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Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30735006/what-happens-at-home-doesn-t-stay-at-home-the-role-of-family-and-romantic-partner-conflict-in-destructive-leadership
#1
Angela M Dionisi, Julian Barling
Why leaders behave the way they do is of considerable importance. Our goal in this research was to understand how family-to-work conflict and romantic relationship conflict influence two different forms of destructive leadership, namely abusive supervision and passive leadership. To do so, we invoke the conservation of resources theory. 123 leader-follower dyads participated. Leaders completed questionnaires on their own family-to-work conflict and romantic relationship conflict, depressive symptoms and cognitive distraction...
February 8, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30698328/contemplative-interventions-and-employee-distress-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Gavin R Slemp, Hayley K Jach, Austin Chia, Daniel J Loton, Margaret L Kern
Mindfulness, meditation, and other practices that form contemplative interventions are increasingly offered in workplaces to support employee mental health. Studies have reported benefits across various populations, yet researchers have expressed concerns that adoption of such interventions has outpaced scientific evidence. We reappraise the extant literature by meta-analytically testing the efficacy of contemplative interventions in reducing psychological distress in employees (meta-analyzed set: k = 119; N = 6,044)...
January 30, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657240/political-identity-dissimilarity-workplace-incivility-and-declines-in-wellbeing-a-prospective-investigation
#3
Yimin He, Paula L Costa, Jessica M Walker, Kathi N Miner, R Linden Wooderson
The workplace is an environment where individuals have little choice about with whom they interact. As such, employees may find themselves engaged in conversations with coworkers whose political opinions and perspectives are divergent from their own. In the present study, we examined how coworkers' (dis)similarity in political identity is related to the quality of their interpersonal interactions and subsequent wellbeing. We predicted that political identity dissimilarity is associated with experiences of workplace incivility and, in turn, declines in psychological and occupational wellbeing...
January 18, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623579/predicting-emotional-health-indicators-from-linguistic-evidence-of-psychological-distancing
#4
Anoushka D Shahane, Bryan T Denny
Psychological distancing, a form of cognitive reappraisal, involves construal of emotionally-valenced stimuli in an objective manner, or with perceived spatial and temporal distance. Prior work suggests that in appropriate contexts, reappraisal broadly, and distancing specifically, is related to adaptive mental and physical health outcomes. Additionally, recent research suggests that shifting language to be more distant (i.e., linguistic distancing (LD)) can have adaptive emotion regulatory effects. The present study addressed whether LD is also associated with adaptive health indicators...
January 8, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609240/structural-validity-of-the-parenting-daily-hassles-intensity-scale
#5
John Taylor
Although the Parenting Daily Hassles Intensity Scale is a common measure, it has been relatively unclear whether users should employ the 15-item form that quantifies routine parenting hassles on two dimensions of intensity or the 20-item form that assumes a single dimension underlies the responses on the scale. To help address this gap, Bayesian confirmatory factor analysis was used to investigate the structural validity of the 15- and 20-item forms in a sample of 174 mothers with at least one young child ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
January 4, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609231/perceived-stress-in-human-machine-interaction-in-modern-manufacturing-environments-results-of-a-qualitative-interview-study
#6
Ulrike Körner, Kathrin Müller-Thur, Thorsten Lunau, Nico Dragano, Peter Angerer, Axel Buchner
Rapid advances in digitisation technologies are changing modern working conditions especially in industrial settings. Consequently, employees are confronted with new forms of human-machine interaction. Whether changes in working conditions in general, and the increasing relevance of human-machine interaction in particular, affect psychosocial working conditions and employeeꞋs health is currently matter of debate, but empirical data are lacking. Therefore, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 36 employees working in five different companies...
January 4, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30609225/socioeconomic-status-social-cultural-values-life-stress-and-health-behaviors-in-a-national-sample-of-adolescents
#7
Goran Milas, Irena Martinović Klarić, Ana Malnar, Daniela Šupe-Domić, George M Slavich
Adolescence is a developmental period during which time individuals adopt health behaviors that affect their lifelong health and disease risk. Socioeconomic status, social-cultural values, and stress have all been hypothesized to play a role in this association, but very few studies have examined how these factors interrelate and explain differences in health behaviors in adolescence. To address this issue, we assessed youths' socioeconomic status, social-cultural values, life stress levels across seven domains, and health behaviors in a national sample of 1,830 high school seniors living in the four largest cities in Croatia...
January 4, 2019: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30516320/on-the-role-of-mindfulness-and-compassion-skills-in-students-coping-well-being-and-development-across-the-transition-to-college-a-conceptual-analysis
#8
Kamila Dvořáková, Mark T Greenberg, Robert W Roeser
In this paper, we aim to integrate the current conceptual approaches to stress and coping processes during the college transition with the potential role of mindfulness and compassion skills on students' well-being and development. First, we provide an overview of the issues and challenges emerging adults are facing during the transition to college, drawing on the revised version of the transactional stress model by Lazarus and Folkman (1984). Second, we introduce a conceptual model of adaptive stress and coping processes enhanced by mindfulness and compassion (MC) skills to positively impact the appraisal and coping resources and emerging adults' mental health...
December 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30467949/cross-sectional-survey-of-workplace-stressors-associated-with-physician-burnout-measured-by-the-mini-z-and-the-maslach-burnout-inventory
#9
Kristine Olson, Christine Sinsky, Seppo T Rinne, Theodore Long, Ronald Vender, Sandip Mukherjee, Michael Bennick, Mark Linzer
Rising physician burnout has adverse effects on healthcare. This study aimed to identify remediable stressors associated with burnout using the 10-item Mini-Z and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), and to compare performance of the Mini-Z's single-item burnout metric against the 22-item MBI. Surveys were emailed to 4118 clinicians affiliated with an academic health system; 1252 clicked the link, and 557 responded (completion rate 44%). Four hundred seventy-five practicing physicians were included: academic faculty (372), hospital employed (52), and private practitioners (81)...
November 22, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30461202/perceived-stress-mediates-the-relationship-between-mindfulness-and-negative-affect-variability-a-randomized-controlled-trial-among-middle-aged-to-older-adults
#10
Dana Dharmakaya Colgan, Daniel Klee, Tab Memmott, Jeffrey Proulx, Barry Oken
Despite the interest in mindfulness over the past 20 years, studies have only recently begun to examine mindfulness in older adults. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate pretreatment to post-treatment change in negative affect variability (NAV) following a mindfulness training among 134 mildly stressed, middle-aged to older adults. The secondary aim was to assess if the effects of mindfulness training on NAV would be partially explained by pretreatment to post-treatment reductions in perceived stress, a trend that would be congruent with several stress models...
November 20, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30113771/comparison-of-rest-break-interventions-during-a-mentally-demanding-task
#11
Gerhard Blasche, Barbara Szabo, Michaela Wagner-Menghin, Cem Ekmekcioglu, Erwin Gollner
Research is scarce on ways to enhance the effect of rest breaks during mentally demanding tasks. The present study investigated the effectiveness of two rest-break interventions on well-being during an academic lecture. Sixty-six students (53 females, mean age 22.5 years) enrolled in two different university classes of 4-hr duration participated in the study. Two measures of well-being (fatigue and vigor) were assessed immediately before, after, and 20 minutes after the break. A control condition without a break as well as an unstructured break was compared with breaks either encompassing physical activity or a relaxation exercise...
December 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30407722/college-students-daily-coping-mood-and-quality-of-life-benefits-of-problem-focused-engagement
#12
Leaha Shermeyer, Michael T Morrow, Nicholas Mediate
In this short communication, we investigated the relations of daily coping, mood, and quality of life in college students (n = 74) over seven consecutive days (n = 510). Specifically, we tested whether four types of daily coping (problem-focused engagement, problem-focused disengagement, emotion-focused engagement, and emotion-focused disengagement) were associated with three aspects of daily functioning (negative mood, positive mood, and quality of life). In a single multilevel multivariate regression model, we examined the day-to-day relations of the four coping strategies with mood and quality of life, while controlling for perceived stress...
November 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30407711/association-of-psychosocial-factors-with-leukocyte-telomere-length-among-african-americans-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#13
Christina D Jordan, LáShauntá M Glover, Yan Gao, Solomon K Musani, Stanford Mwasongwe, James G Wilson, Alex Reiner, Ana Diez-Roux, Mario Sims
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is a biomarker of cellular aging. African Americans report more stress than other groups; however, the association of psychosocial stressors with biological aging among African Americans remains unclear. The current study evaluated the association of psychosocial factors (negative affect and stressors) with LTL in a large sample of African American men and women (n=2,516) from the Jackson Heart Study (JHS). Using multivariable linear regression, we examined the sex-specific associations of psychosocial factors (cynical distrust, anger-in and -out, depressive symptoms, negative affect summary scores, global stress, weekly stress, and major life events-MLEs, and stress summary scores) with LTL...
November 8, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30378254/non-medical-use-of-prescription-drugs-for-cognitive-enhancement-as-response-to-chronic-stress-especially-when-social-support-is-lacking
#14
Sebastian Sattler
The non-medical use of prescription drugs to improve cognitive performance has gained attention due to concerns over its social and political implications as well as side-effects and long-term health consequences. Some researchers expect a future trend of an instrumental use of drugs for cognitive enhancement (CE). Thus, getting insights about causes of CE-drug consumption is warranted before the prevalence increases. Since perceived stress is ubiquitous in universities and may decrease cognitive performance, one reaction to cope with stress and its consequences might be the instrumental use of drugs for CE, especially if other resources, such as social support, are lacking...
October 30, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30328241/mindfulness-based-program-for-stress-reduction-in-infertile-women-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Simone F Nery, Sara P C Paiva, Érica L Vieira, Andressa B Barbosa, Edna M Sant'Anna, Maira Casalechi, Cynthia Dela Cruz, Antônio L Teixeira, Fernando M Reis
Infertile women often experience chronic stress, which may have a negative impact on general well-being and may increase the burden of infertility. In this open-label, parallel, randomized controlled trial, infertile women aged 18-50 years (median 37 years) were assigned to an 8-week mindfulness-based program (MBP) or no intervention. The primary outcome was stress severity measured by the Lipp's Stress Symptoms Inventory (ISSL). Data were analyzed by modified intent-to-treat principle, which included all cases available to follow-up regardless of adherence to the intervention (62 participants from the MBP group and 37 from the control group)...
October 16, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30318702/neighborhood-stressors-and-psychological-distress-among-u-s-latinos-measuring-the-protective-effects-of-social-support-from-family-and-friends
#16
Georgiana Bostean, Flavia Cristina Drumond Andrade, Edna A Viruell-Fuentes
We examined whether social support from family and friends, separately, reduces the deleterious effect of neighborhood stressors on psychological distress among Latinos by subgroup. Utilizing data from a nationally representative sample of 2,524 Latinos (National Latino and Asian American Survey), we found that neighborhood stressors were associated with higher distress among people with low and average levels of family support, while there was no significant association between neighborhood stressors and distress among those with high levels of family support...
October 14, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30311999/the-relationship-between-physical-work-hazards-and-employee-withdrawal-the-moderating-role-of-safety-compliance
#17
Kristin A Horan, Sonia R Singh, Mary T Moeller, Russell A Matthews, Clare L Barratt, Steve M Jex, William H O'Brien
We examined the relationship between physical work hazards and employee withdrawal among a sample of healthcare employees wherein compliance was hypothesized to moderate the relationship between physical work hazards and withdrawal. Healthcare workers (N = 162) completed an online questionnaire assessing physical work hazards, withdrawal, and indicators of workplace safety. Safety compliance moderated the relationship between patient aggression and withdrawal. Interaction plots revealed that for all significant moderations, the relationship between physical work hazards and withdrawal was weaker for those who reported high levels of compliance...
October 12, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303299/employees-and-line-managers-active-involvement-in-participatory-organizational-interventions-examining-direct-reversed-and-reciprocal-effects-on-well-being
#18
Susanne Tafvelin, Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina Nielsen, Henna Hasson
This study examined how employee participation and perceptions of line managers' support during a participatory organizational intervention were related to well-being over time. While previous studies suggest that employees' and managers' active involvement in participatory organizational interventions may be related to well-being, little is known about the temporal aspects, such as at which time during the intervention these factors matter, or possible reciprocal effects. Building on conservation of resources theory, we tested hypotheses concerning direct, reversed, and reciprocal relationships between employee participation and perceptions of line manager support in relation to well-being...
October 10, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303270/correlates-of-hair-cortisol-concentrations-in-disadvantaged-young-children
#19
Julian G Simmons, Francisco Azpitarte, Fatou Diallo Roost, Eric Dommers, Nicholas B Allen, Sophie Havighurst, Nick Haslam
Children from highly disadvantaged families tend to experience worse health, educational, and job outcomes than less disadvantaged peers. However, the mechanisms underlying these relationships remain to be explicated. In particular, few studies have investigated the relationships between the psychosocial influences that children are exposed to early in life and longer term cortisol output. This study aims to contribute to the literature by exploring how disadvantaged young children's experiences of family adversity, and parenting and family functioning, are related to their long-term cortisol levels...
October 10, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30289608/stress-and-sleep-remain-significant-predictors-of-health-after-controlling-for-negative-affect
#20
Grant Benham, Ruby Charak
Prior research has shown that the predictive power of a stress-health model can be improved by the addition of sleep as a predictor variable. However, negative affect (NA) may act as a confounding variable in stress-health relationships: a source of bias that potentially inflates the observed relationship between stress and health. The current study examines whether stress and sleep remain significant predictors of health after controlling for trait NA. An online survey containing well-established measures of stress, sleep, health, and NA was completed by 460 undergraduates...
October 5, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
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