Yulino Castillo-Núñez, Paloma Almeda-Valdes, Guillermo González-Gálvez, María Del Rosario Arechavaleta-Granell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To update information about the relationship between metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver disease (MASLD) and atherosclerosis. This review emphasizes the potential mechanisms linking MASLD with atherosclerosis and the possible causal relationships between these conditions. RECENT FINDINGS: An increased risk of cardiovascular disease is related to MASLD. Several molecular, cellular, and metabolic mechanisms have been described to explain the development of atherothrombosis in MASLD patients...
May 3, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Portia Mensah, Kelly Valdez, Ankita Gyawali, Janet Snell-Bergeon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in people who have diabetes. Racial and ethnic minorities with diabetes have suboptimal management of cardiovascular risk factors, leading to higher mortality. Social and structural determinants of health are external factors that influence an individual's ability to choose positive health behaviors. In this review, we will discuss cardiovascular complications in people who have diabetes and their relationship to social determinants of health (SDOH)...
May 2, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Sandeep Chaudhary, Amitabh Kulkarni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides the most recent update of metformin, a biguanide oral antihyperglycemic drug used as a first-line treatment in type 2 diabetes mellitus. RECENT FINDINGS: Metformin continues to dominate in the world of antidiabetics, and its use will continue to rise because of its high efficiency and easy availability. Apart from type 2 diabetes, research is exploring its potential in other conditions such as cancer, memory loss, bone disorders, immunological diseases, and aging...
April 3, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Bhawna Attri, Lakshmi Nagendra, Deep Dutta, Sahana Shetty, Shehla Shaikh, Sanjay Kalra, Saptarshi Bhattacharya
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Postprandial hyperglycemia, or elevated blood glucose after meals, is associated with the development and progression of various diabetes-related complications. Prandial insulins are designed to replicate the natural insulin release after meals and are highly effective in managing post-meal glucose spikes. Currently, different types of prandial insulins are available such as human regular insulin, rapid-acting analogs, ultra-rapid-acting analogs, and inhaled insulins...
April 3, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Arantxa Bujanda-Sainz de Murieta, Nelia Soto-Ruiz, Cristina García-Vivar, Leticia San Martín-Rodríguez, Paula Escalada-Hernández
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: People with diabetes require continuous self-monitoring and face numerous decisions in their day-to-day lives. Therefore, on many occasions, they need more support than that provided by health professionals. In this context, peer support in online diabetes communities could be a useful tool. The purpose of the review is to describe, analyze and synthesize the available evidence on the use and health out-comes of online communities for people with type 2 diabetes mellitus...
March 8, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Reza Pishdad, Paul G Auwaerter, Rita R Kalyani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to focus on epidemiology, pathogenesis, risk factors, management, and complications of UTI in people with diabetes as well as reviewing the association of SGLT-2 inhibitors with genitourinary infections. RECENT FINDINGS: Individuals diagnosed with T2DM are more prone to experiencing UTIs and recurrent UTIs compared to individuals without T2DM. T2DM is associated with an increased risk of any genitourinary infections (GUI), urinary tract infections (UTIs), and genital infections (GIs) across all age categories...
March 1, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Shubham Agarwal, Rodolfo J Galindo, Amy V Shah, Marconi Abreu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetes technology has been continuously evolving. Current versions of continuous glucose monitors (CGM) use minimally invasive designs, monitor glucose values with high accuracy, and can be used to guide insulin dosing. Extensive evidence supports the use of diabetes technology for monitoring and insulin administration in people with type 1 diabetes. However, there is emerging evidence for people with type 2 diabetes. In this review, we present the different technological devices used to monitor glucose and deliver insulin and the evidence supporting their use in people with type 2 diabetes...
February 29, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Armando Peña, Alison M Miller, Angela G Campbell, Richard J Holden, Christina M Scifres
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study was to conduct a scoping review to map intervention, sample, and physiologic measurement characteristics of lifestyle interventions for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 19 studies met selection criteria from 405 articles screened (PubMed, Web of Science). No studies were US-based (47% multi-site), and all were delivered in clinical settings. The most targeted nutrition components were low carbohydrate intake (sugar rich foods/added sugars, low glycemic index), low fat intake (mainly low-fat meat, dairy, and saturated fat), and increased fruits and vegetables...
February 17, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Gechang Yu, Henry C H Tam, Chuiguo Huang, Mai Shi, Cadmon K P Lim, Juliana C N Chan, Ronald C W Ma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in genomic technology and molecular techniques have greatly facilitated the identification of disease biomarkers, advanced understanding of pathogenesis of different common diseases, and heralded the dawn of precision medicine. Much of these advances in the area of diabetes have been made possible through deep phenotyping of epidemiological cohorts, and analysis of the different omics data in relation to detailed clinical information. In this review, we aim to provide an overview on how omics research could be incorporated into the design of current and future epidemiological studies...
January 31, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Reid D McClure, Meryem K Talbo, Anne Bonhoure, Joséphine Molveau, Courtney A South, Maha Lebbar, Zekai Wu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maintaining positive health behaviours promotes better health outcomes for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D). However, implementing these behaviours may also lead to additional management burdens and challenges. Diabetes technologies, including continuous glucose monitoring systems, automated insulin delivery systems, and digital platforms, are being rapidly developed and widely used to reduce these burdens. Our aim was to review recent evidence to explore the influence of these technologies on health behaviours and well-being among adults with T1D and discuss future directions...
January 31, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Sara E Wetter-Wren, Alexandra C Himelhoch, Kimberly A Driscoll
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although pervasive inequities in the health outcomes of youth and young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) exist, the role of provider bias in these inequities is not well-understood. The purpose of this review is to synthesize evidence from existing studies on the associations between patient characteristics, provider bias, and patient health. RECENT FINDINGS: Fourteen articles were included. Determining the extent of the effects of provider bias on patient health is limited by a lack of consensus on its definition...
January 18, 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
H A Dissanayake, N P Somasundaram
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes the new developments in polyagonist pharmacotherapy for type 2 diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Several dual- and triple-agonists targeting different pathogenic pathways of type 2 diabetes have entered clinical trials and have led to significant improvements in glycaemia, body weight, fatty liver, and cardio-renal risk factors, with variable adverse event profiles but no new serious safety concerns. Combining agents with complementary and synergistic mechanisms of action have enhanced efficacy and safety...
January 2024: Current Diabetes Reports
Kendall Gow, Amineh Rashidi, Lisa Whithead
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Medication adherence plays an important role in improving health outcomes related to diabetes and comorbidity. The potential factors influencing medication adherence and how they contribute to health behaviors have not been synthesized to date. This review synthesized qualitative studies that identified factors influencing medication adherence among adults living with diabetes and comorbidity. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty-eight findings were extracted and synthesized into four themes: perceived support, lack of knowledge, medication issues, and the importance of routine...
December 19, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Bige Ozkan, Chiadi E Ndumele
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Among subtypes of cardiovascular disease, obesity has a potent and unique association with heart failure (HF) that is unexplained by traditional cardiovascular risk mediators. The concomitant rise in the prevalence of obesity and HF necessitates better understanding of their relationship to develop effective prevention and treatment strategies. The purpose of this review is to provide mechanistic insight regarding the link between obesity and HF by elucidating the direct and indirect pathways linking the two conditions...
December 15, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Sandeep Chandra Shrestha, Setu Gupta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to collect all the data regarding imeglimin and present it as one of the options for managing diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: It is a new drug that has recently been approved as an oral anti-diabetic drug, either as monotherapy or in combination with other oral antidiabetic drugs including insulin, with modest HbA1c reduction, and a fairly safe profile. Imeglimin was first approved in 2021 in Japan and China and is available in India from October 2022...
December 5, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Candice A Myers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The built environment impacts obesogenic behaviors and in turn body weight outcomes. This review summarizes recent research demonstrating environmental impacts on dietary intake and obesity with a specific focus on the neighborhood food environment. RECENT FINDINGS: In the previous five years, an abundance of reviews and research studies have been undertaken to elucidate how the neighborhood food environment impacts diet and obesity. This includes studies using primary data collection and secondary data analyses in various populations across the globe...
November 27, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Vivian Cao, Alisha Clark, Brooke Aggarwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vasomotor symptoms are frequently experienced by women during menopause and have been linked to obesity. Severity of menopausal symptoms is a distinct construct from presence of symptoms, and the relation between severity of symptoms and obesity is less established. The purpose of this brief narrative review was to summarize evidence from recent studies on associations between menopausal symptom severity and measures of obesity. RECENT FINDINGS: Sixteen articles were identified that specifically assessed and reported on the severity of menopausal symptoms in relation to measures of obesity including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio...
November 24, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Lihua Pan, Nelson C Y Yeung
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Interests have been emerging in using positive psychology interventions (PPIs) to improve diabetes self-management (DSM) behaviors (e.g., blood glucose monitoring, physical activity). To explore the impact of those interventions on DSM behaviors, we summarized the evidence of PPIs on self-management behaviors among both type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients between 2012 and 2022. RECENT FINDINGS: Among the eight studies identified, different study designs and types of PPIs were apparent...
November 1, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Alan Reyes-García, Isabel Junquera-Badilla, Carolina Batis, M Arantxa Colchero, J Jaime Miranda, Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutiérrez, Ana Basto-Abreu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Taxes on sugary drinks and foods have emerged as a key strategy to counteract the alarming levels of diabetes worldwide. Added sugar consumption from industrialized foods and beverages has been strongly linked to type 2 diabetes. This review provides a synthesis of evidence on how taxes on sugary products can influence the onset of type 2 diabetes, describing the importance of the different mechanisms through which the consumption of these products is reduced, leading to changes in weight and potentially a decrease in the incidence of type 2 diabetes...
October 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
Katarzyna Wnuk, Jakub Świtalski, Tomasz Tatara, Wojciech Miazga, Sylwia Jopek, Anna Augustynowicz, Urszula Religioni, Mariusz Gujski
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a chronic disease that may lead to severe complications. The main methods of preventing or delaying the onset of T2DM include lifestyle changes. The purpose of this study is to identify and evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions aimed at preventing type 2 diabetes. An umbrella review was conducted in accordance with the Cochrane Collaboration guidelines. Searches were performed in Medline (via PubMed), Embase (via OVID), and Cochrane Library databases...
September 20, 2023: Current Diabetes Reports
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