Journals World Journal of Biological Ps...

World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Na Li, Junjuan Yan, Chang Xu, Ying Li, Yonghua Cui
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems are commonly observed in patients with tic disorders. Nevertheless, studies have demonstrated a wide variation in the prevalence of sleep disturbances among this population. Consequently, it remains ambiguous whether sleep issues are inherently characteristic of tic disorders or are influenced by external factors. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search across various databases and performed a meta-analysis to determine the prevalence of sleep problems in tic disorders...
November 27, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Hailong Lyu, Miaomiao Zhao, Pengfeng Xu, Ying Li, Chaonan Jiang, Haoyang Zhao, Wenjing Shen, Xiaohan Hu, Kaiqi Wang, Yi Xu, Manli Huang
Background: Gender plays a role in the mechanisms of depression, but fewer studies have focused on gender differences in the abnormal activation of brain regions when patients perform specific cognitive tasks. Methods: A total of 110 major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and 106 healthy controls were recruited. The relative change in oxygen-hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) concentration during the verbal fluency task were measured by a 52-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) system. Differences in brain region activation between patients and healthy controls and between genders of depression patients were compared...
November 24, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Lisa Koole, Pilar Martinez-Martinez, Therese van Amelsvoort, Chris T Evelo, Friederike Ehrhart
Objectives: Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder affecting 1% of the population. Accumulating evidence indicates that neuroinflammation is involved in the pathology of these disorders by altering neurodevelopmental processes and specifically affecting glutamatergic signalling and astrocytic functioning. The aim of this study was to curate interactive biological pathways involved in schizophrenia for the identification of novel pharmacological targets implementing pathway, gene ontology, and network analysis...
November 14, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Qianfa Yuan, Yuying Lei, Kai Yu, Junnan Wu, Zhizhong Xu, Chunyan Wen, Yanlong Liu, Wenqiang Wang, Jue He
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been considered as an effective antidepressant treatment; however, the mechanism of its antidepressant effect is still unclear. Fluoxetine, a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant, may be neuroprotective. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect and underlying possible neuroprotective mechanism of rTMS and fluoxetine on abnormal behaviors in a depressive mouse model induced by chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS)...
November 9, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Xiaoli Wang, Jun Xie, Hongyun Ma, Gang Li, Meijuan Li, Shen Li, Xiaoxiao Sun, Yongping Zhao, Wei Sun, Shu Yang, Jie Li
This study aimed to explore the relationship between alterations in plasma metabolites and treatment responses amongst antipsychotic-naïve female patients with schizophrenia. A total of 38 antipsychotic-naïve female schizophrenia patients (ANS) and 19 healthy female controls (HC) were recruited. Plasma samples were obtained from all participants, and targeted metabolomics were measured with FIA-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS. The positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) was used to assess the severity of psychotic symptoms before and after eight weeks of treatment...
October 22, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Pablo G Vázquez, Susan Whitfield-Gabrieli, Clemens C C Bauer, Fernando A Barrios
OBJECTIVE: During hypnosis, significant changes in the BOLD signal associated with the anterior default mode network (DMN) and prefrontal attentional systems have been reported as evidence of dissociation defined since Charcot. However, it remains uncertain whether these changes are mainly attributable to the hypnotic state per se or to the target suggestions used to verify subject's state during neuroimaging studies. The aim of the present study is to evidence the brain in hypnosis, contrasting the common resting state versus neutral hypnosis (hypnosis in the absence of target suggestions)...
October 2, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Tomislav Gajšak, Željko Milovac, Natko Gereš, Strahimir Sučić, Zoran Zoričić, Igor Filipčić
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) with an H1 coil as treatment for hopelessness in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial in a tertiary psychiatric institution in Croatia, including patients diagnosed with MDD without psychotic symptoms and with clinically relevant hopelessness. High-frequency (18 Hz) rTMS with an H1 coil was administered over four weeks on the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex...
September 20, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Brian Dean, Elizabeth Scarr
OBJECTIVES: We have postulated that common changes in gene expression after treatment with different therapeutic classes of psychotropic drugs contribute to their common therapeutic mechanisms of action. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, we measured levels of cortical coding and non-coding RNA using GeneChip® Rat Exon 1.0 ST Array after treatment with vehicle (chow only), chow containing 1.8g lithium carbonate/kg (n = 10) or chow containing 12g sodium valproate/kg for 28 days...
September 18, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Shiyuan Han, Yongning Li, Jun Gaoa
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed at identifying reliable differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) for schizophrenia in blood via meta-analyses combined with deep learning methods. METHODS: First, we meta-analysed published DEMs. Then, we enriched the pool of schizophrenia-associated miRNAs by applying two computational learning methods to identify candidate biomarkers and verified the results in external datasets. RESULTS: In total, 27 DEMs were found to be statistically significant (p < 0...
September 13, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Jacopo Pruccoli, Antonia Parmeggiani, Duccio Maria Cordelli, Marcello Lanari
BACKGROUND: Adrenergic dysregulation has been proposed as a possible underlying mechanism in Feeding and Eating Disorders (FED). This review aims to synthesize the current evidence on the role of adrenergic dysregulation in the pathogenesis and management of FED. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted in MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) was adopted. Preclinical, clinical, and pharmacological studies assessing the adrenergic system in FED were included...
September 11, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Akash Prasannakumar, Vijay Kumar, Pooja Mailankody, Abhishek Appaji, Rajani Battu, Tos T J M Berendschot, Naren P Rao
OBJECTIVES: Due to the common neurodevelopmental origin and easy accessibility, the retina serves as a surrogate marker for changes in the brain. Hence, Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT), a tool to examine the neuronal layers of retina has gained importance in investigating psychiatric disorders. Several studies in the last decade have reported retinal structural alterations in schizophrenia (SCZ), bipolar disorder (BD), and major depressive disorder (MDD). However, the findings are inconsistent...
October 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Zheqin Li, Geya Tong, Yang Wang, Hanyang Ruan, Zhen Wang
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and eating disorders (EDs) share similarities in terms of clinical characteristics and deficits in inhibitory control. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether inhibitory control could serve as a common behavioral phenotype between OCD and EDs and whether it might be underpinned by shared and/or distinct neural signatures. METHOD: We performed a quantitative meta-analysis of brain function abnormalities during the inhibitory control task-based functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) scan across patients with OCD and EDs using seed-based d mapping (SDM)...
August 28, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Linqing Qi, Youdi Cheng, Shan Sun, Hao Wan
BACKGROUND: Sleep deprivation results in an increased demand for sleep, cognitive decline, enhanced metabolic rate, and even mortality. In mammals, circadian rhythms control metabolism, immunological response, and reproductive processes. Bmal1 (brain and muscle Arnt-like protein-1) is a key element in the regulation of circadian rhythms. METHODS: This investigation explores the pathophysiological effects of sleep deprivation in a mouse model as well as the potential underlying mechanisms...
August 28, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Aurélie Lacroix, Nicolas Ramoz, Murielle Girard, Brigitte Plansont, Daphnée Poupon, Philip Gorwood, Philippe Nubukpo
OBJECTIVES: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels vary in various conditions including alcohol use disorder (AUD). We aimed to identify drivers of these variations. METHODS: Twelve patients with AUD were assessed at hospitalisation for alcohol withdrawal and four months later. We looked for associations between the change in serum BDNF levels and (1) length of abstinence, (2) anxiety (Hamilton Anxiety Scale) and depression (Beck-Depression Inventory), (3) one functional BDNF genotype (rs6265) and (4) methylation levels of twelve CpG sites within the BDNF gene (located in exons I, IV and IX)...
August 1, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Homa Seyedmirzaei, Mahsa Faramarzpour, Amene Saghazadeh, Antônio L Teixeira, Nima Rezaei
Objectives Depression is among the psychiatric sequelae of COVID-19, affecting more than 20% of the convalescents. Its underlying pathophysiology remains unclear. Interleukin 6 (IL-6), a pro-inflammatory cytokine, plays a critical role in the COVID-19-associated cytokine storm, has been implicated in depressive disorders, and may thus be involved in post-COVID-19 depression. Methods : PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Web of Science were systematically searched for relevant studies assessing peripheral IL-6 levels in convalescents who developed depression after COVID-19 vs...
August 1, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Maria Gałuszko-Węgielnik, Katarzyna Jakuszkowiak-Wojten, Alina Wilkowska, Wiesław Jerzy Cubała
OBJECTIVES: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and bipolar disorder (BD) often co-occur and frequently do not respond adequately to traditional antidepressant treatments. Ketamine has shown rapid antidepressant and anti-suicidal effects. However, there is limited literature on the safety and tolerance of using ketamine to treat patients with comorbid BD and BPD. METHODS: This case presents a female patient diagnosed with both Bipolar Disorder (BD) and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) who received intravenous ketamine treatment to alleviate acute depressive symptoms...
June 20, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
N M von Werthern, K F Ahrens, R J Neumann, B Kollmann, T M Kranz, K Lieb, O Tüscher, A Reif, C J Fiebach, M M Plichta
The outbreak of Covid-19 negatively affected mental health and elevated loneliness. The subjective feeling of loneliness is influenced by genetic and social factors and has a negative impact on mental health. From March 2020 to June 2021 loneliness was investigated in N  = 517 individuals using monthly acquired questionnaire data and Latent Growth Curve Analysis. Three classes ("average " , 40%; "not lonely", 38%; "elevated loneliness", 22%) were identified, that differ significantly regarding loneliness, mental dysfunction, and response to the lockdown phases...
June 19, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Michael J Spoelma, Anastasia Serafimovska, Gordon Parker
OBJECTIVES: Melancholia is a severe form of depression that is typified by greater genetic and biological influence, distinct symptomatology, and preferential response to physical treatment. This paper sought to broadly overview potential biomarkers of melancholia to benefit differential diagnosis, clinical responses and treatment outcomes. Given nuances in distinguishing melancholia as its own condition from other depressive disorder, we emphasised studies directly comparing melancholic to non-melancholic depression...
June 16, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Gideon Bartal, Assif Yitzhaky, Aviv Segev, Libi Hertzberg
OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia is a chronic, debilitating mental disorder whose pathophysiology is complex and not fully understood. Numerous studies suggest mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to the development of schizophrenia. While mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) are essential for proper mitochondrial functioning, their gene expression levels have not been studied yet in schizophrenia. METHODS: We performed a systematic meta-analysis of the expression of 81 mitoribosomes subunits encoding genes, integrating ten brain samples datasets of patients with schizophrenia compared to healthy controls (overall 422 samples, 211 schizophrenia, and 211 controls)...
May 9, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
Kuan-Wei Huang, Tiao-Lai Huang
ObjectivesMajor depression (MD) may be associated with inflammation and immunity. PD-1 (programmed death-1), PD-L1 (programmed death-ligand 1) and PD-L2 (programmed death-ligand 2) are among the inhibitory immune mediators on the PD-1 pathway. However, previous data regarding the association between MD and PD-1 pathway were still scarce; therefore, we investigated the association of PD-1 pathway with MD.MethodsDuring a period of two years, patients with MD and healthy controls were recruited from a medical center in this study...
May 4, 2023: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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