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T M Al-Shami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Gustavo Carvalho do Nascimento, Ryhára Dias Batista, Claudia Cristina Auler do Amaral Santos, Ezequiel Marcelino da Silva, Fabrício Coutinho de Paula, Danylo Bezerra Mendes, Deyla Paula de Oliveira, Alex Fernando de Almeida
β -fructofuranosidase (invertase) and β -D-fructosyltransferase (FTase) are enzymes used in industrial processes to hydrolyze sucrose aiming to produce inverted sugar syrup or fructooligosaccharides. In this work, a black Aspergillus sp. PC-4 was selected among six filamentous fungi isolated from canned peach syrup which were initially screened for invertase production. Cultivations with pure carbon sources showed that invertase and FTase were produced from glucose and sucrose, but high levels were also obtained from raffinose and inulin...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Koichi Tomita, Hiroshi Ishikawa
Pluripotent stem cells are used in regenerative medicine and exist in various internal organs. However, there are a small number of reports of neural cells or neural stem cells existing in the spleen. In this study, we sought to identify possible neural stem cells in the mouse spleen. The spleens of ICR mice were removed and small specimens were incubated in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium with Nutrient Mixture F-12 containing either 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 20% FBS, 10% neonate bovine serum, or 10% fetal calf serum...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Hasan Çilgin
Objectives: Some of the social factors were related to hormone replacement therapy. The purpose of this study is to determine hormone replacement therapy (HRT) rates and to illustrate social factors affecting hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. Material and Methods: This study comprised a total of 1052 postmenopausal women, 926 of whom were reported menopausal symptoms and sought for the treatment. 432 of these 926 participants had treated their symptoms by receiving HRT...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Matteo Cerquetella, Giacomo Rossi, Andrea Spaterna, Beniamino Tesei, Alessandra Gavazza, Graziano Pengo, Stefania Pucciarelli, Luca Scortichini, Gianni Sagratini, Massimo Ricciutelli, Andrea Marchegiani, Silvia Vincenzetti
Different laboratory markers are routinely used in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal (GI) disease in dogs. In the present study, starting from feces from both healthy dogs and dogs suffering from food responsive diarrhea (FRD), we tried to find proteins differently expressed in the two groups of dogs, by using a proteomic approach. Interestingly, we found that the immunoglobulin J-chain isoform 1 (species: Canis lupus familiaris ) was identified only in diseased dogs (not in healthy). J-chain combines especially IgA monomers to IgA dimers and plays a crucial role for their secretions into mucosal interface...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Devotha G Nyambo, Edith T Luhanga, Zaipuna O Yonah, Fidalis D N Mujibi
The heterogeneity of smallholder dairy production systems complicates service provision, information sharing, and dissemination of new technologies, especially those needed to maximize productivity and profitability. In order to obtain homogenous groups within which interventions can be made, it is necessary to define clusters of farmers who undertake similar management activities. This paper explores robustness of production cluster definition using various unsupervised learning algorithms to assess the best approach to define clusters...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Peter Adatara, Agani Afaya, Solomon Mohammed Salia, Richard Adongo Afaya, Kennedy Diema Konlan, Eric Agyabeng-Fandoh, Ethel Agbinku, Esther Aku Ayandayo, Irene Gifty Boahene
Worldwide, neonatal sepsis accounts for an estimated 26% of under-five deaths, with sub-Saharan Africa having the highest mortality rates. Though worldwide neonatal deaths have decreased by over 3.6 million per year since 2000, neonatal sepsis remains a notable hindrance to the progress in the decline of cause-specific mortality rates especially in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aimed at examining the risk factors of neonatal sepsis at the Trauma and Specialist Hospital, Winneba. The study was an unmatched case control retrospective study...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Janir Alves Soares, Maria Auxiliadora Roque de Carvalho, Suelleng Maria Cunha Santos Soares, Rodrigo Dantas Pereira, Manoel Brito-Júnior, Paula Prazeres Magalhães, Isabel Alessandra Miranda Nunes, Rudys Rodolpho de Jesus Tavarez, Claudia de Castro Rizzi, Rafaela Nogueira Moreira, Luiz de Macêdo Farias, Etevaldo Matos Maia Filho
Objective: To quantify Enterococcus faecalis density in root canal dentin after chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using alternated irrigating regimen. Methodology: Root canals (RC) were contaminated with E. faecalis (ATCC 19433) for 3 weeks and evident biofilms were obtained. After initial sampling (S1), the CMP was aided by irrigants: saline solution (control; n=12), a conventional regimen (CR) (group 1; n=12) using 5.25% NaOCl and a final rinse with 17% EDTA, and an alternating regimen (AR) of intercalated use of NaOCl and EDTA (group 2, n=12), followed by a second sampling (S2)...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Furqon Alfahmi, Rizaldi Boer, Rahmat Hidayat, Perdinan, Ardhasena Sopaheluwakan
Indonesian Maritime Continent has the second longest coastline in the world, but the characteristics of offshore rainfall and its relation to coastline type are not clearly understood. As a region with eighty percent being an ocean, knowledge of offshore rainfall is important to support activity over oceans. This study investigates the climatology of offshore rainfall based on TRMM 3B42 composite during 1998-2015 and its dynamical atmosphere which induces high rainfall intensity using WRF-ARW. The result shows that concave coastline drives the increasing rainfall over ocean with Cenderawasih Bay (widest concave coastline) having the highest rainfall offshore intensity (16...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Seong-Hyop Kim, Chung-Sik Oh, Tae-Gyoon Yoon, Min Jeng Cho, Jung-Hyun Yang, Hye Ran Yi
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/724753.].
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Takuma Sato, Jun-Ichi Takino, Kentaro Nagamine, Kazuto Nishio, Takamitsu Hori
We have identified ras guanyl releasing protein 2 ( rasgrp2 ) as a blood vessel related gene from Xenopus embryo. In addition, we reported that RASGRP2 is also expressed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). It is known that RASGRP2 activates Ras-related protein 1 (Rap1). However, the function of RASGRP2 in human vascular endothelium remains unknown. Therefore, we performed functional analysis of RASGRP2 using immortalized HUVEC (TERT HUVEC). We established a stable RASGRP2 overexpressing cell line (TERT HUVEC R) and mock cell line (mock)...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Paulin Sainclair Kouassy Kalédjé, Jules-Rémy Ndam Ngoupayou, Alain Fouépé Takounjou, Mireille Zebsa, Felaniaina Rakotondrabe, Joseph Mvondo Ondoa
During the night of November 18 to 19, 2016, many stormy cells are not very mobile organized on the east of the southern plateau of Cameroon and dumped up to 260 mm of rain in 4 hours. Occurring on a relatively saturated soil, these rains caused strong floods of Kadey and Doumé. The floods were particularly damaging in the city of Batouri, where a subdivision was submerged by the Boumbé (tributary of the Sangha) with water heights in the houses reaching 1.75 m, despite the presence of a dam allowing clipping floods upstream of the basin...
2019: TheScientificWorldJournal
Anna Junga, Māra Pilmane, Zane Ābola, Olafs Volrāts
The regulatory role between ischemia related factors and antimicrobial peptides in congenital intra-abdominal adhesions has not yet been defined. The aim of this research was to investigate the appearance and relative distribution of VEGF, HBD-2, and HGF in congenital intra-abdominal adhesions compared with relatively healthy tissue controls. The study group material was obtained from 48 patients who underwent abdominal surgery due to partial or complete bowel obstruction. VEGF, HBD-2, and HGF were detected using immunohistochemistry methods and their relative distribution was evaluated by means of the semiquantitative counting method...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Demeke Debalke, Mastewal Birhan, Amebaye Kinubeh, Muluken Yayeh
Infectious diseases are the critical problems of the world as a result of the emergence of different antimicrobial resistant microorganisms due to several reasons like misuses and repeating uses of antibiotics. Because of this, searching of new treatment method is important from natural substances to against those infectious diseases in both human and animals' aspects. Among those plants, Sida rhombifolia has various roles against those infectious diseases through its different phytochemical components. The objectives of this study were assessing the antibacterial activity of the aqueous-methanol extract of the plant's aerial part and knowing the phytochemical constituents of the plant...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Tanawat Chaiphongpachara, Prasit Yusuk, Sedthapong Laojun, Chaekki Kunphichayadecha
Malaria is transmitted by female mosquitoes in the genus Anopheles and is a major public health issue. Different species of Anopheles mosquitoes have different epidemiological characteristics, behaviors, and ecological requirements, and so an understanding of their biology and ecology in a particular area is critical for successful disease control. The aim of this study was to determine which environmental factors are associated with Anopheles larvae in a malaria-endemic area in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand, which shares a border with Myanmar...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
A V Syroeshkin, E V Uspenskaya, T V Pleteneva, M A Morozova, I A Zlatskiy, A M Koldina, M V Nikiforova
This study demonstrates the link between the modification of the solid-phase pharmaceutical substances mechanical structure and their activity in waters with different molar ratio « deuterium-protium » . Mechanochemical transformation of the powders of lactose monohydrate and sodium chloride as models of nutrients and components of dosage forms was investigated by the complex of physicochemical and biological methods. The solubility and kinetic activity of substances dispersed in various ways showed a positive correlation with the solvent isotope profile...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
The Scientific World Journal
[This retracts the article DOI: 10.1100/2012/125608.].
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Teck-Yee Ling, Chen-Lin Soo, Teresa-Lee-Eng Heng, Lee Nyanti, Siong-Fong Sim, Jongkar Grinang, Karen-Suan-Ping Lee, Tonny Ganyai
Assessment of river water quality is essential as it provides the knowledge required to make informed decisions. Therefore, water quality was determined at 15 tributary stations located along the Batang Baleh, Sarawak. Results of the study indicate that all tributaries were well-aerated (≈ 7.7 mg/L) with pH (≈ 7.3) and conductivity (≈ 37.3 μ S/cm) values falling within acceptable ranges. However, there were tributaries that showed very high turbidity (> 1000 NTU) and suspended solids (> 800 mg/L) which were contributed by the soil erosion from logging activities in the watershed...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Galina Yakovleva, Eugene Sagadeev, Viktor Stroganov, Olga Kozlova, Rodion Okunev, Olga Ilinskaya
Concrete resistance to the destructive action of microorganisms is considered as a measure of its durability and is increasingly being raised as an important issue. We focused our study on the biodeterioration of concrete specimens widely used as a building material of urban houses by micromycetes isolated from the inner wall surface of the former military hospital in Kazan city, Tatarstan, Russia. Fungal community consists of 9 Penicillium isolates, 6 Aspergillus , 2 Trichoderma , and 1 isolate of Alternaria ...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
Redouane Benhima, Hicham El Arroussi, Issam M Kadmiri, Najib El Mernissi, Imane Wahby, Iman Bennis, AbdelAziz Smouni, Najib Bendaou
Nitrogen stress increases lipids content in microalgae, the main feedstock for algal biodiesel. Sodium tungstate was used in this study to implement nitrogen stress by inhibiting nitrate reductase (NR) in Dunaliella tertiolecta . The reduction of NR activity was accompanied by reduction of chlorophyll and accumulation of lipids. One-stage and two-stage culture strategies were compared. One-stage culture raised total lipids from 18% (control) to 39% (w: w); however, two-stage culture raised lipids to 50% in which neutral lipids were enhanced 2...
2018: TheScientificWorldJournal
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