journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38655561/isolation-and-identification-of-pasteurella-multocida-and-mannheimia-haemolytica-from-pneumonic-small-ruminants-and-their-antibiotic-susceptibility-in-haramaya-district-eastern-ethiopia
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohammed Abdulkadir, Taju Nigussie, Isayas Asefa Kebede
BACKGROUND: Pasteurella species are frequently encountered as serious diseases in small ruminants. It is the main cause of respiratory pasteurellosis in sheep and goats of all age groups. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2022 to April 2023 in Haramaya district, eastern Ethiopia, to isolate and identify Pasteurella multocida and Mannheimia haemolytica and estimate their prevalence, associated risk factors, and antimicrobial sensitivity of isolates in small ruminants using a purposive sampling method...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38633105/profile-of-patients-with-maxillofacial-space-infections-and-associated-risk-factors
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Srikanth Gadicherla, Kirti Manglani, Kalyana C Pentapati, Adarsh Kudva, Chithra Aramanadka, Rajaji Chandravel
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the profile of patients operated for maxillofacial space infections and associated risk factors for the length of hospital stay. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study among patients operated for maxillofacial infections at our center from 2010 to 2020. Information collected from the records were age, sex, type and number of spaces involved, clinical signs and symptoms (pain, swelling, toothache, sore throat, otalgia, hoarseness, headache, cough, neck swelling, rancid breath, sialorrhea, gingival swelling, muffled voice, trismus, fever, dysphagia, odynophagia, malaise, lymphadenopathy, dyspnoea, pus discharge), treatment modality, total leukocyte count, evidence of bacterial growth, comorbidities, complications if any and length of hospital stay...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38633104/comparative-neuroprotective-effects-of-moringa-oleifera-seed-oil-and-aqueous-extract-on-cognitive-functions-on-a-high-fat-high-fructose-diet-mice-focus-on-senescence-markers
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Wawaimuli Arozal, Muhamad Sadam Safutra, Agian Jeffilano Barinda, Harri Hardi, Nounik Cheri Dwita, Hee J Lee
Several studies have demonstrated that Moringa oleifera (MO) has different pharmacological properties, including neuroprotective effects. However, the role of MO in preventing brain impairment in high-fat, high-fructose diet (HFFD) remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of MO leaves aqueous extract (MOE) and moringa seed oil (MOO) against brain impairment in mice with HFFD. Twenty-eight male mice were randomly divided into four groups: normal diet, HFFD, HFFD + MOE 500 mg/kgBW, and HFFD + MOO 2 mL/kgBW...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38628597/development-and-performance-evaluation-of-biomass-based-injera-baking-gasifier-stove-a-case-study-of-clean-cooking-technologies-in-ethiopia
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dawit Tessema Ebissa, Eshetu Getahun
The primary energy source in Ethiopia is biomass. Over 80% of Ethiopians are rural dwellers who rely on biomass energy for lighting and cooking. In most parts of Ethiopia, injera is traditionally baked using an open fire, a three stone, or a device using woody biomass. These baking stoves have very low efficiency and consume a significant amount of fuel. Moreover, these traditional baking stoves have released large amounts of indoor air pollution, which has led to different types of health-related risks, especially for women and children in the country...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38623388/characteristics-risk-factors-and-outcomes-in-acute-kidney-injury-patients-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study-palestine
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Abdallah Damin Abukhalil, Haya Alyazouri, Reem Alsheikh, Hadeel Kahla, Minna Mousa, Hosniyeh Ladadweh, Ni'meh Al-Shami, Yousef Sahoury, Hani Naseef, Abdullah Rabba
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major medical problem affecting patients' quality of life and healthcare costs. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the severity, risk factors, and outcomes of patients diagnosed with acute kidney injury (AKI), including community-acquired AKI (CA-AKI) and hospital-acquired AKI (HA-AKI), who were admitted to tertiary institutions in Palestine. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted at multiple tertiary care hospitals in Palestine by reviewing patient charts from January 2020 to March 2023...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38586235/population-under-stress-the-coping-mechanisms-of-lebanese-adults-in-times-of-intermingling-crises-and-their-relationship-with-stress
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Hazem Iaali, Karine Eid, Alex El Darzi, Jennifer Joukhdar, Nour Khoury, Miran A Jaffa
The Lebanese population has faced numerous stressors due to multiple crises in the past four years. This study aims to measure the perceived stress of the Lebanese population, identify the coping mechanisms being used, and determine whether they are associated with their stress levels. A cross-sectional study of 205 individuals randomly selected from Beirut was conducted. Frequency distribution, descriptive analysis, and multivariable cumulative logit models were used to determine the associations between coping mechanisms and perceived stress...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38559755/a-review-of-the-prospective-effects-of-spacing-and-varieties-on-onion-yield-and-yield-components-allium-cepa-l-in-ethiopia
#27
REVIEW
Yohannes Gelaye, Kelemu Nakachew, Solomon Ali
Onion ( Allium cepa L.) is the most important commercial vegetable crop widely grown throughout the world. It is also an important bulb crop in Ethiopia. However, its production and productivity are restricted by different factors, including biotic and abiotic stresses. This review investigates the potential impacts of spacing and varieties on onion yield and yield components in Ethiopia. Countries around the world are producing onion for its nutritional value, medicinal properties, minerals, proteins, and carbohydrates...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38515931/chemical-profiling-and-biological-activities-on-nepalese-medicinal-plant-extracts-and-isolation-of-active-fraction-of-nyctanthes-arbor-tristis
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Anita Khadka, Akash Budha Magar, Khaga Raj Sharma
The importance of medicinal plants for the treatment of different diseases is high from the aspects of the pharmaceutical industry and traditional healers. The present study involves nine different medicinal plants, namely, Neolamarckia cadamba, Nyctanthes arbor-tristis, Pogostemon benghalensis, Equisetum debile, Litsea monopetala, Spilanthes uliginosa, Desmostachya bipinnata, Mallotus philippensis, and Phoenix humilis, collected from Chitwan district of Nepal for biochemical analysis followed by the isolation of active plant fractions from the bioactive plant extract...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38510569/nutritional-composition-and-antinutritional-factors-of-five-wild-edible-fruits-grown-in-the-mekdela-district-south-of-wollo-ethiopia
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yalew Yiblet
This study was carried out to determine the mineral content and nutritional properties of five wild fruits Rhus vulgaris , Rosa abyssinica , Rhus natalensis , Euclea racemosa , and Ficus sur . The proximate composition parameters (moisture, ash, crude fiber, crude fat, and crude protein) and antinutritional factors were evaluated using methods of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists and elemental analysis using the atomic absorption spectroscopy technique. Among the five wild edible fruit species, Rhus vulgaris had the highest carbohydrate content (83...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38510568/knowledge-attitude-and-practice-kap-status-toward-clinical-reasoning-and-evidence-based-medicine-among-the-medical-interns-and-gynecology-residents-of-iran-university-of-medical-sciences
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mojgan Javedani Masroor, Saeid Rezaei, Seyed Ali Hashemi Kiapey, Mahdi Hakiminezhad, Seyyed Amir Yasin Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Clinical reasoning and evidence-based medicine (EBM) are important concepts in modern medicine. OBJECTIVE: We performed this study to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) status toward clinical reasoning and EBM among the medical interns and gynecology resident physicians of Iran University of Medical Sciences and related factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study (Tehran, Iran, first half of 2022) was conducted based on two researcher-made questionnaires consisting of three components for each including clinical reasoning attitude (CR-A), clinical reasoning knowledge (CR-K), clinical reasoning practice (CR-P), EBM attitude (EBM-A), EBM knowledge (EBM-K), and EBM practice (EBM-P)...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38505371/steaming-maintains-fatty-acids-antioxidants-and-proximate-content-in-snack-bar-products-from-cocoa-beans
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kasma Iswari, Atman, Leni Marlina, Riska, Sri Satya Antarlina, Ratna Wylis Arief, Waryat, Rosniyati Suwarda, Noveria Sjafrina, Alvi Yani, Sunarmani, Gabriel Herald Joseph, Meivie Lintang, Payung Layuk, Abdullah Bin Arif
Chocolate products on the market are generally in the form of chocolate bars as snacks made from cocoa powder. Fat and powder are separated first through a pressing process to obtain the cocoa powder. Cocoa powder loses most of its fat content during processing. Therefore, the study aimed to determine the effect of steaming time on the cocoa bean content of fatty acids, free fatty acids, proximate levels, and antioxidant activity of snack bar products made from steamed cocoa beans. Seven steaming time intervals for cocoa beans were studied...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495479/application-of-hierarchical-multilevel-models-and-quality-of-reporting-2010-2020-a-systematic-review
#32
REVIEW
Killian Asampana Asosega, Atinuke Olusola Adebanji, Eric Nimako Aidoo, Ellis Owusu-Dabo
INTRODUCTION: Multilevel models have gained immense popularity across almost every discipline due to the presence of hierarchy in most data and phenomena. In this paper, we present a systematic review on the adoption and application of multilevel models and the important information reported on the results generated from the use of these models. METHODS: The review was performed by searching Google Scholar for original research articles on the application of multilevel models published between 2010 and 2020...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38495478/aa5052-pvc-aa5052-al-pvc-al-sandwich-sheets-forming-analysis-through-in-plane-plane-stretching-tests
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
P Praveen Kumar Reddy, Chinmaya Prasad Padhy, P Janaki Ramulu
Sheet metal forming is one of the key processes for the automotive sector to be considered. Sheet metal formability is being tested as received, joining them with different welding/joining processes (i.e., tailored blanks) and making them as sandwich forms to reduce the total weight of the body. These sandwich formations of sheets are an advanced method by incorporating PVC/polymer sheets in between metal sheets with a suitable binder. The present work has investigated the formability of AA5052-PVC-AA5052 (Al-PVC-Al) sandwich sheets by considering the sheet rolling direction as a parameter...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38450244/leaf-extracts-of-moringa-oleifera-cultivated-in-baghdad-characterization-and-antimicrobial-potential-against-endodontic-pathogens
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nada E Shafiq, Anas F Mahdee, Zainab Y Mohammed Hasan
The use of medicinal plant preparations to clean and disinfect root canal infection is gaining popularity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bioactive composition of leaf extracts of Moringa oleifera plants cultivated in Iraq (specifically Baghdad) and their antimicrobial activity against selected root canal pathogens for potential application in endodontic treatment. Materials and Methods . Moringa leaf extracts were prepared either through cold maceration or warm digestion techniques to perform an ethanolic or aqueous extraction, respectively...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38434937/mnox-coffea-arabica-husk-and-catha-edulis-leftover-biochar-nanocomposites-for-removal-of-methylene-blue-from-wastewater
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jemere Kochito, Abera Gure, Negera Abdissa, Tamene Tadesse Beyene, Olu Emmanuel Femi
In this study, we investigated the use of manganese oxide-biochar nanocomposites (MnOx-BNC), synthesized from coffee husk (CH) and khat leftover (KL) for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from wastewater. Pristine biochars of each biomass (CH and KL) as well as their corresponding biochar-based nanocomposites were synthesized by pyrolyzing at 300°C for 1 h. The biochar-based nanocomposites were synthesized by pretreating 25 g of each biomass with 12.5 mmol of KMnO4 . To assess the MB removal efficiency, we conducted preliminary tests using 0...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38414494/sole-and-combined-application-of-biodigestate-n-p-and-k-fertilizers-impacts-on-soil-chemical-properties-and-maize-performance
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aruna Olasekan Adekiya, Olufunmilayo Titilayo Ande, Samuel Olatunde Dahunsi, Joshua Ogunwole
The fertilizing effects of biodigestate produced from biogas plants on crop and soil productivity are very scarce. Hence, a field study was conducted in 2022 at the Teaching and Research Farm of Bowen University, Iwo, Osun State, Nigeria. The study evaluated the effects of biodigestate fertilizer, applied alone or in combination with urea, single superphosphate, or muriate of potash fertilizers at low (N1 , K1 , and P1 ) and high (N2 , P2 , and K2 ) rates on soil chemical properties, growth, and yield of maize ( Zea mays (L...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38404932/proteomics-and-its-current-application-in-biomedical-area-concise-review
#37
REVIEW
Semira Gobena, Bemrew Admassu, Mebrie Zemene Kinde, Abebe Tesfaye Gessese
Biomedical researchers tirelessly seek cutting-edge technologies to advance disease diagnosis, drug discovery, and therapeutic interventions, all aimed at enhancing human and animal well-being. Within this realm, proteomics stands out as a pivotal technology, focusing on extensive studies of protein composition, structure, function, and interactions. Proteomics, with its subdivisions of expression, structural, and functional proteomics, plays a crucial role in unraveling the complexities of biological systems...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38390436/the-flow-rate-of-the-condenser-cooling-water-in-the-distillation-process-increases-the-quality-and-quantity-of-patchouli-oil
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Husein Smith, Muhammad Assagaf, Rosniyati Suwarda, Agus Budiyanto, Himawan Adinegoro, Lamhot Parulian Manalu, Rienoviar, Rosniati, Feri Manoi, Justus Elisa Loppies, Sitti Ramlah, Sunarmani, Siti Mariana Widayanti, Setyadjit, Tri Marwati, Nurdi Setyawan, Rudy Tjahjohutomo, Enrico Syaefullah, Risfaheri, Abdullah Bin Arif
Indonesia is an important essential oil-exporting country globally, where 40 types of essential oils have been traded on the international market and are products of Indonesia. However, the quality and quantity of patchouli oil produced in Indonesia are still low. Most essential oil processing units use simple or traditional technology and generally have limited production capacity. This study aimed to obtain the optimum water flow rate in a condenser system for patchouli oil production in Maluku, Indonesia...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38375132/a-healed-intertrochanteric-femur-fracture-shoulder-and-rib-fractures-in-an-ancient-nubian-female-an-osteoarchaeological-perspective
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Randall T Loder, Michele R Buzon, Kaitlyn E Sanders
This report is a case of a healed proximal intertrochanteric femur fracture nonunion in an ancient Nubian adult female, approximately 58 years old at the time of death, from the Tombos archaeological site in present day northern Sudan. Tombos was founded as an Egyptian colonial town during the New Kingdom Period (14001070 BC). The individual was radiocarbon dated to 1114-910 BC and also exhibited healed fractures of the left proximal humerus and ribs. There was shortening and mild atrophy of the right femur compared to the left; radiographs demonstrated a varus deformity of the proximal femur with associated retroversion...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38371227/assessment-of-anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-activities-of-a-proprietary-preparation-of-quercetin-rutin-blend-sophorox%C3%A2-in-exercised-rats
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Devanand Shanmugasundaram, James Martin Roza
OBJECTIVES: Flavonoids comprise a huge class of phenolic compounds widely distributed throughout the plant kingdom. Although quercetin and rutin have been studied individually for their therapeutic value, the synergistic effect of combining the two has previously not been measured. The objective of this trial was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of both quercetin and rutin when combined in the form of SophorOx™ (a proprietary preparation of quercetin-rutin) in exercised rats...
2024: TheScientificWorldJournal
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