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Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse

Joanne D'Silva, Bradley Boekeloo, Elizabeth Seaman, Sylvia Quinton
To examine the relationship between marijuana risk perceptions and marijuana use, and assess the potential moderating role of stress among Black students from a historically Black university, a convenience sample of students (n = 213) was surveyed. The majority (87.9%) of the sample was Black and 52% were female. Over a third (35.1%) reported past 30-day marijuana use, and a majority (58.4%) reported no or slight risk from using marijuana once or twice weekly. Higher marijuana risk perceptions were associated with lower odds of marijuana use (OR = ...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Susan Brown Trinidad, Jennifer L Shaw, Lisa G Dirks, Evette J Ludman, Wylie Burke, Denise A Dillard
Although alcohol misuse is a priority for health care systems serving Alaska Native and American Indian (ANAI) people, stakeholders' perceptions of misuse are understudied. Patients (n = 34), providers (n = 20), and leaders (n = 16) at a Tribally owned and operated health care system reported that alcohol misuse results from the interaction of factors, including colonization, structural factors, social alienation, social norms about overdrinking introduced at the time of colonizing contact, coping with emotions, and beliefs about ANAI people and alcohol...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Abbas Deilamizade, Amir Moghanibashi-Mansourieh, Abolfazl Mohammadian, Daryush Puyan
Iran is the fourth refugee-hosting country and Afghanistan is the second refugee-source country in the world. This research is qualitative and conducted with content analysis method. Twenty-seven individuals participated in the study. They were recruited from two midterm residential drug treatment centers in Tehran. Afghan refugees who use drugs felt and experienced stigma in five areas: family, friends, workplace, neighborhood, and treatment center. The consequences include frequent treatment failure, family relationship disruption, superficial conformity with the host society, and self-stigma...
February 4, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ozlem Kazan Kizilkurt, Fikret Ferzan Gıynaş
Motivation is a significant factor in the treatment of addiction and has been proven to be a predictor of treatment outcomes. The present study investigated the effects of clinical variables, perceived social support, temperament, and personality traits on treatment motivation. This study included 100 patients whose detoxification treatment was completed following hospitalization in Alcohol and Drug Research, Treatment, and Training Center (AMATEM). Treatment motivations were assessed through Motivation for Treatment scale (MfT)...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ashley B Cole, Eleanor L Leavens, Emma I Brett, Susana V Lopez, Katelynn R Pipestem, Raymond P Tucker, Victoria M O'Keefe, Thad R Leffingwell, LaRicka R Wingate
Suicide is the second leading cause of death for American Indian (AI) young adults. Alcohol use is a well-established risk factor for suicide. On average, AIs ages 12 to 20 exhibit the second-highest rate of binge drinking compared to all other ethnic groups. The current study investigated the relation between alcohol use and suicide ideation in an AI sample and examined these relations in the context of the interpersonal theory of suicide (ITS). It was hypothesized that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness would each significantly moderate the relations between alcohol use and suicide ideation in an AI sample...
January 19, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Galya Bigman, Anna V Wilkinson, Elizabeth A Vandewater, Carrie R Daniel, Laura M Koehly, Margaret R Spitz, James D Sargent
Mexican American adolescents report high rates of alcohol consumption as well as media use. Viewing alcohol images in the media is associated with increased alcohol consumption; however, to date, this association has not been examined across different ethnic groups in the United States. To bridge this gap, we examined the association between viewing alcohol use images in PG-13-rated movies and alcohol initiation in Mexican-heritage adolescents. A cohort of 1,154 Mexican-heritage youth, average age 14 years, was followed for 2 years; in 2008-2009, participants reported alcohol use in the past 30 days and again in 2010-2011...
January 17, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Sara Matsuzaka, Margaret Knapp
Contemporary racism in the United States contributes to health, mental health, and substance use disorder (SUD) disparities among People of Color (POC) compared with White individuals. Despite entering into substance use treatment with a greater severity of SUD and related consequences, POC experience more barriers to treatment engagement, completion, and satisfaction than their White counterparts. As substance use treatment counselors are socialized within institutions of systemic racism, it is important to examine their positioning on racism in relation to their capacity for culturally competent care...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Wilma Figueroa, Kyle Yomogida, Jocelyne Mendez, Niloofar Bavarian
This study examined whether personality characteristics, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomology, psychological distress, and religiosity were associated with prescription stimulant avoidance self-efficacy and whether these relationships were moderated by race/ethnicity among a probability sample of 1,053 college students. We used regression analyses to examine associations between avoidance self-efficacy and the independent variables of interest and moderation analyses to identity whether these associations were moderated by race/ethnicity...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Tatiana Basáñez, Steven Sussman, Jordan Clark, Jennifer B Unger
This study examined intragroup xenophobic attitudes, ethnic identity, and substance use (N = 905). Drawing on cognitive dissonance theory, we hypothesized that intragroup xenophobic attitudes among Latinx individuals would be associated with higher levels of substance use (SU) in early adulthood and that ethnic identity would increase the strength of that association. We found that in 10th grade, xenophobic attitudes were higher among respondents with lower ethnic identity, a longer family history in the United States, and less stress...
January 12, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nichea S Spillane, Hayley Treloar Padovano, Melissa R Schick
Tobacco use is among the top preventable causes of death in the United States, and American Indian (AI) adolescents tend to use tobacco at higher rates compared to the general population. To examine regional and gender differences in rates of smoked, smokeless, and poly-tobacco use among AI adolescents as compared to White counterparts, participants were sampled as part of a larger ongoing study examining substance use among American Indian adolescents who completed the American Drug and Alcohol Survey. A multilevel analytic approach was used to examine the effects of demographic variables on tobacco use...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Karen B Schmaling, Arthur W Blume, Monica C Skewes
The association of negative life events (NLEs) with incident alcohol use disorders (AUDs) was examined among Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites in the second wave of the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS) among 3,679 participants without AUDs at the first wave. The number of past-year NLEs at NCS-2 was higher for Black than White participants, but the rates of incident AUDs did not differ by racial/ethnic group (14.2% among all participants). Past-year NLEs were associated with increased odds of incident AUDs for Whites and Hispanics but not Blacks...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Roshan Bhad, Rishab Gupta, Yatan Pal Singh Balhara
Drug use, including opioid use disorder, is one of the rapidly rising and serious problems affecting populations globally. There is a treatment gap and delay in presentation of drug users to treatment centers. The present study aimed at assessing the pathways to care among opioid-dependent individuals seeking treatment from a community-based treatment center in India. In a cross-sectional observational study conducted at a community clinic of the National Drug Dependence Treatment Centre (NDDTC), New Delhi, India, a total of 100 treatment-seeking drug users (age 18-60 years) fulfilling DSM IV TR criteria for opioid dependence were recruited...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nicole Pepper, María Luisa Zúñiga, Mark B Reed
Poppers (nitrite inhalants) are legal, commonly used by men who have sex with men, and associated with HIV acquisition, yet research is lacking on popper use and associated adverse outcomes. People living with HIV (PLWH) in the U.S.-Mexico border region lead binational lives, including accessing care and having sex and drug use partners on both sides of the border, with broad personal and public health implications. Understanding popper use provides crucial information to guide policy and develop targeted interventions for binational PLWH...
January 7, 2019: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Daniel B Lee, Meredith O Hope, Justin E Heinze, Mary Cunningham, Cleopatra H Caldwell, Marc A Zimmerman
While racial discrimination (RD) is associated with increased alcohol-related problems among African Americans (AAs), researchers have not examined how RD contributes to the physical consequences of alcohol consumption over time. In addition, the protective role of religious coping has been discussed but not formally tested in pathways connecting RD to the physical consequences of alcohol consumption. To address this gap, we estimated latent growth mediation models in a sample of 465 AA emerging adults. We found that RD increased physical consequences of alcohol consumption over time through psychological distress...
December 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nitasha Puri, Kirsten Allen, Launette Rieb
To explore access and treatment for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) among people of South Asian ancestry living in Canada or the United State, EQUATOR guidelines were applied to 34 manuscripts identified through an English language literature search (1946-2017) for this narrative review. The population studied has poor access to and engagement with treatment for AUD. Early evidence suggests benefit from adopting language-specific materials, offering South Asian-specific therapy groups, and incorporating traditional healers...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Laura M Longo, Jessica L Martin, Byron L Zamboanga, Jeffery J Milroy, David L Wyrick
Relations among gender, ethnicity, athlete seasonal status, alcohol consumption, and protective behavioral strategies were examined among student-athletes. The national sample (N = 670, Mage  = 18.90) included Black (n = 199), Hispanic (n = 236), and White (n = 235) college student-athletes who use alcohol. There were significant gender and ethnic differences in alcohol consumption as well as gender differences in use of protective behavioral strategies. Within-group gender differences in alcohol use and PBS were present for White and Hispanic but not Black student-athletes...
December 12, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Ashley H Clawson, Leslie A Robinson, Kristoffer S Berlin
This study identified latent classes of adolescent smoking and examined race, gender, and physician communication (PC) as predictors of class membership. Data were drawn from five waves of a large (N = 3,049), diverse (82.9% African American) study. Several latent classes were identified: nonsmoker, quitter, early-onset escalating smoking, early-onset stable high smoking, late-onset smoking, and declining smoking. Males, Whites, and teens who received PC were more likely to be in classes with more smoking...
November 19, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Yen-Han Lee, Yen-Chang Chang, Yi-Ting Hana Lee, Ching-Ti Liu, Mack Shelley
Secondhand smoking (SHS) has become a critical challenge in Chinese society, and progress on SHS prevention remains unknown. There is little knowledge targeting Chinese older adults generally to investigate the associations between SHS exposure experiences during earlier life stages and health-related measurements. Using cross-sectional data from a nationally representative data set, the 2014 wave of the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (n = 4,414), multilevel logistic regression models with random effects for Chinese provinces were used for analyses...
November 17, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Nel Jason Haw, Jia Yang, Hong Li, Lin Duo, Tianyu Wang, Jennifer Z H Bouey
We aim to compare the values and challenges of peer outreach workers (POWs) with a history of drug use with non-POWs (NPOWs) in a needle and syringe exchange program (NSEP) in Yunnan, China. Data were abstracted from two independent surveys of 98 outreach workers and 33 program managers in 2014. POWs were more likely than NPOWs to conduct active outreach and to report ease in exchanging needles. Commonly cited concerns from POWs were low wages and frustration with client follow-up. Managers expressed the most concern on high turnover rates and low education levels...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
Megan R Hicks, Steven M Kogan
Racial discrimination is a documented risk factor for smoking among Black men; mechanisms of effect and protective processes remain to be investigated. This study examined the mediating effect of anger/hostility on the association between racial discrimination and smoking and the influence of protective social ties in buffering the effects of racial discrimination. Hypotheses were tested using longitudinal data from a study of 505 Black men ages 19-22. Data collected for the study occurred at three timepoints, each 12 months apart...
October 29, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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