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Traffic Injury Prevention

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30901230/effectiveness-of-protective-clothing-for-motorized-2-wheeler-riders
#1
Dan Wu, Martine Hours, Amina Ndiaye, Amandine Coquillat, Jean-Louis Martin
OBJECTIVE: This study assesses the effectiveness of protective clothing (motorcycle jacket, trousers, gloves, knee-high or ankle boots, back protection) for motorized 2-wheeler (MTW) riders. METHODS: This retrospective observational study used injury data from the Rhône Registry of Road Accident Victims, plus a postal survey conducted in 2016. Seven thousand one hundred forty-eight MTW riders involved in accidents between 2010 and 2014 were identified from the Registry and were invited to complete a questionnaire...
March 22, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30892946/high-blood-alcohol-concentration-associated-with-traumatic-brain-injury-among-traffic-injury-patients-during-new-year-festivals-in-thailand
#2
Maturamat Seesen, Penprapa Siviroj, Ratana Sapbamrer, Sompong Morarit
OBJECTIVE: Road traffic injury (RTI) is one of the most significant public health problems in Thailand, especially during New Year and Songkran (Thai traditional New Year) holidays, which have the highest traffic density during the entire year. Drunk driving was reported to be one of the leading causes of RTI in Thailand. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of patients with high blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and the association of BAC and specific organ injury during New Year and Songkran (Thai traditional New Year) holidays...
March 20, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888888/effectiveness-of-lowering-the-blood-alcohol-concentration-bac-limit-for-driving-from-0-10-to-0-08-grams-per-deciliter-in-the-united-states
#3
Michael Scherer, James C Fell
OBJECTIVE: The current study evaluates of the effects of lowering the blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limit from 0.10 to 0.08 g/dL across all 50 states in the United States. Our objectives were to (1) estimate the effects of the 0.08 g/dL BAC limit on drinking driver fatal crash rates; (2) compare the effects from early-adopting states to the effects of late-adopting states; (3) determine the effects on drivers with low BACs (0.01-0.07 g/dL) and high BACs (0.08+ g/dL); and (4) estimate the lives saved since 1983 due to the adoption of 0...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888886/reliability-and-validity-of-the-multidimensional-driving-style-inventory-in-chinese-drivers
#4
Sun Long, Chang Ruosong
OBJECTIVE: The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI) has been widely used in assessing the associations between driving styles and traffic violations and accidents in different cultural contexts. Due to the lack of a valid instrument to assess driving style, studies concerning driving style and its influence factors are limited in China. Thus, this study aimed to adapt and validate a Chinese version of the MDSI. METHODS: Seven hundred and sixty drivers aged from 19 to 60 years old were asked to complete the MDSI and a personality scale (trait anger, sensation seeking, altruism, and normlessness)...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888884/measures-of-speeding-from-a-gps-based-travel-behavior-survey
#5
Toshihiro Yokoo, David Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Lacking information about actual driving speed on most roads in the Minneapolis-St. Paul region, we determine car speeds using observations from a Global Positioning System (GPS)-based travel survey. Speed of travel determines the likelihood and consequences of collisions. We identify the road segments where speeding occurs. This article then analyzes the relationship between link length, traveler characteristics, and speeding using GPS data collected from 152 individuals over a 7-day period as part of the Minneapolis-St...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888879/assessing-the-performance-of-motorcyclists-impact-protectors-in-simulated-atd-knee-and-shoulder-impacts
#6
L Meredith, B Albanese, T Whyte, T Gibson, M Fitzharris, M Baldock, J Brown
OBJECTIVE: Fractures are a common injury among motorcycle riders and can have serious health implications. Impact protection (IP) has been designed to help prevent fractures, yet there are conflicting opinions as to whether this IP does in fact help prevent fractures in real-world crashes. This work aimed to (1) use simulated dummy impacts to examine whether existing types of IP could reduce the force transferred to the underlying bone to below fracture tolerance levels and (2) investigate whether current European Standard (EN 1621-1) test procedures for impact protectors designed for motorcyclists are sufficient to ensure fracture protection...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888877/severity-of-motorcycle-crashes-in-dar-es-salaam-tanzania
#7
Jimoku Hinda Salum, Angela E Kitali, Hannibal Bwire, Thobias Sando, Priyanka Alluri
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycles are a common mode of transportation in low- and middle-income countries. Tanzania, in particular, has experienced an increased use of motorcycles in the last decade. In Dar es Salaam, motorcycles provide door-to-door travel and often operate where more conventional services are uneconomical or physically impossible to maneuver. Although motorcycles play a crucial role in improving mobility in the city, they have several safety issues. This study focuses on identifying factors influencing the severity of motorcycle crashes...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888875/mobile-phone-use-while-riding-a-motorcycle-and-crashes-among-university-students
#8
Long T Truong, Hang T T Nguyen, Chris De Gruyter
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle crashes are a significant road safety challenge, particularly in many low- and middle-income countries where motorcycles represent the vast majority of their vehicle fleet. Though risky riding behaviors, such as speeding and riding under the influence of alcohol, have been identified as important contributors to motorcycle crashes, little is understood about the effect of using a mobile phone while riding on motorcycle crash involvement. This article investigates crash involvement among motorcycle riders with risky riding behaviors, particularly using a mobile phone while riding...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888872/analysis-of-risk-taking-behaviors-of-electric-bicycle-riders-in-response-to-pedestrian-countdown-signal-devices
#9
Ruikang Yu, Hui Zhao, Cuiping Zhang, Ziyang Wang
OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study is to understand electric bicycle riders' responses to pedestrian countdown signal devices (PCSDs), in particular, red light violations (RLVs) and early start behaviors. METHODS: Descriptive analyses were performed to compare the frequency of electric bicycle riders' risk-taking behaviors, including RLVs and early start maneuvers at signalized intersections with PCSDs and intersections without PCSDs. Binary logit models were deployed to evaluate the influence of the associated factors, including gender, presence of a pillion passenger, type of electric bicycle, and number of turning vehicles, on the RLV behaviors and early start maneuvers of electric bicycle riders at signalized intersections with PCSDs...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888871/ventilation-mode-changes-our-safety-in-buses-study-on-air-rain-flow-against-chemical-and-arson-attack-in-public-transport-vehicles
#10
Ning Chen, Janusz Kozinski, Yamin Tan
OBJECTIVES: Public transport vehicles (PTVs) play a decisive role in development of the urban economy. However, the safety of PTVs is threatened by the man-released chemical or arson attack. It was found that indoor air safety can be greatly improved by employing air-rain ventilation instead of the common ventilation in a PTV. METHODS: Numerical simulations and experiments have been done to prove the effectiveness of the air-rain flow against chemical attack or arson in PTVs...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888870/bibliometric-analysis-of-simulated-driving-research-from-1997-to-2016
#11
Fu Guo, Wei Lv, Li Liu, Tianbo Wang, Vincent G Duffy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore the evolution footprints of simulated driving research in the past 20 years through rigorous and systematic bibliometric analysis, to provide insights regarding when and where the research was performed and by whom and how the mainstream content evolved over the years. METHODS: The analysis began with data retrieval in Web of Science with defined search terms related to simulated driving. BibExcel and CiteSpace were employed to conduct the performance analysis and co-citation network analysis; that is, probe of the performance of institutes, journals, authors, and research hotspots...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30888869/what-can-a-hazard-function-teach-us-about-drivers-perception-of-hazards
#12
Yisrael Parmet, Anat Meir, Avinoam Borowsky
OBJECTIVE: Hazard perception (HP) is typically defined as the ability to read the road and anticipate hazardous situations. Several studies have shown that HP is a driving skill that correlates with traffic crashes. Measuring HP differences between various groups of drivers typically involves a paradigm in which participants observe short videos of real-world traffic scenes taken from a driver's or a pedestrian's perspective and press a response button each time they identify a hazard...
March 19, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30852917/driving-anger-expression-in-germany-validation-of-the-driving-anger-expression-inventory-for-german-drivers
#13
Stefan Brandenburg, Michael Oehl, Christian Hartwig
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this article is to examine whether the Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) applies to German drivers because this scale has previously been given to drivers in many different countries. METHODS: We applied German versions of the DAX, the Driving Anger Scale (DAS), and the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (STAXI) to a sample of 501 German drivers. We computed confirmatory factor analysis and principal axis factoring (PAF) analysis to examine the structure of driving anger expression in Germany...
March 9, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822153/aeb-effectiveness-evaluation-based-on-car-to-cyclist-accident-reconstructions-using-video-of-drive-recorder
#14
Yuqing Zhao, Daisuke Ito, Koji Mizuno
OBJECTIVE: Though autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems for car-to-cyclist collisions have been under development, an estimate of the benefit of AEB systems based on an analysis of accident data is needed for further enhancing their development. Compared to the data available from in-depth accident data files, data provided by drive recorders can be used to reconstruct car-to-cyclist collisions with greater accuracy because the position of cyclists can be observed from the videos...
March 1, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822144/user-experience-and-operational-feasibility-of-four-point-of-collection-oral-fluid-drug-testing-devices-according-to-brazilian-traffic-agents
#15
Flavio Pechansky, Juliana Nichterwitz Scherer, Jaqueline B Schuch, Vinícius Roglio, Yeger Moreschi Telles, Roberta Silvestrin, Graciela Pasa, Tanara Sousa
OBJECTIVE: Traffic fatalities in Brazil still rank among the highest worldwide, with an overall rate of 23.4 deaths/100,000 inhabitants/year. Although alcohol and drug use play an important role in traffic accidents, national data about their relative influence are scarce. Drug screening is not routinely performed by traffic agents because alcohol is the only substance regularly investigated in roadblocks. Therefore, we aimed to describe the initial traffic agent user experience for 4 handheld point-of-collection oral fluid drug testing devices used in routine roadblocks in Brazil, focusing on usage perceptions in hopes of generalizing this approach for other developing countries...
March 1, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822137/impact-of-perceptual-countermeasures-on-driving-behavior-at-curves-using-driving-simulator
#16
Hammad Hussain Awan, Ali Pirdavani, Arne Houben, Sander Westhof, Muhammad Adnan, Tom Brijs
OBJECTIVE: The probability of crash occurrence on horizontal curves is 1.5 to 4 times higher than that on tangent sections. A majority of these crashes are associated with human errors. Therefore, human behavior in curves needs to be corrected. METHODOLOGY: In this study, 2 different road marking treatments, optical circles and herringbone patterns, were used to influence driver behavior while entering a curve on a 2-lane rural road section. A driving simulator was used to perform the experiment...
March 1, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30822133/marijuana-use-and-driving-in-washington-state-risk-perceptions-and-behaviors-before-and-after-implementation-of-retail-sales
#17
Angela H Eichelberger
OBJECTIVE: Washington is among the first states to legalize recreational use of marijuana. This study examined marijuana use and risk perceptions before and after retail sales of recreational marijuana began in July 2014, the relationship between risk perceptions and marijuana use, and the relationship between self-reported marijuana use and drug test results. METHODS: Roadside surveys were conducted in 3 waves: June 2014, the month before retail sales of marijuana began; 5-6 months later (November-December 2014); and 1 year later (June 2015)...
March 1, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30763127/awareness-riding-behaviors-and-legislative-attitudes-toward-electric-bikes-among-two-types-of-road-users-an-investigation-in-tianjin-a-municipality-in-china
#18
Zhuo Wang, Richard L Neitzel, Xiaodan Xue, Wenlong Zheng, Guohong Jiang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to understand the awareness, riding behaviors, and legislative attitudes of electric bike (e-bike) users and non-e-bike road users toward e-bikes in Tianjin, a municipality in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional investigation included 2 components. The field survey was conducted in 9 districts (4 urban and 5 rural) from 2015 to 2017. Adult participants were interviewed using a street intercept method. The online survey was conducted using the WeChat social platform...
February 14, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735446/study-of-the-possible-relationships-between-tramway-front-end-geometry-and-pedestrian-injury-risk
#19
Marie-Christine Chevalier, Denis Brizard, Philippe Beillas
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to report on the possible relationships between tramway front-end geometry and pedestrian injury risk over a wide range of possible tramway shapes. METHODS: To study the effect of tramway front-end shape on pedestrian injury metrics, accidents were simulated using a custom parameterized model of tramway front-end and pedestrian models available with the MADYMO multibody solver. The approach was automated, allowing the systematic exploration of tramway shapes in conjunction with 4 pedestrian sizes (e...
February 8, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30715919/driving-concerns-among-older-adults-associations-with-driving-skill-behaviors-and-experiences
#20
Hannah K Allen, Kenneth H Beck, Faika Zanjani
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this investigation was to determine what older adults find most concerning about driving as they age and how these concerns are related to driving skill, behaviors, and experiences. METHODS: In partnership with the Maryland Motor Vehicle Administration, a sample of 751 older adults ages 65 and older completed an online survey between October 2017 and May 2018. A content analysis was used to code open-ended responses about driver concerns, and multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the associations between driving concerns and driving skill, behavior, and experiences...
February 4, 2019: Traffic Injury Prevention
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