Graham D Ogle, Gabriel A Gregory, Fei Wang, Thomas Ig Robinson, Jayanthi Maniam, Diana J Magliano, Trevor John Orchard
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Current global information on incidence, prevalence, and mortality of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is limited, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. To address this gap in evidence, JDRF, Life for a Child, International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes, and International Diabetes Federation have developed the T1D Index, which uses a Markov mathematical model, and machine learning and all available data to provide global estimates of the burden on T1D...
August 23, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Sasiwarang Goya Wannamethee, Janice L Atkins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sarcopenic obesity (SO) is a growing public health problem in older adults. Whether SO confers higher risk of cardiometabolic disease and mortality than obesity or sarcopenia alone is still a matter of debate. We focus on recent findings on SO and cardiometabolic health and mortality in older adults. RECENT FINDINGS: SO is associated with increased mortality compared to non-sarcopenic obesity, but similar mortality risk compared to sarcopenia without obesity...
August 11, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Ziyue Zhu, Samuel Yeung Shan Wong, Joseph Jao Yiu Sung, Thomas Yuen Tung Lam
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Numerous observations have indicated an increased risk of developing various types of cancers, as well as cancer-related mortality, among patients with diabetes and obesity. The purpose of this review is to outline multiple-cancer screening among these patients through a team-based approach and to present the findings of a pioneering integrated care program designed for patients with obesity with a specific emphasis on cancer prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: A community-based multi-cancer prevention program, which provides all services in one location and utilizes team-based approaches, is reported to be feasible and has the potential to enhance the uptake rate of multiple cancers screening among patients with diabetes and obesity...
August 3, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Dedeepya Konuthula, Marcia M Tan, Deborah L Burnet
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to elucidate the limitations of diagnosing metabolic syndrome in adolescents as well as challenges and opportunities in the identification and reduction of cardiometabolic risk in this population. RECENT FINDINGS: There are multiple criticisms of how we define and approach obesity in clinical practice and scientific research, and weight stigma further complicates the process of making and communicating weight-related diagnoses...
August 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Om Saswat Sahoo, Rhiti Mitra, Arghyadeep Bhattacharjee, Samarjit Kar, Oindrilla Mukherjee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to analyse the consistency of reports suggesting the role of Diabetes Mellitus in the pathogenesis of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). RECENT FINDINGS: There have been numerous controversies citing the prevalence of H. pylori infections in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). This review investigates the possible crosstalk between H. pylori infections and T2DM and also designs a meta-analysis to quantify the association...
August 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Soumya Kurnool, Karen C McCowen, Nicole A Bernstein, Atul Malhotra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To synthesize the existing literature regarding the complex interplay between sleep disturbance, obesity, and diabetes. The review emphasizes the three pillars of health being diet, exercise, and sleep, with the notion that if one is ignored, then the other two could suffer. RECENT FINDINGS: Sleep deprivation is associated with incident obesity, perhaps mediated by dysregulation in leptin and ghrelin - hormones important in regulation of appetite...
July 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Kelly Engle, Grace Bacani, Curtiss B Cook, Gregory A Maynard, Jordan Messler, Kristen Kulasa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inpatient glucose data analysis, or glucometrics, has developed alongside the growing emphasis on glycemic control in the hospital. Shortcomings in the initial capabilities for glucometrics have pushed advancements in defining meaningful units of measurement and methods for capturing glucose data. This review addresses the growth in glucometrics and ends with its promising new state. RECENT FINDINGS: Standardization, allowing for benchmarking and purposeful comparison, has been a goal of the field...
July 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Calvin Ke, Emaad Mohammad, Juliana C N Chan, Alice P S Kong, Fok-Han Leung, Baiju R Shah, Douglas Lee, Andrea O Luk, Ronald C W Ma, Elaine Chow, Xiaolin Wei
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are gaps in implementing and accessing team-based diabetes care. We reviewed and compared how team-based diabetes care was implemented in the primary care contexts of Ontario and Hong Kong. RECENT FINDINGS: Ontario's Diabetes Education Programs (DEPs) were scaled-up incrementally. Hong Kong's Multidisciplinary Risk Assessment and Management Program for Diabetes Mellitus (RAMP-DM) evolved from a research-driven quality improvement program...
July 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Qiuling An, Zhan Yu, Fei Sun, Jiaxuan Chen, Anao Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Depression is prevalent and common among individuals living with diabetes. The aim of this review is to systematically assess and meta-analyze the treatment effect of cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression (and other affective outcomes) among patients with diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Earlier investigations found both psychosocial and pharmacological interventions, including cognitive-behavioral therapy, were promising in managing depression in patients with diabetes, though these findings remain inclusive due to poor study designs and a small number of trials included, which calls for a comprehensive systematic review and meta-analysis...
June 17, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Yitayeh Belsti, Lisa Moran, Demelash Woldeyohannes Handiso, Vincent Versace, Rebecca Goldstein, Aya Mousa, Helena Teede, Joanne Enticott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the crucial role that prediction models play in guiding early risk stratification and timely intervention to prevent type 2 diabetes after gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), their use is not widespread in clinical practice. The purpose of this review is to examine the methodological characteristics and quality of existing prognostic models predicting postpartum glucose intolerance following GDM. RECENT FINDINGS: A systematic review was conducted on relevant risk prediction models, resulting in 15 eligible publications from research groups in various countries...
June 9, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Casey A Droske, Triniece N Pearson, Sharon J Velkovich, Hannah Cohn, Jacqueline M Kanoon, Arshiya A Baig, Valerie G Press
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In type 2 diabetes (T2D) research, the phrase "attention control group" (ACGs) has been used with varying descriptions. We aimed to systematically review the variations in the design and use of ACGs for T2D studies. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty studies utilizing ACGs were included in the final evaluation. Control group activities had the potential to influence the primary outcome of the study in 13 of the 20 articles. Prevention of contamination across groups was not mentioned in 45% of the articles...
June 9, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Rachel Wong, Emily Lam, Carolyn T Bramante, Steven G Johnson, Jane Reusch, Kenneth J Wilkins, Hsin-Chieh Yeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Multiple studies report an increased incidence of diabetes following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Given the potential increased global burden of diabetes, understanding the effect of SARS-CoV-2 in the epidemiology of diabetes is important. Our aim was to review the evidence pertaining to the risk of incident diabetes after COVID-19 infection. RECENT FINDINGS: Incident diabetes risk increased by approximately 60% compared to patients without SARS-CoV-2 infection...
June 7, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Eileen R Faulds, Kathleen M Dungan, Molly McNett
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to identify the implementation approaches, strategies, and outcomes for continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) in the intensive care unit (ICU). Medline and Web of Science databases were searched to report relevant literature published between September 12, 2016 and September 12, 2021. Implementation outcomes and strategies, defined by the Expert Recommendations for Implementing Change (ERIC) project, were extracted. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the 324 titles reviewed, 16 articles were included in the review...
June 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Jamie Prince, Dipen Kumar, Arko Ghosh, J Fernando Arevalo, Alice Yang Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the accumulation of fluid in the extracellular space within the macula and is a major cause of visual impairment among patients with diabetes. First-line treatment for DME includes pharmacotherapy with intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor medications and intravitreal corticosteroids. Alternative therapeutic strategies include laser photocoagulation for non-center involving DME, and surgical options such as pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with or without internal limiting membrane (ILM) peel in cases with vitreoretinal interface anomalies or DME refractory to pharmacotherapy, and the Port Delivery System (PDS) for sustained release of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) medication...
June 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Ajleeta Sangtani, Lauren Owens, David T Broome, Preethi Gogineni, William H Herman, Lisa H Harris, Lauren Oshman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: When the Supreme Court handed down its decision in Dobbs v Jackson Women's Health Organization in June 2022, the constitutional right to abortion was no longer protected by Roe v Wade. Fifteen states now have total or near-total bans on abortion care or no clinics providing abortion services. We review how these restrictions affect the medical care of people with pregestational diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Of the ten states with the highest percent of adult women living with diabetes, eight currently have complete or 6-week abortion bans...
May 22, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Paula Andrea Taborda Restrepo, Jorge Acosta-Reyes, Andrés Estupiñan-Bohorquez, María Alejandra Barrios-Mercado, Nestor Fabián Correa Gonzalez, Alejandra Taborda Restrepo, Noël C Barengo, Rafael Gabriel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the world. The majority of diabetes deaths (> 80%) occur in low- and middle-income countries, which are predominant in Latin America. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to compare the clinical practice guideline (CPG) for the pharmacological management of T2DM in Latin America (LA) with international reference guidelines. RECENT FINDINGS: Several LA countries have recently developed CPGs...
May 1, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Jinguo Jiang, Tingjing Zhang, Yashu Liu, Qing Chang, Yuhong Zhao, Chuanji Guo, Yang Xia
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of diabetes in patients with hyperuricemia and gout. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous studies have confirmed that hyperuricemia and gout are associated with an increased risk of diabetes. A previous meta-analysis indicated that the prevalence of diabetes in patients with gout is 16%. Thirty-eight studies (458,256 patients) were included in the meta-analysis. The combined prevalence of diabetes among patients with hyperuricemia and gout were 19...
April 26, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Sara L Davis, Sarah S Jaser, Nataliya V Ivankova, Trey Lemley, Marti Rice
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many factors influence disease management and glycemic levels in children with type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, these concepts are hard to examine in children using only a qualitative or quantitative research paradigm. Mixed methods research (MMR) offers creative and unique ways to study complex research questions in children and their families. RECENT FINDINGS: A focused, methodological literature review revealed 20 empirical mixed methods research (MMR) studies that included children with T1D and/or their parents/caregivers...
April 25, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Jenine Y Stone, Lindsay S Mayberry, Kate Clouse, Shelagh Mulvaney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes is a chronic condition that requires consistent self-management for optimal health outcomes. People with diabetes are prone to burnout, cognitive burden, and sub-optimal performance of self-management tasks. Interventions that focus on habit formation have the potential to increase engagement by facilitating automaticity of self-management task performance. The purpose of this review is to (1) clarify the conceptualizations of habit formation and behavioral automaticity in the context of health behavior interventions, (2) review the evidence of habit in relation to behaviors relevant to diabetes self-management, and (3) discuss opportunities for incorporating habit formation and automaticity into diabetes self-management interventions...
April 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Isabella Marranzini Rodriquez, Katie L O'Sullivan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the rise in prevalence of youth-onset type 2 diabetes (T2DM), it is imperative to understand the clinical burden of the disease and the socioeconomic burden this disease imposes. We review the most recent data on youth-onset T2DM, including its pathophysiology, complications, and treatment. We also review existing data to determine the socioeconomic burden of youth-onset T2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: The incidence of youth-onset T2DM is rising, and significantly accelerated following the COVID-19 pandemic...
March 24, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
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