Milad Babaei Guilan, Seyed Reza Bagheri, Rezvan Roshani, Ehsan Alimohammadi
BACKGROUND: Hematoma expansion is a critical factor associated with increased mortality and adverse outcomes in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Identifying and preventing hematoma expansion early on is crucial for effective therapeutic intervention. This study aimed to investigate the potential association between the Red cell distribution width to lymphocyte ratio (RDWLR) and hematoma expansion in ICH patients. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of clinical data from 303 ICH patients treated at our department between May 2018 and May 2023...
May 15, 2024: BMC Neurology
Carla Marineli Saraiva do Amaral, Samuel Brito de Almeida, Renata Parente de Almeida, Simony Lira do Nascimento, Rodrigo Mariano Ribeiro, Pedro Braga-Neto
INTRODUCTION: Postural balance impairment can affect the quality of life of patients with Parkinson's disease. Previous studies have described connections of the vestibular system with postural functions, suggesting a potential participation of the basal ganglia in receiving vestibular stimuli. This systematic review aims to summarize the evidence on the effectiveness of vestibular rehabilitation on postural balance in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Scopus and PEDro...
May 14, 2024: BMC Neurology
Miki Yoshitake, Atsuhiko Sugiyama, Takayoshi Shimohata, Nobuyuki Araki, Masahide Suzuki, Kazumoto Shibuya, Kengo Nagashima, Nobutaka Hattori, Satoshi Kuwabara
BACKGROUND: Multiple system atrophy (MSA) is a progressive, incurable, life-threatening neurodegenerative disease uniquely characterized by the risk of sudden death, which makes diagnosis delivery challenging for neurologists. Empirical studies on breaking a diagnosis of MSA are scarce, with no guidelines currently established. This study aimed to investigate neurologists' current practices and experiences in delivering the diagnosis of MSA. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter online survey and employed a mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative) study design in which responses to open-ended questions were analyzed qualitatively using critical incident technique...
May 13, 2024: BMC Neurology
Wenxia Li, Jun Meng, Jing Lei, Cheng Li, Wei Yue
BACKGROUND: Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is now one of the leading causes of poisoning-related mortality worldwide. The central nervous system is the most vulnerable structure in acute CO poisoning. MRI is of great significance in the diagnosis and prognosis of CO toxic encephalopathy. The imaging features of CO poisoning are diverse. We report atypical hippocampal lesions observed on MRI in four patients after acute CO exposure. CASE PRESENTATIONS: We report four patients who presented to the emergency department with loss of consciousness...
May 11, 2024: BMC Neurology
Dawei Shan, Weibi Chen, Gang Liu, Huimin Zhang, Shuting Chai, Yan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is a natural focal disease transmitted mainly by tick bites, and the causative agent is SFTS virus (SFTSV). SFTS can rapidly progress to severe disease, with multiple-organ failure (MOF) manifestations such as shock, respiratory failure, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and death, but cases of SFTS patients with central nervous system (CNS) symptoms onset and marked persistent involuntary shaking of the perioral area and limbs have rarely been reported...
May 10, 2024: BMC Neurology
Mamoru Shibata, Kazuki Fujita, Eri Hoshino, Kazushi Minami, Kenzo Koizumi, Satoshi Okada, Fumihiko Sakai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2024: BMC Neurology
Daisuke Ito, Mori Fukuda, Yuichiro Hosoi, Ryotaro Hirose, Tatsuya Teramae, Takayuki Kamimoto, Yuka Yamada, Tetsuya Tsuji, Tomoyuki Noda, Michiyuki Kawakami
BACKGROUND: Restoring shoulder function is critical for upper-extremity rehabilitation following a stroke. The complex musculoskeletal anatomy of the shoulder presents a challenge for safely assisting elevation movements through robotic interventions. The level of shoulder elevation assistance in rehabilitation is often based on clinical judgment. There is no standardized method for deriving an optimal level of assistance, underscoring the importance of addressing abnormal movements during shoulder elevation, such as abnormal synergies and compensatory actions...
May 9, 2024: BMC Neurology
Ahmad A Abujaber, Yahia Imam, Ibrahem Albalkhi, Said Yaseen, Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Naveed Akhtar
BACKGROUND: Posterior Circulation Syndrome (PCS) presents a diagnostic challenge characterized by its variable and nonspecific symptoms. Timely and accurate diagnosis is crucial for improving patient outcomes. This study aims to enhance the early diagnosis of PCS by employing clinical and demographic data and machine learning. This approach targets a significant research gap in the field of stroke diagnosis and management. METHODS: We collected and analyzed data from a large national Stroke Registry spanning from January 2014 to July 2022...
May 7, 2024: BMC Neurology
Shaoping Zhong, Jianying Liu, Yangye Lian, Binbin Zhou, Xin Wang, Jing Ding
BACKGROUND: Fragile X-associated tremor/ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by CGG repeat expansion of FMR1 gene. Both FXTAS and neuronal intranuclear inclusion disease (NIID) belong to polyglycine diseases and present similar clinical, radiological, and pathological features, making it difficult to distinguish these diseases. Reversible encephalitis-like attacks are often observed in NIID. It is unclear whether they are presented in FXTAS and can be used for differential diagnosis of NIID and FXTAS...
May 7, 2024: BMC Neurology
Jiarui Wang, Yongqiang Cui, Xiangkai Kong, Bin Du, Tian Lin, Xiaoyun Zhang, Dongxu Lu, Li Liu, Juan Du
BACKGROUND: Chronic lung and heart diseases are more likely to lead an intensive end point after stroke onset. We aimed to investigate characteristics and outcomes of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) in patients with acute large vessel occlusion stroke (ALVOS) and identify the role of comorbid chronic cardiopulmonary diseases in ALVOS pathogenesis. METHODS: In this single-center retrospective study, 191 consecutive patients who underwent EVT due to large vessel occlusion stroke in neurological intensive care unit were included...
May 7, 2024: BMC Neurology
Hamed Amirifard, Mojtaba Shahbazi, Ghasem Farahmand, Zahra Ranjbar, Maryam Kaeedi, Sanaz Heydari Havadaragh
BACKGROUND: Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a rare and fatal opportunistic viral demyelinating infectious disease of the central nervous system (CNS). There are various clinical presenting symptoms for the disease. CASE PRESENTATION: This paper presents a clinical case of PML in a patient with B-Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), previously treated with Chlorambucil, later complicated later with COVID-19 and mucormycosis. CONCLUSION: PML can develop in the setting of cellular immune dysfunction...
May 4, 2024: BMC Neurology
Yuwei Han, Bingying Zhang, Xin Qi, Guanqian Yuan, Xiaoming Li, Guangzhi Hao, Guobiao Liang
OBJECTIVE: Sex differences in outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) remain controversial. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the sex differences in the prognosis of patients with aSAH. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of aSAH patients admitted to the Department of Neurosurgery of General Hospital of Northern Theater Command, from April 2020 to January 2022. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was used to evaluate outcomes at 3-month post-discharge...
May 4, 2024: BMC Neurology
Thanapoom Taweephol, Pitsinee Saksit, Akarin Hiransuthikul, Pongpat Vorasayan, Wasan Akarathanawat, Aurauma Chutinet
BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke (IS) is one of the leading causes of death among non-communicable diseases in Thailand. Patients who have survived an IS are at an increased risk of developing recurrent IS, which can result in worse outcomes and post-stroke complications. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the incidence of recurrent IS among patients with first-ever IS during a one-year follow-up period and to determine its associated risk factors. METHODS: Adult patients (aged ≥ 18 years) who were hospitalized at the Stroke Center, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital (KCMH) in Bangkok, Thailand, due to first-ever IS between January and December 2019 and had at least one follow-up visit during the one-year follow-up period were included in this retrospective cohort study...
May 4, 2024: BMC Neurology
Jenny Andersson, Åsa Rejnö, Sofie Jakobsson, Per-Olof Hansson, Susanne J Nielsen, Lena Björck
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a common and severe disease that requires prompt care. Symptom expressions as one-sided weakness and speech difficulties are common and included in public stroke campaigns. For some patients stroke can present with subtle and less common symptoms, difficult to interpret. The symptom severity assessed by the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale has decreased, and symptoms at onset may have changed. Therefore, we aimed to investigate how patients describe their symptoms at the onset of a first-time stroke...
May 3, 2024: BMC Neurology
Natalie Hardaker, Doug King, Patria A Hume, Tom Stewart, Stacy Sims, Indira Basu, Blair Shilton, James Selfe
BACKGROUND: Females of reproductive age with concussion report a greater number of symptoms that can be more severe and continue for longer than age matched males. Underlying mechanisms for sex differences are not well understood. Short non-coding Ribonucleic Acids (sncRNAs) are candidate salivary biomarkers for concussion and have been studied primarily in male athletes. Female sex hormones influence expression of these biomarkers, and it remains unclear whether a similar pattern of sncRNA expression would be observed in females following concussion...
May 2, 2024: BMC Neurology
Seda Çakır, Aysenur Sahin, Ozlem Gedik-Soyuyuce, Zeynep Gence Gumus, İbrahim Sertdemir, Nazım Korkut, Pınar Yalınay Dikmen
BACKGROUND: During episodes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), individuals with migraine, compared with individuals without migraine, may experience more severe vestibular symptoms because of their hyperexcitable brain structures, more adverse effects on quality of life, and worse recovery processes from BPPV. METHODS: All patients with BPPV were assigned to the migraine group (MG, n = 64) and without migraine group (BPPV w/o MG, n = 64) and completed the Vertigo Symptom Scale (VSS), Vertigo Dizziness Imbalance Symptom Scale (VDI-SS), VDI Health-Related Quality of Life Scale (VDI-HRQoLS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) at the time of BPPV diagnosis (baseline) and on the one-month follow-up...
May 2, 2024: BMC Neurology
O Siemeling, S Slingerland, S van der Zee, T van Laar
BACKGROUND: To date, no disease modifying therapies are available for Parkinson's disease (PD). Since PD is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder, there is a high demand for such therapies. Both environmental and genetic risk factors play an important role in the etiology and progression of PD. The most common genetic risk factor for PD is a mutation in the GBA1(GBA)-gene, encoding the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase (GCase). The mucolytic ambroxol is a repurposed drug, which has shown the property to upregulate GCase activity in-vitro and in-vivo...
May 1, 2024: BMC Neurology
Wan-Yi Qi, Yan Sun, Yun Guo, Lan Tan
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are a prevalent non-motor symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), although reliable biological markers are presently lacking. OBJECTIVES: To explore the associations between sleep disorders and serum neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels in individuals with prodromal and early PD. METHODS: The study contained 1113 participants, including 585 early PD individuals, 353 prodromal PD individuals, and 175 healthy controls (HCs)...
May 1, 2024: BMC Neurology
M San Luciano, C R Oehrn, S S Wang, J S Tolmie, A Wiltshire, R E Graff, J Zhu, P A Starr
BACKGROUND: Movement and tone disorders in children and young adults with cerebral palsy are a great source of disability. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of basal ganglia targets has a major role in the treatment of isolated dystonias, but its efficacy in dyskinetic cerebral palsy (DCP) is lower, due to structural basal ganglia and thalamic damage and lack of improvement of comorbid choreoathetosis and spasticity. The cerebellum is an attractive target for DBS in DCP since it is frequently spared from hypoxic ischemic damage, it has a significant role in dystonia network models, and small studies have shown promise of dentate stimulation in improving CP-related movement and tone disorders...
April 29, 2024: BMC Neurology
Mahdi Masrour, Amir Zare, Ana Presedo, Mohammad Hossein Nabian
BACKGROUND: Spasticity can significantly affect a patient's quality of life, caregiver satisfaction, and the financial burden on the healthcare system. Baclofen is one of only a few options for treating spasticity. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of intrathecal baclofen (ITB) therapy on severe40.23 spasticity and motor function in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review in PubMed, Scopus, Ovid, and the Cochrane Library in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
April 27, 2024: BMC Neurology
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