023: Environmental Health
Ana Paula Razal Dalvi, Rayara Mozer Dias, Washington Leite Junger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Mingkun Tong, Weiwei Lin, Hengyi Liu, Jicheng Gong, Junfeng Jim Zhang, Tao Xue
BACKGROUNDS: The vulnerability of fetuses differs at different developmental stages, in response to environmental stressors such as fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ), a ubiquitous air pollutant. Whether gestational age (GA) modifies the association between prenatal fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) exposure and fetal death remains unclear. METHODS: We selected approximately 47.8 million eligible United States (US) livebirth and fetal death (defined as a termination at a GA of 20-43 weeks) records from 1989 to 2004...
September 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Michelle Plusquin, Congrong Wang, Charlotte Cosemans, Harry A Roels, Maartje Vangeneugden, Bruno Lapauw, Tom Fiers, Guy T'Sjoen, Tim S Nawrot
Knowledge of whether prenatal exposure to ambient air pollution disrupts steroidogenesis is currently lacking. We investigated the association between prenatal ambient air pollution and highly accurate measurements of cord blood steroid hormones from the androgenic pathway.This study included 397 newborns born between the years 2010 and 2015 from the ENVIRONAGE cohort in Belgium of whom six cord blood steroid levels were measured: 17α-hydroxypregnenolone, 17α-hydroxyprogesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, pregnenolone, androstenedione, and testosterone...
September 7, 2023: Environmental Health
Klara Matouskova, Thomas G Neltner, Maricel V Maffini
Manufacturers of chemicals added to food are responsible for determining that the use of their products is safe. There are two major legal definitions of chemicals in food: (1) food additives which includes ingredients and chemicals indirectly entering food from packaging and processing equipment, and (2) generally recognized as safe (GRAS) substances mostly used as ingredients. The law requires food additives to undergo approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before they are sold, but it GRAS substances are exempted from pre-market approval...
September 6, 2023: Environmental Health
Toshihide Tsuda, Yumiko Miyano, Eiji Yamamoto
BACKGROUND: After reviewing selected scientific evidence, Schüz et al. made two recommendations in the 2018 International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Technical Publication No. 46. Their first recommendation was against population thyroid screening after a nuclear accident, and the second was that consideration be given to offering a long-term thyroid monitoring program for higher-risk individuals (100-500 mGy or more radiation) after a nuclear accident. However, their review of the scientific evidence was inadequate and misrepresented the information from both Chernobyl and Fukushima...
September 2, 2023: Environmental Health
Carolyn W Kinkade, Zorimar Rivera-Núñez, Sally W Thurston, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Richard K Miller, Jessica Brunner, Eunyoung Wong, Susan Groth, Thomas G O'Connor, Emily S Barrett
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are synthetic chemicals found in drinking water and consumer products, resulting in ubiquitous human exposure. PFAS have been linked to endocrine disruption and altered weight gain across the lifespan. A limited and inconsistent body of research suggests PFAS may impact gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum body mass index (BMI), which are important predictors of overall infant and maternal health, respectively. METHODS: In the Understanding Pregnancy Signals and Infant Development (UPSIDE/UPSIDE-MOMs) study (n = 243; Rochester, NY), we examined second trimester serum PFAS (PFOS: perfluorooctanesulfonic acid, PFOA: perfluorooctanoic acid, PFNA: perfluorononanoic acid, PFHxS: perfluorohexanesulfonic acid, PFDA: perfluorodecanoic acid) in relation to GWG (kg, and weekly rate of gain) and in the postpartum, weight retention (PPWR (kg) and total body fat percentage (measured by bioelectrical impedance))...
September 2, 2023: Environmental Health
Jennifer Liss Ohayon, Sharima Rasanayagam, Ruthann A Rudel, Sharyle Patton, Heather Buren, Tony Stefani, Jessica Trowbridge, Cassidy Clarity, Julia Green Brody, Rachel Morello-Frosch
BACKGROUND: We report on community-based participatory research (CBPR) initiated by women firefighters in order to share successful elements that can be instructive for other community-engaged research. This CBPR initiative, known as the Women Worker Biomonitoring Collaborative (WWBC) is the first we are aware of to investigate links between occupational exposures and health outcomes, including breast cancer, for a cohort of exclusively women firefighters. METHODS: In order to be reflective of the experiences and knowledge of those most intimately involved, this article is co-authored by leaders of the research initiative...
August 30, 2023: Environmental Health
Mariah DeSerisy, Jacob W Cohen, Jordan D Dworkin, Jeanette A Stingone, Bruce Ramphal, Julie B Herbstman, David Pagliaccio, Amy E Margolis
BACKGROUND: Prior findings relating secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure and internalizing problems, characterized by heightened anxiety and depression symptoms, have been equivocal; effects of SHS on neurodevelopment may depend on the presence of other neurotoxicants. Early life stress (ELS) is a known risk factor for internalizing symptoms and is also often concurrent with SHS exposure. To date the interactive effects of ELS and SHS on children's internalizing symptoms are unknown...
August 25, 2023: Environmental Health
Elizabeth A Pozzebon, Lars Seifert
BACKGROUND: Over 40% of the six million dry metric tons of sewage sludge, often referred to as biosolids, produced annually in the United States is land applied. Biosolids serve as a sink for emerging pollutants which can be toxic and persist in the environment, yet their fate after land application and their impacts on human health have not been well studied. These gaps in our understanding are exacerbated by the absence of systematic monitoring programs and defined standards for human health protection...
August 21, 2023: Environmental Health
Gianfranco Frigerio, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Silvia Fustinoni
BACKGROUND: Per-/polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are persistent organic pollutants and suspected endocrine disruptors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis to summarise the associations between prenatal or childhood exposure to PFASs and childhood overweight/obesity. METHODS: The search was performed on the bibliographic databases PubMed and Embase with text strings containing terms related to prenatal, breastfeeding, childhood, overweight, obesity, and PFASs...
August 14, 2023: Environmental Health
Kun Huang, Dongmei Yu, Hongyun Fang, Lahong Ju, Wei Piao, Qiya Guo, Xiaoli Xu, Xiaoqi Wei, Yuxiang Yang, Liyun Zhao
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that nutritional supplements could reduce the adverse effects induced by air pollution. However, whether dietary patterns can modify the association of long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) and its constituents with hypertension defined by the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline has not been evaluated. METHODS: We included 47,501 Chinese adults from a nationwide cross-sectional study. PM2.5 and five constituents were estimated by satellite-based random forest models...
August 9, 2023: Environmental Health
Cuicui Wang, Heresh Amini, Zongli Xu, Adjani A Peralta, Mahdieh Danesh Yazdi, Xinye Qiu, Yaguang Wei, Allan Just, Jonathan Heiss, Lifang Hou, Yinan Zheng, Brent A Coull, Anna Kosheleva, Andrea A Baccarelli, Joel D Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Epigenome-wide association studies of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5 ) have been reported. However, few have examined PM2.5 components (PMCs) and sources or included repeated measures. The lack of high-resolution exposure measurements is the key limitation. We hypothesized that significant changes in DNA methylation might vary by PMCs and the sources. METHODS: We predicted the annual average of 14 PMCs using novel high-resolution exposure models across the contiguous U...
August 7, 2023: Environmental Health
Ines Amine, Alicia Guillien, Claire Philippat, Augusto Anguita-Ruiz, Maribel Casas, Montserrat de Castro, Audrius Dedele, Judith Garcia-Aymerich, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Barbara Heude, Line Småstuen Haug, Jordi Julvez, Mónica López-Vicente, Léa Maitre, Rosemary McEachan, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Nikos Stratakis, Marina Vafeiadi, John Wright, Tiffany Yang, Wen Lun Yuan, Xavier Basagaña, Rémy Slama, Martine Vrijheid, Valérie Siroux
BACKGROUND: Early-life environmental exposures are suspected to be involved in the development of chronic diseases later in life. Most studies conducted so far considered single or few exposures and single-health parameter. Our study aimed to identify a childhood general health score and assess its association with a wide range of pre- and post-natal environmental exposures. METHODS: The analysis is based on 870 children (6-12 years) from six European birth cohorts participating in the Human Early-Life Exposome project...
July 21, 2023: Environmental Health
Rebecca E Fuoco, Carol F Kwiatkowski, Linda S Birnbaum, Arlene Blum
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are the subject of a growing body of research with the potential to positively impact public and ecological health. However, to effect positive change, findings must be communicated beyond the scientific community. OBJECTIVE: We sought to (a) evaluate the relationships between communications strategy, media attention, and scholarly citations of PFAS research and (b) offer guidance for researchers and communications professionals who would like to publicize future work and increase its impact...
July 18, 2023: Environmental Health
Marvin Bundo, Martin Preisig, Kathleen Merikangas, Jennifer Glaus, Julien Vaucher, Gérard Waeber, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Thomas Müller, Oscar Franco, Ana Maria Vicedo-Cabrera
BACKGROUND: Recent research has suggested that an increase in temperature can negatively affect mental health and increase hospitalization for mental illness. It is not clear, however, what factors or mechanisms mediate this association. We aimed to (1) investigate the associations between ambient temperatures and bad daily mood, and (2) identify variables affecting the strength of these associations (modifiers) including the time, the day of the week and the year of the mood rating, socio-demographic characteristics, sleep quality, psychiatric disorders and the personality trait neuroticism in the community...
July 11, 2023: Environmental Health
L Abdullah, A Nkiliza, D Niedospial, G Aldrich, G Bartenfelder, A Keegan, M Hoffmann, M Mullan, N Klimas, J Baraniuk, F Crawford, M Krengel, L Chao, K Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to nerve agents, pyridostigmine bromide (PB), pesticides, and oil-well fires during the 1991 Gulf War (GW) are major contributors to the etiology of Gulf War Illness (GWI). Since the apolipoprotein E (APOE) ε4 allele is associated with the risk of cognitive decline with age, particularly in the presence of environmental exposures, and cognitive impairment is one of the most common symptoms experienced by veterans with GWI, we examined whether the ε4 allele was associated with GWI...
July 6, 2023: Environmental Health
Femke Bouma, Fredrik Nyberg, Anna-Carin Olin, Hanne Krage Carlsen
BACKGROUND: Air pollution is a large environmental health hazard whose exposure and health effects are unequally distributed among individuals. This is, at least in part, due to gene-environment interactions, but few studies exist. Thus, the current study aimed to explore genetic susceptibility to airway inflammation from short-term air pollution exposure through mechanisms of gene-environment interaction involving the SFTPA, GST and NOS genes. METHODS: Five thousand seven hundred two adults were included...
June 29, 2023: Environmental Health
Kristen N Cowan, Lauren H Wyatt, Thomas J Luben, Jason D Sacks, Cavin Ward-Caviness, Kristen M Rappazzo
BACKGROUND: Approximately nine million adults in the United States are living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and positive associations between short-term air pollution exposure and increased risk of COPD hospitalizations in older adults are consistently reported. We examined the association between short-term PM2.5 exposure and hospitalizations and assessed if there is modification by long-term exposure in a cohort of individuals with COPD. METHODS: In a time-referent case-crossover design, we used a cohort of randomly selected individuals with electronic health records from the University of North Carolina Healthcare System, restricted to patients with a medical encounter coded with a COPD diagnosis from 2004-2016 (n = 520), and estimated ambient PM2...
June 29, 2023: Environmental Health
Radhika Dhingra, Corinna Keeler, Brooke S Staley, Hanna V Jardel, Cavin Ward-Caviness, Meghan E Rebuli, Yuzhi Xi, Kristen Rappazzo, Michelle Hernandez, Ann N Chelminski, Ilona Jaspers, Ana G Rappold
Wildfire smoke is associated with short-term respiratory outcomes including asthma exacerbation in children. As investigations into developmental wildfire smoke exposure on children's longer-term respiratory health are sparse, we investigated associations between developmental wildfire smoke exposure and first use of respiratory medications. Prescription claims from IBM MarketScan Commercial Claims and Encounters database were linked with wildfire smoke plume data from NASA satellites based on Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)...
June 27, 2023: Environmental Health
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