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International Journal of Mental Health Nursing

Emilia Laukkanen, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen, Olavi Louheranta, Lauri Kuosmanen
One of the international objectives in psychiatric care is reducing the use of coercion. Containment methods are meant to keep patients safe, yet usually include coercion. Nurses play a key role in deciding whether or not containment should be used and, as such, their attitudes towards containment can significantly impact the extent to which these methods are applied. The aim of this integrative review was to identify, analyse, and synthesize the available research on psychiatric nursing staffs' attitudes towards containment methods in inpatient psychiatric care...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Claire Hayes, Victoria Palmer, Bridget Hamilton, Christine Simons, Malcolm Hopwood
Limited research exists regarding the therapeutic operations of adolescent mental health inpatient units, particularly in terms of nonpharmacological therapeutic interventions. This review collates what is known about reported nonpharmacological therapeutic interventions for young people admitted to general or non-disorder-specific adolescent mental health inpatient settings. A descriptive review of this nature was not located in the literature. The aim was to identify what is currently known about reported nonpharmacological therapeutic interventions...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Lesley J Douglas, Debra Jackson, Cindy Woods, Kim Usher
Adverse childhood experiences are strongly associated with the development of mental health disorders during the life span. When mental health issues are not effectively dealt with during the adolescent period, young people can become long-term consumers in the mental health system. A widely accepted method of intervention is the provision of mentoring. More recently, young people have been fulfilling the role of mentor to their peers and mentoring has played a large role in supporting young people who are considered at-risk of not achieving the expected psychosocial, educational, and/or developmental goals...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Robert Griffiths, Warren Mansell, Dawn Edge, Timothy A Carey, Heather Peel, Sara J Tai
In this study, we aimed to understand how people with first-episode psychosis experienced a transdiagnostic cognitive therapy called method of levels (MOL). Semistructured interviews were conducted with 12 individuals who were participants of a feasibility randomized controlled trial of MOL for first-episode psychosis. Interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. Four superordinate themes were identified: 'The therapist's approach'; 'I was in control'; 'Thinking and talking'; and 'Looking at problems from a different perspective'...
January 31, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Dana Perlman, Ellie Taylor, Lorna Moxham, Chris Patterson
The training of future health professionals is a complex and dynamic endeavour, whereby students engage in a variety of experiences and learning activities. Skills developed through classes are applied and further developed within authentic settings, such as clinical placements. While there is a wealth of literature that has examined the influence of clinical placements, less inquiry has examined whether the personal traits and/or characteristics of students play a role in their professional learning and development...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Tanya Louise Hall, Antony Mullen, James Plummer, Sherman Berry, Richard V Clancy
There is evidence supporting the use of formal music therapy in the treatment of mental health consumers. Despite this, it appears to be an intervention which has not been routinely offered to consumers in Australian acute mental health inpatient units, possibly due to the lack of trained music therapists (or inadequate funding to employ them), as well as the challenges posed by the acuity of presentations and the short duration of admissions. Less formal therapeutic music activities may benefit consumers within these settings...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Concepción Martínez-Martínez, Vanessa Sánchez-Martínez, Rafael Sales-Orts, Andra Dinca, Miguel Richart-Martínez, Juan Diego Ramos-Pichardo
People with mental illnesses are at a higher risk than the general population of suffering from somatic diseases. However, they receive less attention from healthcare services. Some studies have indicated that this situation can be partially explained by the stigmatizing attitudes of health professionals, including nurses. With the objective to improve future nursing professionals' attitudes towards people with mental illnesses, an intervention involving direct contact with people who had lived experience with mental illnesses was designed and its effectiveness was measured...
January 28, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Hamilton Kennedy, Cath Roper, Rory Randall, Daniel Pintado, Sally Buchanan-Hagen, Justine Fletcher, Bridget Hamilton
This paper critiques the Safewards model through the lens of lived experiences of psychiatric hospitalization, diagnosis of mental illness, and distress. Special focus is given to the model's tested 10 interventions and to five lesser known interventions, identifying the impact they can have on hospitalized consumers. We highlight the role and prevalence of trauma, as well as the need to prevent harm in hospital settings. We draw upon notions of hospital as a sanctuary for people and the importance of providing a safe ward...
January 23, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Stephen Spencer, Teresa Stone, Ashley Kable, Margaret McMillan
Adolescents admitted to acute mental health inpatient units can experience episodes of distress for numerous reasons. Little is known about how they attempt to cope with this distress. This paper explores adolescent experiences of distress in an acute mental health inpatient unit. Fifty hours of non-participant observations were conducted and documented using a critical incident technique (CIT) framework. An interpretive descriptive approach was used to analyse the observation data collected. Nineteen episodes of adolescent distress were observed and five themes emerged, of which two will be explored in this paper: clinical contexts and triggers, and coping or help-seeking actions...
January 23, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Boniface Harerimana, Cheryl Forchuk, Tony O'Regan
Depression has been identified as the single largest contributor to poor health and functioning worldwide. Global estimates indicate that 4.4% of the world's population lives with depression, equating to about 322 million individuals. Research demonstrates that telehealth interventions (i.e. delivering therapy by phone or videoconferencing) have potential for improving mental health care among community-based older adults. This review analyses scholarly literature on telehealth interventions among older adults with depressive symptoms...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Simon Yat Ho Li, Daniel Bressington
Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) has been widely used to improve various physical and mental conditions. Studies show the intervention is particularly effective in alleviating depression, anxiety, and stress in working-aged adults. No recent systematic review has focused on the use of MBSR in older adults. This study aims to examine the effects of MBSR intervention on depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms of older adults. Five electronic databases were searched for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published between 1990 and 2017...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Louise Byrne, Helena Roennfeldt, Ying Wang, Peri O'Shea
The peer workforce has increased significantly in recent years; however, structured development and support for the roles are lacking. This paper explores the role of executive and senior management understanding in the employment of peer roles. In-depth, semi-structured interviews and one focus group were conducted with 29 participants from a range of nongovernment and public mental health services within Queensland, Australia. Findings of this study suggest management exposure to and understanding of peer work are essential to the development of an effective peer workforce...
January 4, 2019: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Minju Cho, Sun Joo Jang
One of the goals of psychiatric social rehabilitation treatment is to improve patients' emotion recognition, emotional expression, and empathetic abilities. In this study, we used a quasi-experimental, nonrandomized design to examine the effect of an emotion management programme on the emotion recognition (emotion attention and emotion clarity), emotional expression (positive expressivity, negative expressivity, and impulse strength), and quality of life (QoL) of a sample of patients with schizophrenia in South Korea...
December 25, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Bart Debyser, Kevin Berben, Dimitri Beeckman, Eddy Deproost, Ann Van Hecke, Sofie Verhaeghe
Peer workers are increasingly being engaged in contemporary mental healthcare. To become a peer worker, patients must evolve from having a patient identity to a peer worker identity. This study aims to understand how mental health peer workers experience their transition and how it affects their view of themselves and their direct working context. A grounded theory approach was used. Seventeen mental health peer workers in Belgium were recruited through theoretical sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed according to the constant comparative method...
December 21, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Sonia Ying Yin Chan, Grace W K Ho, Daniel Bressington
Mental health stigma has serious ramifications on people with a severe mental illness (SMI). Stigma damages self-esteem, recovery outcomes, family relationships, socialization abilities, access to housing, and career prospects. The cultural tendencies of Chinese people have been shown to be associated with particularly high levels of stigmatization. These cultural tenets can result in high levels of self-stigma due to experiencing shame and a perceived need to keep mental illness a secret. Although there is a lack of existing evidence, it is possible that such experiences present unique challenges to Chinese mothers diagnosed with SMI when they parent their children...
December 21, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Terence V McCann, John Stephenson, Dan I Lubman
Families have a crucial role supporting a relative with alcohol and/or other drug misuse, but the role has adverse implications for family members' coping, which in turn, affects their ability and willingness to support the relative. The aim of this study was to assess the coping behaviours of affected family members of relatives with alcohol and/or other drug misuse and to assess if there was a relationship between the level of coping and family member type and support-giving experience. A cross-sectional survey design was used, and 90 respondents completed the questionnaire...
December 18, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Melanie R White, Jane Stein-Parbury, Fiona Orr, Angela Dawson
Mental health consumers who hear voices frequently experience distress and express a desire to discuss their voice-hearing experience. Nurses do not regularly demonstrate a willingness to engage in such discussions. With the introduction of educational strategies that develop empathy and an understanding of voice-hearing experiences, it is anticipated that early career nurses will be able to translate such understanding into their professional nursing practice. To explore early career nurses' understanding of providing care to mental health consumers who hear voices, a qualitative exploratory descriptive study was conducted in which nine early career Registered Nurses were interviewed regarding their experiences of caring for people who hear voices...
December 17, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Elizabeth Weir, Anthony J O'Brien
Delirium is a common neuropsychiatric disorder that causes fluctuations in consciousness and attention, impairments in cognitive functioning and information processing, and changes in how individuals perceive what is going on around them. Delirium is associated with increased mortality, ongoing impairment in cognitive functioning, and a high possibility of discharge to residential care. The experience of delirium may be distressing for the patient and their family. Despite the frequency of delirium in hospitalized elderly patients, there is a dearth of literature that examines their experience of this phenomenon, and how it affects individuals as they continue their lives...
December 13, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Sepideh Olausson, Ella Danielson, Inger Berglund Johansson, Helle Wijk
The outcome of care for patients sentenced to forensic psychiatric care is of importance not only for the patient but also for society, in preventing new crimes. In recent years, a person-centered perspective is influencing the care, recognizing the design of the physical environment as a therapeutic resource. To capture the complexity of patients' experience of the physical environment, a qualitative approach is needed. The aim of this study was to investigate the meanings of the patient room as a place and space in forensic psychiatric in-patient care from the patients' perspective...
December 7, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Justine Fletcher, Bridget Hamilton, Stuart Kinner, Georgina Sutherland, Kylie King, Juan Jose Tellez, Carol Harvey, Lisa Brophy
There has been a shift towards provision of mental health care in community-based settings in Australia. However, hospitals continue to care for people in acute mental health wards. An increasing proportion of the people in wards are admitted involuntarily, subject to restrictions of movement to minimize risk of harm to self and others. In response to concerns about the safety of people absconding from care, Queensland Health introduced a policy requiring all acute mental health wards in the State to be locked...
December 5, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
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