journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38862969/comparison-of-cognitive-performance-in-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-schizophrenia-bipolar-ii-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-patients-after-treatment
#1
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Chaohua Tang, Wei Huang, Yukang Tan, Yiliang Liu, Guangen Zheng, Bin Li, Wensheng Chen, Yu Yang, Guohong Xu, Xiaoling Li, Caixia Xu, Guojun Xie, Jiaquan Liang
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is a recognized fundamental deficit in individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia (SZ), bipolar II disorder (BD II), and major depressive disorder (MDD), among other psychiatric disorders. However, limited research has compared cognitive function among first-episode drug-naïve individuals with SZ, BD II, or MDD. METHODS: This study aimed to address this gap by assessing the cognitive performance of 235 participants (40 healthy controls, 58 SZ patients, 72 BD II patients, and 65 MDD patients) using the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) before and after 12 weeks of treatment in SZ, BD II, and MDD patients...
June 11, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38862949/real-world-predictors-of-changes-in-fear-of-covid-19-in-the-japanese-general-population-a-large-scale-internet-based-cohort-study-with-20-712-participants
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Keita Tokumitsu, Norio Sugawara, Takahiro Tabuchi, Norio Yasui-Furukori
BACKGROUND: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory infection that considerably impacts both physical and mental health. In particular, the prolonged nature of psychological issues associated with COVID-19 has become a concern. However, evidence based on longitudinal studies investigating the changes in fear of COVID-19 has been limited, posing a public health challenge. METHODS: We investigated the predictors of changes in the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) scores in the general Japanese population using data from a large-scale internet-based cohort study...
June 11, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38862938/investigating-chrna5-chrna3-and-chrnb4-variants-in-the-genetic-landscape-of-substance-use-disorder-in-jordan
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laith Al-Eitan, Mohammad Shatnawi, Mansour Alghamdi
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder (SUD) is a complex illness that can be attributed to the interaction between environmental and genetic factors. The nicotinic receptor gene cluster on chromosome 15 has a plausible association with SUD, particularly with nicotine dependence. METHODS: This study investigated 15 SNPs within the CHRNA5, CHRNA3, and CHRNB4 genes. Sequencing was used for genotyping 495 Jordanian males with SUD and 497 controls matched for age, gender, and descent...
June 11, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858711/psychiatrists-perceptions-of-conditions-and-consequences-associated-with-the-implementation-of-open-notes-qualitative-investigation
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julian Schwarz, Cosima Hoetger, Lena-Sophie Pluschke, Felix Muehlensiepen, Michael Schneider, Samuel Thoma, Tobias Esch
OBJECTIVE: In a growing list of countries, patients are granted access to their clinical notes ("open notes") as part of their online record access. Especially in the field of mental health, open notes remain controversial with some clinicians perceiving open notes as a tool for improving therapeutic outcomes by increasing patient involvement, while others fear that patients might experience psychological distress and perceived stigmatization, particularly when reading clinicians' notes...
June 10, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858698/association-between-depressive-symptoms-and-sarcopenia-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-individuals-in-china-the-mediation-effect-of-activities-of-daily-living-adl-disability
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qiugui Li, Wenjiao Cen, Tao Yang, Shengru Tao
BACKGROUND: Depressive symptoms and sarcopenia, often observed among middle-aged and elderly individuals, are significant health concerns in China, particularly given the country's rapidly aging population. Depressive symptoms, characterized by persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest, can significantly impact quality of life. Little is known about the underlying pathway connecting these two conditions. METHODS: The data for this study were derived from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS)...
June 10, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858652/study-protocol-global-research-initiative-on-the-neurophysiology-of-schizophrenia-grins-project
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jun Wang, Chenguang Jiang, Zhenglin Guo, Sinéad Chapman, Nataliia Kozhemiako, Dimitrios Mylonas, Yi Su, Lin Zhou, Lu Shen, Shengying Qin, Michael Murphy, Shuping Tan, Dara S Manoach, Robert Stickgold, Hailiang Huang, Zhenhe Zhou, Shaun M Purcell, Meihua Hall, Steven E Hyman, Jen Q Pan
BACKGROUND: Objective and quantifiable markers are crucial for developing novel therapeutics for mental disorders by 1) stratifying clinically similar patients with different underlying neurobiological deficits and 2) objectively tracking disease trajectory and treatment response. Schizophrenia is often confounded with other psychiatric disorders, especially bipolar disorder, if based on cross-sectional symptoms. Awake and sleep EEG have shown promise in identifying neurophysiological differences as biomarkers for schizophrenia...
June 10, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858633/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-in-postmenopausal-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jiaxin Li, Fangli Liu, Ziwei Liu, Mengjie Li, Yingying Wang, Yameng Shang, Yuege Li
BACKGROUND: Depression is a prevalent mental health problem in postmenopausal women. Given its significant impact on the quality of life and overall well-being of postmenopausal women, there is need for a comprehensive review and meta-analysis of the existing research globally. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the global prevalence of depression and potential associated factors in postmenopausal women. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched from inception to March 22, 2023...
June 10, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38849793/disrupted-default-mode-network-connectivity-in-bipolar-disorder-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lei Zhao, Qijing Bo, Zhifang Zhang, Feng Li, Yuan Zhou, Chuanyue Wang
BACKGROUND: Theoretical and empirical evidence indicates the critical role of the default mode network (DMN) in the pathophysiology of the bipolar disorder (BD). This study aims to identify the specific brain regions of the DMN that is impaired in patients with BD. METHODS: A total of 56 patients with BD and 71 healthy controls (HC) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Three commonly used functional indices, i.e., fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (fALFF), regional homogeneity (ReHo), and degree centrality (DC), were utilized to identify the brain region showing abnormal spontaneous brain activity in patients with BD...
June 7, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38849781/examining-the-cross-sectional-relationship-of-platelet-high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-ratio-with-depressive-symptoms-in-adults-in-the-united-states
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Junjie Ni, Pu Wu, Xiaofeng Lu, Chaoyang Xu
AIMS: Herein, we examined the correlation between platelet/high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (PHR) and symptoms of depression among United States adults. METHODS: Data acquired from the 2007-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, involving individuals ≥ 20 years of age, with available PHR and depression diagnosis information. We employed weighted uni- and multivariable logistic regression analyses to assess the distinct correlation between PHR and depressive symptoms...
June 7, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38849750/mentalization%C3%A2-based-treatment-for-a-broad-range-of-personality-disorders-a-naturalistic-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Endang Rizzi, Jonas Gijs Weijers, Coriene Ten Kate, Jean-Paul Selten
BACKGROUND: Several studies have observed that mentalization-based treatment (MBT) is an effective treatment for borderline personality disorder (BPD), but its effectiveness for other personality disorders (PDs) has hardly been examined. Additionally, the evidence supporting the claim that MBT improves mentalizing capacity is scarce. The present study examined whether (i) patients with a broad range of PDs enrolled in an MBT program would improve on several outcome measures (ii) mentalizing capacity would improve over time; (iii) patients with BPD would improve more than those with non-borderline PDs...
June 7, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38844888/retrospective-aces-predict-complex-ptsd-symptoms-in-a-large-sample-of-chinese-young-adults-longitudinally-the-moderating-role-of-self-compassion
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yizhen Ren, Shuhan Yang, Yu Peng, Aiyi Liu, Zibin Zhu
This longitudinal study in Mainland China (2021-2022) explored the impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) symptoms, with a focus on the role of self-compassion. Among 18,933 surveyed university students, 21.2% reported experiencing at least one ACE. Results revealed a clear relationship between ACEs and CPTSD symptoms. Furthermore, self-compassion, particularly the dimensions of self-judgment and isolation, moderated the association between retrospective ACEs and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and disturbance in self-organization (DSO) symptoms...
June 6, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38844879/the-impact-of-providing-care-for-physical-health-in-severe-mental-illness-on-informal-carers-a-qualitative-study
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dolly Sud, Eleanor Bradley, Jonathan Tritter, Ian Maidment
BACKGROUND: People with severe mental illness (SMI) such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are at a substantially higher risk of premature death in that they die between 10 and 20 years earlier than the general population. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes are the main potentially avoidable contributors to early death. Research that explores the experiences of people with SMI highlights their struggles in engaging with health professionals and accessing effective and timely interventions for physical health conditions...
June 6, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38840083/comparison-of-trait-and-state-mind-wandering-among-schizotypal-subclinically-depressed-and-control-individuals
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ya Wang, Tao Chen, Ji-Fang Cui, Jia-Li Liu, Tian-Hong Li, Tian-Jiao Du
BACKGROUND: Mind wandering is a common phenomenon in daily life. However, the manifestations and cognitive correlates of mind wandering in different subclinical populations remain unclear. In this study, these aspects were examined in individuals with schizotypal traits and individuals with depressive symptoms, i.e., subclinical populations of patients with schizophrenia and depression. METHODS: Forty-two individuals with schizotypal traits, 42 individuals with subclinical depression, and 42 controls were recruited to complete a mind wandering thought sampling task (state level) and a mind wandering questionnaire (trait level)...
June 5, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38840080/adolescents-perspectives-on-a-novel-digital-treatment-targeting-eating-disorders-a-qualitative-study
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Guri Holgersen, Sara Elisabeth Abdi-Dezfuli, Solveig Friis Darrud, Ester Marie Stornes Espeset, Irene Bircow Elgen, Tine Nordgreen
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders in adolescence are associated with high psychological distress, impaired function and high comorbidity. Despite the severity, eating disorders remain highly underdiagnosed and untreated. Digital technology provides promising opportunities for treatment, however studies focusing on digital treatments for adolescents with eating disorders are lacking. The main aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of adolescents with lived experience of eating disorders on factors they deemed to be relevant in the development of a novel digital treatment...
June 5, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38840072/the-relationship-between-mental-health-and-risky-decision-making-in-children-and-adolescents-a-scoping-review
#15
REVIEW
Francesca Bentivegna, Efstathios Papachristou, Eirini Flouri
BACKGROUND: Evidence from studies on adult participants and clinical samples of children suggest an association between risky decision-making and mental health problems. However, the extent and nature of this association in the general youth population remains unknown. Therefore, this scoping review explores the current evidence on the relationship between mental health (internalising and externalising symptoms) and risky decision-making in the general youth population. METHODS: A three-step search strategy was followed and applied to four databases...
June 5, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834989/non-linear-relationship-between-tsh-and-psychotic-symptoms-on-first-episode-and-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-major-depressive-disorder-patients-a-large-sample-sized-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruchang Yang, Zhe Li, Yingzhao Zhu, Yuxuan Wu, Xinchuan Lu, Xueli Zhao, Junjun Liu, Xiangdong Du, Xiangyang Zhang
INTRODUCTION: Psychotic depression (PD) is characterized by the co-occurrence of emotional dysfunction and psychotic symptoms such as delusions and hallucinations with poor clinical outcomes. TSH may involve in the development of PD. This study aims to explore relationship between TSH and PD. METHODS: A total of 1718 outpatients diagnosed as FEDN MDD were recruited in this study. The relationship between PD and TSH was evaluated using multivariable binary logistic regression analysis...
June 4, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834988/acute-stress-disorder-and-associated-factors-among-adult-trauma-patients-in-ethiopia-a-multi-institutional-study
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tewodros Guay Hagos, Tadesse Tarik Tamir, Belayneh Shetie Workneh, Nega Nigussie Abrha, Negesu Gizaw Demissie, Daniel Ayelegne Gebeyehu
INTRODUCTION: Acute stress disorder (ASD) is a mental disorder that happens after someone experienced traumatic event within duration of less than a month. Other studies conducted in different countries revealed that adults with a trauma had experienced acute stress disorder. This results in substantial distress and interferes with social and day to day activities. Despite the high burden of this problem, very little is known about the prevalence and risk factors for acute stress disorder in adults with traumatic injuries in Ethiopia...
June 4, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834981/empathy-in-undergraduate-medical-students-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Runzhi Huang, Zhitong Zhou, Yifan Liu, Min Lin, Meiqiong Gong, Shuyuan Xian, Huabin Yin, Tong Meng, Xiaonan Wang, Yue Wang, Wenfang Chen, Chongyou Zhang, Erbin Du, Xin Liu, Qing Lin, Hongbin Wu, Zongqiang Huang, Jie Zhang, Guoyang Zhang, Shizhao Ji
BACKGROUND: Fostering empathy has been continuously emphasized in the global medical education. Empathy is crucial to enhance patient-physician relationships, and is associated with medical students' academic and clinical performance. However, empathy level of medical students in China and related influencing factors are not clear. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among medical students in 11 universities. We used the Jefferson Scale of Empathy Student-version of Chinese version to measure empathy level of medical students...
June 4, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834980/the-effect-of-non-pharmacological-prenatal-interventions-on-fear-of-childbirth-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Zohreh Alizadeh-Dibazari, Mahsa Maghalain, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
BACKGROUND: During pregnancy and childbirth, alongside positive feelings, women undergo feelings such as fear of childbirth (FoC) and worry about its consequences, which could leave negative effects on the mother and her child during pregnancy, delivery, and postpartum. The study was carried out to determine the effectiveness of prenatal non-pharmacological interventions on reducing the FoC. METHODS: The protocol of the study was registered in PROSPERO (ID: CRD42023468547)...
June 4, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834978/the-relationship-between-fear-of-cancer-recurrence-and-death-anxiety-among-chinese-cancer-patients-the-serial-mediation-model
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Furong Chen, Meijun Ou, Zhirui Xiao, Xianghua Xu
AIMS: This study aims to investigate the association between fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) and death anxiety (DA) among Chinese cancer patients, while considering the mediating effects of experiential avoidance (EA) and meaning in life (MIL). METHODS: From February to June 2023, convenience sampling was used to select newly diagnosed cancer patients in a tertiary Cancer Hospital in Chinese Hunan Province as the survey objects. A total of 436 cancer patients completed the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory, the Meaning in Life Questionnaire, the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II, and the Templer's death anxiety scale...
June 4, 2024: BMC Psychiatry
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