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BMC Endocrine Disorders

Yotsapon Thewjitcharoen, Amia Jones Elizabeth, Siriwan Butadej, Soontaree Nakasatien, Phawinpon Chotwanvirat, Ekgaluck Wanothayaroj, Sirinate Krittiyawong, Tinapa Himathongkam, Thep Himathongkam
BACKGROUND: Dysglycemic status defined by prediabetes and diabetes is known to be related with future risk of diabetic complications and cardiovascular diseases. Herein, we aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) when compared with oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) as a reference test in identifying dysglycemic status among high-risk Thai patients receiving care in an out-patient setting. METHODS: An 11-year retrospective cross-sectional study of high-risk Thai patients who underwent OGTT during 2007-2017 was analysed...
February 15, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Yin-Yu Wang, Ye Liu, Cheng Li, Jing Lin, Xin-Mei Liu, Jian-Zhong Sheng, He-Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: To investigate the frequency and risk factors for recurrent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in Chinese primiparous women. METHODS: Case control study. We investigated primiparous women who experienced GDM complications and had a subsequent pregnancy in the same hospital from January, 2012 to January, 2017. Ultimately, 78 women with recurrent GDM and 64 women with no recurrence were included. Clinical characteristics and biochemical parameters such as fasting plasma glucose (FPG), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and lipid profiles were collected from medical records...
February 15, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Xuemei Wang, Wei Shu, Jian Du, Maolin Du, Peiyu Wang, Mingming Xue, Huiqiu Zheng, Yufeng Jiang, Shaohua Yin, Danyan Liang, Ruiqi Wang, Lina Hou
BACKGROUND: As an insulin-dependent disease, type 1 diabetes requires paying close attention to the glycemic control. Studies have shown that mobile health (mHealth) can improve the management of chronic diseases. However, the effectiveness of mHealth in controlling the glycemic control remains uncertain. The objective of this study was to carry out a systematic review and meta-analysis using the available literature reporting findings on mHealth interventions, which may improve the management of type 1 diabetes...
February 13, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Annette Masuch, Nele Friedrich, Johannes Roth, Matthias Nauck, Ulrich Alfons Müller, Astrid Petersmann
BACKGROUND: Measurement of gylcated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) plays a central role in monitoring quality of antidiabetic therapy and in the diagnosis of diabetes. Several studies report increased levels of HbA1c in nondiabetic elderly. However, this observation did not reach incorporation into daily clinical practice or the respective guidelines. The present study aimed to evaluate HbA1c levels in relation to age in two independent population-based cohorts and to derive age-specific reference intervals...
February 12, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Abdullah Al-Khaldi, Samar Sultan
BACKGROUND: Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) and sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) proteins have an important role in counteracting oxidative stress. Although diabetes and hypothyroidism (HT) are both characterized by oxidative stress, the mechanisms are not fully understood. This study investigated the effects of type 1 diabetes (T1D), type 2 diabetes (T2D), and HT on the expression levels of SIRT1, SIRT3, and manganese superoxide dismutase (SOD2). METHODS: Gene expression of SIRT1, SIRT3, and SOD2 was measured using real-time PCR...
February 8, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Giuseppe Roberto, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Francesco Giorgianni, Valeria Pizzimenti, Carmen Ferrajolo, Michele Tari, Claudia Bartolini, Roberto Da Cas, Marina Maggini, Stefania Spila-Alegiani, Paolo Francesconi, Gianluca Trifirò, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Fabio Baccetti, Rosa Gini
BACKGROUND: The incretin-based medicines GLP1 analogues (GLP1a) and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) are hypoglycaemic agents licensed for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Although these drugs possess comparable efficacy and low risk of hypoglycaemia, differences in terms of route of administration (subcutaneous versus oral), effect on body weight and gastrointestinal tolerabily can impact their actual use in clinical practice. This study aimed to describe the real-world utilization of incretin-based medicines in the Italian clinical practice...
February 7, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Gashayeneh Genetu Tiruneh, Nurilign Abebe, Getenet Dessie
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia presents a barrier to optimum diabetes management and it is related to a negative impact on health-related quality of life, healthcare resource use, and work productivity. Despite the fact that the magnitude of hypoglycemia and factors associated with hypoglycemia in diabetic population were demonstrated in clinical trial settings; there is no adequate evidence concerning to the problem in real-world settings, in particular in the study area. The aim of the study was to assess the magnitude of hypoglycemia and factors associated with hypoglycemia among adult diabetic patients attending chronic follow up clinic at Debre Markos referral hospital, East Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia, 2017...
January 30, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Tsai-Sung Tai, Yueh-Han Hsu, Jia Ming Chang, Chien-Chin Chen
BACKGROUND: Renal hyperparathyroidism is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal disease (ESRD) characterized by elevated parathyroid hormone levels secondary to derangements in the homeostasis of calcium, phosphate, and vitamin D. Rapid correction of severe and prolonged hyperparathyroidism by surgical parathyroidectomy in long-term hemodialysis patients occasionally causes hungry bone syndrome. These patients then exhibit severe and long-lasting secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism with high bone turnover...
January 28, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Ravindra Shukla, Asish Kumar Basu, Biplab Mandal, Pradip Mukhopadhyay, Animesh Maity, Satyam Chakraborty, Praveen Kumar Devrabhai
BACKGROUND: A comparative study of 11 β HSD 1 activity in type 2 diabetes mellitus subjects with respect to fasting blood glucose and other metabolic parameters was conducted. METHODS: A case control experimental study was performed enrolling thirty type 2 diabetes mellitus patients and thirty age, gender and BMI matched controls using cortisone acetate test. RESULTS: The rise of serum cortisol after oral 25 mg cortisone acetate from baseline (dexamethasone suppressed level) is higher in subjects with type 2 diabetes and is associated with exercise, BMI, SGOT but not daily calorie intake, lipid parameters and thyroid status...
January 24, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Wei-Bin Zhou, Nan Chen, Cheng-Jiang Li
BACKGROUND: Hyperandrogenemia is more common in puberty and reproductive age, but relatively rare in postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal virilization may result from androgen-producing tumors. Androgen-secreting adrenal tumors are rare in clinical practice and are diagnosed as adrenocortical carcinoma, most of which can co-secrete androgen and cortisol. Highly elevated serum testosterone level with normal adrenal androgens such as dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and androstenedione is usually regarded as ovary origin...
January 23, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Xin-Hua Xiao, Xiao-Yan Qi, Jiao-Yang Li, Yi-Bing Wang, Ya-Di Wang, Zhe-Zhen Liao, Jing Yang, Li Ran, Ge-Bo Wen, Jiang-Hua Liu
BACKGROUND: Zinc-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) is a recently novel lipolytic adipokine implicated in regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism in many metabolic disorders. In vitro and animal studies suggest that thyroid hormones (TH) up-regulates ZAG production in hepatocytes. However, there is no data evaluating the possible relationship between ZAG and TH in a human model of hyperthyroidism. The objective of the present study is to assess the association of serum ZAG levels with TH and lipid profile in patients with hyperthyroidism before and after methimazole treatment...
January 22, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Chihiro Sakaguchi, Kenji Ashida, Kenichi Kohashi, Kenji Ohe, Yoichi Fujii, Seiichi Yano, Yayoi Matsuda, Shohei Sakamoto, Ryuichi Sakamoto, Yoshinao Oda, Masatoshi Nomura, Yoshihiro Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Increased urinary free cortisol in response to the oral administration of dexamethasone is a paradoxical reaction mainly reported in patients with primary pigmented nodular adrenocortical disease. Here, we describe the first case of subclinical Cushing's syndrome represented by autonomous cortisol secretion and paradoxical response to oral dexamethasone administration, harboring an activating mutation in the α subunit of the stimulatory G protein (GNAS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old woman was diagnosed with subclinical Cushing's syndrome during an evaluation for bilateral adrenal masses...
January 22, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
G W Katulanda, P Katulanda, C Dematapitiya, H A Dissanayake, S Wijeratne, M H R Sheriff, D R Matthews
BACKGROUND: Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is the most commonly used screening tool for diabetes in Sri Lanka. Cut-off values from American Diabetes Association recommendations are adopted in the absence of local data. We aimed to establish FPG cut offs for Sri Lankans to screen for diabetes and pre-diabetes. METHODS: Data on FPG and diabetes/pre-diabetes status were obtained from Sri Lanka Diabetes and Cardiovascular Study (SLDCS), a community based island wide observational study conducted in 2005-6...
January 22, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Piotr Szumowski, Saeid Abdelrazek, Łukasz Żukowski, Małgorzata Mojsak, Monika Sykała, Katarzyna Siewko, Katarzyna Maliszewska, Anna Popławska-Kita, Janusz Myśliwiec
BACKGROUND: The most frequently used methods of assessing Graves' orbithopathy (GO) include: Clinical Activity Score (CAS), ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). There exists another, slightly forgotten, imaging method: single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with the use of diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid tagged with 99m Tc (99m Tc-DTPA). These days it is possible to conduct a SPECT examination fused with a CT scan (SPECT/CT), which increases the diagnostic value of the investigation...
January 18, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Helmuth G Dörr, Theresa Penger, Michaela Marx, Manfred Rauh, Patricia G Oppelt, Thomas K M Völkl
BACKGROUND: Data on adrenarche and pubarche in girls with Turner syndrome (TS) are inconsistent in the literature. METHODS: The cohort consisted of 94 girls and young women with TS born between 1971 and 2001 (age range: 3.1-23.2 yrs.), who were treated with human growth hormone and regularly presented at our outpatient clinic every 4 to 6 months.The longitudinal data of all patients were ascertained retrospectively from patient charts. The data collection ended in January 2016...
January 18, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Muhammad M Hammami, Kafa Abuhdeeb, Safa Hammami, Ahmed Yusuf
BACKGROUND: Vitamin-D2 (D2) treatment has been associated with a decrease in 25-hydroxy (25(OH)) vitamin-D3 (D3) level, suggesting that D3 treatment would be preferred to raise total 25(OH) vitamin-D (D) level. We postulated that D2 treatment-associated decrease in 25(OH)D3 level is related to the increase in 25(OH)D level rather than being D2-specific, and thus there would be a similar D3 treatment-associated decrease in 25(OH)D2 level. METHODS: Fifty volunteers were block-randomized to 50,000 IU D2 or placebo orally once (study-1) and fifty volunteers received 50,000 IU D2 orally once and 4 days later block-randomized to 50,000 IU D3 or placebo orally once (study-2)...
January 18, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Emily C L Knox, Helen Quirk, Cris Glazebrook, Tabitha Randell, Holly Blake
BACKGROUND: The role of technology in the self-management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) among children and young people is not well understood. Interventions should aim to improve key diabetes self-management behaviours (self-management of blood glucose, insulin administration, physical activity and dietary behaviours) and prerequisites (psychological outcomes and HbA1c) highlighted in the UK guidelines of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for management of T1DM...
January 10, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Danúbia Sá-Caputo, Laisa Liane Paineiras-Domingos, Arlete Francisca-Santos, Elzi Martins Dos Anjos, Aline Silva Reis, Mario Fritsch Toros Neves, Wille Oigman, Ricardo Oliveira, Andrea Brandão, Christiano Bittencourt Machado, Xavier Chiementin, Redha Taiar, Alessandro Sartório, Mario Bernardo-Filho
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of metabolic abnormalities that increases the cardiovascular risk. Regular physical exercise can promote benefits, but the MetS individuals are demotivated to perform it. Thus, new possibilities are important as an alternative intervention. The whole-body vibration can be considered an exercise modality and would be a safe and low-cost strategy to improve functional parameters of individuals in different clinical conditions. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess effects of whole-body vibration on functional parameters of MetS individuals...
January 9, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Keizo Kaneko, Chihiro Satake, Tomohito Izumi, Mamiko Tanaka, Junpei Yamamoto, Yoichiro Asai, Shojiro Sawada, Junta Imai, Tetsuya Yamada, Hideki Katagiri
BACKGROUND: Insulin injection, especially with insulin analogs, occasionally induces the production of insulin antibodies with high binding capacity and low affinity, similar to the insulin autoantibodies characteristic of insulin autoimmune syndrome (IAS). Production of these "IAS-like" insulin antibodies causes marked glycemic fluctuations with postprandial hyperglycemia and fasting hypoglycemia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old man with a 27-year history of diabetes was admitted because of marked glycemic fluctuations...
January 8, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
Xu Zhao, Kun Huang, Meijie Zheng, Junting Duan
BACKGROUND: Several clinical trials have studied the effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) on glycometabolism and cardiovascular risk factors since they were identified. Because of their cardiovascular benefits and efficacy in lowering glucose, GLP-1RAs are becoming increasingly important in clinical therapy for patients with or without pathoglycaemia. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of the GLP-1RA liraglutide on blood pressure based on randomised controlled trials (RCTs)...
January 7, 2019: BMC Endocrine Disorders
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