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Nursing Education Perspectives

Jenni L Hoffman
The transition between student and new nurse practitioner (NP) can be challenging. Survival guides given to student NPs may help ease the transition and make it a successful one. This study evaluates the effectiveness of survival guides in two student NP cohorts in the fall 2015 and fall 2016 semesters. Students completed a brief online survey at graduation, and three and six months after graduation. Results support the inclusion of survival guides in NP curricula as a creative way to positively support the transition from student to new NP and improve preparation for NP practice...
February 8, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Lorretta Krautscheid, Laura Mood, Susan M McLennon, Taylor C Mossman, Marie Wagner, Jessica Wode
A correlation pilot study was conducted to examine relationships between resilience protective factors and moral distress associated with clinical practica in nursing students. Aggregate moral distress rating was x = 3.67. Two of four resilience protective factor subcategories demonstrated significant inverse correlations with moral distress rating. Inverse correlations were found between social support and moral distress (r = -.27, p < .05) and between goal efficacy and moral distress (r = -.37, p < ...
February 1, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Jennifer Gunberg Ross, Kimberly Silver Dunker
AIM: The aim of this literature review was to obtain relevant information and research findings about orientation for new clinical nurse faculty. BACKGROUND: Hiring clinical experts as clinical faculty is common practice to address the nurse faculty shortage. As clinical experts do not possess the pedagogical expertise needed for effective teaching, they require specialized orientation when entering a faculty role. There is no consensus as to best practices for new clinical faculty orientation due to a dearth of research in this area...
February 1, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Sue Hudson
Current trends in health care delivery require nursing programs to change how education is presented to nursing students. Active learning strategies, such as discovery learning through kinesthetic activities, have been associated with increases in student engagement and satisfaction. A kinesthetic learning strategy was developed and implemented at a licensed practical nursing program to increase student engagement and provide knowledge of cardiovascular function and various etiologies associated with the heart...
February 1, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
JoAnn Mulready-Shick, Jean Edward, Somporn Sitthisongkram
Limited studies address perspectives about exam-writing practices of nursing students for whom English is an additional language. The authors conducted a program-level study of perceptions of 26 nursing students of Asian background who identified as nonnative speakers of English regarding faculty-made, multiple-choice exam questions that had been linguistically modified. Linguistic modification promoted readability and comprehensibility; students preferred the linguistically modified versions 60 percent of the time...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Ann Scott, Robin M Dawson, Sheryl Mitchell, Courtney Catledge
Simulation-based interprofessional education (IPE) is challenging to implement, especially on rural campuses. This article describes an innovative approach to IPE implementation using telehealth technology. Twenty-nine interdisciplinary students (nursing, pharmacy, and medical) participated in a simulation-based IPE scenario using a telehealth robot. Student experiences were evaluated using a mixed-methods approach. Surveys and video-recorded debriefing sessions revealed the majority of students felt the experience was superior to their previous IPE experiences, facilitated better understanding of disciplinary roles, and provided experience using telehealth tools...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Monica P Sousa, Cheryl A Resha
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the orientation learning needs of adjunct clinical faculty as they transition from expert clinicians to novice educators. BACKGROUND: Schools of nursing are increasingly using adjunct clinical faculty because of the nurse faculty shortage. Retention is a concern. METHOD: This descriptive quantitative study used the Needs Assessment Survey for Topic Inclusion in a Guide to Orientation. Adjunct clinical faculty rated the level of importance of orientation topics and if they received needed information...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Catherine Wilson Cox
AIM: This article explores the current literature regarding multiple-choice testing and presents best practice tips to incorporate when designing a multiple-choice test. BACKGROUND: Multiple-choice testing is used extensively in undergraduate nursing programs as an evaluation tool, yet many nurse educators struggle with developing high quality multiple-choice tests. Flawed multiple-choice items disadvantage nursing students, conceivably resulting in failing tests they should have passed...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Karen O Ippolito
Critical thinking is valued in nursing education, but few studies have addressed level of cognitive development as a necessary structure for critical thinking. This correlational study uses hierarchical multiple regression analysis to investigate relationships between level of cognitive development and level of critical thinking, holding gender, age, general knowledge, prior education, and language status constant (N = 190). Results indicated 30 percent of beginning nursing students were at a concrete thinking level...
January 30, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Kathryn E Phillips, Jenna A LoGiudice
Disordered eating (DE) behaviors are associated with obesity and eating disorders. This study describes practices and attitudes of nursing students toward patients exhibiting DE and how personal DE behaviors affect practices and attitudes. Most respondents had a mental health rotation (74.7 percent) and DE education (68 percent); however, only 34.7 percent felt prepared to screen for DE, and only 44 percent were taught to screen. Those scoring high for DE behaviors (n = 7) indicated greater rates of feeling prepared to screen...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Nancy Petges
This study examined the extent to which selected student profile characteristics predict success for a sample of prelicensure BSN students at a Midwestern university. The results indicated that both nontraditional students and students with English as an additional language are less likely to experience early program success and on-time completion while nontraditional students were more likely to experience National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN®) success. Results from the study were used to develop interventions specifically designed to promote success in diverse student populations at the research site...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Holldrid A Odreman, Dawn Clyens
This pilot study showed how concept mapping during debriefing made a difference in the learning experience of participants. After a 20-minute video showing the clinical interaction between nurses and a patient, 34 nursing students debriefed their observations in either a traditional team debriefing session or in a debriefing session using concept mapping. Results showed an increase in analysis of thoughts, feelings, and critical thinking and connections to clinical concepts for students who used concept mapping during the debriefing session...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
María Desamparados Bernat-Adell, Pilar Moles-Julio, Aurora Esteve-Clavero, Eladio Joaquín Collado-Boira
AIM: This study was conducted to evaluate the psychometric properties of a rubric to assess nursing student performance in medium- and low-fidelity simulation. METHOD: A psychometric study was carried out. Content validity was explored by a group of experts. Internal consistency was determined by means of Cronbach's coefficient alpha. Interrater agreement and the level of concordance were established by the kappa coefficient and intraclass correlation index. RESULTS: The relevance of the dimensions and the definition of each category scored higher than 3...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Karen D Cotter, Lory Clukey
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe the cultural context of academic nurse educators through the use of ethnography. BACKGROUND: This cultural context has seldom been explored from the perspective of nursing faculty. METHOD: Twelve interviews, followed by ethnographic data analysis, identified domains with related components describing this culture. RESULTS: Participants cited metaphors of water (e.g., sink or swim, keeping head above water) in describing the culture...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Aimee Woda, Theresa Schnable, Penny Alt-Gehrman
Little is known about clinical instructors' perceptions of student decision-making in relation to the block sequencing of simulation and traditional clinical experiences. Focus groups were conducted with 12 clinical instructors. Three common threads emerged from the data: right away, anxious but more confident, and scary and unsafe. Instructors noted that the more patient care experiences encountered, the more students developed efficient clinical decision-making skills. Major safety concerns regarding medication administration were identified, resulting in additional safety parameters instituted in the simulated environment...
January 21, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Angela Opsahl, Deborah Judge, Desiree Hensel
Prelicensure nursing student exposure to undergraduate research education may have a significant effect on their research skills and use of evidence-based practice. There are potential benefits to introducing Q methodology to prelicensure nursing research students. Utilizing Q methodology principles and techniques, a class on Q methodology was integrated into a prelicensure nursing research and evidence-based practice course. The interactive classroom format and active student engagement in the step-by-step mock study were positive aspects of the class...
January 17, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Liza Lai Shan Choi
English-as-an-additional-language nursing students are more likely to experience academic challenges than nursing students whose primary language is English. In an attempt to improve the learning environment for this group of students, a novel support group was established to address both academic and nonacademic issues. The impact and effectiveness of this support group are explored using an interpretative analytic approach. The findings suggest that English-as-an-additional-language support programs based on the principles of academic safety, purposeful design, curriculum relevance, positive faculty influence, and proactive enrollment have the most potential to facilitate student success...
January 3, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Rhoda A Owens
AIM: The purpose of this scoping review was to explore the literature regarding the nurse practitioner (NP) role transition and professional identity development at rural health care settings. BACKGROUND: Because of the shortage of primary care providers, NPs are meeting the demand for primary care in rural areas. METHOD: Arksey and O'Malley's six-stage methodological framework for scoping reviews guided this systematic literature review, which resulted in selection of 145 sources...
January 3, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Laura Klenke-Borgmann
High-fidelity simulation-based experience (HFSBE) in the laboratory setting is an evidence-based teaching strategy that engenders clinical judgment among students. There is very little literature on the use of HFSBE as a teaching strategy in the traditional classroom setting. This article describes an innovative approach using a prerecorded HFSBE and debriefing with third-year, baccalaureate, undergraduate students. Results of this strategy were positive, including student feedback such as, "Any way to visually integrate pathophysiology in the clinical setting is the best form of teaching yet...
January 3, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
Dolores Dzubaty
Population health principles can be introduced in the undergraduate nursing curriculum during a course providing education about the childbearing family. Information regarding fertility and all stages of pregnancy and childbearing is discussed throughout the course. Knowledge regarding client resources, needs, risk factors, and health practices as related to client population is explored. Population health does not limit the clients' defining characteristics to only identified ethnicity or geographic area; clients may be members of more than one population...
January 3, 2019: Nursing Education Perspectives
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