Journals Kaohsiung Journal of Medical S...

Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Ji-Mu Wu, Getu Zhaori, Li Mei, Xiao-Man Ren, Arong Tong Laga, Batu Deligen
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a hepatic metabolic syndrome with a rapidly increasing prevalence globally. Plantamajoside (PMS), a phenylethanoid glycoside component extracted from Plantago asiatica, has various biological properties. However, its effect on NAFLD remains unknown. The study aimed to explore the effect and mechanism of PMS on NAFLD in the high-fat diet (HFD)-feeding rats. PMS induced a decrease in body and liver weight, and the amelioration in the blood lipid parameters and pathological symptoms in HFD-feeding rats...
June 2, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Run-Feng Miao, Jing Tu
Sepsis-associated acute lung injury (ALI) is a life-threatening condition in intensive care units with high mortality. LncRNAs have been confirmed to participate in the underlying pathogenesis of septic ALI. This study investigated the biological functions of lncRNA CDKN2B-AS1 in septic ALI and its potential mechanism.BEAS-2B cells were challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and mice were subjected to caecal ligation and puncture (CLP) to induce septic ALI in vitro and in vivo. The expression levels of CDKN2B-AS1, LIN28B, HIF-1α, and pyroptosis-related molecules were assessed by qRT-PCR or Western blotting...
June 2, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Lei Liu, Yu-Hui Sun, Ran An, Rong-Jie Cheng, Nan Li, Jian-Hua Zheng
Autophagy is one of the underlying causes of resistance to many antitumor drugs, including cisplatin (DDP). The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) is a regulator of ovarian cancer (OC) progression. However, whether LDLR regulates DDP resistance in OC via autophagy-related pathways remains unclear. LDLR expression was measured by quantitative real-time PCR, western blot (WB) and IHC staining. A Cell Counting Kit 8 assay was employed to evaluate DDP resistance and cell viability, and flow cytometry was used to assess apoptosis...
May 23, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Ying-Ke Liu, Lei-Shan Liu, Bo-Chen Zhu, Xiu-Fang Chen, Li-Hong Tian
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease. Keratinocyte dysfunction plays a central role in AD development. MicroRNA is a novel player in many inflammatory and immune skin diseases. In this study, we investigated the potential function and regulatory mechanism of miR-193b in AD. Inflamed human keratinocytes (HaCaT) were established by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α/interferon (IFN)-γ stimulation. Cell viability was measured using MTT assay, while the cell cycle was analyzed using flow cytometry...
May 11, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Li-Li Li, Li-Sha Pan
The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been extensively studied in patients with gastric cancer (GC) treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), although the results are controversial. Therefore, we performed the present meta-analysis to systematically assess the correlation between NLR and prognosis and clinicopathological factors in GC patients undergoing treatment with ICIs. Among the electronic databases, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library were thoroughly searched. To estimate the prognostic value of NLR for progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS), hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated, and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated...
May 11, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Dan-Dan Wang, Li-Ze Zhang, Cheng-Jian Pang, Jian-Zhou Ye
Skin is the first line of the body to resist pathogen invasion. A potentially fatal infection may result from problems with wound healing. Small molecule drugs like astragaloside IV (AS-IV) show pro-healing activities, but the mechanisms are not fully understood. Using real-time quantitative PCR and a western blot assay, the amount of gene expression was evaluated. The proliferation and migration of keratinocytes were determined by MTS and wound healing assay, respectively. The binding of lncRNA H19 to RBP protein ILF3 and the binding of ILF3 protein to CDK4 mRNA were confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation...
May 3, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Zhao-Yu Gao, Ying-Jian Jiang, Jiang Wang, Chang Li, Dian-Liang Zhang
Intestinal barrier injury is a common complication of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), which is often accompanied by intestinal mucosal barrier injury and results in serious consequences. However, the exact mechanism remains unclear. We aimed to investigate whether angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1)-mediated oxidative stress is involved in SAP intestinal barrier injury and assessed the effects of inhibiting this pathway. The SAP model was established by retrograde bile duct injection of sodium taurocholate (5%)...
May 3, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Sha-Sha Bai, Li-Wei Yan, Chun-Hui Liu
Ovarian cancer (OC) represents one of the most detrimental gynecological malignancies. RNA-binding protein eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4A isoform 3 (EIF4A3) is well-regarded as a definitive oncogene that contributes to the development of multiple malignant tumors. This study sought to elucidate the molecular mechanism of EIF4A3 in OC growth and aerobic glycolysis by regulation of pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase 4 (PDK4) mRNA stability. We determined the EIF4A3 and PDK4 expression levels in OC cell lines and normal ovarian epithelial cells, and subsequently evaluated the cell viability and colony formation by cell counting kit-8 and colony formation assays...
April 26, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Wen-Cheng Chen, Chang-Hui Wen, Meng Wang, Zi-Dan Xiao, Zhong-Zhao Zhang, Chun-Lan Wu, Ran Wu
The interleukin-23 (IL-23)/IL-17 immune axis has been linked to the pathology of psoriasis, but how this axis contributes to skin inflammation in this disease remains unclear. We measured inflammatory cytokines associated with the IL-23/IL-17 immune axis in the serum of patients with psoriasis using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Psoriasis was induced in male C57BL/6J mice using imiquimod (IMQ) cream, and animals received intraperitoneal injections of recombinant mouse anti-IL-23A or anti-IL-17A antibodies for 7 days...
April 26, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Ya-Nan Yang, Yong-Bai Luo, Gang Xu, Kang Li, Ru-Lan Ma, Wei Yuan
Myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) was often observed after surgeries, causing a lot of suffering to patients. Inflammation and apoptosis were critical determinants during MIRI. We conveyed experiments to reveal the regulatory functions of circHECTD1 in MIRI development. The Rat MIRI model was established and determined by 2,3,5-triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining. We analyzed cell apoptosis using TUNEL and flow cytometry. Proteins expression was evaluated by western blot. The RNA level was determined by qRT-PCR...
April 25, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Ke Hu, Min-Jiang Huang, Sha Ling, Yu-Xian Li, Xiang-Yu Cao, Yue-Fu Chen, Jian-Ming Lei, Wen-Zhe Fu, Bi-Feng Tan
Long noncoding RNAs (LncRNAs) are essential to regulate the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was conducted to analyze the functionality of long noncoding RNA cancer susceptibility candidate 11 (lncRNA CASC11) in oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced injury of cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs). CMECs were treated with ox-LDL to induce the CAD cell model. The cellular expression levels of CASC11 and histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction or Western blot assay...
April 25, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Wei-Wei Li, Bei Zheng, Rong Shi, Yue-Ming Jiang, Yan-Nan Liu, Zhi-Wei Wang
This retrospective observational study aims to investigate the patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) of dexmedetomidine (DEX) with nalbuphine (NAL) versus sufentanil (SUF) for post-cesarean delivery management. A total of 300 women were evaluated who underwent cesarean section surgery with combined spinal-epidural anesthesia. After surgery, all patients were connected to a patient-controlled analgesia pump. The PCIA protocol was programmed with 0.11 μg/kg/h DEX in combination with 0.03 μg/kg/h SUF in Group I (n = 150) or 0...
April 24, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Zhi-Lu Sun, Ting You, Bi-Hong Zhang, Yu Liu, Jing Liu
Bone mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosome (BMSC-exosome) is a potential candidate for lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) treatment. This study aims to investigate the anti-pyroptosis effect of BMSC-exosomes in LIRI. The LIRI cell model was established by hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) treatment. Interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 levels were examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Cell viability was assessed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release was examined using a LDH assay kit...
April 24, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Lei Chen, Ke Zhuang
Kaempferol (KA), a widely recognized anti-oxidation and anti-inflammation agent, has been reported to have neuroprotective effects. This work aimed to investigate whether KA protects mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons against bupivacaine (BU)-stimulated neurotoxicity and explore the underlying mechanisms. In this study, BU treatment suppressed DRG neuron viability and promoted LDH leakage, which was partially abated by KA. Besides, BU-triggered DRG neuron apoptosis, and changes in Bax and Bcl-2 levels were attenuated by KA treatment...
April 20, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Jing Xiong, Qing Zhou
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a serious cardiovascular complication of diabetes that severely affects the quality of life of diabetic patients. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of DCM. However, the role of the lncRNA homeobox transcript antisense RNA (HOTAIR) in the progression of DCM remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the role of HOTAIR in high glucose (HG)-induced pyroptosis in cardiomyocytes. The expression of the lncRNA HOTAIR, FUS, and SIRT3 in H9C2 cardiomyocytes was detected by RT-qPCR...
April 19, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Xiang-Yu Lai, Yu-Mei Shi, Ming-Ming Zhou
The application of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as gefitinib, has shifted lung cancer treatment from empirical chemotherapy to targeted molecular therapy. However, acquired drug resistance is inevitable in almost all non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients treated with gefitinib. Combined treatment with dihydroartemisinin (DHA) and gefitinib produced a better inhibitory effect on lung adenocarcinoma than gefitinib treatment alone; however, the specific mechanism remains unclear...
April 14, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Hsien-Kuo Chin, Mei-Chin Lu, Kai-Cheng Hsu, Mohamed El-Shazly, Tsen-Ni Tsai, Tzu-Yung Lin, Shou-Ping Shih, Tony Eight Lin, Zhi-Hong Wen, Yu-Chen S H Yang, Yi-Chang Liu
13-Acetoxysarcocrassolide (13-AC) is a marine cembranoid derived from the aquaculture soft coral of Lobophytum crassum. The cytotoxic effect of 13-AC against leukemia cells was previously reported but its mechanism of action is still unexplored. In the current study, we showed that 13-AC induced apoptosis of human acute lymphoblastic leukemia Molt4 cells, as evidenced by the cleavage of PARP and caspases, phosphatidylserine externalization, as well as the disruption of mitochondrial membrane potential. The use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenger, attenuated the cytotoxic effect induced by 13-AC...
April 13, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Xiu-Ying Fan, Zhong-Xu Ma, Li-Bin Tang, Han-Zhang Shen, Fei Qi, Jia-Wei Xia
Acute lung injury (ALI) is an adverse disease of the respiratory system, and one of its prevalent causes is sepsis induction. Cell pyroptosis facilitates the progression of ALI and lncRNAs play critical roles in ALI. Thus, this research seeks to investigate the specific mechanism of NEAT1 in sepsis-ALI.BEAS-2B cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to construct a cell model of sepsis-induced ALI. The gene and protein expression were assessed using qRT-PCR and western blot. Cell viability was identified by CCK-8...
April 13, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Yun-Tao Tian, Hua-Xin Sun, Xian-Hui Zhou, Bao-Peng Tang
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is the most important cause of death among cardiovascular diseases. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been widely implicated in the regulation of AMI progression. Discrimination antagonizing nonprotein coding RNA (DANCR) alleviated hypoxia-caused cardiomyocyte damages, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we investigated the function and mechanism of DANCR in hypoxia-induced cardiomyocytes and AMI model by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, reactive oxygen species and adenosine triphosphate measurement, and mitochondrial activity determination...
April 12, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Peng Yu, Long Cheng, Wei-Mu Xia, Ding-Yi Liu, Jia-Shun Yu, Yan-Feng Zhou, Yong-Jun Zheng
Altered Krüppel-like factor 9 (KLF9) expression can regulate the progression of several cancers, including renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study was conducted to investigate the role of KLF9 in the proliferation, invasion, and migration of RCC cells via regulation of stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4). The expression patterns of KLF9, SDF-1, and CXCR4 in the experimental cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting...
April 3, 2023: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.