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Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Ryoko Kawakami, Susumu S Sawada, Tomoko Ito, Yuko Gando, Tomohiro Fukushi, Atsushi Yoshino, Satoshi Kurita, Koichiro Oka, Shizuo Sakamoto, Mitsuru Higuchi
AIM: Watching sports at stadiums can have a favorable impact on health-related outcomes in older adults. We examined the effect of watching professional baseball at a ballpark on older adults' health-related outcomes. METHODS: A total fo 58 participants aged 65-85 years were randomized into a spectator group (n = 29) and waiting-list group (n = 29). During the 2-month intervention, there were 21 games. The spectator group watched games at the ballpark, and the waiting-list group maintained their daily routines...
May 16, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Wei-Chung Hsu, Jiun-Yi Wang, Alan C Tsai
AIM: To determine the characteristics associated with developing a new need for long-term care among older Taiwanese adults. METHODS: We analyzed the 1999 and 2003 datasets of the Taiwan Longitudinal Survey on Aging. A total of 1986 persons who were aged ≥70 years and had no disability in activities of daily living or need for long-term care at the baseline served as the study participants. We first identified the potential variables associated with developing a need for long-term care in demographic, socioeconomic, anthropometric, functional status, mental health, medical and global domains based on the literature and our earlier studies...
May 16, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Maiko Noguchi-Watanabe, Keiko Maruyama-Sakurai, Noriko Yamamoto-Mitani, Yoshiko Matsumoto, Satoru Yoshie, Katsuya Iijima, Takashi Yamanaka, Masahiro Akishita
AIM: To evaluate the effect of an interprofessional collaboration (IPC) promotion program among community healthcare professionals. METHODS: A non-randomized controlled study was carried out. Study participants were home healthcare-related professionals in a suburban city near Tokyo; program participants were compared with non-participants. The program consisted of two workshops each 2 h long and 4 months apart. The first workshop focused on developing a community resource map, and discussing community strengths and features...
May 13, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hunkyung Kim, Shuichi Awata, Yutaka Watanabe, Narumi Kojima, Yosuke Osuka, Keiko Motokawa, Naoko Sakuma, Hiroki Inagaki, Ayako Edahiro, Erika Hosoi, Chang-Won Won, Shoji Shinkai
AIM: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of cognitive frailty and cognitive frailty-related falls in community-dwelling older people. METHODS: A total of 25 out of 1192 community-dwelling older people aged >70 years with cognitive frailty participated in the present cross-sectional study. Cognitive function was assessed using the Mini-Mental State Examination. Physical function measures included calf circumference, Timed Up and Go (TUG) and usual walking speed...
May 13, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Tesfahun C Eshetie, Tuan A Nguyen, Marianne H Gillam, Lisa M Kalisch Ellett
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP), as defined by the internationally validated Screening Tool of Older Person's Prescriptions (STOPP) criteria, in 12 months before and after initiation of medicines for dementia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was carried out involving people with their first claim for dispensing of medicines for dementia (cholinesterase inhibitor or memantine) between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2015, aged ≥65 years at 1 January 2016 and alive at the end of 2016...
May 9, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Mehmet Erdinc Esenkaya, Ozge Dokuzlar, Pinar Soysal, Lee Smith, Sarah E Jackson, Ahmet Turan Isik
AIM: The Kihon Checklist (KCL) was developed to identify vulnerable older adults residing in Japan who are at a high risk of becoming dependent. The present study aimed to determine the validity of the KCL for detecting frailty in Turkish older adults. METHODS: A total of 300 outpatients were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment and completed a Turkish translation of the KCL. Frailty status was defined by five dimensions, including weight loss, exhaustion, low levels of activity, weakness and slowness: 0 for robust, 1-2 for prefrail and 3-5 for frail...
May 7, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Satoko Nozato, Koichi Yamamoto, Yoichi Nozato, Hiroshi Akasaka, Kazuhiro Hongyo, Masao Takeda, Yoichi Takami, Yasushi Takeya, Ken Sugimoto, Norihisa Ito, Hiromi Rakugi
AIM: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with increased variability in nocturnal blood pressure (BP). Calcium channel blockers (CCB) are superior to other classes of antihypertensives in decreasing BP variability. We investigated whether OSA severity is associated with nocturnal BP variability in older hypertensive patients treated with CCB. METHODS: We measured home systolic and diastolic BP and pulse rate (PR) automatically during sleep at an interval of an hour once a week using an electronic sphygmomanometer in 29 hypertensive patients (aged ≥65 years) receiving CCB...
May 1, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shinsuke Kojima, Kenta Murotani, Bin Zhou, Kavita U Kothari, Masanori Fukushima, Yoji Nagai
AIM: The present population-based study investigated the predictive ability of the Kihon Checklist (a self-reported frailty questionnaire) and the cognitive domain therein for incident long-term care need certification. This is the first large population-based study to investigate an association between the Kihon Checklist and the outcome measure, long-term care need certification. METHODS: The study population consisted of community-dwelling citizens aged >65 years who responded to the Kihon Checklist in Kobe City...
April 29, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Miho Ishimaru, Sachiko Ono, Kojiro Morita, Hiroki Matsui, Hideo Yasunaga
AIM: Improving the availability of dental care is essential to maintain older adults' general health and wellbeing. Domiciliary dental care is a feasible alternative. The present study aimed to investigate factors affecting the use of domiciliary dental care among home-dwelling dependent older adults. METHODS: A retrospective nested case-control study was carried out. We identified long-term care recipients who used home care services between April 2012 and March 2014 using Japan's nationwide long-term care service claim database...
April 29, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Leon Cp Leal, Odilon Abrahin, Rejane P Rodrigues, Maria Cr da Silva, Ana Pm Araújo, Evitom C de Sousa, Clebson P Pimentel, Erik A Cortinhas-Alves
AIM: To evaluate the effects of low-volume resistance training on the physical and functional capacity of older patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: A total of 54 patients (aged ≥60 years) were randomly divided into two groups: (i) a control group comprising 13 men and 14 women; and (ii) a resistance training group with 14 men and 13 women. The resistance training group, in addition to maintaining their pharmacological treatments, carried out 6 months of resistance training twice a week, whereas the control group maintained their pharmacological treatments...
April 29, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kwanghee Jun, Sunghee Hwang, Young-Mi Ah, Yewon Suh, Ju-Yeun Lee
AIM: The aim of this study was to develop the Korean Anticholinergic Burden Scale through assessment of previously developed tools, a literature review and a modified Delphi process. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review to identify previously published anticholinergic burden tools. A composite medication list was made by extracting medications and their quantitative grading from the existing tools, after excluding the medications not distributed in Korea and topical agents...
April 29, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Chen-Jung Wu, Tung-Wei Kao, Yuan-Yuei Chen, Tao-Chun Peng, Chung-Ching Wang, Yi-Chao Zhou, Hui-Fang Yang, Wei-Liang Chen
AIM: To explore the association between vestibular dysfunction and specific anthropometric parameters. METHODS: The results from 2420 participants of the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were included for the evaluation of vestibular dysfunction using the Romberg test of standing balance and anthropometric measurements, including waist circumference, thigh circumference, calf circumference (CC), waist-to-thigh ratio (WTR) and waist-to-calf ratio (WCR)...
April 26, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Marcele S S Buto, Elie Fiogbé, Verena Vassimon-Barroso, Paulo G Rossi, Ana Cs Farche, Bianca F Carnavale, Anielle Cm Takahashi
AIM: Frailty syndrome is related to decreased physiological complexity, functional capacity and cognition. Physical exercise has been suggested to slow down and reverse this syndrome. However, evidence of its effectiveness is not as straightforward as conventionally admitted, as there is a lack of trials with rigorous methodology. The purpose of this study was to describe the Pre-Frail Multicomponent Training Intervention protocol. METHODS: Cardiovascular, motor control and neuromuscular systems of pre-frail older adults will be assessed by measuring the complexity of the output of these systems...
April 25, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ayumi Toba, Joji Ishikawa, Ayumi Suzuki, Yoshiaki Tamura, Atsushi Araki, Kazumasa Harada
AIM: Orthostatic blood pressure (BP) can fall with reduced stroke volume and arterial elasticity. However, as the reason for orthostatic BP rise is unclear, we investigated the relationship of orthostatic BP rise with frailty in older patients. METHODS: In 169 consecutive outpatients who visited the frailty clinic, we evaluated orthostatic BP and heart rate changes (i.e. in the sitting position, just after standing up, 1 min after standing and after sitting down)...
April 25, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Ai Iizuka, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Susumu Ogawa, Kimi Estela Kobayashi-Cuya, Momoko Kobayashi, Toru Takebayashi, Yoshinori Fujiwara
The aims of this systematic review were to investigate what kind of cognitive leisure activities have been used in intervention studies targeting older adults, and whether these activities improve cognitive function or inhibit cognitive decline. Based on the PRISMA declaration, we searched keywords using three electronic databases: PubMed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES. Intervention studies involving cognitive leisure activities with cognitive assessments set as outcomes were included. We regarded cognitive leisure activities as activities for enjoyment or well-being that cause intellectual stimulation (e...
April 24, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Gulistan Bahat, Cihan Kilic, Birkan Ilhan, Mehmet A Karan, Alfonso Cruz-Jentoft
AIM: To investigate the muscle mass adjustment technique that best correlates with functional measures. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. Community-dwelling older adults aged ≥60 years were assessed for body composition and functional measures between November 2012 and July 2017 in the geriatric outpatient clinic of a university hospital. Body composition was assessed with bioimpedance analysis. Skeletal muscle mass (SMM) was adjusted by height2 , weight or body mass index (BMI)...
April 21, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Makiko Uruma, Ryo Momosaki, Masayuki Chono, Miki Fukumoto, Tomomi Watanabe, Mikako Nakamura, Masahiro Abo
AIM: To test the hypothesis that hip fracture patients who receive occupational therapy (OT) have better functional ability than those who do not. METHODS: This retrospective observational study utilized data from the Japan Rehabilitation Database spanning 2005-2015. In-hospital hip fracture patients admitted to acute hospitals were identified. In total, 1266 patients were eligible based on the exclusion criteria. The primary outcome was motor Functional Independence Measure (FIM) efficiency...
April 21, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Kumiko Nonaka, Yoshinori Fujiwara, Shuichiro Watanabe, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Hajime Iwasa, Hidenori Amano, Yuko Yoshida, Erika Kobayashi, Ryota Sakurai, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Shu Kumagai, Shoji Shinkai, Takao Suzuki
AIM: The present study explored the interactive effects of willingness to volunteer and actual volunteer engagement on the maintenance of functional health among older Japanese adults, using data from a 3-year longitudinal study. METHODS: We used data from the 3-year longitudinal Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology Longitudinal Interdisciplinary Study on Aging (1997). We examined 676 older adults aged >65 years from the rural Nangai District who were independent in their basic activities of daily living (BADL)...
April 16, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Hirotoshi Niikawa, Yoshiyuki Kawano, Katsuo Yamanaka, Tsuyoshi Okamura, Hiroki Inagaki, Kae Ito, Shuichi Awata
AIM: The DEMQOL is a self-report measure of subjective quality of life of people with dementia, and the DEMQOL-PROXY is a carer proxy version. The study aimed to develop Japanese versions of the DEMQOL and DEMQOL-PROXY, and test their reliability and validity. METHODS: Translation, reverse translation and equivalency evaluation by the original author were used to develop Japanese versions of the DEMQOL (DEMQOL-J) and DEMQOL-PROXY (DEMQOL-PROXY-J). Interviews were carried out with 90 pairs of people with dementia and their carers to assess their quality of life using the DEMQOL-J, DEMQOL-PROXY-J and other quality of life scales...
April 14, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Shota Hamada, Taro Kojima, Nobuo Sakata, Shinya Ishii, Nanako Tamiya, Jiro Okochi, Masahiro Akishita
AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate drug costs per resident at Japanese intermediate care facilities for older adults (called Roken) in relation to drug utilization after admission to these facilities. The payment, including coverage of drugs, is mainly determined by the resident's long-term care needs. METHODS: A nationwide drug utilization survey was carried out. The participants were 1324 residents of 350 Roken (up to five individuals per facility) who were admitted in 2015 and agreed to participate in this study...
April 9, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
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