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Journal of Nursing Research: JNR

Zahra Abedi, Mousa Alavi, Zahra Ghazavi, Denis Visentin, Michelle Cleary
BACKGROUND: The consequences and high costs of psychiatric disorders impact family caregivers greatly. Health services should identify and provide accessible support programs to facilitate effective caregiver coping. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a theory-of-planned-behavior-based problem-solving training program on the coping styles of family caregivers of psychiatric inpatients. METHODS: In this two-group, randomized control trial, 72 family caregivers were randomly assigned to either a control group receiving standard care or an intervention group receiving a training program (eight sessions over 4 weeks)...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Hee Soon Kim, Jiyoung Park, Yumi Ma, Mihae Im
BACKGROUND: Most studies that have investigated factors influencing eating habits among obese children have focused mainly on individual or interpersonal factors and applied quantitative research methods. PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to identify the barriers in home and school settings that hamper healthy eating in overweight and obese children in South Korea. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted with 15 overweight/obese children and 15 parents...
April 4, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Yuan Li, Jinbo Fang, Chunfen Zhou
BACKGROUND: Good sleep is essential to human health. Insufficient quality sleep may compromise the wellness of nurses and even jeopardize the safety of patients. Although the contributors of sleep quality in nurses have been previously studied, the direct and indirect effects of modifiable work-related predictors remain uncertain. PURPOSE: The study was designed to explore the direct and indirect effects of modifiable work-related factors on sleep quality in Chinese nurses...
March 29, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Sergio Rico-Martín, Jorge M DE Nicolás-Jiménez, Mariana Martínez-Álvarez, Sergio Cordovilla-Guardia, Esperanza Santano-Mogena, Julián F Calderón-García
BACKGROUND: The simultaneous effect of physical activity (PA) and smoking on pulmonary function in young people remains unclear. PROPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of smoking and PA on pulmonary function in young university students in Cáceres, Spain. METHODS: A sample of 120 young nursing students was studied (60 smokers and 60 nonsmokers). All subjects underwent spirometry with a COPD-6 portable device, and their level of PA was quantified using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire...
March 28, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Li-Yun Tsai, Kung-Liahng Wang, Jung-Mei Tsai, Shiow-Luan Tsay
BACKGROUND: Most gynecological cancer survivors outlive the acute stage, and many reach permanent survival. However, the fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is stressful and affects quality of life. PURPOSE: This study was designed to validate a Chinese version of the Assessment of Survivor Concerns (ASC) questionnaire in terms of its ability to assess FCR in gynecological cancer survivors. METHODS: A two-stage study procedure was employed. The first stage involved the translation of the ASC questionnaire from English into Chinese using the methods proposed by Guillemin, which include translation, back-translation, consensus meetings, and a trial of potential users...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Gonul Kurt, Aygul Akyuz
BACKGROUND: Although cervical cancer is highly preventable through regular screenings using Pap smear or human papillomavirus-deoxyribonucleic acid tests, cervical cancer remains a prevalent women's health issue across the world. Therefore, encouraging women to screen for cervical cancer is very important for the early detection of cervical cancer. PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to (1) assess the effectiveness of three interventions that are typically used to increase the uptake of cervical cancer screening during home visits and (2) determine the participation rate in cervical cancer screenings after invitation, the health promotion perceptions, and the cervical cancer and screening-related knowledge of women...
March 21, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Pai-En Chiu, Hsuan-Ming Tsao, Chuan-Hsiu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Patients must adhere to their prescribed warfarin regimens and regularly monitor the anticoagulation effect to maintain therapeutic levels. The ability to evaluate regimen adherence accurately is crucial to the success of patient coaching. However, unidimensional assessment tools have limited effectiveness in predicting adherence. PURPOSE: This study adopted a multifaceted approach to measure warfarin adherence, optimize the time in the therapeutic range, and determine the optimal means of assessing medication adherence...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Abdurrahman Muhammad Sani, Ismi Ismail Arif, Mohd Mursyid Arshad, Ismaila Arzika Mungadi, Kim Geok Soh, Kim Lam Soh
BACKGROUND: Disorders of sex development (DSD) affect the quality of life of people who live with this condition. In developing countries, diagnoses of DSD are associated with a delay in presentation until the patients developed ambiguous physical traits and features. PURPOSE: This study explores the menstrual experiences of people with DSD and sex reassignment in Nigeria. METHODS: A qualitative approach with a phenomenological study design was employed in this study to explore and describe the experiences of people with DSD at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital in Sokoto, Nigeria...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Shih-Hui Chen, Hsiang-Ru Lai, Su-Ru Chen, Pi-Chu Lin, Kuei-Ru Chou, Pi-Hsia Lee
BACKGROUND: Single- and five-item measures have been used prevalently to assess exercise stages of change. Few studies have investigated the development of instruments that are able to continuously measure exercise stages of change and have conducted associated psychometric analyses. PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate the original, English-language version of the University of Rhode Island Change Assessment-Exercise 2 (URICA-E2), a continuous exercise stages of change assessment instrument, into Chinese and then to test the validity and reliability of the translated version...
March 7, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Shu-Fen Lo, Li-Jung Chang, Mark Hayter, An-Chi O Yang
BACKGROUND: Indonesians constituted 79% of foreign care workers for long-term care in Taiwan in 2015. Therefore, it is crucial to explore the effect of work stress and quality of life (QoL) on this population. PURPOSE: This study aims to explore stress levels, social support requirements, and perceived QoL among Indonesian care workers (ICWs) who work in home care settings. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used. Data were collected between 2014 and 2016 from a convenience sample of ICWs working in eastern Taiwan using a self-administered questionnaire that comprised the Stress Perception Scale (SPS), Social Support Scale (SSS), and World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Hui-Chun Hsu, Shi-Yu Chen, Yu-Chi Huang, Ruey-Hsia Wang, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Ling-Wang An
BACKGROUND: Insulin-naive patients are often reluctant to receive insulin treatment, and even insulin-treated patients frequently have poor rates of adherence to their prescribed insulin injection regimes. Assessing attitudes toward insulin injection may help in the design of interventions that improve the insulin injection behaviors of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The concept of decisional balance has been associated with behavior in many studies and may be useful in assessing the attitude of patients with T2DM toward insulin injection...
February 23, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Chiou-Fen Lin, Chung-I Huang, Che-Ming Yang, Meei-Shiow Lu
BACKGROUND: Nursing administrators are essential to ensuring the quality of healthcare provided in hospitals. The nursing manpower shortage that has affected hospitals in Taiwan over the past decade has weighed particularly heavily on nursing administrators, who are expected to maintain high levels of nursing care quality in frequently understaffed healthcare settings. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to explore the relationship between work environment satisfaction and nursing administrator retention in Taiwan...
February 22, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Mei-Ling Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Ayse Deliktas, Oznur Korukcu, Ruveyde Aydin, Kamile Kabukcuoglu
BACKGROUND: The paradigm is a vital concept steering the development of a scientific discipline. Paradigms that shape the education, research, and practice steps of a discipline are defined as metaparadigms. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the perception of nursing students regarding metaparadigms in nursing at Akdeniz University in Antalya, Turkey. METHODS: This was designed as a descriptive phenomenological study, and data were collected from 13 fourth-year students who were chosen via a purposeful sampling method and interviewed face-to-face using a semistructured format...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Feng-Huang Yang, Feng-Yu Lin, Yueh-Juen Hwu
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based studies propose that the aspirate pH test may be easily and reliably conducted to verify the proper placement of nasogastric tubes (NGTs). Nurses rarely implement this procedure because of the lack of related knowledge. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the feasibility of implementing a revised standard care procedure to enhance nurses' ability to verify placement of the NGT. METHODS: This study used a quasi-experimental, longitudinal research design...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Gulcihan Arkan, Ayse Beser, Meryem Ozturk Haney, Vesile Ozturk
BACKGROUND: When stroke survivors return to their lives in society, they often face issues such as physical or cognitive impairment, dependence on others, social isolation, and reduced self-esteem, which may lead to disastrous consequences in patients' self-perceived self-efficacy and self-confidence in everyday life. Self-efficacy plays an important role in the well-being of stroke patients. Accurate assessment of the stroke patients' self-efficacy by health professionals is critical to obtaining data regarding their functioning levels...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Shu-Fang Chang, Chih-Ling Cheng, Hsiang-Chun Lin
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified frailty as a crucial factor affecting successful aging. Systematic literature reviews have yet to focus on the relationship between stages of frailty and disability in community-dwelling older adults. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between various frailty types and disability in community-dwelling older adults and to explore how various frailty criteria have been used to assess disability in this population...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Nurten Ozen, Fatma Ilknur Cinar, Dilek Askin, Dilek Mut, Turker Turker
BACKGROUND: Nonadherence to dietary and fluid restrictions, hemodialysis (HD), and medication treatment has been shown to increase the risks of hospitalization and mortality significantly. Sociodemographic and biochemical parameters as well as psychosocial conditions such as depression and anxiety are known to affect nonadherence in HD patients. However, evidence related to the relative importance and actual impact of these factors varies among studies. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors that affect nonadherence to dietary and fluid restrictions, HD, and medication treatment...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
Fatemeh Shirazi, Shiva Heidari
BACKGROUND: Academic achievement is one of the most important indicators in evaluating education. Various factors are known to affect the academic achievement of students. PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the relationship between critical thinking skills and learning styles and the academic achievement of nursing students. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 139 sophomores to senior-year nursing students were selected using a simple random sampling method...
January 22, 2019: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
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