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International Journal of Audiology

Michelle Arnold, Brent J Small, Kathryn Hyer, Theresa Chisolm, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Gabrielle H Saunders
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop and assess a questionnaire measuring the constructs of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) regarding older adults' behaviours towards seeking a hearing test. DESIGN: Older adults who failed a hearing screening completed a newly developed Theory of Planned Behavior-Hearing Help Seeking (TPB-HHS) questionnaire. A principal components analysis (PCA) examined the factor structure of the questionnaire, and a reliability analysis determined the internal consistency of the factors...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Jerker Rönnberg, Emil Holmer, Mary Rudner
OBJECTIVE: The current update of the Ease of Language Understanding (ELU) model evaluates the predictive and postdictive aspects of speech understanding and communication. DESIGN: The aspects scrutinised concern: (1) Signal distortion and working memory capacity (WMC), (2) WMC and early attention mechanisms, (3) WMC and use of phonological and semantic information, (4) hearing loss, WMC and long-term memory (LTM), (5) WMC and effort, and (6) the ELU model and sign language...
February 3, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Noriomi Suzuki, Naoki Oishi, Kaoru Ogawa
OBJECTIVE: The tinnitus functional index (TFI), a new self-report questionnaire, was developed for the measurement of tinnitus severity and treatment-related changes. The original English version has been translated into several languages. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the TFI. DESIGN: The English version of the TFI was translated into Japanese using a translation-back translation method. Participants completed a series of questionnaires including the TFI, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI), Self-rating Depression Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Visual Analogue Scale, and the questionnaire of subjective symptom improvement...
January 30, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
David Bächinger, Christof Röösli, Rahel Kesterke, Adrian Dalbert, Dominik Péus, Dorothe Veraguth, Flurin Pfiffner, Alexander Huber
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of perceived sound after stapedotomy over a 1-year follow-up period focussing on incidence of dysacusis, particularly distorted sound perception (DSP). DSP was assessed by (i) determination of the frequencies and hearing level that such perceptions are elicited by pure tones (pure-tone-evoked distorted sound perception, PTE-DSP), a novel psychoacoustic measurement introduced in this paper, and (ii) assessment of patient-reported occurrence of DSP using the Amsterdam Post Operative Sound Evaluation (APOSE) questionnaire (APOSE-DSP)...
January 27, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Thierry Morlet, Kyoko Nagao, L Ashleigh Greenwood, R Matthew Cardinale, Rebecca G Gaffney, Tammy Riegner
OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to investigate the function of central auditory pathways and of the medial efferent olivocochlear system (MOCS). DESIGN: Event-related potentials (ERP) were recorded following the delivery of the stimulus /da/ in quiet and in ipsilateral, contralateral, and binaural noise conditions and correlated to the results of the auditory processing disorders (APD) diagnostic test battery. MOCS function was investigated by adding ipsilateral, contralateral, and binaural noise to transient evoked otoacoustic emission recordings...
January 25, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Frederique J Vanheusden, Michael A Chesnaye, David M Simpson, Steven L Bell
BACKGROUND: To assess hearing in response to speech, the envelope frequency following response (FFR) can be observed at the fundamental frequency of a vowel stimulus and its harmonics. FFRs are complex non-linear phenomena, which require better understanding for allowing robust inferences on the assessment of hearing and hearing aid fitting. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of stimulus bandwidth on FFR detection rates using filtered vowel stimuli with equal sound levels...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Wan Nur Hanim Mohd Yusoff, Tian Kar Quar, Foong Yen Chong, Rafidah Mazlan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to (a) translate a hearing aid (HA) manual into Malay language and revise the translated manual based on best practice guidelines; (b) compare the effectiveness of the translated and the revised Malay HA manuals in helping individuals to perform HA management tasks. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, randomised, single-blinded study. STUDY SAMPLE: An Oticon-Dynamo HA manual was translated and revised based on best practice guidelines...
January 23, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Anthea Bott, Carly Meyer, Louise Hickson, Nancy A Pachana
OBJECTIVE: It is estimated that over 60% of adults with dementia will also have a hearing impairment, resulting in a dual sensory-cognitive communication disability. Hearing interventions may lessen the impact of hearing impairment on a communication disability; yet, for audiologists to recommend appropriate hearing interventions, the individual's hearing thresholds must first be accurately established. The gold standard test for establishing hearing thresholds is pure-tone audiometry (PTA)...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Richard M McKearney, Robert C MacKinnon
The objective of this study was to use machine learning in the form of a deep neural network to objectively classify paired auditory brainstem response waveforms into either: 'clear response', 'inconclusive' or 'response absent'. A deep convolutional neural network was constructed and fine-tuned using stratified 10-fold cross-validation on 190 paired ABR waveforms. The final model was evaluated on a test set of 42 paired waveforms. The full dataset comprised 232 paired ABR waveforms recorded from eight normal-hearing individuals...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Ulf Rosenhall, Björn Skoog, Per Muhr
OBJECTIVE: To study if the antioxidant (AO) N-Acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC) reduces the risk of hearing loss after acoustic accidents in humans. DESIGN: A retrospective, observational study. STUDY SAMPLE: Personnel of the Swedish Armed Forces (SAF) exposed to military acoustic accidents during a 5 year period. Included in the study were 221 cases (mean age: 22.9 years). Most of the exposures, 84%, were weapon related. NAC (400 mg) was given directly after the accident in 146 cases; 75 had not received NAC...
January 17, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Afzarini H Ismail, Kevin J Munro, Christopher J Armitage, Piers D Dawes
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of the evidence in relation to what hearing healthcare professionals do during hearing aid consultations and identifying which behaviours promote hearing aid use and benefit among adult patients. DESIGN: Searches were performed in electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycInfo, Web of Science, PubMed and Google Scholar. The Crowe Critical Appraisal Tool and Melnyk Levels of Evidence were used to assess quality and level of evidence of eligible studies...
January 15, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Chandni Jain, Vikas Mysore Dwarakanath, Amritha G
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the influence of subcortical auditory processing and cognitive measures on cocktail party listening in younger and older adults with normal hearing sensitivity. DESIGN: Tests administered included quick speech perception in noise test to assess cocktail party listening, speech auditory brainstem response to assess subcortical auditory processing and digit span, digit sequencing and spatial selective attention test to assess cognitive processing...
January 15, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
John G Casali, William J Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Andrzej Molisz, Andrzej Zarowski, Tinne Theunen, Annelies Vermeiren, Liesbeth De Coninck, Tomasz Przewoźny, Janusz Siebert, Erwin F Offeciers
OBJECTIVE: The objective is to evaluate the influence of the presentation rate on intraoperative ECAP thresholds in cochlear implant users. DESIGN: The design was data on the ECAP thresholds (t-NRT) as well as the behavioural T- and C-levels have been collected in CI patients of a quaternary otologic referral centre. Measurements of the tNRT thresholds were performed intraoperatively for 250 Hz and 80 Hz presentation rates and correlated to the stabilised T- and C-levels measured at the 5th fitting session, 4-6 months after surgery...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Hashir Aazh, Brian C J Moore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the loudness of tinnitus and insomnia via a mediation analysis. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional. STUDY SAMPLE: 417 consecutive patients seeking treatment for tinnitus in an Audiology Department in the UK. RESULTS: Mediation analysis showed that the relationship between tinnitus loudness measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS) and insomnia measured using the insomnia severity index was fully mediated via depression measured using the Patient Health Questionnaire, tinnitus handicap measured using the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory and tinnitus annoyance measured using the VAS...
January 10, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Cory D F Portnuff, Drew Price
OBJECTIVE: Uniform attenuation earplugs (UAE) theoretically provide near even attenuation across frequencies when built to a manufacturer's specifications. Unfortunately, there is no current research available confirming if custom-molded uniform attenuation earplugs (UAE) are made to specifications nor is there guidance available on clinical methods of measuring attenuation of uniform attenuation earplug (UAE) devices. The goal of this study was to evaluate different procedures for UAE verification and to determine the most accurate clinically accessible verification protocol...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Eithne Heffernan, Alia Habib, Melanie Ferguson
This study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of a brief, hearing-specific outcome measure: the Social Isolation Measure (SIM). In Phase 1, adults with hearing loss were invited to complete an online survey that contained the SIM, a hearing-specific participation questionnaire, a generic activity and participation questionnaire, and a generic loneliness questionnaire. In Phase 2, the participants were asked to complete the SIM for a second time 2-3 weeks following Phase 1. One hundred and sixteen adults with hearing loss completed Phase 1...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Shana M Laffoon, Michael Stewart, Yunfang Zheng, Deanna K Meinke
To determine if conventional audiometry, EHFA, and pDPOAEs are useful as early indicators of cochlear damage from recreational firearm impulse noise exposure in youth firearm users. Quantitative cross-sectional descriptive pilot study. Descriptive statistics and MANOVA with post hoc Tukey Honestly Significant Difference test were used to compare pDPOAEs (1-10 kHz), conventional audiometry (0.25-8 kHz), and EHFA (10-16 kHz) in YFUs. 25 YFUs (n = 11 7-12 years; n = 14 13-17 years) with self-reported poor compliance with hearing protector device wear...
January 8, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Shakti K Davis, Paul T Calamia, William J Murphy, Christopher J Smalt
Accurate quantification of noise exposure in military environments is challenging due to movement of listeners and noise sources, spectral and temporal noise characteristics, and varied use of hearing protection. This study evaluates a wearable recording device designed to measure on-body and in-ear noise exposure, specifically in an environment with significant impulse noise resulting from firearms. A commercial audio recorder was augmented to obtain simultaneous measurements inside the ear canal behind an integrated hearing protector, and near the outer ear...
January 5, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
Samantha Tai, Caitlin Barr, Robyn Woodward-Kron
OBJECTIVE: This study has two interconnected aims. The first was to better understand how audiology students co-construct hearing assessments with patients while supervised by a clinical educator. The second was to investigate how students' communication aligns with principles of patient-centred communication. STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty-three final year audiology students from two Australian universities participated in the study. RESULTS: The supervised student-patient hearing appointments were video-recorded and transcribed...
January 5, 2019: International Journal of Audiology
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