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Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition

Kebede Amenu, Barbara Wieland, Barbara Szonyi, Delia Grace
BACKGROUND: Safety and wholesomeness of milk intended for human consumption are influenced by various interlinked factors. However, information on what these factors are, especially in the pastoral traditional communities of Ethiopia, is largely lacking. The objective of this study is to assess the hygienic milk production, processing and consumption practices, and behaviors of Borana pastoralists. METHODS: The study used qualitative participatory research methods...
February 7, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Abdul-Razak Abizari, Zakari Ali
BACKGROUND: Assessment of single nutrients or foods does not normally reflect the diet of population groups. Dietary pattern analyses are useful in understanding the overall diet and its relationship with disease conditions. The objective of the present study was to determine the dietary patterns and associated factors among schooling adolescents in Northern Ghana. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 366 pupils in 10 junior high schools in the Tamale metropolis was conducted...
February 6, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Devarajan Rathish, Ruvini Hemachandra, Thilini Premadasa, Sasini Ramanayake, Chathuri Rasangika, Ravi Roshiban, Channa Jayasumana
BACKGROUND: Treatment plans fail if patients have poor medication adherence. Our aim was to compare medication adherence, reasons for non-adherence, and satisfaction with community support among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who pay for their medications and those who receive it free. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, among patients who were on oral anti-diabetic drugs for at least 3 months. They were grouped into two: universal-free group and fee-paying group...
January 24, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Devarajan Rathish, Channa Jayasumana, Suneth Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Higher efficacy of incretin-based therapies for type 2 diabetes mellitus has been reported from Asia. Pancreatitis and hepatitis have also been suspected to occur due to dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor (DPP4I) treatment. The present study aims at comparing selected biochemical parameters among DPP4 inhibitor users and other oral hypoglycaemic drug users. METHODS: Patients were recruited from the State Pharmaceutical Corporation, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, for a comparative cross-sectional study...
January 23, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Kanjana Suriyaprom, Sarunya Kaewprasert, Pumpath Putpadungwipon, Pisit Namjuntra, Suwit Klongthalay
BACKGROUND: An oxidant/antioxidant disequilibrium has been suggested as having a role in the pathogenesis of some diseases. Metabolic syndrome (MS) is significantly associated with cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. The pathogenesis of MS is complex and not well understood. The purposes of the present study were to compare enzymatic and non-enzyme antioxidants, anthropometric, hematological, and biochemical findings between subjects with MS and without MS and to evaluate the relationship between antioxidant status and hematological parameters with the components of MS...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Tatjana Gazibara, Nikolina Kovacevic, Darija Kisic-Tepavcevic, Selmina Nurkovic, Ilma Kurtagic, Teodora Gazibara, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND: Surveys of older adults' knowledge relative to flu immunization have highlighted its relevance in the improvement of vaccination coverage. The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of older persons who have ever been immunized against seasonal flu in the municipality of Vračar (Belgrade, Serbia), assess their knowledge related to flu and flu vaccination, and to determine factors associated with flu immunization. METHODS: In the period November 2012-January 2013, 480 persons aged above 65 years were recruited at the Community Health Center, of which 354 persons were finally included in the study...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Amos K Laar, Margaret Y Lartey, Augustine Ankomah, Michael P K Okyerefo, Ernest A Ampah, Demi P Letsa, Priscillia A Nortey, Awewura Kwara
BACKGROUND: Optimal nutrition is a determinant of health in all persons. In persons living with HIV (PLHIV), nutrition is particularly important. Various factors, including dietary practices, play a role in guaranteeing nutritional health. OBJECTIVES: We investigated multiple non-prescription drugs use among HIV-positive persons receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) from four treatment centers in southern Ghana. This paper, however, focuses on nutrient supplement use, food elimination, and food substitution practices by the PLHIV...
December 4, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Getachew Kabew Mekonnen, Bezatu Mengistie, Geremew Sahilu, Worku Mulat, Helmut Kloos
BACKGROUND: Maternal knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to hygiene, breastfeeding, sanitary food preparation, and appropriate weaning practices are potentially important determinants in the occurrence of diarrhea in children. However, few studies have been carried out about the knowledge and attitudes about childhood diarrhea among parents in refugee camps and host communities. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at assessing the caregivers' knowledge and attitudes regarding acute diarrhea in under-five children among refugee and host communities in Gambella Region, Ethiopia...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Qian Wang, Lingzhong Xu, Long Sun, Jiajia Li, Wenzhe Qin, Gan Ding, Jiao Zhang, Jing Zhu, Su Xie, Zihang Yu, Chengchao Zhou
BACKGROUND: Blood pressure measurement is the first step in preventing and controlling hypertension. The objective of this study is to examine the rural-urban difference towards blood pressure measurement among elderly with hypertension. METHODS: A total of 2007 elderly (65+) were selected from the fifth Health Service Survey of Shandong Province in 2013. A standardized questionnaire was used to investigate the demographic characters, socioeconomic status, self-rated health, and blood pressure related index...
November 22, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Joshua O Akinyemi, Izzatullah Bolajoko, Babatunde M Gbadebo
BACKGROUND: One of the factors responsible for high level of childhood mortality in Nigeria is poor utilization of maternal healthcare (MHC) services. Another important perspective which has been rarely explored is the influence of childhood death on MHC service utilization. In this study, we examined the relationship between death of preceding child and MHC services utilization [antenatal care (ANC), skilled attendant at birth (SAB), and postnatal care (PNC)] among Nigerian women and across the six geo-political zones of the country...
November 7, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Meron Mehari Kifle, Hana Fesehaye Kesete, Hermon Tekeste Gaim, Goitu Seltene Angosom, Michael Berhane Araya
BACKGROUND: In Eritrea, despite high antenatal care (ANC) use, utilization of health facilities for child birth is still low and with marked variations between urban and rural areas. Understanding the reasons behind the poor use of these services in a rural setting is important to design targeted strategies and address the challenge contextually. This study aimed to determine factors that influence women's choice of delivery place in selected rural communities in Eritrea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 309 women aged 15-49 years with a delivery in the last 1-2 years prior to the survey was conducted in a randomly selected villages of Hadish Adi, Serea, Genseba, Kelay Bealtat, Dirko, Mai Leham, Kudo Abour, Adi Koho, and Leayten...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
F A Olatona, O O Onabanjo, R N Ugbaja, K E Nnoaham, D A Adelekan
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy dietary patterns are associated with metabolic changes and increased risk of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), but these associations have not been investigated in representative populations of university undergraduates in low-to-middle income countries (LMICs). METHODS: This study was conducted in the three universities in Lagos State, Nigeria to assess the dietary pattern and metabolic risk factors of NCDs among university undergraduate population...
August 16, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Wilson Akpan
BACKGROUND: Health care visits during pregnancy, childbirth and after childbirth may be crucial in expanding the uptake of contraceptive care in resource-poor settings. However, little is known about how health care visits influence the uptake of modern contraception in Nigeria. The focus of this paper was to examine how health care visits influence the use of contraceptives among parous women in a medically underserved setting. METHODS: The study adopted a descriptive survey design...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Xin Liu, Xia Liao, Qiannan Ren, Meng Luo, Lei Yang, Jing Lin, Jie Chang
BACKGROUND: Complementary feeding (CF) is an important determinant of infant growth and development. However, CF practices are influenced by caregivers' perceptions and knowledge. This study aimed to describe perceptions and factors that potentially influence CF practices among Chinese mothers living in Xi'an, a rapidly developing city in China. METHODS: This focus group study included three discussion groups. Topics related to practices and concerns regarding CF were discussed among women with at least one child aged 4-36 months...
July 24, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Habtamu Azene Tekle, Tesfahun Molla Bobe, Efrata Girma Tufa, Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism is an elevation in serum thyroid-stimulating hormone above the upper limit of the reference range (0.45-4.5 mIU/L) with normal serum TT4 and TT3 concentration. The most important implication of subclinical hypothyroidism is high likelihood of progression of clinical hypothyroidism. METHODS: Institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted on medical records of patients referred at endocrine clinic Tikur Anbesa Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa from 2010 to 2016...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Mailan Natarajan, Deepika Kumar, Jharna Mandal, Niranjan Biswal, Selvaraj Stephen
BACKGROUND: Emergence of atypical enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and hybrid E. coli (harboring genes of more than one DEC pathotypes) strains have complicated the issue of growing antibiotic resistance in diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC). This ongoing evolution occurs in nature predominantly via horizontal gene transfers involving the mobile genetic elements like integrons notably class 1 integron. This study was undertaken to determine the virulence pattern and antibiotic resistance among the circulating DEC strains in a tertiary care center in south of India...
July 13, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Mohan Paudel, Sara Javanparast, Lareen Newman, Gouranga Dasvarma
BACKGROUND: This paper aims to examine the health care contexts shaping perinatal survival in remote mountain villages of Nepal. Health care is provided through health services to a primary health care level-comprising district hospital, village health facilities and community-based health services. The paper discusses the implications for future policies and practice to improve health access and outcomes related to perinatal health. The study was conducted in two remote mountain villages in one of the most remote and disadvantaged mountain districts of Nepal...
July 5, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Abyot Asres, Degu Jerene, Wakgari Deressa
BACKGROUND: Financial burden on tuberculosis (TB) patients results in delayed treatment and poor compliance. We assessed pre- and post-diagnosis costs to TB patients. METHODS: A longitudinal study among 735 new TB cases was conducted from January 2015 through June 2016 in 10 woredas (districts) of southwestern Ethiopia. Direct out-of-pocket, payments, and lost income (indirect cost) were solicited from patients during the first 2 months and at the end of treatment...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Dahabo Adi Galgallo, Zeinab Gura Roka, Waqo G Boru, Khalumi Abill, James Ransom
AIM: Typhoid fever is a vaccine-preventable bacterial disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality throughout Africa. This paper describes an upsurge of typhoid fever cases in Moyale Sub-County (MSC), Kenya, 2014-2015. METHODS: We conducted active hospital and health facility surveillance and laboratory and antimicrobial sensitivity testing for all patients presenting with headache, fever, stomach pains, diarrhea, or constipation at five MSC health facilities between December 2014 and January 2015...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Elizabeth L Prado, John Phuka, Eugenia Ocansey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Brietta M Oaks, Anna Lartey, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Since the adoption of United Nations' Sustainable Goal 4.2 to ensure that all children have access to quality early child development (ECD) so that they are ready for primary education, the demand for valid ECD assessments has increased in contexts where they do not yet exist. The development of early language ability is important for school readiness. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of a method to develop vocabulary checklists in new languages to assess early language development, based on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
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