Read by QxMD icon Read

BMC Blood Disorders

Lena Mpalampa, Christopher M Ndugwa, Henry Ddungu, Richard Idro
UNLABELLED: <AbstractText Label="BACKGROUND" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a major chronic health problem in Uganda. In patients with SCA, the level of foetal haemoglobin (HbF) has been found to be important in influencing the clinical course of the disease. Thus populations with high levels of HbF like those in Saudi Arabia have been described as having a milder clinical course with fewer complications as compared to populations with lower levels. Disease modifying drugs can increase the Hb F levels and modify the presentation of SCA...
September 7, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Matthieu Resche-Rigon, Romain Pirracchio, Marie Robin, Regis Peffault De Latour, David Sibon, Lionel Ades, Patricia Ribaud, Jean-Paul Fermand, Catherine Thieblemont, Gérard Socié, Sylvie Chevret
UNLABELLED: <AbstractText Label="BACKGROUND" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">In some clinical situations, for which RCT are rare or impossible, the majority of the evidence comes from observational studies, but standard estimations could be biased because they ignore covariates that confound treatment decisions and outcomes. METHODS: Three observational studies were conducted to assess the benefit of Allo-SCT in hematological malignancies of multiple myeloma, follicular lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease...
August 16, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Mary Fuchs, Mike Reinhöfer, Andreas Ragoschke-Schumm, Herbert G Sayer, Klas Böer, Otto W Witte, Andreas Hochhaus, Hubertus Axer
BACKGROUND: This case report highlights the relevance of quantifying the BCR-ABL gene in cerebrospinal fluid of patients with suspected relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia in the central nervous system. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a female patient with isolated central nervous system relapse of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) during peripheral remission after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The patient showed a progressive cognitive decline as the main symptom...
August 7, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
A Lawretta Onwah, Titilope A Adeyemo, Adewumi Adediran, Sarah O Ajibola, Alani S Akanmu
UNLABELLED: <AbstractText Label="BACKGROUND" NlmCategory="BACKGROUND">The prevalence of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), a premalignant plasma-cell disorder has not been determined in our geographic area Nigeria. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was carried on apparently healthy Nigerians selected by multistage sampling technique from the cosmopolitan city of Lagos, Nigeria. Subjects enrolled into the study had 2-step screening for the presence, type and concentration of monoclonal band...
June 28, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Bassam Ms Al-Musawi, Nasir Al-Allawi, Ban A Abdul-Majeed, Adil A Eissa, Jaladet Ms Jubrael, Hanan Hamamy
BACKGROUND: Although G6PD deficiency is the most common genetically determined blood disorder among Iraqis, its molecular basis has only recently been studied among the Kurds in North Iraq, while studies focusing on Arabs in other parts of Iraq are still absent. METHODS: A total of 1810 apparently healthy adult male blood donors were randomly recruited from the national blood transfusion center in Baghdad. They were classified into G6PD deficient and non-deficient individuals based on the results of methemoglobin reduction test (MHRT), with confirmation of deficiency by subsequent enzyme assays...
March 27, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Bushra Moiz, Mashhooda Rasool Hashmi, Amna Nasir, Anila Rashid, Tariq Moatter
BACKGROUND: Hemoglobin E is an important hemoglobin variant with a worldwide distribution. A number of hemoglobinopathies have been reported from Pakistan. However a comprehensive description of hemoglobin E syndromes for the country was never made. This study aimed to describe various hemoglobin E disorders based on hematological parameters and chromatography. The sub-aim was to characterize hemoglobin E at molecular level. METHODS: This was a hospital based study conducted prospectively for a period of one year extending from January 1 to December 31, 2008...
March 25, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
T Michelle Brown, Ruslan V Horblyuk, Kelly M Grotzinger, Axel C Matzdorff, Chris L Pashos
BACKGROUND: Chronic immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a debilitating autoimmune disorder that causes a reduction in blood platelets and increased risk of bleeding. ITP is currently managed with various pharmacologic therapies and splenectomy.This study was conducted to assess patient perceived and reported treatment side effects, as well as the perceived burden or bother, and need to reduce or stop treatment, associated with these side effects among adult patients with chronic ITP. METHODS: A Web-enabled survey was administered to members of a US-based ITP patient support group...
March 22, 2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Eva Gupta, Michael Yacoub, Martha Higgins, Ayad M Al-Katib
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x5653d2f4c028) BACKGROUND: Syncytial giant cell hepatitis (GCH) is an uncommon and an underreported disease entity. In two previously reported cases of GCH in patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) liver failure ensued. Autoimmune and infective causes have been implicated but its etiology remains unclear. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old female with CLL presented with acute hepatitis with negative viral and auto-immune serologies and without any prior toxic exposure...
2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Giovanni Caocci, Fabio Efficace, Francesca Ciotti, Maria Grazia Roncarolo, Adriana Vacca, Eugenia Piras, Roberto Littera, Raji Suleiman Dawood Markous, Gary Stephen Collins, Fabio Ciceri, Franco Mandelli, Sarah Marktel, Giorgio La Nasa
UNLABELLED: HASH(0x5653d2bb6448) BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is a common disorder worldwide with a predominant incidence in Mediterranean countries, North Africa, the Middle East, India, Central Asia, and Southeast Asia. Whilst substantial progress has been made towards the improvement of Health related quality of life (HRQoL) in western countries, scarce evidence-based data exists on HRQol of thalassemia children and adolescents living in developing countries. METHODS: We studied 60 thalassemia children from Middle Eastern countries with a median age of 10 years (range 5 to 17 years)...
2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Misaki Wayengera
BACKGROUND: Sickle cell disease (or simply, SCD) is an inherited hemoglobinopathy which is mostly prevalent among persons of African descent. SCD results from a monogenic (Hemoglobin, beta) point-mutation (substitution of the base Adenine with Thymine at position six) that leads to replacement of the amino acid glutamic acid (E) with valine (V). Management of SCD within resource-poor settings is largely syndromic, since the option of cure offered by bone-marrow transplantation (BMT) is risky and unaffordable by most affected individuals...
2012: BMC Blood Disorders
Lasitha Samarakoon, Nuwan Ranawaka, Chaturaka Rodrigo, Godwin R Constantine, Lalindra Goonarathne
BACKGROUND: We report a patient with cytogenetically confirmed Fanconi anaemia with associated diffuse bilateral pulmonary arterio-venous fistulae. This is only the second reported case of diffuse pulmonary arterio-venous fistulae with Fanconi anaemia. CASE PRESENTATION: A 16 year old Sri Lankan boy, with a cytogenetically confirmed Fanconi anaemia was admitted to University Medical Unit, National Hospital of Sri Lanka for further assessment and treatment. Both central and peripheral cyanosis plus clubbing were noted on examination...
2012: BMC Blood Disorders
R Andrew Moore, Helen Gaskell, Peter Rose, Jonathan Allan
BACKGROUND: Recommendations given for intravenous iron treatment are typically not supported by a high level of evidence. This meta-analysis addressed this by summarising the available date from clinical trials of ferric carboxymaltose using clinical trial reports and published reports. METHODS: Clinical trial reports were supplemented by electronic literature searches comparing ferric carboxymaltose with active comparators or placebo. Various outcomes were sought for efficacy (attainment of normal haemoglobin (Hb), increase of Hb by a defined amount, for example), together with measures of harm, including serious adverse events and deaths...
September 24, 2011: BMC Blood Disorders
Neelam Giri, Rees Lee, Albert Faro, Charles B Huddleston, Frances V White, Blanche P Alter, Sharon A Savage
BACKGROUND: Dyskeratosis congenita (DC) is a progressive, multi-system, inherited disorder of telomere biology with high risks of morbidity and mortality from bone marrow failure, hematologic malignancy, solid tumors and pulmonary fibrosis. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) can cure the bone marrow failure, but it does not eliminate the risks of other complications, for which life-long surveillance is required. Pulmonary fibrosis is a progressive and lethal complication of DC...
June 15, 2011: BMC Blood Disorders
Bamidele A Iwalokun, Senapon O Iwalokun, Semande O Hodonu, Ayoola O Aina, Phillip U Agomo
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that the pathophysiology of homozygous sickle cell anaemia (SCA) results in a myriad of metabolic, nutritional, haematological and clinical effects that interact with other co-morbid factors to determine the quality of life and life expectancy of afflicted patients. Because of its critical roles in nutrition and metabolism, inflammation, haematopoiesis and cellular immunity, this study determined the plasma levels of leptin in steady and unsteady states of HbSS in Nigerian patients...
May 26, 2011: BMC Blood Disorders
Srdjan Denic, Abdul-Kader Souid, Nicolaas Nagelkerke, Saad Showqi, Ghazala Balhaj
BACKGROUND: Interpreting the erythroid lineage in populations with high frequency of α+ thalassemia allele is challenging due to the high prevalence of α+ thalassemia homozygotes. For such populations, separate reference values for normal and α+ thalassemia homozygotes are needed. METHODS: We studied the erythroid lineage in 1,079 citizens of United Arab Emirates (UAE). Subjects with abnormal hemoglobin (39), iron deficiency (136) or erroneous entries (8) were excluded...
February 24, 2011: BMC Blood Disorders
James C Barton, J Clayborn Barton, Luigi F Bertoli
BACKGROUND: There are many descriptions of the association of pica with iron deficiency in adults, but there are few reports in which observations available at diagnosis of iron deficiency were analyzed using multivariable techniques to identify significant predictors of pica. We sought to identify clinical and laboratory correlates of pica in adults with iron deficiency or depletion using univariable and stepwise forward logistic regression analyses. METHODS: We reviewed charts of 262 non-pregnant adult outpatients (ages ≥18 y) who required treatment with intravenous iron dextran...
December 22, 2010: BMC Blood Disorders
Gyan K Kayastha, Padma Gurung, Paras K Acharya, Buddhi P Paudyal, Bruce Hayes, Mark Zimmerman, Arjun Karki, Aaron S Mansfield
BACKGROUND: Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) is caused by the abnormal fusion protein BCR-ABL1, a constitutively active tyrosine kinase and product of the Philadelphia chromosome. Gleevec (Imatinib mesylate) is a selective inhibitor of this kinase. Treatment with this agent is known to result in hematologic, cytogenetic, and molecular responses. Patan hospital (Patan, Nepal) is one of the Gleevec International Patient Assistance Program (GIPAP) centers for patients with CML. METHODS: A total of 106 Philadelphia positive CML patients were enrolled in our center between Feb 2003 and Jun 2008, and 103 of them were eligible for cytogenetic and/or hematologic response analyses...
December 7, 2010: BMC Blood Disorders
Nasir Al-Allawi, Adil A Eissa, Jaladet Ms Jubrael, Shakir Ar Jamal, Hanan Hamamy
BACKGROUND: Glucose-6-Phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) is a key enzyme of the pentose monophosphate pathway, and its deficiency is the most common inherited enzymopathy worldwide. G6PD deficiency is common among Iraqis, including those of the Kurdish ethnic group, however no study of significance has ever addressed the molecular basis of this disorder in this population. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence of this enzymopathy and its molecular basis among Iraqi Kurds. METHODS: A total of 580 healthy male Kurdish Iraqis randomly selected from a main regional premarital screening center in Northern Iraq were screened for G6PD deficiency using methemoglobin reduction test...
July 5, 2010: BMC Blood Disorders
Andrew L Okwi, Wilson Byarugaba, Christopher M Ndugwa, Arthur Parkes, Michael Ocaido, James K Tumwine
BACKGROUND: The first survey on sickle cell disease (SCD) done in Uganda in 1949, reported the district of Bundibugyo in Western Uganda to have the highest sickle cell trait (SCT) prevalence (45%). This is believed to be the highest in the whole world. According to the same survey, the prevalence of SCT in the districts of Mbale and Sironko in the East was 20-28%, whilst the districts of Mbarara and Ntungamo in the West had 1-5%. No follow-up surveys have been conducted over the past 60 years...
June 23, 2010: BMC Blood Disorders
Rowan McIlhagger, Alan J Gow, Caroline E Brett, Janie Corley, Michelle Taylor, Ian J Deary, John M Starr
BACKGROUND: Reference ranges are available for different blood cell counts. These ranges treat each cell type independently and do not consider possible correlations between cell types. METHODS: Participants were identified from the Community Health Index as survivors of the 1947 Scottish Mental Survey, all born in 1936, who were resident in Lothian (potential n = 3,810) and invited to participate in the study. Those who consented were invited to attend a Clinical Research Facility where, amongst other assessments, blood was taken for full blood count...
June 11, 2010: BMC Blood Disorders
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"