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Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice

Arwa Aldeeri, Lulu Alhammad, Amjad Alduham, Waad Ghassan, Sanaa Shafshak, Eman Fatani
AIM: This paper aims to assess the evidence in the literature reporting orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) in treatment with orthodontic clear aligners using 3D measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Following preferred reporting Items for systematic reviews (PRISMA) statement, eight electronic databases were searched for relevant published and unpublished records. Data collected according to restricted inclusion and exclusion criteria. RESULTS: A total of 236 articles were identified as relevant to our topic...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ivan P Taffarel, Armando Y Saga, Leonardo L Locks, Gerson Lu Ribeiro, Orlando M Tanaka
AIM: The aim is to report a case of impacted maxillary right canine successfully positioned into the occlusion line. BACKGROUND: Although the treatment of choice for an impacted canine is a combined surgical-orthodontic approach, there are differences in technique. The preorthodontic uncovering and autonomous eruption technique is a safe and predictable option for the treatment of palatally impacted maxillary canines in adolescents and adults as is the orthodontic creation of a space before minimal surgical exposure, the bonding of a small attachment (an eyelet), full-flap closure, and immediate traction...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Palak Shroff, Shailesh M Gondivkar, Subhash P Kumbhare, Sachin Sarode, Amol R Gadbail, Shankargouda Patil
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the erosive potential of twenty beverages (8 carbonated drinks and 12 packaged fruit juices). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one sound permanent freshly extracted teeth were segmented into small enamel slices and stored in normal saline. The titratable acidity of each experimental drink was measured as the amount of 0.1 N sodium hydroxide (NaOH) required to raise pH to 5.5 and 7. The enamel specimens were incubated in freshly collected human saliva for 3 hours...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Shagun Gulia, Vinaya Bhatt, Manoj Shetty, Krishna D Prasad, Prateek Gupta
AIM: To investigate the biofilm formation on Prosthetic materials as affected by type II diabetes mellitus, Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two types of saliva, natural saliva, and artificial saliva were collected and prepared respectively. The natural saliva was divided into diabetic and non-diabetic saliva. The artificial saliva was further divided into two groups, one inoculated with Streptococcus mutans and the second with Candida albicans...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Ghadeer I Basunbul
AIM: The study aims to determine the perspective of dental professionals towards magnifying loupes and the selection criteria used while purchasing them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this regard, a close-ended questionnaire was structured and distributed among 111 dental professionals. The questionnaire was designed to obtain information regarding the usage of magnifying loupes in dental practices and procedures, limiting factors, and selection criteria for purchasing...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Tony Varghese, M C Prashant, Kiran Dodani, Neelu Nagpal, Neha Khare, Vikram Singh
AIM: To assess and compare the impact of non-surgical periodontal therapy on plasma reactive oxygen metabolites and resistin values in chronic periodontitis obese and non-obese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 200 subjects were included in the present study and were broadly divided into two study groups with 100 patients in each group as follows: group A: Obese patients with chronic periodontitis, group B: Non-obese, normal weight patients with chronic periodontitis...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Mohammed K Alsaleh, Sarah S Alajlan, Nasser F Alateeq, Naif S Alamer, Freah Alshammary, Hazza A Alhobeira, Saif Khan, Ammar A Siddiqui
AIM: The study aims to evaluate the patients' compliance with post-extraction instructions to prevent the development of alveolar osteitis and keep the health of the socket. Alveolar osteitis "Dry socket" is considered one of the most common complications after extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study was based on an observational cross-sectional design involving 201 subjects (individuals). The subjects were evaluated via a survey questionnaire and clinical examination after obtaining their verbal and written consent...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Vaibhav Kumar, Puneet Chahar, Shweta Kajjari, Faizia Rahman, Deepak K Bansal, Junaid Mh Kapadia
AIM: To comparatively evaluate the status of fluoride in the body with thyroid activity in the pediatric population of endemic fluorosis areas. The present study also attempted to elucidate whether any correlation exists between fluoride and thyroid hormone derangement with delayed tooth eruption. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 400 pediatric subjects were included in the present study. All the patients were divided into two broad groups; groups A and B. Group A included 200 subjects who belonged to the endemic fluorosis area while Group B included remaining 200 subjects, who belonged to the fluorosis non-endemic area...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Fawaz Alqahtani, Mana Alqahtani, Mohammed Z Kola
AIM: The present study was conducted to assess the effects of topical fluoride on casted Titanium and nickel chromium using Scanning Electron Microscope. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in vitro study comprised of 45 specimens of Titanium and 45 specimens of nickel-chromium of same dimensions. They were divided into three groups of 15 each. GroupI specimens were immersed in 2% neutral sodium fluoride (NaF) solution for 16 minutes. Group II specimens were placed in 1...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Srinivas Ganti, Prashant Shriram, Arsalan Sa Ansari, Junaid Mh Kapadia, Anurag Azad, Abhinav Dubey
AIM: Evaluation of the effect of glucosamine-chondroitin combination, tramadol, and sodium hyaluronic acid in temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders and its impact on the expression of various cytokines such as IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, and PGE2. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 60 patients (males-30, females-30) suffering from internal derangement such as disc displacement with reduction of TMJ. The patients were divided into three groups of 20 each...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Antoine Saadé, Pascal Baron, Ziad Ef Noujeim, Elie Arouk, Dany Azar
AIM: This study aims to estimate skeletal age of craniofacial shape obtained from cone beam computed tomography (CBCT)-defined facial and basicranial landmarks using geometric morphometrics method in a random sample of growing patients, and explore the correlation between craniofacial shape and skeletal age as determined from hand and wrist radiograph. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Generalized Procrustes analysis (GPA) of craniofacial shape with estimation of centroid size was performed on CBCTs of 48 growing patients (mean age 11...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Jadhav M Shivaji, Pallavi Vaidya, Roopa K Thippanna, Rohit Wadhwa, Anjali Wadhwa, Piyush Gandhi
AIM: Analyse the correlation between the measurements made from the landmarks on the cast and the width of the anterior teeth in dentulous study subjects and assessed whether a similar correlation exists in edentulous condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Measurements were made on the cast of dentulous and edentulous subjects. The measurements made were, from incisive papilla to the right hamular notch, from incisiv e papilla to left hamular notch and distance between two hamular notches...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Aiman O Johar
AIM: To evaluate the satisfaction of completely edentulous patients with a different number of implants to retain removable and support the fixed prosthesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with the single edentulous ridge (maxilla or mandible) were selected for this study and divided equally into five groups. Each group contained 10 patients. Group 1: conventional complete denture (negative control group), group 2: two implants retained overdenture, group 3: three implants retained overdenture, group 4: four implants retained overdenture, group 5: fixed detachable prosthesis with five implants placed between the mental foramen...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Vinit Patil, Rajendra Baad, Anand Gudur, Nupura Vibhute, Uzma Belgaumi, Vidya Kadashetti
AIM: To assess various cytological changes for predicting radiosensitivity of oral squamous cell carcinoma by exfoliative cytology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Histologically proven 30 cases of oral squamous cell carcinoma who underwent fractionated radiotherapy in a dose of 45-60 Gy in 5 fractions/week were enrolled in the study. The exfoliative cytology smear was evaluated on lesional and adjacent oral mucosa before radiotherapy, during radiotherapy (8 and 11th fraction) and post radiotherapy (4, 6 and 8 weeks)...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Christopher I Udoye, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita, Atsufumi Manabe, Mikihiro Kobayashi
AIM: Teeth extraction is an important problem in elder patients. Although some of these teeth have been endodontically treated, many of them may be subjected to extraction. The reasons for extraction are important for prevention planning in further patients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and important reasons for extraction of endodontically treated teeth in adult Nigerians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study involved a retrospective examination of 2,000 case files in the archives of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Pratik Agrawal, Gaurav Garg, Shashit S Bavabeedu, Suraj Arora, Shabna Moyin, Sameer Punathil
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Intracanal calcium hydroxide removal with different techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five freshly extracted, non-carious, single canalled lower first premolars, having anatomic characteristics similar to each other, extracted for the orthodontic purpose were collected. After the root canal preparation, Calcium hydroxide was placed into the working length using lentulo spiral instrument till the medicament was visible at the apex...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Farzaneh Golfeshan, Mohammad K Soltani, Asieh Zohrei, Jalal Poorolajal
AIM: The aim of this study was to compare dentoskeletal effects and patient's satisfaction with a modified twin-block (clear twin-block) and classic twin-block. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 62 patients with skeletal class II malocclusion contributing to mandibular retrognathism with a minimum of 4 mm overjet, the FMA angle between 20 to 25 degree and being in stage 2 to 3 of cervical vertebral maturation participated in this study. Subjects were randomized in 1:1 ratio to classic and clear twin-block...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Arjun Rajan, Sujith Sivarajan, Chitra G Vallabhan, Anjana S Nair, Shilpa Jayakumar, Arya S Pillai
AIM: This study was aimed to investigate the hemocompatibility of zirconia and titanium implant materials after surface treatment with sandblasting and acid etching (SLA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty specimens were procured from manufacturers of dimension 10mm × 3mm, thirty of each were prefabricated medical grade titanium (Ti-6Al-4V) and thirty of sintered zirconia. Silicon carbide grit papers of 240 to 1200pm, was used to polish the specimen surface. The surfaces were rinsed with water to remove any remnant particles after polishing...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Carlos Am Falcão, Elayne Mo de Lima, José D de M Júnior, Sérgio Ap Freitas, Eduardo S de L Veras, Luana Kb Moura, Lucas F Falcão
AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the adhesiveness of the AH Plus plug cement, plus the mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in different proportions, through the push-out test. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors utilized fifty premolars with a single conduit, which were divided into five groups with 10 teeth. In group 1, the authors performed an obturation with AH Plus cement, group 2 was filled with AH Plus cement with 10% of MTA, group 3 was filled with AH Plus cement plus 20% MTA, group 4 was filled with AH Plus with 30% of MTA and group 5 filling was performed with the MTA Fillapex endodontic cement...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Rahul Nageshraj, Menon P Rajagopal, Sheejith Madapathy, Pradeep Samuel, Nidhin Ramabhadran, Jyothis Mathew
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the bond strengths of different core structures to veneering porcelain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty specimens were divided into 4 groups of 15 each. Specimen fabrication was done according to the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) specifications 9693:1999. Group 1 comprised core structure made of cast alloy, group 2 from sintered metal, group 3 from milled zirconia and group 4 milled zirconia without liner at the interface...
December 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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