Wei Xu, Jie Shen, Kuncai Li, Tianqi Zhao, Binqing Xie, Junliang Chen, Yun He
The present study aims to determine the optimum sectioning depth for the extraction of low-level horizontally impacted mandibular third molar (LHIM3M) using mechanical and finite element analysis. One hundred and fifty extracted mandibular third molars were randomly divided into three groups: 1, 2 or 3 mm of tooth tissue was retained at the bottom of the crown. The breaking force of teeth was tested in a universal strength testing machine. The fracture surface was observed and the type of tooth breakage was recorded...
June 5, 2023: Odontology
Caroline Glessner, Bhavik Desai, Stephen Looney, Bich Na Choi, Maurice Lewis, Jaspreet Farmaha, Ryan Bloomquist
Understanding the relationship between a patient's systemic and oral health is key for clinicians. The aim of this study was to determine if there is an association between specific findings in a dental exam, such as class V carious lesions, and the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification as a proxy for systemic health. A retrospective chart review was performed on all patient charts that met inclusion criteria including detailed, complete, and vetted charts obtained over a three-year period in the predoctoral clinic of a United States dental college...
June 1, 2023: Odontology
Essi Kallio, Tero Puolakkainen, Taina Tervahartiala, Johanna Snäll, Emilia Marttila, Timo Sorsa, Johanna Uittamo
OBJECTIVES: Matrix metalloproteinases are enzymes that participate in numerous inflammatory responses and have been targeted as biomarkers in numerous pathologic states. The detection of active matrix metalloproteinase-8 (aMMP-8) using a mouthrinse point-of-care test (POCT) has emerged as a diagnostic marker for periodontitis and other systemic inflammatory states. The objective of this pilot study was to assess the applicability of aMMP-8 POCT in an oral and maxillofacial surgery clinic and to evaluate the relationship between aMMP-8 levels and different patient groups...
May 30, 2023: Odontology
Kiichi Shimabukuro, Masaru Konishi, Pongsapak Wongratwanich, Toshikazu Nagasaki, Masahiko Ohtsuka, Yoshikazu Suei, Takashi Nakamoto, Naoya Kakimoto
This retrospective study aimed to investigate the prevalence of pre-eruptive intracoronal resorption (PEIR) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to explore the mechanism and characteristics of PEIR development. CBCT images of patients aged ≤ 20 years with unerupted teeth at Hiroshima University Hospital were collected. We examined 1530 patients with 10,576 unerupted teeth. Teeth with PEIR were identified for the detailed location and size of the PEIR in the crown using multiplanar reconstruction...
May 29, 2023: Odontology
Yuxin Wang, Lixia Zhang, Linlin Zhang, Jianbin Li, Zhenxian Sheng, Yi Du, Zhibin Zuo, Xijiao Yu
Extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) plays critical roles in the regulation of inflammation and bone metabolism. The roles of EMMPRIN signaling in osteoclasts are worthy of deep study. The present study aimed to investigate bone resorption in periodontitis through the intervention of EMMPRIN signaling. The distribution of EMMPRIN in human periodontitis was observed. RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation of mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMMs) were treated with EMMPRIN inhibitor in vitro...
May 25, 2023: Odontology
Pawat Sripodok, Haruka Saito, Atsumu Kouketsu, Tetsu Takahashi, Hiroyuki Kumamoto
Sirtuins (SIRTs) are a family of proteins involved in the metabolic process responsible for extending the lifespan. The role of SIRT1, 6, and 7 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and oral leukoplakia (OLP), one of its precursors, is still elusive. In this study, 82 OLP and 77 OSCC were immunohistochemically examined for SIRT1, 6, and 7. Stained sections were thoroughly scanned and evaluated using a digital image analysis program. The SIRT1, 6, and 7 expressions were detected in the nuclei of epithelial and carcinoma cells in various degrees...
May 16, 2023: Odontology
Luigi Generali, Federica Veneri, Eleonora Forabosco, Francesco Cavani, Veronica Piergianni, Paolo Sassatelli, Vittorio Checchi, Eugenio Pedullà
Detachment is the major cause of failure of endodontic fibre posts. Hollow posts have been recently introduced to overcome such issue. The primary aim of this pilot study was to compare the push-out bond strength of hollow posts and traditional solid posts. Eight round-shaped single-canal premolars extracted for periodontal reason were selected as sample and equally randomized into two groups: (i) traditional solid fibre posts-TECH21xop and ii) hollow fibre posts-TECHOLE. A dual-curing self-adhesive cement (new TECHCEM) was used for posts placement...
May 12, 2023: Odontology
Nastaran Sharifi, Mohammad Sadegh Ahmad Akhoundi, Mahshid Hodjat, Nooshin Haghighipour, Setareh Kazemi Veysari
Periodontal ligament (PDL) cells play an important role in mechanosensing and secretion of signaling molecules during bone remodeling. However, the regulatory mechanism is unknown. The aim of the present study is to investigate the expression pattern of periostin and sclerostin in response to orthodontic forces in periodontal ligament cells in vitro. PDL cells were isolated from extracted teeth and treated with compressive forces of 25 gr/cm2 or equiaxial tension forces at frequency 1 Hz for 0, 24, 48, and 72 h...
May 11, 2023: Odontology
Supacharin Piwat, Amina Basic, Nuntiya Pahumunto, Rawee Teanpaisan, Gunnar Dahlen
The prevalence of periodontitis among Thai schoolchildren is unknown. In a cross-sectional study, the prevalence and severity of periodontal diseases, in a group of Thai schoolchildren, along with the presence and numbers of bacterial species commonly associated with periodontitis were investigated. A consent form was sent out to 192 schoolchildren in one school (Chanachanupathom School) in Chana, Southern Thailand (in the age range of 12-18 years) and 119 attended for a clinical and microbiological examination...
May 8, 2023: Odontology
Rabia Majeed, Hoda Mohamed Elnawawy, Muralithran Govindan Kutty, Noor Azlin Yahya, Noor Hayati Azami, Noor Hayaty Abu Kasim, Mohamed Shady Nabhan, Paul Roy Cooper, Josette Camilleri, Hany Mohamed Aly Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2023: Odontology
S Garoushi, D Barlas, P K Vallittu, M B Uctasli, L Lassila
The aim of this study was to assess the fracture behavior of molar teeth restored with MOD inlays made of experimental short fiber-reinforced CAD/CAM composite block (SFRC CAD) before and after cyclic fatigue aging. Standardized MOD cavities were prepared on 60 intact mandibular molars. Three groups of CAD/CAM made inlay restorations (Cerasmart 270, Enamic, and SFRC CAD) were fabricated (n = 20/group). All restorations were luted with self-adhesive dual-cure resin cement (G-Cem One). Half of restored teeth per each group (n = 10) were quasi-statically loaded until fracture without aging...
April 25, 2023: Odontology
Bethânia Camargo Pinheiro, Tiago Novaes Pinheiro, Milena Gomes Melo Leite, Roberto Brandão Garcia, Norberti Bernardineli, Flávio Duarte Faria, Luciano Tavares Angelo Cintra, Clovis Monteiro Bramante
To investigate the effect of ELVAX polymer subgingival implants incorporated with echistatin peptide on incisor reimplanted tooth in rats. Forty-two male Wistars rats were divided into two groups: echistatin-treated rats (E) and control rats (C). The animals had their right maxillary incisors extracted and treated according to the International Association of Dental Traumatology replantation protocol. The extra-alveolar dry period was 30 and 60 min, and the post-surgical experimental periods were 15, 60, and 90 days...
April 19, 2023: Odontology
Larissa Marques Bemquerer, Sicília Rezende Oliveira, José Alcides Almeida de Arruda, Fernanda Pereira Delgado Costa, Lucyene Miguita, Ana Luisa Marques Bemquerer, Ana Carolina Velasco Pondé de Sena, Alessandra Figueiredo de Souza, Daniel Fajardo Mendes, Ayda Henriques Schneider, Michelle de Campos Soriani Azevedo, Denise Vieira Travassos, Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet, Fernando de Queiroz Cunha, Renato Santana de Aguiar, Renan Pedra de Souza, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Axel Spahr, Fabian Obregon-Miano, Lucas Guimarães Abreu, Fernando Oliveira Costa, Tarcília Aparecida Silva
PURPOSE: Periodontitis and coronavirus disease (COVID-19) share risk factors and activate similar immunopathological pathways, intensifying systemic inflammation. This study investigated the clinical, immunological and microbiological parameters in individuals with COVID-19 and controls, exploring whether periodontitis-driven inflammation contributes to worsening COVID-19 endpoints. METHODS: Case (positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2) and control (negative RT-PCR) individuals underwent clinical and periodontal assessments...
April 14, 2023: Odontology
Xiaowei Yi, Yao Song, Jialei Xu, Liu Wang, Liu Liu, Dingming Huang, Lan Zhang
Diabetes mellitus (DM), characterized by production and accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs), induces and promotes chronic inflammation in tissues, including periodontal tissue. Increasing amount of epidemiological and experimental evidence demonstrated that more extensive inflammatory reaction and bone resorption occurred in periodontal tissues in diabetic patients with periodontitis, which is speculated to be related to NLRP3 inflammasome. NLRP10 is the only NOD-like receptor protein lacking leucine-rich repeats, suggesting that NLRP10 may be a regulatory protein...
April 12, 2023: Odontology
Bilal Maqbool, Heleine Maria Chagas Rego, Gildo Coelho Santos, Nilgun Ari, Maria Jacinta Moraes Coelho Santos
Because the use of hydrofluoric acid (HF) poses health risks if handled improperly, many clinicians prefer to have the ceramic restorations pre-etched in dental laboratories. However, during the try-in procedure, the pre-etched glass-ceramic restorations may be contaminated with saliva resulting in reduced bond strength. This in-vitro study aimed to investigate the effect of different surface treatments on the bond strength of lithium disilicate (LD) glass-ceramic restorations (IPS e.max Press, Ivoclar Vivadent) to two resin cements...
April 10, 2023: Odontology
Zahıde Erbulak, Gulfem Ergun
The high cost of CAD/CAM systems and materials is a severe economic burden. Therefore, repair of CAD/CAM PMMA, selecting appropriate repair materials, and surface modifications are clinically important. This study aims to evaluate the shear bond strength of PMMA repair materials after various surface treatments on CAD/CAM PMMA denture base material. For this purpose, a total of 480 CAD/CAM PMMA denture base test specimens were manufactured. Then all test specimens were divided into 6 groups, and different surface treatments were applied...
April 4, 2023: Odontology
Satoru Hirai, Haruka Takahashi, Akira Tanaka
Salivary gland hypofunction adversely affects the oral environment and daily life by causing dry mouth (xerostomia). Senescence-related atrophy of salivary gland tissues is one cause of xerostomia, and it is particularly common among the elderly. However, the underlying mechanism is poorly understood, and no treatment has been established. Therefore, we examined age-related changes in senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) factors, which regulate stemness and cellular senescence, in mouse submandibular glands...
March 31, 2023: Odontology
Kana Nimura, Hiroshi Shiga, Masaoki Yokoyama
This study aimed to clarify whether physical constitution affects masticatory function. A total of 251 healthy adults with completely natural dentition participated in this study. Height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were used as parameters representing physical constitution, and the amount of glucose eluted from chewed gummy jelly and maximum occlusal force was used as parameter representing masticatory function. Handgrip strength was also measured. After comparing each parameter between male and female participants, the relationship between physical constitution and masticatory function was investigated in the combined (male and female) group, the male group, and the female group...
March 31, 2023: Odontology
Swagata Saha, Aditi Chopra, Shobha Ullas Kamath, Namita N Kashyap
Probiotics are live microorganisms that upon administration in adequate amounts provide various health benefits to the host. Probiotics are "lactic acid-producing bacteria" as they release large amounts of organic acids, particularly lactic acids, in their surrounding environment. Although the acids produced by probiotics are beneficial for gastrointestinal and vaginal health, the acidogenic nature of probiotics has raised concerns among dental professionals, especially concerning their effect on the enamel and dentin...
March 30, 2023: Odontology
Khalid Al Hezaimi, Yaara Berdan, Ilan Rotstein
A significant advancement in micro-computed tomography (μCT) translational application in endodontics has occurred. The purpose of the study was to assess the applications of a new method to measure dentin mineral density (DMD) and to compare between 2 levels of energy sources. Two sets of standardized porous solid hydroxyapatite (HA) phantoms, with mineral densities of 0.25 g/cm3 and 0.75 g/cm3, respectively were embedded in aluminum foil. The μCT homogeneity and noise in the HA phantoms were analyzed using 50 kV and 100 kV energy sources...
March 30, 2023: Odontology
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