journal

Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism | Page 2

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31820398/effect-of-selenium-supplementation-on-antioxidant-markers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#21
Motahareh Hasani, Shirin Djalalinia, Maryam Khazdooz, Hamid Asayesh, Maryam Zarei, Armita Mahdavi Gorabi, Hossein Ansari, Mostafa Qorbani, Ramin Heshmat
AIM: The aim of this study is the systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trial studies to assess the antioxidant effects of selenium (Se) supplementation. METHODS: The systematic review and meta-analysis were performed according to the previously published protocol. The PubMed, Web of Sciences, and Scopus databases were meticulously searched for relevant data, without time or language restriction, up to June 1, 2017. All clinical trials which assessed the effect of Se supplementation on antioxidant markers, including oxidative stress index (OSI), antioxidant potency composite (APC) index, plasma malonaldehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), catalase (CAT)), and total antioxidant plasma (TAP), were included...
December 10, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31776808/iodine-nutrition-in-pregnant-and-breastfeeding-women-sufficiency-deficiency-and-supplementation
#22
REVIEW
Hossein Delshad, Fereidoun Azizi
Iodine is a micronutrient used by the thyroid gland to produce thyroid hormones, which manage different aspects of body metabolism. Humans depend on exogenous sources of iodine to maintain the normal concentration of thyroid hormones. Pregnancy alters iodine turnover and is associated with significant changes in thyroid function. Daily iodine requirement during pregnancy increases to 250 μg, compared with 150 μg for nonpregnant women. According to recent guidelines of scientific organizations, to improve maternal thyroid status and to prevent child neurocognitive defects, all pregnant and breastfeeding women should take 150 μg of iodine supplementation, not only in iodine-deficient regions but also in iodine-sufficient areas...
November 27, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31630372/a-year-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-2018-review-based-on-the-endorama-lecture
#23
REVIEW
Paschou Sa, Theodoros Alexandrides
The aim of this article is to review and present the most important studies published in the field of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) during 2018. These studies were presented in a lecture given on this topic at the Endorama Meeting in Patras, Greece, in January 2019. In order to identify the most important and relevant articles, a search in the English language was conducted in PubMed for publications up to the end of December 2018, with special attention paid to publications in high impact factor journals...
November 26, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31768940/the-association-between-vitamin-d-status-and-infectious-diseases-of-the-respiratory-system-in-infancy-and-childhood
#24
REVIEW
Dimitra Zisi, Anna Challa, Alexandros Makis
PURPOSE: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major cause of illness worldwide and the most common cause of hospitalization for pneumonia and bronchiolitis. These two diseases are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age. Vitamin D is believed to have immunomodulatory effects on the innate and adaptive immune systems by modulating the expression of antimicrobial peptides, like cathelicidin, in response to both viral and bacterial stimuli. The aim of this review is to summarize the more recently published data with regard to potential associations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] with infectious respiratory tract diseases of childhood and the possible health benefits from vitamin D supplementation...
November 25, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31760587/a-novel-k224t-missense-mutation-in-a-patient-with-men1-syndrome
#25
LETTER
Joanna Tolin, Lisa Reid, Robert A Somer, Farah Hena Morgan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31754954/obese-boys-with-low-concentrations-of-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-are-at-greater-risk-of-hepatosteatosis
#26
Elif Ozsu, Bahadır Yazıcıoğlu
PURPOSE: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and associated morbidities have become a major public health problem, with a global three-fold increase in incidence among obese children over the last three decades. Although the gold standard for diagnosis of NAFLD is liver biopsy, it is not widely used in children. Imaging techniques, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US), can provide information on liver fat deposition, however, with variable sensitivity. A number of other predictors are therefore being investigated for pediatric screening and diagnostic purposes...
November 21, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31749117/online-health-information-seeking-behavior-by-endocrinology-patients
#27
Angelos Kyriacou, Cathy Sherratt
PURPOSE: Given that the Internet is important for health-related information (HRI) and the fact that online health information (OHI)-seeking behavior has never been studied in endocrinology, we set out to examine how and why the Internet is utilized for HRI, the frequency of such activity, its impact, future information needs, and the effect of language. METHODS: A mainly quantitative, embedded mixed-methods study was performed, employing a questionnaire survey...
November 20, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31734887/the-impact-of-thyroid-diseases-starting-from-birth-on-reproductive-function
#28
REVIEW
Gerasimos E Krassas, Kostas B Markou
The aim of this review is to provide relevant information regarding the impact of thyroid disease, starting from birth and mainly concerning hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism, on reproduction. Hyperthyroidism occurs much less commonly in children than hypothyroidism, with Graves' disease (GD) being the most common cause of thyrotoxicosis in children. Children born with neonatal GD have no defects in the reproductive system that could be related to hyperthyroidism. Current treatment options include antithyroid drugs (ATD), surgery, and radioactive iodine (RAI)...
November 16, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31728877/role-of-the-small-proteoglycan-bikunin-in-human-reproduction
#29
REVIEW
Antonio Junior Lepedda, Pierina De Muro, Giampiero Capobianco, Marilena Formato
PURPOSE: Female reproductive events, including ovulation, menstruation, implantation, and delivery, are physiologically characterized by deep tissue remodeling and display hallmark signs of inflammation. This review discusses the pleiotropic roles played by bikunin in human reproduction. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search of the Medline/PubMed database was performed on the following topics: bikunin structure, roles in pathophysiological conditions and involvement in human reproduction, and usefulness as a marker of gestational complications or as a drug to improve pregnancy outcomes...
November 14, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721137/is-mgmt-the-best-marker-to-predict-response-of-temozolomide-in-aggressive-pituitary-tumors-alternative-markers-and-prospective-treatment-modalities
#30
EDITORIAL
George Kontogeorgos, Eleni Thodou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721136/pregnancy-thyroid-and-the-potential-use-of-selenium
#31
REVIEW
Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk, Leonidas Duntas, Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska
The management of pregnant women is a major concern of health care around the world. There is growing evidence regarding the influence of selenium (Se) on pregnancy and fetus outcomes. However, due to as yet insufficient evidence, lack of measurable markers to assess the effect of Se supplementation on the human metabolism, and Se's narrow therapeutic index, the majority of experts and the current guidelines published by several scientific societies do not recommend the use of Se in pregnancy and in women of childbearing age...
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721135/acidophil-stem-cell-pituitary-adenoma-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#32
Anupriya Annapurni, Manjusha Rathi
In this article, we describe a very rare case of pituitary acidophilic stem cell adenoma, accompanied by a literature review. We present the case of 33-year-old woman with a history of amenorrhea, galactorrhea, elevated prolactin levels, and pituitary tumor. Despite suppression of prolactin levels with cabergoline, the pituitary tumor continued to increase in size and the patient developed clinical symptoms and biochemistry consistent with the diagnosis of acromegaly due to acidophilic stem cell adenoma, an extremely rare subtype of mixed growth hormone/prolactin adenoma, which behaves more aggressively and has a lower surgical cure rate compared to the pure GH-secreting adenoma...
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721134/glucose-metabolism-disorders-in-patients-with-adrenal-gland-disorders-pathophysiology-and-management
#33
REVIEW
Kalliopi J Ioakim, Guy I Sydney, Stavroula A Paschou
The aim of this review is to explore and discuss disorders of glucose metabolism that can arise in individuals with adrenal gland disorders, as well as to enumerate the available therapeutic treatments for these while considering their benefits and drawbacks. Hyperfunctioning adrenal glands, as in hypercortisolism, hyperaldosteronism, and malignancy, or hypofunctioning of adrenal glands, as in adrenal insufficiency, can lead to carbohydrate metabolism dysregulation with subsequent glucometabolic repercussions, either hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia...
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721133/challenges-and-perspectives-of-selenium-supplementation-in-graves-disease-and-orbitopathy
#34
REVIEW
Tomasz Bednarczuk, Lutz Schomburg
PURPOSE: This review focuses on the results of prospective randomized clinical trials and the conclusions from respective meta-analyses in order to summarize experiences with adjuvant selenium (Se) supplementation in Graves' hyperthyroidism and orbitopathy, while identifying ambiguous findings and highlighting important open research issues. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) through May 31, 2019, for relevant studies...
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31721132/improvement-of-metabolic-control-after-3-month-use-of-real-time-continuous-glucose-monitoring-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-multicenter-study-in-greece
#35
Ioanna Eleftheriadou, Triantafyllos Didangelos, Angelos C Pappas, Eleni Anastasiou, Charalampos Vasilopoulos, Christos Zoupas, Christos Manes, Agathocles Tsatsoulis, Marianna Benroubi, Emmanuel Pangalos, Petros Thomakos, Andriani Gerasimidi-Vazeou, Nikolaos Tentolouris
PURPOSE: To assess the efficacy of a real-time continuous glucose monitoring (RT-CGM) system added to insulin pump therapy for 3 months, in sub-optimally controlled adults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D). METHODS: This was a prospective, multicenter, non-randomized, post-market release study. A total of 43 adult patients with T1D on insulin pump therapy and inadequate glycemic control (HbA1c > 7.0%) participated in the study. The primary endpoint was the change from baseline HbA1c levels...
November 13, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31713724/comment-on-the-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-titled-gestational-diabetes-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-women
#36
LETTER
Stavroula A Paschou, Guy I Sydney, Kalliopi J Ioakim, Kalliopi Kotsa, Dimitrios G Goulis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31701490/the-role-of-cellular-senescence-in-diabetes-mellitus-and-osteoporosis-molecular-pathways-and-potential-interventions
#37
REVIEW
Georgios Giovos, Maria P Yavropoulou, John G Yovos
The improving effectiveness of health care leads inevitably to a rapid increase in the elderly population worldwide. At advanced ages, however, people experience chronic disabilities, which significantly increase the social and economic burden while curtailing survival, independence, and quality of life of the aging population. As aging is a multifactorial process, apart from genetic predisposition, other environmental factors, such as chronic sterile inflammation and cellular senescence, contribute as crucial participants and have been targeted to reverse their deleterious effects on tissue homeostasis and functional integrity...
November 8, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31701489/evidence-for-a-manifold-role-of-selenium-in-infertility
#38
REVIEW
Gesthimani Mintziori, Athanasios Mousiolis, Leonidas H Duntas, Dimitrios G Goulis
This review aimed to assess the evidence from observational and interventional studies in humans and animals regarding the role of selenium (Se) in male and female infertility. As oxidative stress can seriously impair male, and possibly also female, reproductive functions, it can be speculated that the antioxidant properties of Se could constitute one of the pathways by which this element is involved in fertility. Specifically, there are strong indications that Se influences the growth, maturation, and replication of oocytes, though the precise mechanisms have not as yet been fully elucidated...
November 7, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31696448/neck-mass-and-tracheostomy-in-a-young-lady-depicted-by-piero-di-cosimo
#39
REVIEW
Juan J Grau, Miguel Caballero, Cristina Garrido, Sílvia Canalda, Antoni Trilla
Among surgical procedures currently in use, tracheostomy has a particularly long history. The first written description of the procedure is due to Brasavola, and dates from 1546. Piero di Cosimo (1462-1522) was an early Renaissance painter who painted a work traditionally known as Cephalus and Procris or The Death of Procris (1495-1500). In this painting, a vertical tracheostomy can be observed in a young woman lying on the ground. A giant mass can be seen in the lower left neck with superficial venous vessels, suggesting a thyroid malignancy...
November 6, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31696447/increased-circulating-levels-of-irisin-are-associated-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-subjects-with-acromegaly
#40
Mehmet Calan, Mustafa Demirpence
AIMS: Irisin, a peptide secreted from muscle and adipose tissues, is associated with insulin resistance as well as metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by overproduction of growth hormone (GH) and is associated with functional and structural differentiation of adipose and muscle tissues. Acromegalic subjects are also at risk of vascular diseases and metabolic dysfunctions. We aimed to determine the altered levels of irisin in subjects with active acromegaly and controlled acromegaly and in controls, and to ascertain whether there is an association between irisin and hormonal and cardiometabolic parameters...
November 6, 2019: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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