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BMC Public Health

Danika Marmarà, Vincent Marmarà, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: A range of barriers influence women's uptake to a first breast screening invitation. Few studies however, have examined factors associated with second screening uptake. This study follows Maltese women to explore predictors and behaviours to re-attendance, and to determine if uptake of first invitation to the Maltese Breast Screening Programme (MBSP) is a significant predictor of second screening uptake. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted to determine factors associated with re-attendance for 100 women invited to the second MBSP round...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Camille Pedroni, Maud Dujeu, Nathalie Moreau, Thérésa Lebacq, Estelle Méroc, Isabelle Godin, Katia Castetbon
BACKGROUND: In Belgium, as in many other countries, the juvenile practice of physical activity is insufficient. A growing attention has been paid to environmental factors that may influence physical activity but with inconsistent findings. This study aims to estimate the association between daily life environment characteristics and physical activity among children 10 to 13 years old in Wallonia (Belgium). METHODS: Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire among 1940 children (HBSC survey)...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Tyrone Reden L Sy, Retna Siwi Padmawati, Emmanuel S Baja, Riris Andono Ahmad
BACKGROUND: The Philippines has a high burden of TB and HIV, yet the WHO estimates that only 13% of Filipino TB patients know their HIV status. This is partly attributable to the lack of trained HIV counselors and medical technologists (or laboratory technicians) at the primary healthcare level. In Africa where resources and manpower are also scarce, TB/HIV care is already delegated to community health workers. Evidence is scant however about the acceptability and feasibility of engaging community health workers to provide HIV counseling and testing (HCT) among TB patients in the Philippines...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Marta M Jankowska, Dorothy D Sears, Loki Natarajan, Elena Martinez, Cheryl A M Anderson, James F Sallis, Stephen A Matthews, Katie Crist, Lindsay Dillon, Eileen Johnson, Angelica Barrera-Ng, Kelsey Full, Suneeta Godbole, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and unhealthy diet are modifiable behaviors that lead to several cancers. Biologically, these behaviors are linked to cancer through obesity-related insulin resistance, inflammation, and oxidative stress. Individual strategies to change physical activity and diet are often short lived with limited effects. Interventions are expected to be more successful when guided by multi-level frameworks that include environmental components for supporting lifestyle changes...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Valter Paulo Neves Miranda, Paulo Roberto Dos Santos Amorim, Ronaldo Rocha Bastos, Vitor Gabriel Barra Souza, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
BACKGROUND: Lack of regular physical activity, high sedentary behavior and presence of unbalanced alimentary practices are attitudes associated with an inadequate lifestyle among female adolescents. OBJECTIVE: to assess the lifestyle of female adolescents based on measurements of behavioral variables. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 405 female adolescents between 14 and 19 years old, resident and attending public schools in Viçosa (state of Minas Gerais)...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Melanie Crane, Erika Bohn-Goldbaum, Beverley Lloyd, Chris Rissel, Adrian Bauman, Devon Indig, Santosh Khanal, Anne Grunseit
BACKGROUND: Workplace health programs (WHPs) may improve adult health but very little evidence exists on multi-level WHPs implemented at-scale and so the relationship between program implementation factors and outcomes of WHPs are poorly understood. This study evaluated Get Healthy at Work (GHaW), a state-wide government-funded WHP in Australia. METHODS: A mixed-method design included a longitudinal quasi-experimental survey of businesses registered with GHaW and a comparison group of businesses surveyed over a 12-month period...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Judith G M Jelsma, Lidewij R Renaud, Maaike A Huysmans, Jennifer K Coffeng, Anne Loyen, Femke van Nassau, Judith E Bosmans, Erwin M Speklé, Allard J van der Beek, Hidde P van der Ploeg
BACKGROUND: Large volumes of sitting time have been associated with multiple health risks. To reduce sitting time of office workers working for a Dutch insurance company, the Dynamic Work intervention was developed. The primary objective of this paper is to describe the study protocol of the Dynamic Work study, which aims to evaluate if this multicomponent intervention is (cost-)effective in reducing total sitting time on the short-term (≈3 months) and longer-term (≈12 months) compared to usual practice...
February 13, 2019: BMC Public Health
Mandy Böhme, Karen Voigt, Erika Balogh, Antje Bergmann, Ferenc Horváth, Joachim Kugler, Jörg Schelling, Jeannine Schübel, Henna Riemenschneider
BACKGROUND: Medical students are at risk of contracting and transmitting infectious diseases such as pertussis. Complete vaccination status is important to protect own, patient and public health. Knowing own vaccination status is elementary for following current vaccination recommendations, including boosters. We aimed to assess pertussis vaccination status and vaccination acceptance among medical students of different nationalities. METHODS: A cross-sectional multicenter health survey at German and Hungarian universities enclosed international medical students in the 1st, 3rd and 5th year of study...
February 12, 2019: BMC Public Health
Shahin Sayed, Anthony K Ngugi, Megan R Mahoney, Jaameeta Kurji, Zohray M Talib, Sarah B Macfarlane, Theresa A Wynn, Mansoor Saleh, Amyn Lakhani, Esther Nderitu, Felix Agoi, Zul Premji, Jo Anne Zujewski, Zahir Moloo
BACKGROUND: Data on breast healthcare knowledge, perceptions and practice among women in rural Kenya is limited. Furthermore, the role of the male head of household in influencing a woman's breast health seeking behavior is also not known. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, perceptions and practice of breast cancer among women, male heads of households, opinion leaders and healthcare providers within a rural community in Kenya. Our secondary objective was to explore the role of male heads of households in influencing a woman's breast health seeking behavior...
February 12, 2019: BMC Public Health
Kim Alexandra Zolitschka, Céline Miani, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Silke Brenne, Theda Borde, Matthias David, Oliver Razum
BACKGROUND: The "Latina paradox" describes the unexpected association between immigrant status, which is often correlated to low socioeconomic status, and low prevalence of unfavourable birth outcomes. Social (e.g. culture, religion) and/or non-social factors related to country of origin are potentially responsible for this paradox. METHODS: Questionnaire survey of 6413 women delivering in three large obstetric hospitals in Berlin (Germany) covering socioeconomic and migration status, country of origin (Turkey, Lebanon), and acculturation...
February 12, 2019: BMC Public Health
Nicole Nathan, John Wiggers, Adrian E Bauman, Chris Rissel, Andrew Searles, Penny Reeves, Christopher Oldmeadow, Patti-Jean Naylor, Angie L Cradock, Rachel Sutherland, Karen Gillham, Bernadette Duggan, Sally Chad, Nicole McCarthy, Matthew Pettett, Rebecca Jackson, Kathryn Reilly, Vanessa Herrmann, Kirsty Hope, Adam Shoesmith, Luke Wolfenden
BACKGROUND: In an attempt to improve children's physical activity levels governments have introduced policies specifying the minimum time schools are to schedule physical activity each week. Despite this, the majority of schools in many jurisdictions fail to implement these policies. This study will assess the effectiveness of a multi-component implementation strategy on increasing the minutes of planned physical activity scheduled by primary school teachers each week. METHODS: A cluster randomised controlled trial will be conducted in 62 primary schools in the Hunter New England region of New South Wales, Australia...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Yanmei Ge, Shanliang Zhong, Meng Ren, Yanping Ge, Yuan Mao, Peng Cao
BACKGROUND: The infection with human papillomavirus (HPV) is the major cause of genital disease. This study assessed the prevalence and genotype of HPV among outpatient women and healthy women in Jiangsu, East China. METHODS: A total of 65,613 women aged 16-85 years were recruited from Nanjing Kingmed Diagnostics, including 45,736 outpatients and 19,877 healthy women. The cervico-vaginal cells were collected and then HPV types were detected using the Tellgenplex™ HPV DNA Test...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Jinhui Li, Wenbo Guo, Jinjun Ran, Robert Tang, Hualiang Lin, Xiao Chen, Bofu Ning, Jihua Li, Yongchun Zhou, Lung-Chi Chen, Linwei Tian, Yunchao Huang
BACKGROUND: In Xuan Wei, China, the lung cancer mortality rate is rising significantly more than that of the nation overall. However, it remains unclear 1) if improved diagnosis can just partially explain this observation and how other local risk factors may be correlated with the lung cancer mortality rate and 2) how the lung cancer mortality rates differ within Xuan Wei and how these spatiotemporal patterns are linked with local risk factors. To increase etiological knowledge, this study evaluated the spatial and temporal distributions of the health effects (the lung cancer mortality rates) from 2011 to 2015...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Willemijn A van Gemert, Petra H Peeters, Anne M May, Adriaan J H Doornbos, Sjoerd G Elias, Job van der Palen, Wouter Veldhuis, Maaike Stapper, Jantine A Schuit, Evelyn M Monninkhof
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effect of equivalent weight loss with or without exercise on (intra-) abdominal fat in postmenopausal women in the SHAPE-2 study. METHODS: The SHAPE-2 study is a three-armed randomised controlled trial conducted in 2012-2013 in the Netherlands. Postmenopausal overweight women were randomized to a diet (n = 97), exercise plus diet (n = 98) or control group (n = 48). Both intervention groups aimed for equivalent weight loss (6-7%) following a calorie-restricted diet (diet group) or a partly supervised intensive exercise programme (4 h per week) combined with a small caloric restriction (exercise plus diet group)...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Alphonse Nshimyiryo, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Kathryn Beck, Albert Ndayisaba, Joel Mubiligi, Fredrick Kateera, Ziad El-Khatib
BACKGROUND: Child growth stunting remains a challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, where 34% of children under 5 years are stunted, and causing detrimental impact at individual and societal levels. Identifying risk factors to stunting is key to developing proper interventions. This study aimed at identifying risk factors of stunting in Rwanda. METHODS: We used data from the Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 2014-2015. Association between children's characteristics and stunting was assessed using logistic regression analysis...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Terry Lee Bunn, Dana Quesinberry, Tyler Jennings, Amber Kizewski, Heather Jackson, Sarah McKee, Sarah Eustice
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUD) have steadily increased over the last two decades. Seeking SUD treatment involves searching SUD treatment facility types (inpatient, outpatient and intensive outpatient, residential and family residential, and detoxification facilities) that offer specialized SUD treatment depending on individual needs and preferences. Referrals to SUD treatment require innovative strategies that rapidly link individuals to SUD treatment when they are at the critical stage of readiness...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Chloë Williamson, Paul Kelly, Tessa Strain
BACKGROUND: The percentages of children in Scotland and England meeting the aerobic physical activity (PA) recommendation differ greatly according to estimates derived from the respective national health surveys. The Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) usually estimates over 70% meeting the recommendation; Health Survey for England (HSE) estimates are usually below 25%. It is plausible that these differences originate from different analysis methods. The HSE monitors the percentage of children in England that undertake 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous PA on each day of the week ('Daily Minimum Method' (DMM))...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Anthony O' Keeffe, Blánaid Hayes, Lucia Prihodova
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to assess the lifestyle behaviours of a national sample of hospital doctors working in Ireland. We also sought to compare the prevalence of these behaviours in doctors to the general Irish population. METHODS: This was a national cross-sectional study of a randomised sample of hospital doctors working in Irish publicly funded hospitals and residential institutions. The final cohort consisted of 1749 doctors (response rate of 55%)...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Yaping Lai, Juan Qi, Xingyong Tao, Kun Huang, Shuangqin Yan, Maolin Chen, Jiahu Hao, Fangbiao Tao
BACKGROUND: Maternal family history of diabetes was significantly and positively associated with birth weight in grandchildren, we aim to assess the effect of grandparental diabetes on the grandchild' body mass index (BMI) at infancy peak (IP) and obesity status at age 2. METHODS: In our study, family diabetes mellitus (DM) information from Ma'anshan Birth Cohort Study (MABC) were gathered. For children, height and weight were retrieved from medical records. BMI at 6 observations (0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18 months) was plotted for every child...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
Laurie-Ann Lines, Cynthia G Jardine
BACKGROUND: Social determinants of Indigenous health are known to include structural determinants such as history, political climate, and social contexts. Relationships, interconnectivity, and community are fundamental to these determinants. Understanding these determinants from the perspective of Indigenous youth is vital to identifying means of alleviating future inequities. METHODS: In 2016, fifteen Yellowknives Dene First Nation (YKDFN) youth in the Canadian Northwest Territories participated in the 'On-the-Land Health Leadership Camp'...
February 11, 2019: BMC Public Health
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