Stan Becker, Frank O Taulo, Michelle J Hindin, Effie K Chipeta, Dana Loll, Amy Tsui
BACKGROUND: HIV counseling and testing for couples is an important component of HIV prevention strategies, particularly in Sub Saharan Africa. The purpose of this pilot study is to estimate the uptake of couple HIV counseling and testing (CHCT) and couple family planning (CFP) services in a single home visit in peri-urban Malawi and to assess related factors. METHODS: This study involved offering CHCT and CFP services to couples in their homes; 180 couples were sampled from households in a peri-urban area of Blantyre...
December 20, 2014: BMC Public Health
Issifou Yaya, Dadja Essoya Landoh, Bayaki Saka, P Niwè Massoubayo Patchali, Peter Waswa, Abdoul-Samadou Aboubakari, Mathias Kouamé N Dri, Akouda Akessiwe Patassi, Koussake Kombaté, Palokinam Pitche
BACKGROUND: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is beneficial in reducing the risk of emergence of HIV resistant strains. Adherence to ART among Persons Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) is influenced by several factors related to the patient, the medication, and health facilities. In Togo, previous studies on adherence to ART have reported good adherence to ART during the first year of follow-up. However these may hide many disparities dues to cultural specificities which may differ across geographic areas of the country...
December 19, 2014: BMC Public Health
Takanori Honda, Sanmei Chen, Hiro Kishimoto, Kenji Narazaki, Shuzo Kumagai
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior has been reported to be associated with metabolic and vascular health independent of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). In order to select appropriate options to measure sedentary behavior in practice and research settings, it is worthwhile to characterize the extent to which objective and subjective measures of sedentary behavior quantify adverse health risks in the same population. This cross-sectional analysis compared accelerometer-derived and self-reported sedentary time to identify their association with cardio-metabolic risk factors...
December 19, 2014: BMC Public Health
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