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Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN

Nicola A Drayton, Shannan Waddups, Tanya Walker
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore perceptions held by nurses on the use of distraction and the role of a child life specialist in caring for children undergoing painful procedures. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative focus-group design was conducted with 18 nurses from a 24-bed pediatric unit in New South Wales, Australia; this represented 51% of the staff from the unit. Three focus groups were conducted and transcribed verbatim followed by thematic analysis...
March 22, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Jessica Keim-Malpass, Elizabeth Croson, Marcus Allen, Cornelia Deagle, Pamela DeGuzman
PURPOSE: Current evidence-based research suggests that early evaluation, comprehensive care plans, and appropriate referrals for childhood and adolescent behavioral and development needs is critical for successful family-centered outcomes. The overall purpose of this study was to conduct an assessment of a state public health program that offers diagnostic evaluation and coordination for children with behavioral and developmental disorders in the state of Virginia (Child Development Center programs, or CDC)...
March 21, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Duygu Gözen, Sinem Y Çaka, Selda A Beşirik, Yıldız Perk
PURPOSE: The study was designed as an experimental study to describe the effect of the first bathing time on the body temperature and skin moisture of a newborn after birth. DESIGN AND METHODS: The study population consisted of term newborns between January and June 2016 in the Istanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty Hospital at Istanbul. The sample group was randomly divided into two groups according to different bathing times. The first group (39 infants) was given a bath 24 hr after birth, and the second group (34 infants) was given a bath 48 hr after birth...
March 19, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Esra Nur Kocaaslan, Melahat Akgün Kostak
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of disease management education provided to children with asthma on their quality of life and self-efficacy levels. METHODS AND DESIGN: The study design was a quasi-experimental design with The One Group Pretest-Posttest design. This study was conducted on 60 children with asthma between 10 and 18 years of age. Data were collected by "Information Form", "Pediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire", and "Self-Efficacy Scale for Children and Adolescents with Asthma"...
March 19, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Xiaoning Zhang, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVE: Studies of the impact of infant massage intervention on the growth of preterm infants have been conducted in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) and have demonstrated positive effects; however, few data exist regarding the effects of massage interventions by mothers on the growth of infants in the NICU. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to examine the effects of a 2-week massage intervention conducted by mothers on their preterm infants. METHODS: Of 112 stable preterm infants born at a gestational age (GA) between 32 and 34 weeks and enrolled from an affiliated hospital, 54 were randomly allocated to an intervention group, and 58 were allocated to a control group...
March 18, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Rulin Huang, Wenchun Lin, Huifeng Fan, Gen Lu, Diyuan Yang, Lan Ma, Jiamian Lin
PURPOSE: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) with pediatric flexible fibreoptic bronchoscopy (FB) is used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in pediatric haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) patients with pulmonary complications. The aim of our study was to evaluate complications in pediatric HSCT patients undergoing BAL/FB and to explore the nursing emphases on complications. DESIGN AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective, case-controlled study to evaluate perioperative complications of HSCT children...
February 28, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Duygu Gözen, Özge Eda Yılmaz, Şadiye Dur, Sabiha Çağlayan, Ayhan Taştekin
PURPOSE: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of abdominal massage on bilirubin levels of newborn infants. DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample group consisted of 90 newborn infants (experimental group: 44; control group: 46) who were followed in a university hospital after birth between March and August 2017. The data were collected using an Information Form, Observation Form, and Transcutaneous Bilirubin Level Meter. Bilirubin levels were measured 1 hr after the first breastfeeding in both groups...
February 28, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Karla Parsons, Elaine M Rutkowski, Ofir Turel
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a school nurse-led pilot parent-focused education program for healthy eating and physical activity to reduce childhood obesity. DESIGN AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental intervention design was used to assess the knowledge of 11 Hispanic mothers regarding healthy food choices and physical activity over a period of 1 year. RESULTS: There was an improvement in parental knowledge domains. Children's body mass index (BMI) stabilized at the 1-year follow-up in the intervention group, while the BMI increased in the nonintervention group...
February 19, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Danielle Weiss, Sarah Ostrowski-Delahanty, Jason Van Allen, Paige Seegan, Meghan L Marsac
PURPOSE: Nurses are at the forefront of children's postinjury recovery; this unique role provides an opportunity for nurses to recognize and screen for symptoms that may interfere with children's quality of life (QOL). As such, aims of the present investigation were to explore selected variables (e.g., posttraumatic stress symptoms [PTSS], hope) that have the potential to impact QOL after pediatric injury, with a larger goal of contributing to recommendations for nursing practice to support children's full (physical and emotional) recovery during the peritrauma period following injury...
February 13, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Youngmee Ahn, Yonghoon Jun, Namhee Kim, Min Sohn
PURPOSE: A randomized intervention study was conducted to explore the impact of oral care with sterile normal saline to oral flora colonization of high-risk newborns at the third day after birth. DESIGN AND METHODS: Ninety-two newborns were allocated to either intervention or control group. After obtaining oral secretion for prepoint data, the intervention group received oral care with sterile normal saline only. Oral secretions for postpoint data were obtained 8 hr after the prepoint...
January 29, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Laureen H Smith, Erica Baumker
INTRODUCTION: This study describes sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) behaviors of children and compares child-reported SSB behaviors to parent-reported SSB behaviors during school days and nonschool days. METHOD: Six elementary schools from Tennessee participated with 444 students and 287 parents. Descriptive statistics included means, standard deviation (SD), ranges of values, and measures of central tendency. To explore the relationship between parent and child report, intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC) were analyzed...
January 19, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Rachel L Vollmer
PURPOSE: To determine if parental feeding styles (emotional environment of the meal) moderate the relationship between food parenting practices (goal-directed behaviors) and children's preferences for fruits, vegetables, or high fat/sugar foods. DESIGN AND METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study recruited parents (n = 108) of preschool age children. The parents completed several questionnaires. Linear regressions were used to assess the relationship between food parenting practices and children's food preferences as moderated by feeding style, with the authoritative feeding style serving as the reference...
January 11, 2019: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Sara K Herbenick, Kathy James, Jill Milton, Dee Cannon
PURPOSE: An obesogenic home environment is a major contributor to overeating and sedentariness in school-aged children, as children have less autonomy during this phase of development and are influenced by family environmental cues. The purpose of this study was to implement a screening tool at a low socioeconomic elementary school clinic to identify children at risk of developing obesity and provide standardization for practitioners on educating parents regarding child obesity risk factors...
November 28, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
María-Felisa Bastida-Pozuelo, María-Montserrat Sánchez-Ortuño, Lisa J Meltzer
PURPOSE: To test the effects of a single-session parent sleep educational intervention, led by a pediatric nurse, on sleep in a group of school-aged children attending a National Health Service mental health clinic in Murcia, Spain. DESIGN AND METHODS: Parents/caregivers of 26 children (mean age = 8.58 years; standard deviation = 0.58; 80.8% male) with neurodevelopmental or mental health disorders (84.6% pervasive developmental disorder), and with a suspicion of a behavioral sleep problem, participated in a 45-min group educational session about healthy sleep practices, supplemented by a written handout...
November 27, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Nicole R Smith, Jill M G Bally, Lorraine Holtslander, Shelley Peacock, Shelley Spurr, Heather Hodgson-Viden, Christopher Mpofu, Marcelline Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The impact of a child s life-limiting or life-threatening illness is significant on parents who experience a great deal of emotional, physical, and spiritual upheaval. Hope has been identified as an important inner resource for parental caregivers. Specifically, parental hope has been described as having four subproceses including Accepting Reality, Establishing Control, Restructuring Hope, and Purposive Positive Thinking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this Delphi study was to gather expert opinions from parents and formal care providers about the four subproceses essential to parental hope, to increase understanding of parental caregivers current support needs...
October 28, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Sophia Jihey Chung, Anne L Ersig, Ann Marie McCarthy
PURPOSE: Adolescent obesity is a significant public health problem in the United States. Developing interventions to prevent or improve adolescent obesity may positively affect physical and mental health across the lifespan. However, to ensure that interventions are effective, influential factors must first be identified. The purpose of this study was to examine associations among parent-, school-, and peer-related factors and diet and physical activity of the adolescents in the United States...
October 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Sarita March, Jessica Keim-Malpass
PURPOSE: Children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) experience numerous vulnerabilities during transitions from hospital to home during their first year of life. This paper examines the parents' responses to the situations they experience during the initial interstage transition as described through illness blogs. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design through inductive theme development using thematic analysis was performed for this study...
July 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Sharon D Horner, Gayle M Timmerman, Bennie C McWilliams
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of delivering an intervention that combines healthy lifestyle behaviors related to weight management with asthma self-management, the Living Healthy with Asthma intervention, to children who have asthma. METHODS AND DESIGN: Using a mixed design, the feasibility study of the 12-week Living Healthy with Asthma intervention was conducted with a single group of children diagnosed with asthma. Pretest and posttest data were collected on asthma-related (self-management, metered dose inhaler [MDI] skill, asthma severity, quality of life [QOL]), and healthy lifestyle variables (body mass index [BMI], dietary quality)...
July 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Kamer Gür, Saime Erol, Nursultan İncir
PURPOSE: This study aimed to demonstrate the effect of a program called "Do Not Bite Your Nails, Cut Your Nails," which is based on a health promotion model to change the nail-biting habit among primary school students. DESIGN AND METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted using the pre- and post-test and interrupted time series design. The study sample included 299 students. Nurse observation form and nail follow-up chart were used to evaluate behavioral outcomes...
July 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
Nicole Pope, Mary Tallon, Gavin Leslie, Sally Wilson
PURPOSE: Pain management within emergency departments (ED) remains challenging. Given that unrelieved pain in children is linked to a number of negative physiological and psychological consequences, optimal management of children's pain is paramount. Many studies exploring children's pain have adopted quantitative methods or sought the perspectives of adults. Compared to adults, studies examining children's views on pain and pain management are limited. This study aimed to explore children's pain experiences, their perception of pain management and expectations of the role of the nurse...
July 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
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