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Eating Behaviors

Jenna Jones, Brooke Y Kauffman, David Rosenfield, Jasper A J Smits, Michael J Zvolensky
There is limited understanding of the relationship between emotion dysregulation and weight gain among smokers, although available data suggest there are potential relationships that may be of clinical importance. The present study explored a potential mechanism in the relationship between emotion dysregulation and body mass index (BMI). Specifically, the current study examined the indirect effects of emotional eating on the association between emotion dysregulation and BMI among smokers. Participants included 136 (52...
May 4, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Natalie G Keirns, Misty A W Hawkins
Intuitive eating (IE) is a pattern of adaptive eating that has been associated with positive psychosocial and physical factors (e.g., positive body image, lower body mass index; BMI). However, BMI has also been negatively associated with body image. Our goal was to evaluate whether IE is uniquely associated with body image, independent of objective weight status (measured BMI). Further, as a secondary aim, this study analyzed potential moderators (BMI, sex, race-ethnicity) in the IE-body image relationship...
April 23, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Jeremy W Luk, Jacob M Miller, Leah M Lipsky, Stephen E Gilman, Denise L Haynie, Bruce G Simons-Morton
Sexual minority adolescents are more likely than heterosexual peers to engage in maladaptive eating behaviors such as restrictive dieting. However, prior studies relied on cross-sectional data and did not test potential mechanisms. This study examined longitudinal associations between adolescent sexual minority status and three maladaptive eating behaviors (restrictive dieting, diet pill use, and drug-related dieting) in young adulthood and tested higher perceived weight status as a mediator of observed disparities...
April 18, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Jinbo He, Jordan M Ellis, Hana F Zickgraf, Xitao Fan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to translate, modify, and validate the Adult Picky Eating Questionnaire (APEQ) for use in China. METHODS: Based on standard procedures, the APEQ was translated into Chinese. Four items were added in the final Chinese version of the APEQ (C-APEQ). For testing the psychometric properties of the C-APEQ, a total of 1069 participants (17-24 years; 52.57% women) were recruited from two universities in mainland China. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis supported the previous four-factor structure of the APEQ...
April 13, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Mary Quattlebaum, Natasha L Burke, M K Higgins Neyland, William Leu, Natasha A Schvey, Abigail Pine, Alexandria Morettini, Sarah LeMay-Russell, Denise E Wilfley, Mark Stephens, Tracy Sbrocco, Jack A Yanovski, Sarah Jorgensen, Cara Olsen, David Klein, Jeffrey Quinlan, Marian Tanofsky-Kraff
Stressors unique to military families may place dependents of military service members of both sexes at high-risk for disordered-eating. Yet, there are no data examining sex-related differences in eating pathology and distress among this population. Therefore, we examined disordered-eating attitudes and associated psychosocial characteristics in adolescent military dependents at high-risk for both eating disorders and adult obesity (i.e., BMI ≥ 85th percentile and elevated anxiety symptoms and/or loss-of-control eating)...
April 11, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Sarah E Stromberg, Paris B Wheeler, Marie L Chardon, David M Janicke
BACKGROUND: Children with higher body weights engage in more healthy weight control behaviors (HWCBs) and unhealthy weight control behaviors (UWCBs) compared to healthy weight peers. Parent restrictive feeding (parental attempts to limit what and how much children eat in an effort to manage youth weight) has also been associated with youth weight. However, there is limited research on parental feeding practices among non-Caucasian samples, despite evidence that parental feeding may function differently across races...
March 29, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Lisa J Germeroth, Meredith L Wallace, Michele D Levine
Food cue-reactivity tasks are used to induce and evaluate food cravings. Extant research has implicated the role of tasting foods in heightening cue-elicited food craving. The present study was the first to evaluate a taste manipulation during a food cue-reactivity task to optimize cue-elicited craving and predict food intake. Participants with overweight/obesity (N = 35; M age = 33.46 years [SD = 13.27]; M BMI = 32.91 kg/m2 [SD = 5.34]) engaged in one laboratory session and were randomized to a 'No Taste' or 'Taste' condition...
March 29, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Yi-Jun Luo, Geng-Feng Niu, Fan-Chang Kong, Hong Chen
Interpersonal sexual objectification experiences are pervasive in online communication contexts, and their influence on positive eating behaviors should not be ignored. Broad conceptualization of beauty refers to how widely women and girls define female beauty in terms of both internal and external characteristics, and body appreciation refers to loving, respecting, and holding a positive attitude toward the body. This study examined the association between online interpersonal sexual objectification (OISO) experiences and intuitive eating, as well as the mediating role of broad conceptualization of beauty and body appreciation...
March 24, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Loren Gianini, Karin Foerde, B Timothy Walsh, Melissa Riegel, Allegra Broft, Joanna E Steinglass
OBJECTIVE: Negative affect is a precipitant for binge eating in bulimia nervosa (BN). The purpose of the current study was to examine the effect of negative affect on food choices on a more granular level among individuals with BN using a computerized Food Choice Task. METHOD: Individuals with BN (n = 25) and healthy controls (HC, n = 21) participated in a computerized Food Choice Task following negative and neutral affect inductions, across two study sessions...
March 14, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Michael P Craven, Erin M Fekete
Shame and guilt are associated with greater eating disorder symptomatology, including binge eating. These emotional states may be related to binge eating as a result of one's attempt to use food as a means of coping. Little research has examined associations between weight-specific negative emotions and eating behaviors. Even less research has examined the role of intuitive eating as a mitigating factor of these associations. This study examined the relationships among weight-related shame and guilt and binge eating symptomatology in a sample of 196 undergraduate women...
March 13, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Andrea Lopez-Cepero, Christine F Frisard, Stephenie C Lemon, Milagros C Rosal
BACKGROUND: Latinos experience disparities in obesity. Although causes of obesity are multifactorial, overeating is a major contributor. Emotional eating (EE) is associated with obesity and with intake of energy-dense foods. However, the relationship between EE and overeating, and the mediating role of energy-dense foods on this relationship, has not been studied. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between EE and overeating among Latinos and the potential mediating role of energy-dense food consumption on this relationship...
March 7, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Brian K Lo, Christine Loui, Sara C Folta, Angela Flickinger, Leah M Connor, Evelyn Liu, Sarah Megiel, Rebecca A Seguin
BACKGROUND: In comparison to their urban and suburban counterparts, midlife and older rural women are less likely to consume adequate fruit and vegetables (F&V). The present study aimed to examine the relationships between psychological, social, and environmental factors and F&V intake among midlife and older rural women in the United States. METHODS: This cross-sectional study utilized data from 513 midlife and older rural women (mean age = 67.0, mean BMI = 26...
March 1, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Scott Crow, Thomas J Blom, Leslie Sim, Alfredo B Cuellar-Barboza, Joanna M Biernacka, Mark A Frye, Susan L McElroy
PURPOSE: To examine the potential factor structure of the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale (EDDS) in a sample of individuals with bipolar disorder. METHOD: Exploratory common factor analyses were conducted in a sample of 1031 people with bipolar disorder as defined by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR. RESULTS: Approximately 27% of participants had a comorbid eating disorder. Exploratory factor analysis yielded a 3 factor solution (i...
February 18, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Ulrike Alexandra Ruzanska, Petra Warschburger
Self-regulation is a dispositional skill of regulating attention and emotion to attain a certain goal. Poor self-regulation is associated with a higher body mass index (BMI) and is a risk factor for the development of obesity. Intuitive eating, an adaptive eating style characterized by eating in response to internal cues of hunger and satiety, is associated with a lower BMI. Using cross-sectional data, this study examined whether intuitive eating mediates the relationship between self-regulation and BMI in a community sample of adults...
February 18, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Jake Linardon, Mariel Messer
My Fitness Pal (MFP) is a calorie-tracking smartphone application that is gaining popularity worldwide. Although MFP has the potential to be a cheap and efficient weight-loss tool, concerns that MFP could trigger, maintain, or exacerbate eating disorder symptoms have been raised. Preliminary research has documented associations between MFP use and eating disorder symptoms in women with eating disorders and in undergraduate students. However, whether these associations exist additionally in a male-only sample has not been tested...
February 10, 2019: Eating Behaviors
L Mattar, N Farran, J Abi Kharma, N Zeeni
BACKGROUND: Extensive research has been conducted to investigate the effects of media violence on attitudes, behaviors, and cardiovascular health; however, only few studies have examined its effect on appetite, eating behavior and food preferences. Little attention has been given to understand how movie genre manipulates the physiology and the eating behavior of individuals. The present study aimed at investigating the acute effect of violence content in movies on appetite perception, heart rate and blood pressure, along with food preferences and intake in young individuals...
February 10, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Camden E Matherne, Melissa A Munn-Chernoff, Laura M Thornton, Soo Hyun Rhee, Stacy Lin, Robin P Corley, Michael C Stallings, John K Hewitt
Youth with loss of control eating (LOC) have poorer social relationships than youth without LOC. However, perceived family functioning among youth reporting LOC is relatively unexplored. We examined perceived family functioning among 990 twins (age = 17.47 ± 0.71 years, 53% female) from the Colorado Center for Antisocial Drug Dependence with (n = 158) and without (n = 832) LOC. LOC was assessed with one binary item. Associations between family functioning and LOC were examined using general linear models that accounted for dependence in twin data...
February 7, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Anna Richard, Adrian Meule, Jens Blechert
Snack food consumption has a high relevance for health and is partially controlled by implicit, motivational processes that make self-control difficult at certain times. Specifically, research suggests that individuals with a more positive implicit food evaluation consume more snack foods in the laboratory under conditions of high motivational needs (e.g., hunger and food craving). Yet, no study investigated if and under which circumstances implicit evaluation of food predicts snack food intake in real life...
January 26, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Maija Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Summarize and evaluate self-report measures of food craving, provide suggestions on future directions for the field of food craving measurement, and deliver guidance on how to select a food craving measure. METHODS: Online bibliographical databases (PsycINFO and PubMed) were searched for peer-reviewed literature on self-report measures of food craving. RESULTS: There is a wide selection of food craving measures that researchers and clinicians can use to assess state, past, and trait food cravings...
January 19, 2019: Eating Behaviors
Kathryn E Smith, Tyler B Mason, Nicholas L Anderson, Jason M Lavender
While previous literature suggests that emotion dysregulation is a salient factor contributing to the onset and maintenance of eating disorders (EDs), less is known about how maladaptive, cognitively oriented regulation strategies such as rumination and thought suppression may be uniquely related to ED symptoms in men and women. The present study sought to examine the independent associations of ruminative brooding and thought suppression with ED symptoms, after controlling for negative affect intensity, and assess whether these associations differ by gender...
January 15, 2019: Eating Behaviors
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