Filiz Gülüstan, Zahide Mine Yazıcı, Recep Haydar Koç, Burak Kaan İnan, Can Berk Aşaroğlu, İbrahim Sayın
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implantation (CI) is a surgical intervention used to rehabilitate hearing in individuals, both pediatric and adult, with severe hearing loss. It is generally a safe procedure with rare postoperative complications. Facial nerve paralysis following cochlear implant surgery poses challenges in diagnosis and treatment. METHODS: This case report details a 48-year-old male who experienced delayed facial paralysis after cochlear implantation, an uncommon occurrence with limited documentation...
July 6, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Jaimee Cooper, Katrina R Stidham, Samantha Morgan, Mindy Schmelzer, Regina Albinus
OBJECTIVES: Proper electrode placement is essential for favorable hearing outcomes following cochlear implantation. Though often used, traditional intraoperative X-ray imaging is time consuming, exposes patients and staff to radiation, and poses interpretational challenges. The Nucleus® SmartNav System, utilizes electrode voltage telemetry (EVT) to analyze the positioning of the electrode array intraoperatively. This study investigates the efficacy of SmartNav in optimizing the efficiency and accuracy of assessing electrode placement...
July 3, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Nicole T Jiam, Archana Podury, Alicia M Quesnel, Ophir Handzel
OBJECTIVE: To characterize practice patterns of intraoperative imaging and/or functional confirmation of cochlear implant electrode location worldwide. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of otolaryngologists performing cochlear implantation was conducted between March 1 and May 6, 2023. Participants were recruited worldwide using an international otologic society membership email list and at professional meetings. Ninety-seven of the 125 invited participants (78%) completed the survey...
June 27, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Neeraj Suri, Diva Sharma
OBJECTIVE: This study emphasizes the role of preoperative high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) temporal bone in evaluating the variation in cochlear orientation and proposes a grading system to determine the level of intraoperative difficulties encountered. METHODS: Preoperative correlation of middle ear and inner ear structures along with the basal turn angle (BTA) was done to assess the orientation. Patients were divided into three groups depending on BTA and radiology findings...
May 29, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Dorsa Mavedatnia, Lily Wang, Alex Kiss, Eric Monteiro, Vincent Lin
BACKGROUND: Hearing loss is known to be an independent risk factor for inadequate health literacy. The objective of this study was to assess the level of health literacy among patients undergoing cochlear implantation to determine areas for improvement in delivery of patient information. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the otology-neurotology clinic at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre. Patients eligible for cochlear implantation completed two health literacy screening tools: The Short Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (S-TOFHLA) and Brief Health Literacy Screen (BHLS)...
May 29, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Lærke Hammer, Nete Rudbeck Kamper, Lone Jantzen, Stefania Serafin, Lone Percy-Smith
OBJECTIVES: To study the level of social well-being for children with HL using self-completed questionnaires. METHODS: The data sample relates to a total of 22 children representing a new group of children with hearing loss (HL). This new group is defined as HL detected through neonatal hearing screening and fitted with hearing technology when relevant before 6 months, received bilateral cochlear implants before one year of age followed by specific educational training using the auditory-verbal practice...
May 14, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Kristen L Yancey, Ankita Patro, Miriam Smetak, Elizabeth L Perkins, Brandon Isaacson, Marc L Bennett, Matthew O'Malley, David S Haynes, Jacob B Hunter
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate potential effects of calcium channel blockers (CCB) and bisphosphonates (BP) on residual hearing following cochlear implantation. METHODS: Medications of 303 adult hearing preservation (HP) candidates (low frequency pure tone average [LFPTA] of 125, 250, and 500 Hz ≤80 dB HL) were reviewed. Postimplantation LFPTA of patients taking CCBs and BPs were compared to controls matched by age and preimplantation LFPTA. RESULTS: Twenty-six HP candidates were taking a CCB (N = 14) or bisphosphonate (N = 12) at implantation...
May 13, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Parisa Divsalar, Masoud Radman, Leila Pourhosseinali, Mahin Eslami-Shahrbabaki, Maryam Aamizadeh, Jila Afsharmanesh
OBJECTIVE: This study compares executive functioning in deaf children with cochlear implants and those with normal hearing. Individuals who lacked auditory stimulation during their early years might experience cognitive challenges that extend beyond just speech and language abilities. METHODS: The executive functioning abilities of a group of 32 children who were born deaf and received cochlear implants before the age of 7 were contrasted with those of 30 children with normal hearing...
April 25, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Canzi Pietro, Carlotto Elena, Minervini Domenico, Simoncelli Anna, De Iasio Andrea, Ottoboni Ilaria, Chiapparini Luisa, Benazzo Marco
OBJECTIVE: To illustrate the clinical features and management of pneumatocoele presenting with a trap-valve mechanism after cochlear implantation with lateral petrosectomy (LP) in comparison with literature. INTRODUCTION: Pneumatocoele is a rare complication of cochlear implant (CI) surgery, generally managed with conservative treatments. METHODS: We describe a progressively increasing pneumatocoele with a trap-valve mechanism occurring one year after CI with LP, successfully managed with revision surgery...
April 24, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Matthew Bradley, Callum Shields, Robert Sabourn, Elizabeth Whittle, Rachel Boyd, Iain Alexander Bruce, Jaya Nichani
BACKGROUND: Despite the proven audiological benefits of Percutaneous Bone Anchored Hearing Aids (BAHAs) in paediatric patients with conductive or mixed hearing loss, their adoption has been limited due to concerns over implant failure and associated complications. This paper conducts a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the prevalence of implant failure in paediatric populations, combined with a case series from our tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A comprehensive literature search identified 562 articles, from which 34 were included in the review, covering 1599 implants in 1285 patients...
April 9, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Krupa Venkatraman, Latikaa Ganesh, Jenithaa Muthu
In a unique exploration of narrative development among Tamil-speaking children, this study delves into the intricacies of linguistic expression, explicitly comparing the microstructure of narratives in two distinct groups: those with hearing differences (HD) and those with normal hearing. A total of 30 children were included in the study, with 15 children in each group, matched for language age between 3-5 years on standard language tests. The children were asked to retell a story they had listened to, and the obtained samples were transcribed verbatim and analyzed for various microstructural elements, including the mean length of utterances, total number of words, number of utterances, and number of different word types...
April 2, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Joshua M Kang, Mihai Bentan, Daniel H Coelho
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine if the major public awareness campaign for cochlear implants 'International Cochlear Implant Day' influenced national and international public interest as measured by internet search activity. METHODS: Weekly search volume data in the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, United Kingdom, Brazil, India, Japan, and a 'Worldwide' group for the search topic 'cochlear implant' was collected from Google Trends over a 5-year period (2017-2021)...
April 1, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Susen Lailach, Johanna Martin, Paula Stephan, Dominique Kronesser, Thomas Zahnert, Marcus Neudert
PURPOSE: This study evaluates the effect of cochlear implantation (CI) on work ability. The influences of quality of life (QOL), age, mental health, and hearing were analyzed. METHODS: Seventy-nine patients undergoing CI surgery were evaluated preoperatively and 12 months postoperatively. Work ability was evaluated using the Work Ability Index (WAI). QOL was assessed with the Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire (NCIQ) and the WHOQOL-BREF. Mental health was assessed with the Patient Health Questionnaire...
March 26, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Jaouad Abari, Ahmet M Tekin, Ilhan Bahşi, Vedat Topsakal
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implantation is the most effective treatment for patients with severe-to-profound sensorineural hearing loss. Much scientific work has been published since their inception. There is a need for a critical reflection on how and what we publish on cochlear implantation. METHODS: All Science Citation Index Expanded featured articles between 1980 and 2022 with the word 'cochlear implants' or 'cochlear implantation' were collected from the Web of Science database...
March 21, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Secaattin Gülşen, Sercan Çıkrıkcı
OBJECTIVES: Misplacement of the CI electrode array is one of the rarest complications of cochlear implant surgery. This condition can be noticed intraoperatively and diagnosed radiologically in the early postoperative period. To present a novel and minimally invasive revision approach for a misplaced cochlear implant (CI) electrode array. CASE: In this case report, the authors present a previously undescribed alternative minimally invasive revision cochlear implantation approach for a patient with a misplaced CI electrode array in the right ear who underwent bilateral simultaneous cochlear implantation one and a half years ago at another center...
February 27, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Zohar Hovev, Eldad Silberstein, Daniel Michael Kaplan
OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: Skin breakdown over receiver/stimulator (RS) after cochlear implantation poses a serious challenge. We report our experience using a one-stage reconstruction and implant salvage approach. RESULTS: Between the years 2005 and 2017 five children, all females, with congenital- bilateral sensorineural hearing loss were identified. In all cases, a temporoparietal fascia flap (TPFF) and a large scalp flap were used to provide a two-layer coverage to the exposed RS...
February 26, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Tiarnan Magos, Hala Kanona, Simon Morley, Sherif Khalil, Azhar Shaida
OBJECTIVES: To investigate migration and other electrode-related complications in cochlear implant surgery. METHODS: Retrospective review of all patients (adult and paediatric) undergoing cochlear implantation at a tertiary referral centre in England, between April 2019 and December 2021. Split arrays and patients who did not have post-op imaging were excluded. RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-nine cochlear implants were performed including 90% primary and 10% revision surgeries...
February 21, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Marie Bunne, Marte Myhrum, Muneera Iftikhar, Kjell Rasmussen, Benedicte Falkenberg-Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of cochlear-facial dehiscence (CFD) and other radiographical pathologies in ears with facial nerve stimulation (FNS) from a cochlear implant (CI). METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of 27 patients with CI and FNS on either ear (study group) and 27 patients without FNS, matched for age, sex and type of electrode array (control group). Preoperative CT scans of all 108 ears were re-evaluated. Subanalyses included comparisons between the study and control groups and associations between FNS and radiographic pathologies...
February 19, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Nicholas J Thompson, Lisa R Park, Brendan P O'Connell, Carlton J Zdanski, Kevin D Brown, Melissa R Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Children with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND) have wide variability in outcomes with cochlear implant (CI) use. The current study aims to report a large cohort of pediatric CI recipients with CND and to evaluate for factors that may predict improved performance. METHODS: The current study is a retrospective review of pediatric CI recipients with CND at a tertiary academic hospital. Variables including cochlear nerve status (hypoplasia vs aplasia), age at implantation, cochleovestibular malformation, bony cochlear nerve aperture, internal auditory canal aperture, and cognitive delay were evaluated for predictors of postoperative performance...
February 14, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
Alexa Marie Robbins, William Larsen Vaughn, Courtney B Voyles, Ching Siong Tey, Yijin Xiang, Chao Zhang, Nandini Govil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare children undergoing cochlear implantation (CI) with myringotomy tubes (MT) placed preoperatively or intraoperatively to those without MT . METHODS: This was a retrospective review of pediatric patients undergoing CI between 2015 to 2020 at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. CI patients with and without MT were reviewed for the following outcomes: intraoperative findings, intraoperative and postoperative complications, and surgical time...
January 21, 2024: Cochlear Implants International
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