Shi-Yang Guan, Jin-Xin Zheng, Napoleon Bellua Sam, Shengqian Xu, Zongwen Shuai, Faming Pan
BACKGROUND: Current studies on musculoskeletal (MSK) disorders mainly focus on the elderly, while adolescents and young adults (AYAs) are often neglected despite their unique epidemiology, healthcare needs and societal implications. To bridge this gap, we evaluated the global burden and temporal trends of MSK disorders among AYAs from 1990 to 2019, as well as their common categories and main risk factors. METHODS: Data on the global burden and risk factors of MSK disorders were obtained from the Global Burden of Diseases study 2019...
May 23, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Francesca Bridge, Helmut Butzkueven, Anneke Van der Walt, Vilija G Jokubaitis
Menopause, defined as the permanent cessation of ovarian function, represents a period of significant fluctuation in sex hormone concentrations. Sex hormones including oestrogen, progesterone, testosterone and anti-Mullerian hormone are thought have neuroinflammatory effects and are implicated in both neuroprotection and neurodegeneration. Sex hormones are thought to have a role in modifying clinical trajectory in multiple sclerosis (MS) throughout the lifespan. Multiple sclerosis predominantly effects women and is typically diagnosed early in a woman's reproductive life...
May 23, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
João Araújo Correia, Jorge Crespo, Glória Alves, Fernando Salvador, João Matos-Costa, José Delgado Alves, Jorge Fortuna, Isabel Almeida, Ana Campar, Mariana Brandão, Raquel Faria, Daniela Marado, Susana Oliveira, Lelita Santos, Fátima Silva, Carlos Vasconcelos, Milene Fernandes, António Marinho
OBJECTIVE: Vasculitis are a very heterogenous group of systemic autoimmune diseases, affecting large vessels (LVV), small vessels or presenting as a multisystemic variable vessel vasculitis. We aimed to define evidence and practice-based recommendations for the use of biologics in large and small vessels vasculitis, and Behçet's disease (BD). METHODS: Recommendations were made by an independent expert panel, following a comprehensive literature review and two consensus rounds...
May 23, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Mohammad Darkhabani, Mohamad Aosama Alrifaai, Abdulrahman Elsalti, Yoad M Dvir, Naim Mahroum
The field of medical research has been always full of innovation and huge leaps revolutionizing the scientific world. In the recent years, we have witnessed this firsthand by the evolution of Artificial Intelligence (AI), with ChatGPT being the most recent example. ChatGPT is a language chat bot which generates human-like texts based on data from the internet. If viewed from a medical point view, ChatGPT has shown capabilities of composing medical texts similar to those depicted by experienced authors, to solve clinical cases, to provide medical solutions, among other fascinating performances...
May 19, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Fan Cao, Yu-Chen Liu, Qin-Yu Ni, Yue Chen, Cheng-Huan Wan, Si-Yuan Liu, Li-Ming Tao, Zheng-Xuan Jiang, Jing Ni, Hai-Feng Pan
AIM: To describe current situation and analyze temporal trends of prevalence for four autoimmune diseases including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and psoriasis, at the global, continental, and national levels. METHODS: The estimates and 95% uncertainty interval (UI) for age-standardized prevalence rate (ASPR) of RA, IBD, MS and psoriasis were obtained from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019...
May 16, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Isabel Voigt, Hernan Inojosa, Judith Wenk, Katja Akgün, Tjalf Ziemssen
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has a longitudinal and heterogeneous course, with an increasing number of therapy options and associated risk profiles, leading to a constant increase in the number of parameters to be monitored. Even though important clinical and subclinical data are being generated, treating neurologists may not always be able to use them adequately for MS management. In contrast to the monitoring of other diseases in different medical fields, no target-based approach for a standardized monitoring in MS has been established yet...
May 11, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Hongli Wang, Jiyang Lv, Juan He, Wenqi Wu, Yuchao Zhong, Siyang Cao, Yueming Cai, Qingwen Wang
Rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) clearly harms the prognoses of dermatomyositis/polymyositis (DM/PM) patients, however there is a dearth of numerical prevalence and therapy comparison in this field. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of RP-ILD in DM/PM patients and compare prognoses, including remission rate and survival data, between treatments. Studies with reports of RP-ILD in DM/PM patients and studies with definite remission and/or survival data of DM/PM-RP-ILD were included in the study...
May 8, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Chrysoula G Gialouri, Maria Pappa, Gerasimos Evangelatos, Elena Nikiphorou, George E Fragoulis
BACKGROUND: Overweight and/or obese patients with inflammatory arthritis (IA) have higher disease activity and lower chances of achieving and/or maintaining the treatment targets. Weight/obesity also appears to negatively affect the response to tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors in patients with IA, including rheumatoid arthritis -RA, psoriatic arthritis -PsA, axial spondyloarthritis -AxSpA. We conducted a systematic literature review (SLR) for the effect of weight/body-mass-index (BMI) in the efficacy of all approved b- and targeted-synthetic (ts)- DMARDs for the treatment of IA...
May 5, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Sciascia Savino, Bizzaro Nicola, Meroni Pier Luigi, Bogdanos Dimitrios, M O Borghi, Bossuyt Xavier, C Grossi, Dávid Tornai, Maria Papp, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Daniele Ielo, Marvin J Fritzler
Diagnosis of autoimmune diseases is in most cases challenging for clinicians as there is not a single specific laboratory or histological marker to diagnose or exclude the presence of the conditions. This review focused on the current knowledge of the role of autoantibodies' testing in various diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, antiphospholipid syndrome, undifferentiated connective tissues disease, primary biliary cirrhosis and primary sclerosing cholangitis. Similarly, the prognostic and diagnostic values of autoantibodies testing in patients with interstitial lung disease have been reviewed...
May 5, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Shirish R Sangle, Catherine D Hughes, Lucinda Barry, Sumera Qureshi, Chee Ken Cheah, Yih Jia Poh, David P D'Cruz
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Relapsing Polychondritis (RP) is a rare immune mediated inflammatory disorder that may result in damage and destruction of cartilaginous tissues. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analysed patients with a clinical diagnosis of RP. Patients were investigated using pulmonary function tests, dynamic high-resolution CT scans, bronchoscopy, laryngoscopy and/or PET-CT scans along with autoimmune serology. Patients had other specialist reviews when indicated...
May 3, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Lien Moreel, Albrecht Betrains, Michaël Doumen, Geert Molenberghs, Steven Vanderschueren, Daniel Blockmans
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the diagnostic accuracy of combined cranial and large vessel imaging by PET/CT, ultrasound and MRI for giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and Web of Science databases were searched from inception till August, 312,022. Studies were included if they involved patients with suspected GCA and assessed the diagnostic accuracy of combined cranial and large vessel imaging by PET/CT, ultrasound or MRI with the final clinical diagnosis as reference standard...
May 3, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
N Ahmad, R Andev, A Verdiyeva, S Dubey
BACKGROUND: Aortitis is an important form of vasculitis with significant risk of complications. Very few studies have provided detailed clinical phenotyping across the whole disease spectrum. Our primary aim was to look the clinical features, management strategies and complications associated with non-infectious aortitis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on patients with diagnosis of noninfectious aortitis at the Oxford University hospitals NHS Foundation Trust...
May 2, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Maria Giovanna Danieli, Alberto Paladini, Eleonora Longhi, Alessandro Tonacci, Sebastiano Gangemi
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term outcome in patients with Inflammatory Idiopathic Myopathies (IIM), focusing on damage and activity disease indexes using artificial intelligence (AI). BACKGROUND: IIM are a group of rare diseases characterized by involvement of different organs in addition to the musculoskeletal. Machine Learning analyses large amounts of information, using different algorithms, decision-making processes, self-learning neural networks. METHODS: We evaluate the long-term outcome of 103 patients with IIM, diagnosed on 2017 EULAR/ACR criteria...
May 2, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Gregory Winston Gilcrease, Savino Sciascia, Dario Padovan, Alessandro Sciullo, Michele Cioffi, Fulvio Ricceri, Massimo Radin, Karen Schreiber, Dina Husum, Dario Roccatello, Elena Nikiphorou
A syndemic is the co-existence of two or more health problems (including both social and biological features) that adversely influence each other with negative consequences on disease outcomes and perpetuation of inequalities. The syndemic approach can be applied to better understand the course of rheumatic musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) involving the study of adverse biological pathways and social determinants of health (SDH) all under the same framework. Identifying if a syndemic exists within RMDs may include investigating the synergic interactions between comorbidity (e...
April 28, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Hiba Zaaroura, Anthony J Gilding, Cathryn Sibbald
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune non-scarring alopecia that affects the scalp or any hair-bearing areas in the body. The pathophysiology of AA is complex, but Th1, Th2, and Th17 cytokines dysregulation, as well as chemokines, immunoglobulins and other biomarkers have been shown to play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review and Meta-analysis to identify biomarkers that reflect AA activity and severity that could be used to better assess disease activity and response in both trials and clinical practice...
April 20, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Elena Nikiphorou, Elena Philippou
Accumulating research evidence suggests that nutrition might be implicated in the risk of development and in the management of autoimmune disease, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), characterized by immune-inflammatory response. Nutrition can have direct roles through the provision of pro- or anti-inflammatory foods, and indirect roles through management of co-morbidity management. The review updates on the evidence relating RA risk and management with focus on specific foods such as fish and diets/dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean diet, fasting and elimination diets and oral nutritional supplements including omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA)...
April 17, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Ming Guo, Xiaoxiao Liu, Xiangmei Chen, Qinggang Li
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has resulted in more than 670 million infections and almost 7 million deaths globally. The emergence of numerous SARS-CoV-2 has heightened public concern regarding the future course of the epidemic. Currently, the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant has rapidly become globally dominant in the COVID-19 pandemic due to its high infectivity and immune evasion. Consequently, vaccination implementation is critically significant...
April 17, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
M Gasparotto, C Franco, E Zanatta, A Ghirardello, M Zen, L Iaccarino, B Fabris, A Doria, M Gatto
Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), even though sharing common clinical manifestations, are characterized by diversified molecular pathogenetic mechanisms which may account for the partial inefficacy of currently used immunomodulatory drugs. In the last decades, the role of interferon (IFN) in IIM has been extensively elucidated thanks to genomic and proteomic studies which have assessed the molecular signature at the level of affected tissues or in peripheral blood across distinct IIM subtypes. A predominant type I IFN response has been shown in dermatomyositis (DM), being especially enhanced in MDA5+ DM, while a type 2 IFN profile characterizes anti-synthetase syndrome (ASyS) and inclusion body myositis (IBM); conversely, a less robust IFN footprint has been defined for immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM)...
April 15, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Nancy Bansal, Chirag Pasricha, Pratima Kumari, Sarita Jangra, Rupinder Kuar, Ravinder Singh
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a progressive autoimmune disease. It is among the most widespread chronic illnesses in children, with an annual incidence of 1.6 to 23 new instances per 100,000 adolescents. About 1 child in every 1000 develops Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) type of chronic arthritis. The cause of JIA is not well known but what known is that it involves inflammation of the synovium and destruction of tissues in joints which can cause early-onset of oligo articular JIA. It is challenging to diagnose the condition in some children who initially complain of pain and joint swelling as there is no blood test discovered that can confirm the diagnoses of JIA...
April 15, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
Helena Zenedin Marchioro, Caio César Silva de Castro, Aline Salete Turatti Chiesorin, Elaine Weiss Bindi, Isabella Gizzi Jiacomini, Hélio Amante Miot
BACKGROUND: Sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is associated with non-segmental vitiligo (NSV); however, the aetiology of SNHL has not been explored. The concomitance of autoimmune disease in vitiligo patients demands the investigation of immune-mediated inner ear disease (IMIED) as a cause of SNHL in NSV. The anti-Hsp70 antibody is a serological marker of IMIED, which may help in the early diagnosis of this disease. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of IMIED in NSV patients...
April 14, 2023: Autoimmunity Reviews
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