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Psychology and Psychotherapy

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734461/-you-should-always-look-at-the-washing-machine-without-actually-being-in-it-thematic-framework-analysis-of-patients-understanding-of-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-and-its-mechanisms
#1
Magnus Blondahl Sighvatsson, Paul M Salkovskis, Engilbert Sigurdsson, Heiddis B Valdimarsdottir, Fanney Thorsdottir, Jon Fridrik Sigurdsson
OBJECTIVE: Transdiagnostic cognitive behaviour therapy (TCBT) is an efficacious treatment for anxiety and depression, but its mechanisms of change remain poorly understood. The current study used thematic framework analysis to analyse how patients, recruited in a recent trial on transdiagnostic group CBT (TGCBT), understood the treatment and its mechanisms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional thematic framework analysis. METHOD: The sample included 24 participants suffering from anxiety and/or depression, divided into two groups by treatment efficacy (i...
February 7, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729646/shame-social-deprivation-and-the-quality-of-the-voice-hearing-relationship
#2
Louise J Carden, Pooja Saini, Claire Seddon, Emma Evans, Peter James Taylor
OBJECTIVES: Many individuals hold different beliefs about the voices that they hear and have distinct relationships with them, the nature of which may determine the distress experienced. Understanding what factors contribute to these beliefs and relationships and consequently the resulting distress is important. The current research examined whether shame and social deprivation, in a sample of adult voice-hearers, were related to the relationships that individuals had with their voices or the beliefs that they held about them...
February 6, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30720230/-like-a-human-being-i-was-an-equal-i-wasn-t-just-a-patient-service-users-perspectives-on-their-experiences-of-relationships-with-staff-in-mental-health-services
#3
Karin Bacha, Terry Hanley, Laura Anne Winter
OBJECTIVES: The quality of therapeutic relationships in psychiatric services has a significant impact upon the therapeutic outcomes for people diagnosed with a severe mental illness. As previous work has not explicitly explored service users' in-depth views about the emotional impact of these relationships, the objective of this work was to bring this perspective to the fore and to gain a greater understanding about which relational components can lead to psychological change. DESIGN: The project was conducted alongside a service user organization...
February 5, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712326/metacognitive-improvement-and-symptom-change-in-a-3-month-treatment-for-borderline-personality-disorder
#4
Pauline Maillard, Giancarlo Dimaggio, Laurent Berthoud, Yves de Roten, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Ueli Kramer
OBJECTIVES: Recognizing and reflecting on one's own and other people's mental states represent a major difficulty for patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). Only recently have studies begun exploring whether these capacities increase with successful therapies and if such an improvement is linked with outcome. The present study investigated whether metacognition would improve and if its improvement was related with symptom change in BPD patients. DESIGN: The transcripts from the first and the penultimate session of a ten-session version of good psychiatric management were analysed with the MAS-R scale in a N = 37 BPD sample...
February 3, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30677209/decision-making-and-risk-in-bipolar-disorder-a-quantitative-study-using-fuzzy-trace-theory
#5
Anna Chiara Sicilia, Julia Nora Lukacs, Steven Jones, Guillermo Perez Algorta
OBJECTIVES: This study characterizes risk-taking behaviours in a group of people with a self-reported diagnosis of BD using fuzzy trace theory (FTT). FTT hypothesizes that risk-taking is a 'reasoned' (but sometimes faulty) action, rather than an impulsive act associated with mood fluctuations. DESIGN: We tested whether measures of FTT (verbatim and gist-based thinking) were predictive of risk-taking intentions in BD, after controlling for mood and impulsivity. We hypothesized that FTT scales would be significant predictors of risk-taking intentions even after accounting for mood and impulsivity...
January 24, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30672074/exploring-the-implementation-of-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-psychosis-using-the-normalization-process-theory-framework
#6
Nikos Xanidis, Andrew Gumley
OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests that only a minority of service users experiencing psychosis have access to Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for psychosis (CBTp). Normalization Process Theory (NPT) is a theoretical framework which focuses on processes by which interventions are implemented and normalized in clinical practice. This study explored the views and experiences of mental health professionals regarding the implementation of CBTp. Barriers and facilitators to implementation were explored using the NPT framework...
January 22, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656823/social-anxiety-disorder-and-avoidant-personality-disorder-from-an-interpersonal-perspective
#7
Frederik Weischer Frandsen, Sebastian Simonsen, Stig Poulsen, Per Sørensen, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau
OBJECTIVES: The general objective of this article is to study the unclear and overlapping relationship between social anxiety disorder (SAD) and avoidant personality disorder (AvPD) from an interpersonal perspective. The first specific objective is to compare the disorders with regard to interpersonal problems and general symptom distress. The second specific objective is to examine interpersonal subgroups and pathoplasticity. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional design, patients from an outpatient psychotherapy clinic diagnosed with social anxiety disorder (SAD, n = 299), avoidant personality disorder (AvPD, n = 180), or the comorbid condition of both disorders (AvPD + SAD, n = 29) were assessed before treatment...
January 17, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618182/engaging-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms-in-psychological-therapy-an-integrative-and-transdiagnostic-approach
#8
Janet Balabanovic, Philip Hayton
OBJECTIVES: Patients with "medically unexplained symptoms" or "MUS" experience subjectively compelling and distressing somatic symptoms that are not fully explained by underlying physical pathology. Effective treatment of these patients has been impeded by multiple barriers. Problems with patient engagement have been highlighted in the clinical and research literature, yet few exploratory studies have been conducted in this area. This research explores how experienced psychological therapists in a specialist MUS service work to engage these patients...
January 8, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30618099/pathways-from-insecure-attachment-dimensions-to-paranoia-the-mediating-role-of-hyperactivating-emotion-regulation-versus-blaming-others
#9
Leonie Ascone, Björn Schlier, Johanna Sundag, Tania M Lincoln
OBJECTIVES: There is evidence of associations between insecure attachment and paranoia, but we do not yet fully understand the mediating mechanisms. Attachment theory emphasizes differential relatedness of insecure attachment dimensions (i.e., anxiety vs. avoidance) with specific emotion regulation styles (ER). We tested whether the associations between attachment anxiety versus avoidance and paranoia were mediated specifically by hyperactivating (i.e., the use of emotion-amplifying strategies: self-blame, rumination, catastrophization) versus blaming others ER, respectively...
January 8, 2019: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548459/using-photo-elicitation-and-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-to-explore-possessions-as-links-to-self-concept-and-the-identities-of-others-in-hoarding-disorder
#10
Christopher A Kings, Tess Knight, Richard Moulding
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore the importance of possessions as extensions of self-concept and connections to significant others for people that hoard. DESIGN: A total of 10 participants were recruited through hoarding group treatment programmes. Participants photographed significant possessions in their home and discussed these in semi-structured interviews. RESULTS: Analysis of transcripts using interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed three interrelated superordinate themes: (1) time travels with you; (2) possessions are me, they're a reflection of my life; and (3) they're linked: I look at them and I think of people...
December 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548375/a-qualitative-evaluation-of-the-effects-of-metacognitive-reflection-and-insight-therapy-living-more-consciously
#11
Steven de Jong, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Rozanne van Donkersgoed, André Aleman, Gerdina Hendrika Maria Pijnenborg
OBJECTIVES: Extensive research showed that one of the major difficulties that people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders are struggling with involves their ability to reflect on their own and others' mental activities, also defined as metacognition. Several new psychotherapies have been developed to assist patients (re)gain metacognitive capacity, including Metacognitive Reflection and Insight Therapy (MERIT). The current study investigated the client's subjective experience of psychotherapy, to determine whether service users found MERIT effective and whether these gains align with quantitative findings, which processes they considered responsible for these benefits, in which ways participants found MERIT similar or different from other interventions, and whether they experienced non-desirable factors and outcomes...
December 12, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30548244/counselling-for-young-people-and-young-adults-in-the-voluntary-and-community-sector-an-overview-of-the-demographic-profile-of-clients-and-outcomes
#12
Charlie Duncan, Barbara Rayment, James Kenrick, Mick Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To determine the demographic profile of clients accessing voluntary and community sector (VCS) counselling services for young people and young adults, and to undertake the first systematic evaluation of outcomes. DESIGN: Naturalistic, non-experimental study design. METHODS: A total of 2,144 clients were recruited from nine services in England. Data on gender, age, ethnicity, number of sessions, problem descriptions, and initial levels of psychological distress were collected from clients...
December 11, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30506874/how-do-anxious-children-attempt-to-regulate-worry-results-from-a-qualitative-study-with-an-experimental-manipulation
#13
Nicoline Normann, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore how anxiety-disordered children attempt to regulate their worry. DESIGN: An experimental manipulation was applied, followed by a qualitative interview. METHODS: Thirty children aged 7-13 were enrolled in this study. Each child was presented with a black mystery box, was told that shortly he/she would have to feel what was inside the box, and was then left alone for 4 min, prior to commencing the task...
December 2, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30488549/longitudinal-association-between-low-self-esteem-and-depression-in-early-adolescents-the-role-of-rejection-sensitivity-and-loneliness
#14
Jianhua Zhou, Xiaoyu Li, Lili Tian, E Scott Huebner
OBJECTIVES: Although the relation between low self-esteem and depression has been well established, little is known about the possible psychological mechanisms that account for the relation between them. Based on Beck's cognitive theory of depression, the main aim of this study was to explore the notion that rejection sensitivity and loneliness serve as mediators of the relation between low self-esteem and depression among early adolescents. DESIGN: Using a longitudinal design, we evaluated the hypothesized model with a sample of 866 Chinese early adolescents (51% females) between 11 and 15 years old who completed questionnaires on three occasions at 1-year intervals...
November 28, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30488539/self-esteem-fully-mediates-positive-life-events-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-173-patients-with-affective-disorders
#15
Nina Sarubin, Stephan Goerigk, Frank Padberg, Aline Übleis, Andrea Jobst, Lena Erfurt, Christin Schumann, Annekatrin Nadjiri, Julia Dewald-Kaufmann, Peter Falkai, Markus Bühner, Felix Naumann, Sven Hilbert
OBJECTIVES: Previous research showed that positive and negative life events influence the development of depression. However, it is less clear how life events interact with depressive symptoms and self-esteem. DESIGN AND METHODS: The present study aimed to investigate the mediating effects of self-esteem on the relationship between life events and depressive symptoms in adulthood. The Traumatic Antecedent Questionnaire, Multidimensional Self-esteem Scale (MSWS), and Becks Depression Inventory were administered in 173 psychiatric inpatients (mean age 39...
November 28, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29528183/positive-emotion-in-distress-as-a-potentially-effective-emotion-regulation-strategy-for-depression-a-preliminary-investigation
#16
Keiko Yamaguchi, Masaya Ito, Yoshitake Takebayashi
OBJECTIVES: Emotion regulation utilizing positive emotion during negative emotional states might be one of the effective ways to alleviate depression and anxiety problems among people with emotional disorders. This study examined the psychometric properties and incremental validity of the Positive Emotion In Distress Scale (PEIDS), a newly developed self-report scale, in a sample of university students in Japan. DESIGN AND METHODS: To examine the psychometric properties of the PEIDS, the scale was completed by Japanese university students (396 men and 363 women; mean age of 19...
December 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29399945/attachment-style-among-outpatients-with-substance-use-disorders-in-psychological-treatment
#17
Ylva Gidhagen, Rolf Holmqvist, Björn Philips
OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between self-rated attachment style, psychological distress and substance use among substance use disorder (SUD) outpatients in psychological treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this practice-based study, 108 outpatients were asked to fill in the Experiences in Close Relationships - Short form, the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) at treatment start and end...
December 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29345803/effects-of-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-on-shame-self-compassion-and-psychological-distress-in-anxious-and-depressed-patients-a-pilot-study
#18
Michael Proeve, Rebekah Anton, Maura Kenny
OBJECTIVES: The tendency to experience shame or guilt is associated differentially with anxiety and depression, with shame being associated with greater psychopathology. Correlational studies have shown self-compassion to be related to lower shame and rumination, and mindfulness-based interventions increase self-compassion. Therefore, mindfulness-based interventions may decrease shame. This pilot study aimed to assess the association of shame, rumination, self-compassion, and psychological distress and the effects of a mindfulness-based intervention on these measures in a clinical sample...
December 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29345801/individual-psychological-therapy-in-an-acute-inpatient-setting-service-user-and-psychologist-perspectives
#19
Catherine Small, Nancy Pistrang, Vyv Huddy, Claire Williams
OBJECTIVES: The acute inpatient setting poses potential challenges to delivering one-to-one psychological therapy; however, there is little research on the experiences of both receiving and delivering therapies in this environment. This qualitative study aimed to explore service users' and psychologists' experiences of undertaking individual therapy in acute inpatient units. It focused on the relationship between service users and psychologists, what service users found helpful or unhelpful, and how psychologists attempted to overcome any challenges in delivering therapy...
December 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29345799/self-criticism-self-report-measures-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Alexandra V Rose, Katharine A Rimes
PURPOSE: Self-criticism is a transdiagnostic process that has been attracting research and clinical interest. The accurate measurement of this construct is therefore crucial; however, there are currently numerous measures of self-criticism and no guidelines about which to use in different contexts. This systematic review evaluated the measurement properties of self-report questionnaires of self-criticism. METHODS: OvidSP and Web of Science were used to search through multiple databases, and an initial grey literature search was completed...
December 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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