Jian-Chao Qiao, Zhen-Hua Li, Yu-Bo Ma, Hui-Ya Ma, Meng-Yue Zhang, Xiu-Jun Zhang, Cheng-Yang Hu
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are known environmental contaminants with immunosuppressive properties. Their connection to rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a condition influenced by the immune system, is not well studied. This research explores the association between PFAS exposure and RA prevalence. METHODS: This research utilized data from the NHANES, encompassing a sample of 10,496 adults from the 2003-2018 cycles, focusing on serum levels of several PFAS...
April 13, 2024: Environmental Health
Win Thu, Alistair Woodward, Alana Cavadino, Sandar Tin Tin
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a global public health problem. A practical solution would be to build physical activity into the daily routine by using active modes of transport. Choice of transport mode can influence cancer risk through their effects on levels of physical activity, sedentary time, and environmental pollution. This review synthesizes existing evidence on the associations of specific transport modes with risks of site-specific cancers. METHODS: Relevant literature was searched in PubMed, Embase, and Scopus from 1914 to 17th February 2023...
April 13, 2024: Environmental Health
Nerea Mourino, Zhuoya Zhang, Mónica Pérez-Ríos, Kimberly Yolton, Bruce P Lanphear, Aimin Chen, Jessie P Buckley, Heidi J Kalkwarf, Kim M Cecil, Joseph M Braun
BACKGROUND: Prenatal or early childhood secondhand tobacco smoke (SHS) exposure increases obesity risk. However, the potential mechanisms underlying this association are unclear, but obesogenic eating behaviors are one pathway that components of SHS could perturb. Our aim was to assess associations of prenatal and early childhood SHS exposure with adolescent eating behaviors. METHODS: Data came from a prospective pregnancy and birth cohort (N = 207, Cincinnati, OH)...
April 13, 2024: Environmental Health
Siyu Jiang, Longjuan Tang, Zhe Lou, Haowei Wang, Ling Huang, Wei Zhao, Qingqing Wang, Ruiyun Li, Zhen Ding
BACKGROUND: Multifaceted SARS-CoV-2 interventions have modified exposure to air pollution and dynamics of respiratory diseases. Identifying the most vulnerable individuals requires effort to build a complete picture of the dynamic health effects of air pollution exposure, accounting for disparities across population subgroups. METHODS: We use generalized additive model to assess the likely changes in the hospitalisation and mortality rate as a result of exposure to PM2...
April 13, 2024: Environmental Health
Dylan Wood, Dimitris Evangelopoulos, Sean Beevers, Nutthida Kitwiroon, Panayotes Demakakos, Klea Katsouyanni
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of studies suggest adverse effects of exposure to ambient air pollution on cognitive function, but the evidence is still limited. We investigated the associations between long-term exposure to air pollutants and cognitive function in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) cohort of older adults. METHODS: Our sample included 8,883 individuals from ELSA, based on a nationally representative study of people aged ≥ 50 years, followed-up from 2002 until 2017...
April 5, 2024: Environmental Health
Edgar Castro, Abbie Liu, Yaguang Wei, Anna Kosheleva, Joel Schwartz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2, 2024: Environmental Health
Mario Saugo, Enrico Ioverno, Armando Olivieri, Francesco Bertola, Angela Pasinato, Alan Ducatman
The largest documented episode of human contamination by PFOA in the world (approximately 150,000 actual residents on 1 January 2020) has occurred in Italy's Veneto Region. In this large, mostly flat plain area, a cluster of testicular cancers has also been observed. Preliminary data are reported, and the most relevant and recent recommendations regarding the health surveillance of exposed individuals are emphasized.
March 28, 2024: Environmental Health
Sophie K F Michel, Aishwarya Atmakuri, Ondine S von Ehrenstein
BACKGROUND: Translating findings from systematic reviews assessing associations between environmental exposures and reproductive and children's health into policy recommendations requires valid and transparent evidence grading. METHODS: We aimed to evaluate systems for grading bodies of evidence used in systematic reviews of environmental exposures and reproductive/ children's health outcomes, by conducting a methodological survey of air pollution research, comprising a comprehensive search for and assessment of all relevant systematic reviews...
March 28, 2024: Environmental Health
Arbor J L Quist, April Hovav, Alexander D Silverman, Bhavna Shamasunder, Jill E Johnston
BACKGROUND: In early October 2021, thousands of residents in Carson, California began complaining of malodors and headaches. Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S), a noxious odorous gas, was measured at concentrations up to 7000 parts per billion (ppb) and remained above California's acute air quality standard of 30 ppb for a month. Intermittent elevations of H2 S continued for 3 months. After 2 months of malodor in this environmental justice community, a government agency attributed the H2 S to environmental pollution from a warehouse fire...
March 23, 2024: Environmental Health
Moana Gelu-Simeon, Marie-Josée Lafrance, Leah Michineau, Eric Saillard, Jean Pierre Thomé, Claude Emond, Michel Samson, Luc Multigner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chlordecone is a persistent organochlorinated insecticide, extensively used in the French West Indies and has been contaminating the population for more than thirty years. Its potentiation effect on hepatotoxic agents has been demonstrated in animal models. We investigated the relationship between environmental exposure to chlordecone and the progression of liver fibrosis. METHODS: This study included 182 consecutive patients with chronic alcoholic hepatitis whose liver fibrosis was assessed using non-invasive methods...
March 20, 2024: Environmental Health
Jennifer A Rusiecki, Jordan McAdam, Hristina Denic-Roberts, Andreas Sjodin, Mark Davis, Richard Jones, Thanh D Hoang, Mary H Ward, Shuangge Ma, Yawei Zhang
BACKGROUND: The effects of organochlorine pesticide (OCP) exposure on the development of human papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) are not well understood. A nested case-control study was conducted with data from the U.S. Department of Defense Serum Repository (DoDSR) cohort between 2000 and 2013 to assess associations of individual OCPs serum concentrations with PTC risk. METHODS: This study included 742 histologically confirmed PTC cases (341 females, 401 males) and 742 individually-matched controls with pre-diagnostic serum samples selected from the DoDSR...
March 19, 2024: Environmental Health
Li-Chung Chiu, Chung-Shu Lee, Ping-Chih Hsu, Hsin-Hsien Li, Tien-Ming Chan, Ching-Chung Hsiao, Scott Chih-Hsi Kuo, How-Wen Ko, Shu-Min Lin, Chun-Hua Wang, Horng-Chyuan Lin, Pao-Hsien Chu, Tzung-Hai Yen
BACKGROUND: Cadmium and nickel exposure can cause oxidative stress, induce inflammation, inhibit immune function, and therefore has significant impacts on the pathogenesis and severity of many diseases. Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection can also provoke oxidative stress and the dysregulation of inflammatory and immune responses. This study aimed to assess the potential associations of cadmium and nickel exposure with the severity and clinical outcomes of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)...
March 19, 2024: Environmental Health
Jiwon Oh, Kyoungmi Kim, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Patrick J Parsons, Agnieszka Mlodnicka, Rebecca J Schmidt, Julie B Schweitzer, Irva Hertz-Picciotto, Deborah H Bennett
BACKGROUND: A growing body of literature investigated childhood exposure to environmental chemicals in association with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, but limited studies considered urinary mixtures of multiple chemical classes. This study examined associations of concurrent exposure to non-persistent chemicals with ADHD symptoms in children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), developmental delay (DD), and typical development (TD). METHODS: A total of 549 children aged 2-5 years from the Childhood Autism Risks from Genetics and Environment (CHARGE) case-control study were administered the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC)...
March 14, 2024: Environmental Health
Allison R Sherris, Christine T Loftus, Adam A Szpiro, Logan C Dearborn, Marnie F Hazlehurst, Kecia N Carroll, Paul E Moore, Margaret A Adgent, Emily S Barrett, Nicole R Bush, Drew B Day, Kurunthachalam Kannan, Kaja Z LeWinn, Ruby H N Nguyen, Yu Ni, Anne M Riederer, Morgan Robinson, Sheela Sathyanarayana, Qi Zhao, Catherine J Karr
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Studies suggest prenatal exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may influence wheezing or asthma in preschool-aged children. However, the impact of prenatal PAH exposure on asthma and wheeze in middle childhood remain unclear. We investigated these associations in socio-demographically diverse participants from the ECHO PATHWAYS multi-cohort consortium. METHODS: We included 1,081 birth parent-child dyads across five U.S. cities...
March 8, 2024: Environmental Health
Chi-Hsien Chen, Perng-Jy Tsai, Wen-Wen Chang, Cheng-Yao Chen, Chih-Yong Chen, Deborah Yates, Yue Leon Guo
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to artificial stone, a popular material used for countertops, can cause accelerated silicosis, but the precise relationship between silica dose and disease development is unclear. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the impact of silica exposure on lung function and chest imaging in artificial stone manufacturing workers. METHODS: Questionnaire and spirometry assessments were administered to workers in two plants...
March 2, 2024: Environmental Health
David Ozonoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 2024: Environmental Health
Jieun Min, Whanhee Lee, Jongmin Oh, Youngrin Kwag, Eunji Kim, Joyce Mary Kim, Kyung A Lee, Eunhee Ha
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that climate change elevates heat exposure in pregnant women and high temperatures during pregnancy are associated with preterm births (PTBs). Although the association might be disproportionate, related evidence remains sparse. We evaluated the disproportionate risk of PTB associated with ambient temperature during pregnancy by individual and regional characteristics in South Korea. METHODS: We collected data on birth certificates and daily mean temperatures during the period from 2011 to 2019...
February 22, 2024: Environmental Health
Ali Seidkhani-Nahal, Hafez Heydari, Ayoub Tavakolian, Moslem Lari Najafi, Mohammad Miri
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposure to particulate matter (PM) and traffic was associated with the programming of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in early life. However, the exact underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between in-utero exposure to PMs and traffic indicators with the atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in newborns, which is a precise index reflecting an enhancement of lipid risk factors for CVDs. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 300 mother-newborn pairs were enrolled in Sabzevar, Iran...
February 19, 2024: Environmental Health
Jinghua Long, Jun Liang, Tao Liu, Huishen Huang, Jiehua Chen, Qian Liao, Lixiang Pang, Kaiqi Yang, Manlin Chen, Qian Chen, Xiaorong Huang, Qihua Zhu, Xiaoyun Zeng, Dongping Huang, Xiaoqiang Qiu
BACKGROUND: While prenatal exposure to alkylphenols (APs) has been demonstrated to be associated with neurodevelopmental impairments in animals, the evidence from epidemiological studies remains limited and inconclusive. This study aimed to explore the link between AP exposure during pregnancy and the intelligence quotient (IQ) of preschool children. METHODS: A total of 221 mother-child pairs from the Guangxi Zhuang Birth Cohort were recruited. Nonylphenol (NP), 4-tert-octylphenol (4-T-OP), 4-n-nonylphenol (4-N-NP), and 4-n-octylphenol were measured in maternal serum in early pregnancy...
February 16, 2024: Environmental Health
Siying Zhang, Zongshi Gao, Lihong Wu, Yumei Zhong, Hui Gao, Fang-Biao Tao, Xiulong Wu
BACKGROUND: Change in asthma burden attributed to specific environmental risk factor has not been evaluated. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore the age, period, and cohort effects on asthma burden attributable to smoking and occupational asthmagens in different socio-demographic index (SDI) regions and the region and sex disparities. METHODS: Risk factor-specific asthma deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) rates were extracted from Global Burden of Disease study 2019, estimated by standard Combined Cause of Death Model and DisMod-MR 2...
February 15, 2024: Environmental Health
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