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Journal of Insect Science

Louis B Nottingham, Thomas P Kuhar
Mexican bean beetle, Epilachna varivestis Mulsant, is a pest of snap bean and lima bean in the eastern United States. This pest is susceptible to many insecticides available to conventional growers; however, organic management using parasitoid releases and organic insecticides have inconsistent results. In the interest of developing cultural management techniques such as trap crops or push-pull systems, five bean cultivars were evaluated for preferential host selection by E. varivestis using marked beetles in field cages and open plots...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Jerome A Hogsette
Pairs of electrocutor-grid ultraviolet light traps were assigned to three treatments to evaluate the effects of illumination events, e.g., light traps turned on, on house fly, Musca domestica L., attraction as indicated by numbers of flies captured by the traps. Both traps in treatment 1 were illuminated constantly (no illumination event). Both traps in treatment 2 were turned on, illuminated for 1 h, then turned off for 1 h, then repeated (1 illumination event every 2 h). Traps in treatment 3 were operated singularly...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Cesar Bertinetti, Ana Clariza Samayoa, Shaw-Yhi Hwang
Larvae of the black soldier fly, Hermetia illucens (L.), have been widely studied for their capacity of generating value-added products through waste bioconversion. Several efforts have been made towards optimization of rearing methods of the larval stages. Despite this, less information regarding the feeding behavior of adults and its effects on life parameters is available. We studied the impacts of subjecting adults to four diets: no diet (control); drinking water (water); a mix of sugar, bacteriological peptone, and milk powder (milk); and agar with sugar (agar)...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Dale W Spurgeon, Colin S Brent
Thermal environments of the arid western United States are often harsh compared with the ranges of temperatures favorable for development and survival of crop insect pests. In cotton [Gossypium spp. (Malvales: Malvaceae)], new irrigation practices such as deficit irrigation may impact populations of pest and beneficial arthropods by temporarily altering temperature profiles within the plant canopy. Most information regarding the temperature-dependent development and survival of an important cotton pest, the western tarnished plant bug (Lygus hesperus Knight), is derived from constant temperature studies...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Grant T McQuate, Allard Cossé, Charmaine D Sylva, Julia A MacKay
The sweetpotato vine borer, Omphisa anastomosalis (Guenée), is a primarily Asian pest of sweetpotato, Ipomoea batatas L. Damage by O. anastomosalis infestation can cause root yield losses of 30%-50%. A binary sex pheromone for O. anastomosalis, consisting of Type I [(10E,14E)-10,14-hexadecadienal (E10,E14-16:Ald)] and Type II [(3Z,6Z,9Z)-3,6,9-tricosatriene (Z3,Z6,Z9-23:H)] components, was identified in Vietnam from extracts of female pheromone glands. A structurally similar Type II compound [(3Z,6Z,9Z)-3,6,9-docosatriene (Z3,Z6,Z9-22:H)], not recovered from female pheromone glands, was also found to synergize the attractiveness of the Type I component...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Edyta Buczynska, Pawel Buczynski
As degradation of sensitive habitats like Sphagnum L. (Sphagnales: Sphagnaceae) peatbogs is endangering their invertebrate fauna, artificial peat pools may offer peatbog insect fauna a chance of survival. The entomofauna of seven peat pools in a peatbog and its surrounding natural marginal zone in SE Poland was investigated at the level of species, assemblages and faunistic metrics, indicating the key environmental drivers of the insect distribution and their implications for the biodiversity and potential conservation of these habitats...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Phyllis G Weintraub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Jazmín García-Román, F Armendáriz-Toledano, O Valerio-Mendoza, Gerardo Zúñiga
There have been numerous changes in the nomenclature of species of Dendroctonus. The case of Dendroctonus parallelocollis Chapuis and Dendroctonus approximatus Dietz has been particularly noteworthy. These bark beetles colonize pine trees but are not aggressive species. The high morphological similarity, their overlapping geographical distribution, and the limited knowledge of these species have resulted in taxonomic confusion. The aim of the present study was to assess morphological characters reported in the literature and to scrutinize new characters that might be useful for the separation of these species...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Azharuddin Muhammad, Shahzad Toufeeq, Hai-Zhong Yu, Jie Wang, Shang-Zhi Zhang, Bing Li, Zhen Li, Li-Ang Yang, Pei Hu, Yan Ma, Jia-Ping Xu
Proteins p38 map kinase and ribosomal S6 kinase (S6K) as members of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) play important roles against pathogens. In this study, Bmp38 and BmS6K were identified as differentially expressed proteins from iTRAQ database. Bmp38 and BmS6K were expressed, and recombinant proteins were purified. The bioinformatics analysis showed that both proteins have serine/threonine-protein kinases, catalytic domain (S_TKc) with 360 and 753 amino acids, respectively. The real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) results suggest that Bmp38 and BmS6K had high expression in the midgut and hemolymph...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Maylen Gómez, Beatriz A J Paranhos, Janisete G Silva, Maria A C De Lima, Márcio A Silva, Aline T Macedo, Jair F Virginio, Julio M M Walder
Studies investigating oviposition preference of Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) in table grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) cultivated in the São Francisco River Valley can provide important information to guide control measures, therefore minimizing damage caused by this species in the region. The aim of this study was to evaluate the oviposition preference of C. capitata females for berries cv. 'Italia' collected at five different times (60, 70, 80, 90, and 100 d after production pruning [DAPP]), representing five grapevine growth stages...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
J R Coelho, C W Holliday, J M Hastings
We studied prey theft in two cicada killer aggregations: Ruby, Arizona (Sphecius convallis Patton) and Easton, Pennsylvania (Sphecius speciosus Drury). Many prey (Tibicen parallelus Davis [Hemiptera: Cicadidae]) were stolen from S. convallis by kingbirds and Greater Roadrunners at Ruby. Seventy percent of kingbird attacks on provisioning wasps were successful. Using sand-filled trap nests baited with a cicada, we tested the hypothesis that conspecific females might kleptoparasitize by laying an egg on the cicada and closing the nest cell...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Shao-Ji Hu, Li-Min Dong, Wen-Xin Wang, Sui-Yun Chen, Hui Ye
The white-backed planthopper, Sogatella furcifera (Horváth), is a devastating migratory rice pest in South China; lack of effective methods to identify immigrating populations is the main cause of difficulties in outbreak forecasting, active prevention, and control. The current study set up field cages (2 × 2 × 3 m each, US-80 standard nylon mesh) in both early- and mid-season paddies in Yuanjiang (Red River) Valley in Yunnan, China, in 2012 and 2014. The immigrating population was successfully separated from the local population of S...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Caio Cesar Truzi, Hurian Gallinari Holzhausen, José Chamessanga Álvaro, Valéria Lucas De Laurentis, Natalia Fernanda Vieira, Alessandra Marieli Vacari, Sergio Antonio De Bortoli
Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) is an important pest of crops worldwide, and several studies have focused on the development of this species on different artificial diets. However, studies evaluating the insect's food consumption and utilization using nutritionally different diets are scarce. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biology and to compare the consumption and use of food by H. armigera larvae on diets with different protein levels provided by several dietary ingredients used in the diets. The nutritional index, the relative consumption rate, the relative metabolic rate, the relative growth rate, and the apparent digestibility were higher in the diet with higher than the optimum level of protein...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
David G Hall, Matthew G Hentz
The impact of light on reproductive rates of Asian citrus psyllid (Diaphorina citri Kuwayama) was assessed in an air-conditioned, polycarbonate greenhouse. This psyllid is an important pest because it transmits a bacterium presumed responsible for a serious citrus disease known as Asiatic huanglongbing. Numbers of psyllids produced were compared among rearing cages subjected to different amounts of light provided by natural sunlight and light-emitting diode floodlights. Light to some rearing cages was purposely reduced by shading...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Meng Zhang, Ting-Ting Cao, Zheng-Guo Wei, Yu-Qing Zhang
The silk sericin hydrolysate (SSH) from the waste of silk processing as a substitute of fetal bovine serum (FBS) was used for the culture of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and Henrietta Lacks (Hela) strain of human cervical cancer cells. The survival ratio of these cells cultured in SSH media were similar to or higher than those in FBS media. Especially after the serum was replaced by low concentration of SSH at 15.0 μg/ml for 5 d, the proliferation of both cells was also similar to or higher than that of FBS group; the percentages of CHO and Hela cells in S-phase were 28...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Hong Chang, Jiang-Long Guo, Xiao-Wei Fu, Meng-Lun Wang, You-Ming Hou, Kong-Ming Wu
Cryptochromes act as photoreceptors or integral components of the circadian clock that involved in the regulation of circadian clock and regulation of migratory activity in many animals, and they may also act as magnetoreceptors that sensed the direction of the Earth's magnetic field for the purpose of navigation during animals' migration. Light is a major environmental signal for insect circadian rhythms, and it is also necessary for magnetic orientation. We identified the full-length cDNA encoding As-CRY1 and As-CRY2 in Agrotis segetum Denis and Schiffermaller (turnip moth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae))...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Sarah A Johnson, Meagan M Tompkins, Hayley Tompkins, Sheila R Colla
Bumble bees are an important group of pollinating insects that are of increasing conservation concern due to relatively recent and dramatic species-specific declines. Nesting ecology can vary significantly between species, and nest site selection may be affected by many factors, including heredity, individual experience, and habitat availability. Data on bumble bee nesting ecology are inherently difficult to collect in the wild as nests are often cryptic. Artificial domiciles (nest boxes) can be a useful tool for gathering information on species-specific nesting behavior to inform conservation management of native pollinator populations...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Long Liu, Wei Wang, Yiliang Liu, Pengdong Sun, Chaoliang Lei, Qiuying Huang
Insect societies have evolved a series of disease defenses against pathogens, including social sanitary behavior and individual innate immunity. However, whether sanitary behavior can affect individual innate immunity remains unknown. Here, we exposed the termite Reticulitermes chinensis Snyder to the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae (Metchnikoff) Sorokin(Ascomycota: Hypocreales), and then measured their allogrooming behavior, conidia load, infection mortality, antifungal activity and immune gene expressions ...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
Jimmy Klick, Cesar R Rodriguez-Saona, Johnattan Hernández Cumplido, Robert J Holdcraft, William H Urrutia, Rodrigo O da Silva, Rafael Borges, Agenor Mafra-Neto, Michael P Seagraves
The invasion of the spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura, across the Americas and Europe has led to increased insecticide applications to protect fruit crops. This insecticide usage conflicts with integrated pest management programs, as well as harvest, export, and pollination services in the affected crops. A novel management tool was assessed against D. suzukii that may mitigate these conflicts. HOOK SWD, an attract-and-kill (A&K) formulation applied as a sprayable bait, was evaluated for three growing seasons in two berry crops in New Jersey and California...
January 1, 2019: Journal of Insect Science
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