Mohammed Baqer Al-Jubouri, Sabah A Jaafar, Murtadha Khudair Abbas, Ihab Nadhir Gazi, Maitham A Shawwat, Karrar Faleh Karmoud, Taher Mohsin Al-Faham
INTRODUCTION: In hemodialysis patients, pain associated with needle insertion into an arteriovenous fistula is a physical and psychological problem. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of pre-puncture application of an ice pack, EMLA cream, or lidocaine spray to reduce pain associated with access puncture. METHODS: This was a multicenter study done in nine hemodialysis centers in Iraq. The study utilized a randomized, parallel-group design, in which patients being dialyzed using an arteriovenous access were allocated into one of four groups...
April 11, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Zhenchun Xu, Chenxi Zheng, Maohua Rao, Yalan Xiong, Yan Tian, Gengbiao Yuan
This article report a 40-year-old male patient who underwent total thyroidectomy and forearm auto-transplantation in another hospital for secondary hyperparathyroidism. After 4 years of follow-up, the level of parathyroid hormone continued to increase, and ultrasound showed nodules in the neck and right forearm, which were considered to be of parathyroid origin. Technetium 99m sestamibi single photon emission computed tomography and computed tomography (Tc-99m-MIBI SPECT/CT) imaging showed increased radioactive uptake in the submuscular soft tissue nodule of the right medial forearm, maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) is 0...
April 3, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Doğu Karahan, İdris Şahin
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence rates of hepatosteatosis and gallstones are increasing owing to the multifactorial causes of chronic kidney disease, and the prevalence may change with the availability of different forms of renal replacement therapy. We aimed to determine the incidence or prevalence rates of hepatosteatosis, cholelithiasis, and acute cholecystitis in patients with chronic kidney disease and compare them between renal replacement therapy modalities. METHODS: A total of 270 patients (90 with chronic kidney disease stages III-V, 90 undergoing peritoneal dialysis, and 90 undergoing hemodialysis) were included and categorized into the pre-dialysis, hemodialysis, and peritoneal dialysis groups...
April 1, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Xiaofan Li, Fei Ma, Yan Wang, Haidan Zhao, Jianjun Gao
INTRODUCTION: Sacubitril/valsartan is increasingly used in hemodialysis patients due to its cardioprotective benefits. However, its impact on serum potassium levels in anuric patients undergoing hemodialysis remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective data from patients undergoing hemodialysis at two dialysis centers. A total of 71 out of 332 patients receiving hemodialysis treatment were enrolled. Mean serum potassium (mean value of 6-8 determinations), peak serum potassium (maximum K value observed during follow-up observations), and other biochemical parameters were recorded at baseline and during the follow-up period...
April 1, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Matthias Bergmann, Butros Fakhoury, Tiago Barroso, Scott G Prushik, Bertrand L Jaber, Vaidyanathapuram S Balakrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistulas and grafts are lifelines for most hemodialysis patients, and a low access flow rate often requires patency-related intervention, such as angioplasty or thrombectomy, to prevent access failure. We examined whether early access flow rate, measured after initial fistula/graft cannulation, predicts vascular access patency-related intervention within 1 year. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective cohort study. Among 172 patients undergoing surgical creation of a fistula/graft, 52 (30...
March 27, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Valerie Luyckx, Timothy Bunchman, Aishwarya Nair, Shyam Bihari Bansal, Bryce Pember, Kritika Soni, Savita, Dinesh Kumar Yadav, Vivek Sharma, Khalid Alhasan, Rupesh Raina
BACKGROUND: Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is a rare but significant concern in adult and pediatric patients undergoing dialysis initiation with advanced uremia or if done after an interval. It is imperative to gain insights into the epidemiological patterns, pathophysiological mechanisms, and preventive strategies aimed at averting the onset of this ailment. DESIGN: Prospective observational quality improvement initiative cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective single-center study involving 50 pediatric patients under 18 years recently diagnosed with chronic kidney disease stage V with blood urea ≥200 mg/dL, admitted to our tertiary care center for dialysis initiation from January 2017 to October 2023...
March 20, 2024: Hemodialysis International
JungWon Kwak, Sung Bum Cho, Heungman Jun, Hwan Hoon Chung, Sung-Joon Park, Tae-Seok Seo, Woo Jin Yang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and outcome of the transjugular approach in endovascular recanalization of a thrombosed straight arteriovenous graft (AVG) compared to those of the direct hemodialysis access approach (conventional approach). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively assessed patients who underwent aspiration thrombectomy and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty for thrombosed straight AVG performed at a single institution between October 2006 and October 2021...
March 13, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Paul J Der Mesropian, Shawn Phillips, Martha Naber, Sunjeev Konduru, Gulvahid Shaikh, Krishnakumar Hongalgi
Treatment of severely hyponatremic patients with continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) presents a unique challenge given the lack of commercial options for hypotonic replacement solutions or dialysate. We report the case of a 55-year-old male who presented with profound, symptomatic hyponatremia in the setting of acute kidney injury (AKI). The patient was found to have a serum sodium concentration of 97 mEq/L because of free water retention that occurred during severe AKI from viral gastroenteritis and rhabdomyolysis...
March 11, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Kush Doshi, Rupesh Raina, Kar Hui Ng, Vera Koch, Girish C Bhatt, Arwa Nada, Brian Foresi, Sibee Sambandam Kamalakkannan, Mignon McCulloch, Sidharth Sethi, Maria Díaz-González de Ferris
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) studies demonstrate the impact of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on the physical and psychosocial development of children. While several instruments are used to measure HRQoL, few have standardized domains specific to pediatric ESRD. This review examines current evidence on self and proxy-reported HRQoL among pediatric patients with ESRD, based on the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) questionnaires. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on HRQoL using the PedsQL 4...
March 11, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Subrahmanian Sathiavageesan, Subramani Murugan
BACKGROUND: Accelerated neuropathy is a rare syndrome of rapidly worsening peripheral neuropathy, typically described in end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients undergoing dialysis. In our center, we encountered a surge in the occurrence of accelerated neuropathy among ESKD patients undergoing hemodialysis, which prompted systematic research. METHODS: In this case-control study, we present the clinical features, electrophysiologic findings, and outcome of a series of patients who developed accelerated neuropathy after commencing hemodialysis for ESKD...
March 6, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Fan Zhang, Jie Yu, Guoli Li, Shuangshuang Fu, Hailang Xiao, Yiya Yang, Yumei Liang, Yinyin Chen, Xun Luo
INTRODUCTION: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) dysfunction is a prevalent complication among maintenance hemodialysis patients. However, the factors influencing AVF patency remain unclear. To address this, we conducted a study aimed at identifying factors contributing to AVF dysfunction in this patient population. METHODS: The study compared clinical data, vascular calcification score, and laboratory data focusing on blood cell composition and coagulation in 100 maintenance hemodialysis patients in whom an AVF had been inserted from January through September of 2022...
March 6, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Lindsay Taylor, Richard Meades, Ann-Marie Quigley, Christos Toumpanakis, Catriona Goodlad, Andrew Davenport
Lu177-dotatate (Lutathera™) is a radioactive drug approved for the treatment of adults with gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors and is predominantly renally excreted. Currently all patients receive 7400 MBq (200 mCi), and there are no guidelines for treating hemodialysis patients. We measured radioactivity prior to and post administration of two cycles of Lu177-dotatate in a hemodialysis patient, and radiation exposure to staff. We reduced the standard 7400 MBq by 33% for the first cycle and patient radioactivity fell by 40% following postdilution hemodiafiltration started 6 h post dosing, and by 45% for the second cycle and radioactivity fell by 47% with postdilution hemodiafiltration started 5 h post administration...
March 6, 2024: Hemodialysis International
John T Daugirdas, Philip Kam-Tao Li, Michela Wrong
This special article describes the achievements and impact of Dr. Todd Siu-Toa Ing, MBBS, (1933-2023) on the field of nephrology as recounted by a colleague from Hong Kong, a U.S. nephrologist ex-trainee, and the daughter of an important mentor. Dr. Ing was a founding member of the International Society for Hemodialysis. He made important discoveries regarding the diagnosis of renal tubular acidosis and electrolyte transport in the gastrointestinal tract and published many innovative findings relating to peritoneal and hemodialysis...
February 28, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Changli Sun, Ziming Wan, Qiquan Lai, Bo Tu, Bo Chen
Acute upper limb ischemia is a rare, potentially limb- or life-threatening vascular emergency that may lead to limb dysfunction or amputation. We present a patient undergoing maintenance hemodialysis who was hospitalized for arteriovenous graft thrombus complicated by acute upper limb ischemia arising from thrombus shedding to the fingertip arteries during thrombolysis. We successfully restored fingertip arterial patency, avoided amputation, and recovered the function of the arteriovenous graft by precise thrombolysis, anticoagulation, correction of arteriospasm, and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty...
February 22, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Siyuan Qu, Rui Wen, Mingming Yan, Jiao Qin, Jiali Li
BACKGROUND: Among hemodialysis patients, acute superior mesenteric artery (SMA) thrombosis a condition with a high mortality rate. Very few larger case series have been reported. METHOD: We reviewed eight hemodialysis patients with diabetes mellitus and SMA thrombosis managed with endovascular therapy in our institution. Demographic, clinical, and radiological data were described. The patency of the SMA was assessed by computed tomography angiography (CTA) at one month after the endovascular procedure...
February 22, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Paulo Roberto Bignardi, Vinicius Daher Alvares Delfino
INTRODUCTION: Hemodiafiltration (HDF) and high-flux hemodialysis (hf-HD) are different methods of kidney replacement therapy (KRT) used for the treatment of kidney failure patients. A debate has raged over the last decade about the survival benefit of patients with the use of HDF compared with hf-HD, but with divergent results from randomized controlled trials. Therefore, this study aimed to perform a meta-analysis to compare HDF and hf-HD regarding all-cause and cardiovascular mortality...
February 18, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Geoffroy Desbuissons, Liliane Ngango, Christophe Baudeau, Philippe Fournier
Although pregnancy has become more frequent in patients undergoing hemodialysis, it remains a relatively rare event and carries a high risk of complications for both the mother and the fetus. In parallel, multiple pregnancies are also associated with a high risk of complications for the mother and the fetus, even in healthy women. The presence of a twin pregnancy in a woman with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis is an even rarer event and is considered a very high-risk situation. We describe the case of a 31-year-old hemodialysis patient who successfully gave birth to twins at 29 weeks after a period of alternate diurnal and nocturnal hemodialysis...
February 14, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Wesley T Richerson, Brian D Schmit, Dawn F Wolfgram
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis patients have increased white matter and gray matter pathology in the brain relative to controls based on MRI. Diffusion tensor imaging is useful in detecting differences between hemodialysis and controls but has not identified the expected longitudinal decline in hemodialysis patients. In this study we implemented specialized post-processing techniques to reduce noise to detect longitudinal changes in diffusion tensor imaging parameters and evaluated for any association with changes in cognition...
February 13, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Krupa Shah, Jeffrey Wong, Kathy Mac, Namson S Lau, Vincent M Wong, Angela Makris
Adrenal insufficiency is an uncommon disorder and presents with non-specific symptoms. Identifying adrenal insufficiency in patients with chronic kidney disease requiring dialysis is increasingly difficult as there is a significant overlap of the signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency with those seen in chronic kidney failure. We highlight this diagnostic uncertainty in a case series of three patients with chronic kidney disease requiring hemodialysis as renal replacement therapy from a single center identified as hypoadrenal...
February 7, 2024: Hemodialysis International
Anas Elgenidy, Mostafa Atef Amin, Ahmed K Awad, Abdullah Emad, Abdelrahman Nassar, Omar Alomari, Radwa Ibrahim, Faeq Husain-Syed, Mostafa G Aly
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Determining dry weight is crucial for optimizing hemodialysis, influencing efficacy, cardiovascular outcomes, and overall survival. Traditional clinical assessment methods for dry weight, relying on factors such as blood pressure and edema, frequently lack reliability. Lung ultrasound stands out as a promising tool for assessing volume status, given its non-invasiveness and reproducibility. This study aims to explore the role of Lung ultrasound in evaluating the impact of hemodialysis and ultrafiltration on extravascular lung water, with a specific focus on changes in B-lines post-hemodialysis compared to pre-hemodialysis...
April 2024: Hemodialysis International
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