journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38885479/htlv-1-2-infection-in-italy-a-narrative-review-of-epidemiological-studies
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sandro Grelli, Beatrice Macchi, Francesca Marino-Merlo, Antonio Mastino
The human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) was first described in 1980. It is spread in highly endemic regions in the world, such as the Southwestern part of Japan, sub-Saharan Africa and South America, Caribbean, Middle East, and Australo-Melanesia regions. HTLV-1 causes adult T cell leukemia and is associated with many inflammatory conditions, most notably HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropic spastic paraparesis. HTLV-2, first isolated in 1982, was recognized as a common infection in intravenous drug users, but a clear association with disease remains elusive...
June 17, 2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38442343/early-and-contemporary-drivers-of-the-hiv-1-group-m-pandemic
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jude P Brennan-Calland
HIV emerged silently taking time to spread and become visible only through geographically isolated clusters of life-threatening immunodeficiency, known as AIDS since the early 80s. The clusters of infection expanded, overlapping to evolve into a pandemic that is ongoing and almost as silent. Phylogenetic analysis places the emergence of HIV-1 group M, the subtype responsible for the pandemic, in the human population more than 100 years ago. Once established, the rate and direction of spread of HIV-1 from local, to national, to contemporary pandemic proportions have varied over time and place...
March 5, 2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38442342/the-origin-of-the-four-major-focus-of-htlv-1-in-latin-america
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano, José Manuel Ramos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38442329/obelisks-newly-discovered-virus-like-particles
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano, Víctor Moreno-Torres, Octavio Corral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38442306/the-new-face-of-advanced-hiv-infection
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano, Pablo Barreiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 5, 2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530748/htlv-in-sweden
#6
REVIEW
Jan Vesterbacka, Anna-Karin Svensson, Piotr Nowak
Sweden is a country with a low prevalence of human lymphotropic T-cell virus (HTLV) infection, estimated at < 0.005%, but the infection rate is notably higher in specific risk groups such as HTLV-2 among intravenous drug users (IVDU) and people originating from HTLV-1 highly endemic areas. Thus, in the most recent study from 2012, the prevalence of HTLV-2 among IVDU in Stockholm was 3.2%. However, much of the epidemiological data on HTLV in Sweden stems from studies conducted primarily between the 1990s and 2007, and the impact of migration to Sweden during the past 15 years has not been evaluated...
2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530745/hiv-infection-and-esophageal-cancer-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gabriel Kamsu-Tchuente, Eugene J Ndebia
Africa hosts the highest burden of esophageal cancer (49%) and HIV (60%) worldwide. It is imperative to investigate the synergistic impact of these two diseases on African populations. This study conducted an exhaustive computerized search of databases, including Medline/PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane library, and African Journals Online, to identify eligible studies up to October 2023. HIV infection was the exposure, esophageal cancer risk was the outcome, and healthy subjects with no cancer history served as comparators...
2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530743/risk-factors-and-mortality-outcomes-of-covid-19-in-people-living-with-hiv-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahmoud Kandeel
This study was performed to reveal the risk factors associated with mortality in people living with HIV (PLHIV) who were diagnosed with COVID-19. Studies reporting deaths among PLHIV and infected with SARS-CoV-2 were investigated. After protocol setup and registration, the extracted sources were categorized and assessed for quality. This study examined ten articles with a total of 46,136 patients. Patients aged ≥ 60 years (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.22; 95% CI: 1.617, 3.050; p < 0.001), male (HR = 1.668; 95% CI: 1...
2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38530710/hiv-hbv-coinfection-understanding-the-complex-interactions-and-their-impact-on-spontaneous-hbv-clearance-chronic-liver-damage-cirrhosis-and-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jingwen Xiao, Yongzheng Zhang, Jia Wu, Xinping -Chen, Wei Zou
Compared to either HIV or hepatitis B virus (HBV) monoinfected individuals, HIV/HBV-coinfected individuals have a decreased probability of spontaneous HBV clearance and a greater risk of developing chronic liver damage and a faster progression to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. This manuscript attempts to provide a comprehensive review of the landscape of current HIV/HBV coinfection research with a focus on the intricate interactions between these two viruses. Our review will help understand the disease dynamics of HIV/HBV coinfection and has important implications for designing public health strategies...
2024: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38092029/pre-exposure-prophylaxis-of-non-hiv-viral-infections-and-the-role-of-long-acting-antivirals
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano, Víctor Moreno-Torres, Carmen de Mendoza, José V Fernández-Montero, Ana Treviño, Octavio Corral, Fernando de Jesús, Pablo Barreiro
Viruses cause a large burden of human infectious diseases. During the past 50 years, antivirals have been developed to treat many pathogenic viruses, including herpesviruses, retroviruses, hepatitis viruses, and influenza. Besides being used as treatment, antivirals have shown efficacy for preventing certain viral infections. Following the success in the HIV field, a renewed interest has emerged on the use of antivirals as prophylaxis for other viruses. The development of formulations with extended half-life has pushed further this consideration in persons at risk for a wide range of viral infections...
December 13, 2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38047901/-one-health-toward-an-integral-ecology-of-health
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37883995/htlv-european-research-network-2023-the-silent-pandemic-of-htlv-1-infection
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carmen de Mendoza, Ana Treviño, Vicente Soriano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37074776/mental-health-crisis-in-the-youth-and-rebound-in-sexually-transmitted-infections
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vicente Soriano, Joaquín González-Cabrera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38206792/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hiv-infection-in-truck-drivers-a-systematic-review-of-global-evidence
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
SeyedAhmad SeyedAlinaghi, Ramin Shahidi, Parisa Matini, Pegah Mirzapour, Ghazal Arjmand, Iman Amiri-Fard, Haleh Siami, Soudabeh Yarmohammadi, Esmaeil Mehraeen, Omid Dadras
Transporting and driving long distances might be associated with an increased risk of contracting HIV in truck drivers, which is recognized as a link to network transmission of HIV among this population. The present study aims to systematically review the prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection in truck drivers globally. A comprehensive search of the databases of Embase, PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was carried out. The original papers reporting statistics on the prevalence and risk factors of HIV infection among truck drivers were included...
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38206791/htlv-1-in-brazil-epidemiological-scenario-in-the-highest-endemic-country-in-the-world
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Tatiane Assone, Jorge Casseb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38206787/comparison-on-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-enrolled-on-anti-retroviral-therapy-at-different-levels-of-the-health-care-system-in-a-high-hiv-aids-setting
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Bokwena Moali, Lebapotswe B Tlale, Bornapate Nkomo, Moses Otieno, Nathanael Sirili, Marius Nsoh, Avelina Mgasa, Anissette Ngum-Busi, Ketshepile Taylor, Nokuthula Majingo, Esther Seloilwe, Yohana Mashalla
HIV/AIDS prevalence in Botswana is amongst the highest in the world and remains a significant public health problem. however, the introduction of anti-retroviral therapy (ART) lead to a significant reduction in morbidity and mortality. Decentralization of anti-retroviral therapy has improved access to treatment for people living with HIV. Treatment outcomes for patient initiated on treatment at different levels of care is unknown and this study seeks to compare treatment outcomes of patients enrolled on ART at different levels of the health care...
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37879634/mitochondrial-damage-as-cause-of-long-covid
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ilduara Pintos, Vicente Soriano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37879633/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-global-prevalence-of-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-people-living-with-hiv-and-associated-risk-factors
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mina Ebrahimi, Nayer Mehdizad, Fatemeh Yeganeh-Sefidan, Hanie Safarpour, Abdol S Pagheh, Amir Pouremamali, Somayeh Shiralizadeh, Ali Ghodrati, Sana Jafari, Firooz Shahrivar, Siamak Heidarzadeh, Mahboobeh Montazeri, Mohammad Yousef-Memar, Sonia M Rodrigues-Oliveira, Maria de-Lourdes-Pereira, Apostolos Beloukas, Kareem Hatam-Nahavandi, Aleksandra Barac, Milad Shirvaliloo, Ehsan Ahmadpour
People living with HIV (PLWH) constitute a vulnerable population for acquiring additional sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This study was conducted to provide a summary of the evidence on the global prevalence of STIs in PLWH with an emphasis on infectious agents, diagnostic methods, and related risk factors. PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science were systematically searched to include records published from January 01, 1990, to January 31, 2022, and the Google Scholar search engine was used to check the search strategy...
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37879632/rebound-in-sexually-transmitted-infections-after-the-covid-19-pandemic
#19
REVIEW
Vicente Soriano, Hilario Blasco-Fontecilla, Lucía Gallego, José V Fernández-Montero, Carmen de Mendoza, Pablo Barreiro
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have become the second in the global rating of infectious diseases after respiratory infections. Globally, over 1 million, new STI is diagnosed every day. Although four conditions are the most representative and of obligatory declaration (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia, and human immunodeficiency virus [HIV]), there are many other prevalent STI, including trichomona, herpes simplex, papillomavirus, and viral hepatitis. Herein, we perform a narrative and retrospective review, analyzing information from public databases from distinct Spanish government institutions...
2023: AIDS Reviews
https://read.qxmd.com/read/37879631/the-impact-of-the-m184v-resistance-mutation-on-treatment-outcomes-in-patients-with-hiv-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mahmoud Kandeel
HIV is a global deliberating infectious disease. Of note, more than 36 million people living with HIV (PLHIV) with approximately newly diagnosed 1.5 million cases annually. M184V is a single base mutation in the highly conserved YMDD domain of reverse transcriptase (RT). It is one of the most encountered resistances associated with mutations to nucleoside RT inhibitors. There were continuous efforts to evaluate the impact of M184V mutation on the treatment outcomes in PLHIV. Therefore, the present systematic review was executed to reveal the virological failure, virological suppression, and resistance to antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens in PLHIV with the M184V mutation...
2023: AIDS Reviews
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