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Atherosclerosis. Supplements

Sandra Kutkienė, Žaneta Petrulionienė, Aleksandras Laucevičius, Rimantė Čerkauskienė, Artūras Samuilis, Virginija Augaitienė, Aurelija Gedminaitė, Gintarė Bieliauskienė, Akvilė Šaulytė-Mikulskienė, Justina Staigytė, Emilija Petrulionytė, Urtė Gargalskaitė, Eglė Skiauterytė, Gabija Matuzevičienė, Milda Kovaitė, Irena Nedzelskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Achilles tendon lesions have long been associated with genetic defects in lipid metabolism and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). With this study we aimed to evaluate the usefulness of Achilles tendon ultrasonography in identifying people at greater risk among subjects with severe hypercholesterolemia (SH) in a high-risk population. METHODS: During the period of 2016-2017 a total of 213 participants were enrolled in this case-control study...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Nien-Tzu Chang, Ta-Chen Su
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inherited familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) increases cardiovascular risks, but perceived depression in FH is unknown. This study aims to explore the association between the FH and perceived depression. METHODS: This study was a hospital-based design, we started to recruit clinical diagnosis of phenotypic FH since 2014 for the Ten Countries Study in the Asia-Pacific region. We consecutively recruited 302 FH patients and other 414 comparison subjects (214 subjects with hypertriglyceridemia and 200 subjects with normal lipid controls) from the special lipid clinic of National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
I M Gaspar, A Gaspar
Familial hypercholesterolemia is an Mendelian dominant disorder characterized by defects of the low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) that result in a defective removal of LDL from plasma, which promotes deposition of cholesterol in the skin (xanthelasma), tendons (xanthomas), and arteries (atherosclerosis). Diagnosis severe clinical phenotype FH with Dutch Lipid Clinic Network Criteria, encompassing history of premature ASCVD, tendon xanthomas, and a family history of hypercholesterolemia and premature ASCVD in relatives is rare in the Portuguese FH patients...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Myra Tilney
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant condition raising the risk of premature cardiovascular disease up to twentyfold.[1] [2] It is under-diagnosed and undertreated, in spite of availability of effective treatment. Registers are recommended to assist in the recognition and improvement of the condition since treatment reduces morbidity and mortality. Disease registers enable longitudinal review and the application of continuous quality improvement methodology...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Zesen Liu, Jie Peng, Shilong Wang, Tao Jiang, Weicong Zhang, Chun Zhang, Yan Chen, Kang Meng, Jie Lin
Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia developed into severe cardiovascular consequences early. Untreated HoFH usually cannot survive over 30 years old. Acute coronary syndrome(ACS) caused by plaque rupture is one of the main causes of death in HoFH. As the highest resolution intravascular imaging technique, optical coherence tomography(OCT) can clearly show the thickness and structural characteristics of atherosclerotic plaque caps. In this study, a Chinese male HoFH received percutaneous coronary intervention for unstable angina...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Jie Peng, Xue Wu, Shilong Wang, Shuang Zhang, Xumin Wang, Zesen Liu, Jing Hong, Pucong Ye, Jie Lin
AIMS: To investigate the status of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) research and the characteristics of patients with FH in China. METHODS: Published papers in Chinese or English language from PubMed, SinoMed and CNKI databases from 1971 to March 2018 were searched using 'Familial hypercholesterolemia', 'Chinese' and 'Han' as keywords. A systematic review of studies on familial hypercholesterolemia was then conducted. RESULTS: A total of 391 articles were found, in which 22% were in English and 78% were in Chinese; approximately 43% are case reports and 34% are genetic reports according to the study type; 52% discussed the status of the disease and 11% investigated the subclinical status according to the study content...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
O S Lunegova, A E Mirrakhimov, E Hodzhiboboev, E E Bektasheva, K V Neronova, U M Toktomamatov, U Zakirov, A Asanbaev, R A Arapova, S S Abilova, A S Kerimkulova, E M Mirrakhimov
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is frequently underdiagnosed. Prevalence of the FH in Kyrgyzstan is unknown. AIM: to investigate the prevalence of FH amongst patients in the outpatient settings of the tertiary cardiologic center in Kyrgyzstan. METHODS: Retrospective observational study was conducted using the database of the laboratory of biochemistry and electronic database of outpatient department of the National Center of Cardiology and internal diseases...
March 2019: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
A S Alieva, O P Rotar, A V Orlov, M A Boyarinova, E V Moguchaya, A N Rogoza, A O Konradi, E V Shlyakhto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of increased arterial stiffness by different diagnostic methods and its association with cardiovascular risk in Russian population-based cohort. DESIGN AND METHODS: In terms of Russian epidemiological study ESSE-RF a random selection of 452 apparently healthy Saint-Petersburg inhabitants aged 25-65 years was performed. Fasting lipids, glucose and blood pressure measurements were performed. We used 3 diagnostic methods of arterial stiffness assessment: pulse wave velocity by applanation tonometry (SphygmoCor - PWV-S) and pulse wave velocity by volumetric sphygmography (VaSera - PWV-V), and cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) by VaSera...
September 2018: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Elena Olmastroni, Evgeny V Shlyakhto, Aleksandra O Konradi, Oxana P Rotar, Asiiat S Alieva, Maria A Boyarinova, Andrea Baragetti, Liliana Grigore, Fabio Pellegatta, Elena Tragni, Alberico L Catapano, Manuela Casula
We aimed to compare cardiovascular risk factors prevalence in Italy and Russia through cross-sectional database analysis. The study has been based on data from ESSE-RF and from baseline of PLIC study, two population-based epidemiological studies aimed to investigate prevalence of risk factors and evaluating contribution of traditional and new risk factors into morbidity and cardiovascular mortality. A total of 2203 patients with left and right intima-media thickness (IMT) measurements constituted the source population (1205 from PLIC study and 998 from ESSE-RF study)...
September 2018: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Aleksandra Kostina, Hanna Bjork, Elena Ignatieva, Olga Irtyuga, Vladimir Uspensky, Daria Semenova, Shohreh Maleki, Alexey Tomilin, Olga Moiseeva, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Mikhail Gordeev, Giuseppe Faggian, Anna Kostareva, Per Eriksson, Anna Malashicheva
Cellular and molecular mechanisms of thoracic aortic aneurysm are still not clear and therapeutic approaches are mostly absent. The role of endothelial cells in aortic wall integrity is emerging from recent studies. Although Notch pathway ensures endothelial development and integrity, and NOTCH1 mutations have been associated with thoracic aortic aneurysms, the role of this pathway in aneurysm remains elusive. The purpose of the present work was to study functions of Notch genes in endothelial cells of patients with sporadic thoracic aortic aneurysm...
September 2018: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Pedro Marques da Silva, J Sequeira Duarte, Pedro von Hafe, Victor Gil, Jorge Nunes de Oliveira, Germano de Sousa
Even with the improvement in lifestyle interventions, a better control of cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, and improvements in CV outcomes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) still persists as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Portugal and Europe. Atherogenic dyslipidaemias, namely hypercholesterolaemia, have a crucial and causal role in the development of atherosclerotic CVD. The clinical approach of a patient with dyslipidaemia involves a watchful diagnosis, sustained in lipid and lipoprotein laboratory procedures, which must be harmonized and standardized...
June 2018: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Claudia Stefanutti, Fabio Mazza, Dario Mesce, Claudia Morozzi, Serafina Di Giacomo, Marco Vitale, Mario Pergolini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Wolfgang Ramlow, Heinrich Prophet, Grit Waitz
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The objective of this study was a standardized comparison of the safety and effectiveness of the Kaneka (Kaneka Corporation, Osaka, Japan) whole blood (Liposorber DL-100) and plasma (Liposorber LA-15) lipoprotein apheresis (LA) system to optimize the individual therapy of patients with cardiovascular disease and severe dyslipidemia. METHODS: Six chronic LA patients with a pre-treatment LDL-C < 6 mmol/l in steady state received a total of three treatments with the LA-15 device, followed by three treatments with the DL-100 device or vice versa...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Valerii V Tishko, Alexey A Sokolov, Andrei N Belskih, Andrei M Ivanov, Marina E Meshkova, Tatyana S Skorinova
OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: Endothelial dysfunction and inflammatory reaction at the site of damage plays a key role in the formation of neointimal hyperplasia, and in the progression of atherosclerosis. The initiating role in these processes is assigned to adhesion molecules. We studied the dynamics of the level of adhesion molecules soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), soluble vascular adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), soluble form of the molecule platelet adhesion and endothelial type-1 (sPECAM-1), sL-, sP-, sE-selectins during double filtration plasmapheresis (DFPP) with use of plasma fractionators (PF) Cascadeflo EC-50W and EC-40W (Asahi Kasei Medical Co...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Ioanna Gouni-Berthold
The serine protease proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) binds to the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor (LDLR) and directs it to the lysosome for degradation. This results in decreased numbers of LDLR available on the cell surface to bind LDL particles and remove them from the circulation and a subsequent increase in circulating LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations. Since the role PCSK9 plays in LDL-C metabolism has been discovered in 2003, there have been major efforts in finding efficient and safe methods to inhibit it...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Claudia Stefanutti, Fabio Mazza, Dario Mesce, Claudia Morozzi, Serafina Di Giacomo, Marco Vitale, Mario Pergolini
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolaemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and requires effective therapy in affected patients. Statins, the mainstay of lipid-lowering therapy, can cause side effects, including myalgia, in some patients. Ezetimibe, is frequently used as an add-on therapy for statins, and is also used as a monotherapy in statin-intolerant patients, however elevations in liver transaminases can occur. We examined the lipid-lowering efficacy of the natural fungal product Monascus purpureus (MP), which contains the natural statin monacolin K...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Leonora Louter, Joep Defesche, Jeanine Roeters van Lennep
Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal dominant disorder mainly caused by mutations in the LDLR gene, resulting in elevated serum cholesterol levels and elevated risk of premature cardiovascular disease (CVD). Timely treatment with lipid lowering medication can lower the risk of CVD to the same level of the normal population. Currently the incidence of FH is estimated at 1 in 240 persons in the Caucasian population. A diagnosis of FH can be made on the basis of clinical criteria (including LDL cholesterol and family history) or DNA testing...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Nina Schmidt, Tanja Grammer, Ioanna Gouni-Berthold, Ulrich Julius, Ursula Kassner, Gerald Klose, Christel König, Ulrich Laufs, Britta Otte, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Christoph Wanner, Winfried März
INTRODUCTION: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inherited disorder of the LDL metabolism, leading to cardiovascular disease, even at young age. This risk can be significantly lowered by early diagnosis and treatment. About 270,000 patients affected in Germany are not diagnosed correctly and only a small number is treated properly. To improve FH diagnosis in the general population a cascade screening and registry data is warranted, yet missing in Germany. This project aims to fill this gap...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Franz Heigl, Tobias Pflederer, Volker Schettler, Peter Grützmacher, Ulrich Julius, Jens Ringel, Tilmann David-Walek, Reinhard Hettich, Norbert Lotz, Harduin Reeg, Markus Graf, Hans-Ulrich Klör
BACKGROUND: Numerous healthcare studies have shown that more than 90% of all patients with dyslipidaemia are not treated adequately. OBJECTIVES: The "Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Bekämpfung von Fettstoffwechselstörungen und ihren Folgeerkrankungen (DGFF)" [German Society of Lipidology], a non-profit professional membership organization, has already made a series of efforts to improve the care of patients suffering from dyslipidaemia. A recent outcome is the nationwide implementation and certification of Lipidological Competence Centres and Networks (LCCNs)...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
Viktoria Korneva, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Ulrich Julius
AIM: to analyze the relationship between lipid disturbance, including lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) levels, and development of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in patients with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 81 patients (middle age was 39.1 ± 0.4 years, 33 males, 48 females) with a definite FH were examined. The concentration of Lp(a) was determined by immunoturbidimetric method. Lipid profiles were estimated by enzymatic colorimetric method...
November 2017: Atherosclerosis. Supplements
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