Erzsébet Koroknai, Dávid Rátonyi, Krisztina Pákozdy, Attila G Sipos, Zoárd Krasznai, Peter Takacs, Bence Kozma
BACKGROUND: Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a common condition that requires proper evaluation to select a personalized therapy. Vaginal Tactile Imaging (VTI) is a novel method to assess the biomechanical parameters of the pelvic floor. METHODS: Women with SUI were enrolled in this cross-sectional study. Participants completed the Medical, Epidemiologic, and Social Aspects of Aging (MESA) questionnaire and the Patient Global Impression of Severity Question (PGI-S) and underwent a VTI examination...
November 30, 2023: BMC Urology
Omur Memik, Bekir Voyvoda, Murat Ustuner, Onur Karsli, Ahmed Omer Halat, Levent Ozcan
BACKGROUND: Although PCNL has been used for a long time to treat nephrolithiasis, there is still contradictory information concerning the use of the dilation method. In this study, we aimed to compare conventional sequential Amplatz dilatation (SAD) using ten dilators and a method using three dilators (12, 20, and 30 Fr), which we named "three-shot dilatation" (3SD), in terms of fluoroscopy time (FT), operation time, bleeding and stone-free rates. METHODS: The study included patients who underwent PCNL with the SAD and 3SD methods...
November 29, 2023: BMC Urology
Sucai Liao, Xiang Xu, Yuan Yuan, Keiyui Tang, Genggeng Wei, Zhengquan Lu, Lin Xiong
BACKGROUND: Patients with urosepsis associated with upper urinary tract stones require further stone management after emergency drainage. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of elective flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (F-URSL) for upper urinary tract stones in patients with prior urosepsis who have undergone emergency drainage using retrograde ureteral stent(RUS) or percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN). METHOD: Between January 2017 and December 2021, clinical data were collected for 102 patients who underwent elective F-URSL following emergency drainage for urosepsis caused by upper ureteral or renal stones...
November 28, 2023: BMC Urology
Li Wang, Jing-Ya Deng, Kun-Peng Li, Shan-Yin, Ping-Yu Zhu
BACKGROUND: Prior epidemiological observational studies have duly documented a correlative link between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and bladder cancer (BC); however, the establishment of a definitive causal relationship has remained elusive. The principal objective of this meticulous investigation was to rigorously evaluate the causal nexus between IBD and BC, employing the robust methodology of Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. METHODS: We meticulously performed both univariate and multivariate Mendelian randomization (MVMR) analyses employing publicly accessible genome-wide association study (GWAS) data...
November 27, 2023: BMC Urology
Jake Tempo, Damien Bolton, Michael O'Callaghan
The South West Oncology Group's 2000 randomised-control trial investigated the addition of maintenance intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) to non-muscle invasive urothelial carcinoma (NMIUC) treatment. The results were published when the efficacy of BCG immunotherapy maintenance was unclear.Randomisation produced two arms, each containing 192 patients assessed to be at high risk of recurrence following induction BCG therapy for NMIUC. The treatment arm went on to receive three successive weekly intravesical and percutaneous BCG administrations at three months, six months and then six monthly for three years from the start of induction therapy...
November 24, 2023: BMC Urology
Daisuke Obinata, Rio Uehara, Sho Hashimoto, Ken Nakahara, Tsuyoshi Yoshizawa, Junichi Mochida, Kenya Yamaguchi, Satoru Takahashi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess initial results and patient characteristics of prostatic urethral lift (PUL) compared with those of bipolar transurethral enucleation of the prostate (TUEB) in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in older patients. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at a single institution and involved 25 consecutive patients with BPH who underwent PUL between April 2022 and May 2023. Patient characteristics, operative details, and pre- and postoperative symptom scores were evaluated...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Branimir Lodeta, Hrvoje Baric, Dominik Hatz, Danijel Jozipovic, Herbert Augustin
BACKGROUND: Pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) is recommended method for detecting prostate cancer (PCa) nodal metastases although associated with serious complications. In this study, we aimed to assess benefit/harm of routine PLND in intermediate risk PCa patients and to compare diagnostic yield of five different nomograms in predicting lymph node invasion (LNI). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of consecutive PCa patients with intermediate risk of biochemical recurrence who underwent open radical prostatectomy (RP) with bilateral PLND between January 2017 and December 2019 at our institution...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Haijuan Gao, Behdokht Nowroozizadeh, Joaquin Ponce Zepeda, Jaime Landman, Ted Farzaneh, Cary Johnson, Hirad Hosseini, Min Han
BACKGROUND: Small renal mass (SRM) biopsy remains under-utilized due to stigma. Meanwhile, the alarmingly high benign findings in resected kidney masses highlight the need for improved preoperative diagnosis and patient selection. METHODS: The purpose of this study is to review the success rate of SRM biopsy and to evaluate its impact on patient management. A total of 168 percutaneous image-guided core needle biopsies (CNBs) of SRMs were retrieved at a tertiary academic center between 2015 and 2019...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Chun-Kai Hsu, Wen-Tsang Hsu, Wan-Ling Young, Shu-Yu Wu
BACKGROUND: Ectopic kidney and median arcuate ligament syndrome are both rare conditions. The clinical presentation and diagnosis of these conditions are not well studied. There are no reports on the combination of these two rare conditions. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 24-year-old woman with fever, dysuria, urinary frequency and left flank pain for two days. The primary diagnoses in the clinic were left acute pyelonephritis and left hydronephrosis due to throbbing pain in the left costovertebral angle and pyuria...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Ching Hui Chien, Kuan Lin Liu, Chun Te Wu, Cheng Keng Chuang, Kai Jie Yu, Po Hung Lin, Xuan Yi Huang, See Tong Pang
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a common complication among patients with prostate cancer who have undergone radical prostatectomy. Guided by social cognitive theory and a framework for the recovery of health and well-being, we propose to develop and test a self-management intervention for patients with prostate cancer who experience urinary incontinence after undergoing radical prostatectomy. METHODS: In this study, a self-management intervention for urinary incontinence (SMI-UI) is developed, comprising a mobile self-management application, a self-management handbook, and professional support...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Xinyu Wang, Jiayi Li, Songqiao Fan, Zonghan Li, Zhenzhen Yang, Pei Liu, Hongcheng Song, Weiping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Double-J (DJ) stent placement is an important procedure during laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP). Failing to insert the DJ stent may indicate the patient was also complicated with uretero-vesical junction obstruction (UVJO), and surgeons have to change to another alternative drainage method. In the present study, we analyzed the risk factors of failure of DJ stent placement during the LP and reviewed the clinical outcomes of these challenging pyeloplasties. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients with ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) who underwent LP in our department from January 2016 to September 2020...
November 18, 2023: BMC Urology
Mohanad Daher, Tareq Saqer, Mahmoud Jabr, Samaher Al-Mousa
BACKGROUND: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is considered the most common cause of lower urinary tract symptoms in men aged 40 years and older. BPH is related to sex steroids, but there are increasing studies investigating the relationship between the urinary symptoms and the metabolic syndrome. They still have inconsistent results; some reported a significant positive association, while others found no significant association. In this study, we aim to assess the prevalence rate of metabolic syndrome in BPH patients and whether there is an association between symptoms linked to BPH and metabolic syndrome in the Syrian community...
November 16, 2023: BMC Urology
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Moses Adebisi Ogunjimi, Emmanuel Abayomi Animashaun, Michael Olatunji Afolayan, Sixtus Ogbonnia Osi, Emmanuel Ajibola Jeje, Kehinde Habeeb Tijani
BACKGROUND: The available literature on urethral length in adult males is limited. To the best of our knowledge, such measurement has never been carried out amongst Nigerian and African men. This study aimed to document average urethral length as well as the relationship between urethral length and age, and anthropometric parameters amongst the Nigerian male adult population to add to the database for urethral length. METHODS: It was a prospective cross-sectional study amongst adult male Nigerians who had an indication for urethral catheterization as part of their regular treatment at the urologic clinics as well as male adult patients who required urethral catheterization in the theatre and the wards for various reasons...
November 15, 2023: BMC Urology
Shuangze Zhong, Shangjin Chen, Hansheng Lin, Yuancheng Luo, Jingwei He
BACKGROUND: Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is a common malignant tumor of the urinary system. This study aims to develop new biomarkers for KIRC and explore the impact of biomarkers on the immunotherapeutic efficacy for KIRC, providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of KIRC patients. METHODS: Transcriptome data for KIRC was obtained from the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) databases. Weighted gene co-expression network analysis identified KIRC-related modules of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs)...
November 15, 2023: BMC Urology
Zechao Lu, Jiahao Zhang, Shihao Lin, Zhongxi Fan, Zhaohui He, Fucai Tang
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether relationship exists between overactive bladder (OAB) and sleep patterns through the cross-sectional study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2014 were included in this study. Data were extracted through questionnaires, including demographics, dietary and health-related behaviors, body measurements and disease information. Three sleep factors were included to aggregate overall sleep scores, ranging from 0 to 3...
November 13, 2023: BMC Urology
Tanan Bejrananda, Pitchaya Pliensiri
BACKGROUND: Radical prostatectomy (RP) has been considered primary treatment for localized prostate cancer. Biochemical recurrence (BCR) occur approximately 20-30% in five year after RP. We aim to develop a novel nomogram to predict BCR-free survival (BCRFS) and performed external validation using a validation cohort that may help clinicians to make better decision for tailoring adjuvant treatment to specific group of patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 370 localized and regional prostate cancer patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) in Songklanagarind hospital between January 2010 and December 2019, the patients were divided into two groups (primary cohort and validation cohort)...
November 13, 2023: BMC Urology
Hao Wan, Xiangpeng Zhan, Xuwen Li, Tao Chen, Xinxi Deng, Yang Liu, Jun Deng, Bin Fu, Yu Li
PURPOSE: To investigate prognostic values of prostatic urethra involvement (PUI) and construct a prognostic model that estimates the probability of cancer-specific survival for T1 bladder cancer patients. METHOD AND MATERIALS: We investigated the national Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database (2004-2015) to get patients diagnosed with T1 bladder cancer. An external validation cohort was obtained from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University...
November 10, 2023: BMC Urology
Hanwei Ke, Lin Zhu, Qi Wang, Kexin Xu
BACKGROUND: Our study aims to investigate the association between the serum neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and interstitial cystitis (IC), as well as to explore whether NLR can serve as a diagnostic marker to distinguish IC from overactive bladder (OAB). We postulate that elevated NLR levels are intricately linked to the onset and clinical presentation of IC, and that the NLR profiles in OAB patients exhibit discernible disparities from those of IC patients. METHODS: In a retrospective analysis, we scrutinized the medical records of 70 women diagnosed with IC/BPS, 20 women diagnosed with OAB, and a randomly selected cohort of 150 healthy women who underwent physical examinations during the same temporal frame...
November 8, 2023: BMC Urology
Zhiqiang Chen, Yunjin Wang, Changwei Wu, Hong Chen, Xu Cui, Chaoming Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcome of using a double J (DJ) stent combined with pyelostomy tube with a DJ stent alone in laparoscopic pyeloplasty (LP) for pediatric ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO). METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with UPJO treated with LP between January 2017 and November 2021 was conducted in our center. According to different postoperative drainage methods patients were divided into a DJ stent group (52 cases) and a DJ stent combined with pyelostomy tube group (combination group, 41 cases)...
November 8, 2023: BMC Urology
Nazal A Almasoud, Omar Safar, Adel Elatreisy, Saad Thamer Alshahrani, Saud Bin Libdah, Sulaiman M Alkhaldi, Nezar F Alsoliman, Abdulrahman M Alderaan, Ibrahim Abdel-Al, Tamer A Abouelgreed, Mohammed Alabeedi, Abdulrahman Al-Aown
BACKGROUND: Laser lithotripsy using a thulium fiber laser (TFL) has become an effective treatment option for small renal stones with low complication rates. TFL has a higher absorption coefficient, smaller fibers, and better pulse rate capability. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the published evidence regarding TFL's lithotripsy performance in retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS), for which we primarily assessed the outcomes of stone-free rate, operation time, and complications...
November 7, 2023: BMC Urology
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