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Current Sports Medicine Reports

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730342/youth-distance-running-strategies-for-training-and-injury-reduction
#1
Brian J Krabak, Adam S Tenforde, Irene S Davis, Michael Fredericson, Mark A Harrast, Pierre d'Hemecourt, Anthony C Luke, William O Roberts
Running is a popular sport for children in the United States. However, review of available literature on health effects and safety recommendations for youth running has not been previously conducted. Unique factors for injury include periods of growth during puberty and potential for growth plate injury. Youth runners may benefit from activities that incorporate high-impact loading and multidirectional movement for optimal bone maturation, exercises to strengthen tendons and muscles, and strategies aimed at improving running biomechanics to reduce risk of injury...
February 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730341/pelvic-floor-dysfunction-in-the-female-athlete
#2
Kaina Louis-Charles, Kristin Biggie, Ainsly Wolfinbarger, Becky Wilcox, Carolyn M Kienstra
Pelvic floor dysfunction (PFD) is a term used to describe a variety of disorders involving moderate to severe impairment of the pelvic floor muscles. It can be divided into two broad categories. Relaxing PFD is more common, presenting with urinary incontinence, fecal incontinence, or pelvic organ prolapse. Nonrelaxing PFD symptoms include impaired ability to evacuate urine or stool, sexual dysfunction, and pelvic pain. Unfamiliarity with this diagnosis among medical providers along with nonspecific symptoms often lead to a delayed or missed diagnosis for patients...
February 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730340/using-ultrasound-and-clinical-tools-to-diagnose-gout
#3
Jeffery C Leggit, Jonathan Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730339/developing-physician-leaders
#4
Joe Doty, Dean Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30730338/medical-provision-for-obstacle-course-races
#5
Matthew Sherrier, Kentaro Onishi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624333/eliminating-fighting-and-head-hits-from-hockey-opportunities-and-barriers
#6
Aynsley M Smith, Kyle J Farrell, William O Roberts, Mae R Moris, Michael J Stuart
Removing fighting from ice hockey is an essential concussion prevention strategy that will improve the safety of the game at all levels.
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624332/proceedings-from-the-ice-hockey-summit-iii-action-on-concussion
#7
Aynsley M Smith, Patrick A Alford, Mark Aubry, Brian Benson, Amanda Black, Alison Brooks, Charles Burke, Ryan D'Arcy, David Dodick, Michael Eaves, Chad Eickhoff, Kristen Erredge, Kyle Farrell, Jonathon Finnoff, Douglas D Fraser, Christopher Giza, Richard M Greenwald, Blaine Hoshizaki, John Huston, Janelle Jorgensen, Michael Joyner, David Krause, Nicole LaVoi, Matthew Leaf, John Leddy, Kevin Margarucci, Susan Margulies, Jason Mihalik, Thayne Munce, Anna Oeur, Cara Prideaux, William O Roberts, Francis Shen, David Soma, Mark Tabrum, Michael B Stuart, Jennifer Wethe, James R Whitehead, Diane Wiese-Bjornstal, Michael J Stuart
The Ice Hockey Summit III provided updated scientific evidence on concussions in hockey to inform these five objectives: 1) describe sport-related concussion (SRC) epidemiology, 2) classify prevention strategies, 3) define objective, diagnostic tests, 4) identify treatment, and 5) integrate science and clinical care into prioritized action plans and policy. Our action plan evolved from 40 scientific presentations. The 155 attendees (physicians, athletic trainers, physical therapists, nurses, neuropsychologists, scientists, engineers, coaches, and officials) voted to prioritize these action items in the final Summit session...
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624331/sports-related-concussion-genetic-factors
#8
Christopher A McGrew
Genetic biomarkers have been evaluated for validity in predicting risk for sports-related concussion as well as prognosticating recovery from this injury. Research results from predominantly small-scale pilot studies thus far are mixed and preliminary findings have not been adequately replicated. Currently, the use of such genetic biomarkers should be considered investigational and not for routine clinical use.
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624330/when-is-it-safe-to-drive-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sports-related-concussion
#9
Jacob Christensen, Christopher A McGrew
Driving an automobile has inherent danger, and driving after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)/sports-related concussion (SRC) can make this task even more hazardous. There is evidence to suggest that restriction from driving for the first 24 to 48 h after mTBI/SRC is probably reasonable. However, after the first 48 h have passed, there is insufficient evidence to make a recommendation regarding return to driving. Clinicians need to weigh the evidence and make decisions on how to advise their patients on a case by case basis...
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624329/medical-and-musculoskeletal-concerns-for-the-wheelchair-athlete-a-review-of-preventative-strategies
#10
Rebecca A Dutton
Adaptive sports refers to organized sporting activities that are practiced by individuals with disabilities and are worthwhile to maintain physical and psychological health. As adaptive sports participation continues to rise, health care providers must have an enhanced understanding of injury and illness patterns specific to the adaptive athlete. Early recognition and prevention are important to ensure safe and successful participation in sport. The present review aims to provide a framework for diagnosis and prevention of common conditions specific to the wheelchair athlete...
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624328/are-young-athletes-strong-enough-for-sport-dream-on
#11
Avery D Faigenbaum, James P MacDonald, G Gregory Haff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624327/pondering-the-perils-of-too-much-iron-and-round-red-cells
#12
E Randy Eichner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624326/featuring-evan-stuart-bass-md
#13
Lori Tish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531467/integration-of-wearable-sensors-into-the-evaluation-of-running-economy-and-foot-mechanics-in-elite-runners
#14
Borja Muniz-Pardos, Shaun Sutehall, Jules Gellaerts, Mathieu Falbriard, Benoît Mariani, Andrew Bosch, Mersha Asrat, Jonathan Schaible, Yannis P Pitsiladis
Running economy, known as the steady-state oxygen consumption at a given submaximal intensity, has been proposed as one of the key factors differentiating East African runners from other running communities around the world. Kenyan runners have dominated middle- and long-distance running events and this phenomenon has been attributed, in part at least, to their exceptional running economy. Despite such speculation, there are no data on running mechanics during real-life situations such as during training or competition...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531466/the-effect-of-exercise-training-on-autonomic-cardiovascular-regulation-from-cardiac-patients-to-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Ferdinando Iellamo, Maurizio Volterrani, Alessia Di Gianfrancesco, Chiara Fossati, Maurizio Casasco
Exercise training is increasingly promoted for physical and mental health and represents a major factor in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular (CV) diseases. The beneficial effects of exercise, in part, can be ascribed to adaptations of neural CV regulation through several mechanisms. In this article, we summarize how exercise training affects neural CV regulation and outline the plasticity of neural network in the continuum from cardiac patients to elite athletes.
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531465/the-fluidity-of-gender-and-implications-for-the-biology-of-inclusion-for-transgender-and-intersex-athletes
#16
Joanna Harper, Giscard Lima, Alexander Kolliari-Turner, Fernanda Rossell Malinsky, Guan Wang, Maria Jose Martinez-Patino, Siddhartha S Angadi, Theodora Papadopoulou, Fabio Pigozzi, Leighton Seal, James Barrett, Yannis P Pitsiladis
One of the most contentious issues in modern day sport arises when sports are divided into male and female categories. The International Association of Athletics Federations' (IAAF) previous policy regulating intersex athletes was suspended by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), resulting in a new policy. The challenge faced by the governing body of athletics is to formulate a policy that upholds both international law and the Olympic charter that stipulates athletes compete without discrimination of any kind...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531464/the-performance-effects-of-microdose-recombinant-human-erythropoietin-administration-and-carbon-monoxide-rebreathing
#17
Shaun Sutehall, Marcos Martin-Rincon, Guan Wang, Jonathan Shurlock, Jérôme Durussel, Martin Mooses, Jun Wang, Yannis P Pitsiladis
Frequent, low doses of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) have been shown to increase the oxygen carrying capacity of an athlete and enhance endurance performance, although its effect on repeated sprint ability (RSA) remains unknown. If the mechanisms behind improved RSA performance reside within the augmented O2 carrying capacity, then carbon monoxide (CO) inhalation should inhibit RSA. Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the effects on maximal oxygen uptake (V˙O2max) and RSA of two interventions known to differentially influence blood oxygen carrying capacity...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531463/use-of-the-trh-stimulation-test-to-assess-long-term-changes-of-thyroid-function-in-an-olympic-athlete
#18
Jeffrey S Brown, Krista G Austin, Melissa Givens, F Carl Lewis
This case report presents the utility of the thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH) stimulation test for assessing endocrine disease in athletes. On two occasions, 4 years apart (1992 and 1996), a TRH stimulation test was performed to corroborate clinical symptoms and observation. On the first occasion, the patient's symptoms were not attributed to thyroid disease. He was treated for a sinus infection with amoxicillin/clavulanate 500 mg three times per day for 1 wk. On the second occasion, thyroid disease was confirmed and treatment with 100-μg L-thyroxine was initiated...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531462/effects-of-ketone-bodies-on-endurance-exercise
#19
REVIEW
Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi, Paolo Sgrò
Priorities for every athlete include improving endurance performance, optimizing training, nutrition, and recovery. Nutritional strategies are crucial to support athletes to perform at the highest level, and considering that muscular and hepatic glycogen stores are limited, alternative strategies to maximize fat metabolism have been suggested. A ketogenic diet has been proposed as a possible method of providing metabolic fuel during prolonged periods of exercise. However, clinical trials and empirical experience have produced contrasting results regarding the ergogenic value of a ketogenic diet...
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30531461/mesenchymal-stem-cell-therapy-in-osteoarthritis-and-regenerative-medicine
#20
Julien Freitag, Michael Austin Kenihan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
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