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BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders

Mathieu Marx, Nadège Costa, Benoit Lepage, Soumia Taoui, Laurent Molinier, Olivier Deguine, Bernard Fraysse
Background: Single-sided deafness (SSD) and asymmetric hearing loss (AHL) have recently been proposed as a new indication for cochlear implantation. There is still no recommended treatment for these hearing deficits, and most options considered rely on the transfer of sound from the poor ear to the better ear, using Contralateral Routing of the Signal (CROS) hearing aids or bone conduction (BC) devices. In contrast, cochlear implantation allows the poor ear to be stimulated and binaural hearing abilities to be partially restored...
2019: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Kasahun Gorems, Getenet Beyene, Melkamu Berhane, Zeleke Mekonnen
Background: Otitis media is among the leading causes of childhood illnesses although it can also affect the adults resulting in frequent physician visits, drug prescription and a key contributor to antibiotic resistance. The aim of this study was to determine the risk factors, bacterial profile, and the antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates from patients with discharging ears which clinically equates to draining otitis media in developing countries with limited medical resources such as otoscope...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Jake Jervis Bardy, Derek S Sarovich, Erin P Price, Eike Steinig, Steven Tong, Amanda Drilling, Judy Ou, Sarah Vreugde, Peter-John Wormald, Alkis J Psaltis
Background: Staphylococcus aureus has a high prevalence in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients and is suggested to play a more etiopathogenic role in CRS patients with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), a severe form of the CRS spectrum with poorer surgical outcomes. We performed a microbial genome-wide association study (mGWAS) to investigate whether S. aureus isolates from CRS patients have particular genetic markers associated with CRS with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) or CRS without nasal polyps (CRSsNP)...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Mitchell R Gore
Background: Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma is an uncommon malignant neoplasm seen most frequently in the salivary glands, representing approximately 1 to 2% of salivary gland tumors. Less than 600 cases have been reported in the literature since its initial description in 1972. The aim of this study was to examine demographic, site, stage, and survival factors in patients with epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma. Methods: The 1973-2014 SEER (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) cancer database was queried for patients treated for epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Mitchell R Gore
Background: While odontogenic soft tissue infections of the head and neck are common, progression to necrotizing fasciitis is relatively rare. Necrotizing fasciitis is a potentially life-threatening and rapidly progressive soft tissue infection that can lead to significant skin and soft tissue loss, mediastinitis, vascular thrombosis or rupture, limb loss, organ failure, and death. Methods: A PubMed literature search was conducted for case reports and case series on odontogenic necrotizing fasciitis...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Mitchell R Gore
Background: The sinuses, nasal cavity, and middle ear represent a rarer location of head and neck malignancy than more common sites such as the larynx and oral cavity. Population-based studies are a useful tool to study the demographic and treatment factors affecting survival in these malignancies. Methods: Population-based database search of the Survival, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database from 1973 to 2015 for malignancies involving the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and middle ear...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Eun-Jeong Kim, Yong-Keum Choi
Background: The purpose of this study was to examine whether allergic rhinitis is associated with periodontal disease in a representative sample of elderly Korean people that was adjusted for socio-demographic factors, oral and general health behaviors, and systemic health status. Methods: A total of 10,643 subjects who were between 20 and 59 years of age participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and underwent cross-sectional examination...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Baharudin Abdullah, Chew Shiun Chuen, Salina Husain, Kornkiat Snidvongs, De Yun Wang
Background: The orbital floor is considered as an important intraoperative reference point in endoscopic sinonasal surgery. The aim of this review is to evaluate its reliability and usefulness as a surgical landmark in endoscopic endonasal surgery. Methods: A literature search was performed on electronic databases, namely PUBMED. The following keywords were used either individually or in combination: orbital floor; maxillary sinus roof; endoscopic skull base surgery; endoscopic sinus surgery...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Victoria Nyaiteera, Doreen Nakku, Esther Nakasagga, Evelyn Llovet, Elijah Kakande, Gladys Nakalema, Richard Byaruhanga, Francis Bajunirwe
Background: Worldwide, the burden of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is variable, but not known in Uganda. CRS has significant negative impact on quality of life (QOL) and as such QOL scores should guide adjustments in treatment strategies. However, most of these studies have been done in the west. Our hypothesis was that QOL scores of the majority of CRS patients in low- to- middle income countries are poorer than those among patients without CRS . The aim of this study was to determine the burden of CRS among patients re-attending the Otolaryngology clinic and whether CRS is related to poor QOL...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Aleksander Grande Hansen, Chi Zhang, Jens Øyvind Loven, Hanne Berdal-Sørensen, Magnus TarAngen, Rolf Haye
Background: Quality control after phonosurgery is important and may be time consuming. Often questionnaires focusing on quality of life are applied. We aimed at investigating the use of organ specific symptoms, such as hoarseness and voice failure with the use of self-reported visual analogue scales (VAS) and Likert-scales. Methods: A vocal surgical questionnaire using VAS and Likert-scales for hoarseness, voice failure and factors that could influence voice quality was given twice consecutively to a group of healthy volunteers ( n  = 57, 45 female) and a group of voice patients ( n  = 34, 21 females) for a test/re-test study...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Hazem Kaheel, Andreas Breß, Mohamed A Hassan, Aftab Ali Shah, Mutaz Amin, Yousuf H Y Bakhit, Marlies Kniper
Background: Mitochondrial maternally inherited hearing impairment (HI) appears to be increasing in frequency. The incidence of mitochondrial defects causing HI is estimated to be between 6 and 33% of all hearing deficiencies. Mitochondrial m.1555A > G mutation is the first mtDNA mutation associated with non-syndromic sensorineural deafness and also with aminoglycoside induced HI. Its prevalence varied geographically between different populations. Methods: We carried out PCR, restriction enzyme based screening, and sequencing of 337 subjects (including 132 patients diagnosed clinically with hereditary deafness) from 54 families from Syria for m...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Tewodros Tesfa Hailegiyorgis, Wondemagegn Demsiss Sarhie, Hailemariam Mekonnen Workie
Background: Otitis media is inflammation of the middle ear and tympanic membrane, which often occurs after an acute upper respiratory tract infection. It is the most common episode of infection in children and the second most important cause of hearing loss affecting 1.23 billion people, thus ranked fifth global burden of disease with a higher incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the isolation rate of bacterial pathogens from pediatric patients with otitis media...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Santosh Tummidi, Kanchan Kothari, Roshni Patil, Shruti S Singhal, Vyoma Shah
Background: Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC), a rare tumor of epithelial cell origin, commonly arises from the major salivary glands. Uncommonly it may be found outside the salivary glands and it's especially rare in the nasal cavity. Case presentation: A 71-year female had complaints of swelling at the base of nose, Fine needle aspiration (FNA) from the swelling revealed features of adenoid cystic carcinoma; cell block & IHC for CD-117 was positive. Conclusions: Sino-nasal ACC (SNACC) continues to pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges to clinicians...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Christopher R Watts, Matthew J Dumican
Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of transcutaneous neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on the timing of laryngeal vestibule closure during the pharyngeal stage of swallowing in healthy adults. The theoretical framework proposed that NMES applied to these muscles would present a perturbation to laryngeal vestibular closure reaction time (the amount of time for the laryngeal vestibule to close once the swallowing reflex has been triggered) by providing an antagonistic force to the direction of vestibule closure...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Mitchell R Gore
Background: Sarcomas comprise a diverse group of soft tissue mesenchymal malignancies. The sinuses and nasal region are a relatively rare site of sarcomas. Methods: Retrospective review of the literature on sinonasal sarcomas from 1987-2017. Data were analyzed for demographics, treatment type, stage, and histopathologic type. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to assess and compare survival. Results: A total of 198 cases of sinonasal sarcoma were identified and analyzed...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Jostein Førsvoll, Knut Øymar
Background: Tonsillectomy (TE) or adenotonsillectomy (ATE) may have a beneficial effect on the clinical course in children with the Periodic Fever, Aphthous stomatitis, Pharyngitis and cervical Adenitis (PFAPA) syndrome. However, an immunological reason for this effect remains unknown. This literature review summarizes the current knowledge of the effect of TE or ATE in the PFAPA syndrome. Methods: A search of PubMed, Medline, EMBASE and Cochrane was conducted for papers written in English dated from 1 January 1987 to 31 December 2016...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Ann Helen Nilsen, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Wenche Moe Thorstensen, Vegard Bugten
Background: The primary goal of this study is to compare pre- and postoperative symptoms and health related quality of life (HQOL) in 57 patients who underwent septoplasty (group-1), 56 patients who underwent septoplasty combined with radiofrequency therapy of inferior turbinates (RFIT) (group-2) and 58 patients who underwent RFIT alone (group-3). The secondary goal is to investigate if the change in symptoms and HQOL differed between these three patient groups after surgery. Methods: All patients reported symptoms on a visual analogue scale (VAS) and HQOL on Sino-Nasal-Outcome-Test-20 (SNOT-20) and Short-Form-Health-Survey-36 (SF-36) before and 6 months after surgery...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Øyvind Nordvik, Peder O Laugen Heggdal, Jonas Brännström, Flemming Vassbotn, Anne Kari Aarstad, Hans Jørgen Aarstad
Background: To the best of our knowledge, no empirically based consensus has been reached as to if, and to what extent, persons with hearing loss (HL) have reduced generic Quality of life (QoL). There seems to be limited knowledge regarding to what extent a hearing aid (HA) would improve QoL. The main aim of the present study was to review studies about the relationship between HL and QoL. A supporting aim was to study the association between distress and HL. Methods: Literature databases (Cinahl, Pub Med and Web of Science) were searched to identify relevant journal articles published in the period from January 2000 to March 17, 2016...
2018: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Øystein Eskeland, Kjell Arild Danielsen, Fredrik Dahl, Katrin Fridrich, Vivian Cecilie Orszagh, Gregor Bachmann-Harildstad, Espen Burum-Auensen
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis display a variety of different phenotypes. The symptoms of disease are characterised by various signs and symptoms such as nasal congestion, nasal discharge, pressure sensation in the face and reduced or complete loss of smell.In a patient population undergoing functional endoscopic sinonasal surgery (FESS) for chronic rhinosinusitis, we wanted to investigate the clinical features and explore if the presence of biofilm, nasal polyps or other disease characteristic could serve as predictor for the symptomatic load...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
Jate Lumyongsatien, Waralak Yangsakul, Chaweewan Bunnag, Claire Hopkins, Pongsakorn Tantilipikorn
Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of common health conditions that affects patients' health-related quality of life. Our purpose is to assess the reliability and validity of Thai-version of Sino-Nasal Outcome Test 22 in chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods: Permission for translation of SNOT-22 from English language to Thai language was obtained from the developer. The translation process was done based on the international standard of translation method...
2017: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
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