Xian-Qiang Song, Bin-Bin Chen, Yong-Mei Jin, Chang-Yong Wang
Esophageal cancer (EC) is a common and serious form of cancer, and while DNA methyltransferase-1 (DNMT1) promotes DNA methylation and carcinogenesis, the role of F-box protein 32 (FBXO32) in EC and its regulation by DNMT1-mediated methylation is still unclear. FBXO32 expression was examined in EC cells with high DNMT1 expression using GSE163735 dataset. RT-qPCR assessed FBXO32 expression in normal and EC cells, and impact of higher FBXO32 expression on cell proliferation, migration, and invasion was evaluated, along with EMT-related proteins...
April 10, 2024: Cell Cycle
Kosuke Yamazaki, Tomohiro Iguchi, Yutaka Kanoh, Kazuto Takayasu, Trinh Thi To Ngo, Ayaka Onuki, Hideya Kawaji, Shunji Oshima, Tomomasa Kanda, Hisao Masai, Hiroyuki Sasanuma
Acetaldehyde, a chemical that can cause DNA damage and contribute to cancer, is prevalently present in our environment, e.g. in alcohol, tobacco, and food. Although aldehyde potentially promotes crosslinking reactions among biological substances including DNA, RNA, and protein, it remains unclear what types of DNA damage are caused by acetaldehyde and how they are repaired. In this study, we explored mechanisms involved in the repair of acetaldehyde-induced DNA damage by examining the cellular sensitivity to acetaldehyde in the collection of human TK6 mutant deficient in each genome maintenance system...
April 3, 2024: Cell Cycle
Megan Biller, Sara Kabir, Chkylle Boado, Sarah Nipper, Alexandra Saffa, Ariella Tal, Sydney Allen, Hiroyuki Sasanuma, Didier Dréau, Cyrus Vaziri, Junya Tomida
REV7 is an abundant, multifunctional protein that is a known factor in cell cycle regulation and in several key DNA repair pathways including Trans-Lesion Synthesis (TLS), the Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway, and DNA Double-Strand Break (DSB) repair pathway choice. Thus far, no direct role has been studied for REV7 in the DNA damage response (DDR) signaling pathway. Here we describe a novel function for REV7 in DSB-induced p53 signaling. We show that REV7 binds directly to p53 to block ATM-dependent p53 Ser15 phosphorylation...
April 1, 2024: Cell Cycle
Michał Wójcik, Aleksandra Plata-Babula, Amelia Głowaczewska, Tomasz Sirek, Aneta Orczyk, Mariola Małecka, Beniamin Oskar Grabarek
Studies indicate that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) exhibit activation and overexpression within psoriatic lesions. This study aimed to investigate alterations in the expression patterns of genes encoding MAPKs and microRNA (miRNA) molecules that potentially regulate their expression in human adult low-calcium high-temperature (HaCaT) keratinocytes when exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide A (LPS) and adalimumab. HaCaT cells underwent treatment with 1 µg/mL LPS for 8 hours, followed by treatment with 8 µg/mL adalimumab for 2, 8, or 24 hours...
April 1, 2024: Cell Cycle
Meizhu Shen, Yong Zhang, Fang Wu, Meizhen Shen, Sen Zhang, Yun Guo, Jialiang Gan, Rensheng Wang
Colorectal cancer (CRC) poses a significant challenge in terms of treatment due to the prevalence of radiotherapy resistance. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for radio-resistance in CRC have not been thoroughly explored. This study aimed to shed light on the role of human coilin interacting nuclear ATPase protein (hCINAP) in radiation-resistant HT-29 and SW480 CRC cells (HT-29-IR and SW480-IR) and investigate its potential implications. Firstly, radiation-resistant CRC cell lines were established by subjecting HT-29 and SW480 cells to sequential radiation exposure...
March 29, 2024: Cell Cycle
Jie Tang, Song Li, Zixiao Zhou, Weicai Chang, Yongqiang Wang, Juan Mei, Shaobo Zhou
MiRNAs play crucial regulatory roles in the growth and development of tumor cells by serving as carriers of post-transcriptional regulatory information derived from genes. Investigating the potential function and clinical significance of miRNA-mediated mRNA regulatory networks in liver cancer can offer novel insights and therapeutic strategies for the treatment of this disease. We identified 300 differentially expressed miRNAs, and five miRNAs were identified to be correlated with overall survival and could be used as an independent prognostic...
March 28, 2024: Cell Cycle
Yang Zhang, Huajiang Zhao, Jing Zhang
Hyaluronidases (HAases) are enzymes that degrade hyaluronic acid (HA) in the animal kingdom. The HAases-HA system is crucial for HA homeostasis and plays a significant role in biological processes and extracellular matrix (ECM)-related pathophysiological conditions. This study aims to explore the role of inhibiting the HAases-HA system in acute kidney injury (AKI). We selected the potent inhibitor "sHA2.75" to inhibit HAase activity through mixed inhibitory mechanisms. The ischemia-reperfusion mouse model was established using male BALB/c mice (7-9 weeks old), and animals were subjected to subcapsular injection with 50 mg/kg sHA2...
March 25, 2024: Cell Cycle
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 25, 2024: Cell Cycle
Enchi Liu, Xingwang Qian, Yuan He, Kunlun Chen
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a common gastrointestinal malignancy characterized by a poor prognosis. Considering its prevalence, exploring its underlying molecular biological mechanisms is of paramount clinical importance. In this study, bioinformatics techniques were utilized to analyze CCA sample data obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. The analysis revealed a notable upregulation in FUT4 expression in CCA samples. To further investigate the functional implications of FUT4, in vivo and in vitro experiments were conducted, which demonstrated that FUT4 overexpression significantly enhances the proliferative and migratory capabilities of tumor cells...
March 11, 2024: Cell Cycle
Masayuki Harada, Kanae Su-Harada, Takeshi Kimura, Koh Ono, Noboru Ashida
Although the transcription factor nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) plays a central role in the regulation of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) acquisition, our understanding of the involvement of NF-κB in the induction of cellular senescence is limited. Here, we show that activation of the canonical NF-κB pathway suppresses senescence in murine dermal fibroblasts. IκB kinase β (IKKβ)-depleted dermal fibroblasts showed ineffective NF-κB activation and underwent senescence more rapidly than control cells when cultured under 20% oxygen conditions, as indicated by senescence-associated β-galactosidase (SA-β-gal) staining and p16INK4a mRNA levels...
March 10, 2024: Cell Cycle
Xiangkun Meng, Gang Ma, Xu Zhang, Hua Yin, Yu Miao, Fang He
The increase of the Fusobacterium nucleatum level has been previously identified in various cancers including gastric cancer (GC), but how the F. nucleatum exerts its carcinogenic role in GC remains unclear. Several studies revealed that F. nucleatum contributes to cancer progression via its secretion of extracellular vehicles (EVs). Hence, it's designed to reveal the influence of F. nucleatum -derived EVs (Fn-EVs) in GC progression. The tumor and adjacent tissues were collected from 30 GC patients, and the abundance of F...
March 6, 2024: Cell Cycle
Tianxin Luo, Xiaomei Chen, Wei Pan, Shu Zhang, Jian Huang
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death worldwide. Most patients with advanced HCC acquire sorafenib resistance. Drug resistance reflects the heterogeneity of tumors and is the main cause of tumor recurrence and death.We identified and validated sorafenib resistance related-genes (SRGs) as prognostic biomarkers for HCC. We obtained SRGs from the Gene Expression Omnibus and selected four key SRGs using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, random forest, and Support Vector Machine-Recursive feature elimination machine learning algorithms...
March 5, 2024: Cell Cycle
Yuping Yan, Xiaoyan Du, Xia Dou, Jingjie Li, Wenjie Zhang, Shuangyu Yang, Wenting Meng, Gang Tian
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the effects of Ninjurin 2 (NINJ2) polymorphisms on susceptibility to coronary heart disease (CHD). METHODS: We conducted a case-control study with 499 CHD cases and 505 age and gender-matched controls. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in NINJ2 (rs118050317, rs75750647, rs7307242, rs10849390, and rs11610368) were genotyped by the Agena MassARRAY platform. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression analysis to assess the association of NINJ2 polymorphisms and CHD risk-adjusted for age and gender...
March 1, 2024: Cell Cycle
Michał Wójcik, Nikola Zmarzły, Alicja Derkacz, Tomasz Kulpok-Bagiński, Natasza Blek, Beniamin Oskar Grabarek
Studies indicate that mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are activated and overexpressed in psoriatic lesions. The aim of the study was to assess changes in the expression pattern of genes encoding MAPKs and microRNA (miRNA) molecules potentially regulating their expression in human adult low-calcium high-temperature (HaCaT) keratinocytes exposed to bacterial lipopolysaccharide A (LPS) and cyclosporine A (CsA). HaCaT cells were treated with 1 µg/mL LPS for 8 h, followed by treatment with 100 ng/mL cyclosporine A for 2, 8, or 24 h...
March 1, 2024: Cell Cycle
Ling-Wei Mao, Qin-Yi Jiang, Nan Meng, Li Xiao, Qi Zhang, Yong-Xin Chen, Lin-Juan Liu, Lei Wang
The aim of this study was to explore the effect and mechanism of Sirt6 on DNA damage repair in OA chondrocytes. Cartilage tissues were collected from OA patients with knee arthroplasty and traumatic amputation patients without OA. Besides, 7-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into Control and OA groups; CHON-001 cells of corresponding groups were treated with 10 ng/ml interleukin (IL)-1β, respectively. Subsequently, Sirt6 or siNrf2 was over-expressed in CHON-001 cells to observe the effect of Sirt6 on DNA damage and senescence of chondrocytes by IL-1β through the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway...
February 22, 2024: Cell Cycle
Mulin Chen, Bingde Yin, Yao Liu, Mingzi Li, Suqin Shen, Jiaxue Wu, Weiguo Li, Jie Fan
AXL plays crucial roles in the tumorigenesis, progression, and drug resistance of neoplasms; however, the mechanisms associated with AXL overexpression in tumors remain largely unknown. In this study, to investigate these molecular mechanisms, wildtype and mutant proteins of arrestin domain-containing protein 3 (ARRDC3) and AXL were expressed, and co-immunoprecipitation analyses were performed. ARRDC3-deficient cells generated using the CRISPR-Cas9 system were treated with different concentrations of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib and subjected to cell biological, molecular, and pharmacological experiments...
February 22, 2024: Cell Cycle
Zhongbing Luo, Fulan Yang, Kang Liu, Zhenluo Ding
Hypoxia is a major contributor to tumor microenvironment (TME) and metastasis in most solid tumors. We seek to screen hypoxia-related genes affecting metastasis in breast cancer and to reveal relative potential regulatory pathway. Based on gene expression profiling of GSE17188 dataset, differential expressed genes (DEGs) were identified between highly metastatic breast cancer cells under hypoxia and samples under normoxia. The protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was utilized to determine hub genes. The gene expression profiling interactive analysis database (GEPIA2) and quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) were employed to quantify hub genes...
February 15, 2024: Cell Cycle
George Angelakakis, Mallika Varkhedi, Toriana R Dabkowski, Michael J Diaz, Michelle Yeagley, George Blanck
Copy number variation (CNV) of certain genes in pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) impacts gene expression levels. Here, we aimed to investigate the potential prognostic utility of CNVs in pediatric B-ALL and T-ALL. Using genomics files representing cases from the TARGET-ALL-P2 dataset, genes commonly involved in ALL development were analyzed for CNVs. Case IDs representing increased copy numbers for SOX11 , PDGFRB , and MDK represented a worse overall survival probability specifically for B-ALL (logrank p=0...
February 13, 2024: Cell Cycle
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 13, 2024: Cell Cycle
Liton Kumar Saha, Yves Pommier
Humans have two Type IA topoisomerases, topoisomerase IIIα (TOP3A) and topoisomerase IIIβ (TOP3B). In this review, we focus on the role of human TOP3A in DNA replication and highlight the recent progress made in understanding TOP3A in the context of replication. Like other topoisomerases, TOP3A acts by a reversible mechanism of cleavage and rejoining of DNA strands allowing changes in DNA topology. By cleaving and resealing single-stranded DNA, it generates TOP3A-linked single-strand breaks as TOP3A cleavage complexes (TOP3Accs) with a TOP3A molecule covalently bound to the 5´-end of the break...
February 11, 2024: Cell Cycle
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