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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Haley Shea, G Susan Mosley-Howard, Daryl Baldwin, George Ironstrack, Kate Rousmaniere, Joseph E Schroer
OBJECTIVES: This article explores the impact of a decade of cultural education and revitalization with the Miami Tribe of Oklahoma, as they strive to recover from years of historical trauma and cultural oppression. The recovery or resilience is measured through behaviors (defined as living well") seen in tribal youth and community engagement. This study has 4 research questions focused on academic attainment, physical and mental health, community engagement, and national/tribal growth...
February 7, 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Simon Ozer, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: Around the world, the transformative power of globalization has increased intercultural connectivity, initiated sociocultural change, and broadened the possibilities for diverse life trajectories. These developments have increased the number of individuals within non-Western contexts who experience emerging adulthood as a developmental life stage between adolescence and adulthood. Central to this life stage is identity development, which has become increasingly challenging during times of rapid sociocultural change...
January 7, 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Linda C Halgunseth, Stephanie Milan, Kevin Hynes, Tatiana Melendez-Rhodes, Alexander Reid
OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether maternal depressive symptoms moderated the association between mothers' and daughters' ethnic identity commitment. METHOD: The sample included 165 (69% Latina, 26% African American/Black, and 5% Asian, Native American, or Middle Eastern) mother-adolescent daughter dyads. Mothers' self-reported on their ethnic identity commitment and depressive symptoms, and adolescent daughters self-reported on their ethnic identity commitment...
January 7, 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Lisa Kiang, Marianna Broome, Michele Chan, Gabriela L Stein, Laura M Gonzalez, Andrew J Supple
OBJECTIVES: Understanding the experience of foreigner objectification is relevant given the possibility of ethnocentrism, xenophobia, and mistrust of immigrants in the United States. The present study examines main and interactive effects of objectification and English proficiency on developmental outcomes among immigrant mothers and children. METHOD: Our study includes 173 youth from Latinx backgrounds (52% female, M age = 12.86 years, SD = .68; 87% United States-born) and their mothers ( M age = 38...
December 20, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Alejandro L Vázquez, Miguel T Villodas
BACKGROUND: Black caregivers may be more likely to have negative experiences with mental health services/providers and lack knowledge of psychopathology and mental health services relative to White caregivers. These perceptual and informational barriers could influence the likelihood that Black caregivers utilize psychological counseling and support services for their adolescents compared to White caregivers. The current study examined differences between Black and White caregivers in the associations between their adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems and their perceptions of need for and utilization of psychological counseling and support services...
December 20, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Kamilla L Venner, Kylee Hagler, Violette Cloud, Brenna Greenfield
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing awareness of the prevalence of abstinence and rates of remission from alcohol problems among Native Americans (NAs). Past NA remission research has included epidemiological studies, treatment outcomes, and qualitative inquiry. In this study, we sought to qualitatively examine how NAs resolved moderate to severe alcohol use disorder (AUD) and maintained long-term sobriety. METHOD: Recruitment via newspaper advertisements, flyers, and word-of-mouth yielded 55 NA participants (56% male)...
December 20, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Sabahat Cigdem Bagci, Sofia Stathi, Zeynep Ecem Piyale
OBJECTIVE: Imagined intergroup contact has been shown to be an effective tool to improve intergroup relationships in various settings, yet the application of the strategy among minority group members and across cultures has been scarce. The current research aimed to test imagined contact effects on minority group members' acculturation strategies (contact participation and culture maintenance), perceived discrimination, feelings of belongingness, and social acceptance across three studies conducted in the United Kingdom (Study 1) and Turkey (Studies 2 and 3)...
December 20, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Tamika C B Zapolski, Marcy R Beutlich, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes-Najor
OBJECTIVES: Racial discrimination is associated with numerous negative health outcomes, including increased risk for depression and anxiety symptoms and substance use. Positive affect toward of one's ethnic or racial group (i.e., ethnic-racial identity affirmation) has been shown to buffer the negative effects of racial discrimination on health outcomes. The extent to which one believes his or her group is valued by others (i.e., positive collective ethnic-racial identity) has also been proposed to be protective...
December 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Daphne J Hill, Sarai Blanco Martinez, Yesenia Mejia, Andrea L Kulish, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Gabriela L Stein
OBJECTIVES: Latina mothers in emerging immigrant communities experience heightened risk for depressive symptoms because of the convergence of multiple risk factors rooted in economic, cultural, and familial experiences. Previous research with Latina/o adolescents has found that discrimination, and not acculturative stress, predicts depressive symptoms; however, no research to our knowledge has examined the relative impact of both discrimination and acculturative stress in Latina mothers...
December 13, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Juliette McClendon, Joshua J Jackson, Ryan Bogdan, Thomas F Oltmanns
OBJECTIVE: We examined race/gender effects on initial levels and trajectories of self-reported physical and mental health, as well as the moderating role of personality. We hypothesized that health disparities would remain stable or decrease over time, and that at-risk personality traits (e.g., neuroticism) would have a more robust negative impact on health for Black participants. METHOD: Analyses utilized 6 waves of data from a community sample of 1,577 Black and White adults (mean age 60 years), assessed every 6 months for 2...
December 10, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jason J Burrow-Sánchez, Hyman Hops
OBJECTIVES: Latina/o adolescents are at particular risk for substance use disorders (SUDs) and effective treatments are needed. Some critics indicate that standard evidence-based treatments may not meet the needs of Latina/o adolescents and culturally accommodated treatments are needed; however, few comparative studies have been conducted to test this assumption. This randomized trial was designed to test a standard group-based version of a cognitive-behavioral treatment (S-CBT) against its culturally accommodated equivalent (A-CBT) for a sample of Latina/o adolescents with SUDs...
December 3, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Ellen Hawley McWhirter, Douglas Gomez, Ellen D Rau
OBJECTIVE: Latina/o adolescents have been described as less likely to participate in volunteer and civic activities relative to other youth. The present study elicited Latina/o youths' own views of how they can make a difference in their communities. METHOD: Latina/o high school students (N = 686; one third males; Mage = 16.3, SD = 1.2) responded in writing to the open-ended question, "How do you think that Latina and Latino young people can make a difference in our communities?" Data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
December 3, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Linda A Oshin, Stephanie Milan
OBJECTIVES: The Strong Black Woman (SBW) ideal, which emphasizes self-reliance and strength, is considered an influential cultural image for many Black women. Research on how the SBW ideal may be reflected in maternal socialization is largely theoretical or qualitative. METHODS: Guided by cultural models of parenting, we tested for racial/ethnic differences in the importance and meaning of SBW-related attributes among 194 low-income, Black (22%), White (20%), and Latina (57%) families...
December 3, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Julia F Hastings, Lonnie R Snowden
OBJECTIVE: Untreated depression among Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) participants greatly reduces chances of securing and holding gainful employment. METHOD: Logistic regression models were estimated on data describing 1,000 African American and Caribbean Black TANF recipients and 2,123 African American and Caribbean Black non-TANF recipients obtained from the National Survey of American Life (NSAL). RESULTS: Black TANF participants were more likely than Black non-TANF participants to be depressed and treated...
November 29, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
João L Bastos, Michael E Reichenheim, Roger K Celeste, Eduardo Faerstein, Aluisio J D Barros, Yin C Paradies
OBJECTIVE: To reassess the Explicit Discrimination Scale (EDS; Bastos, Faerstein, Celeste, & Barros, 2012), an instrument developed in Brazil to examine intersecting forms of discrimination, with particular attention to the number of underlying dimensions, residual correlations, share of explained item variance, and stability of the configural and metric structure in broader populations. METHOD: Data from two cross-sectional studies and one cohort investigation were used...
November 29, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Judy H Hong, David C Talavera, Mary O Odafe, Christopher D Barr, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVE: To examine purpose in life (PIL) and ethnic identity (EI) as buffers to suicide ideation for Asian American, Hispanic, and Black emerging adults who perceive racial discrimination. METHOD: Two-hundred eighty-nine undergraduate students enrolled at a large university in the southwestern region of the United States (40.8% Asian American, 32.5% Hispanic, 26.6% Black; 61.2% women; mean age = 20.47, SD = 1.83) reported on experiences of racial discrimination, PIL, EI, and suicidal thoughts...
November 26, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Carmen R Valdez, Caryn R R Rodgers, Omar G Gudiño, Patricia Isaac, Natalie A Cort, Manuel Casas, Ashley M Butler
Despite increased recognition of disparities in youth mental health, racial/ethnic disparities in mental health burden and in mental health service use persist. This phenomenon suggests that research documenting disparities alone has not led to extensive action in practice settings in order to significantly reduce disparities. In this commentary, we present a framework to actively target this research-to-practice gap by describing the development of a resource titled, "Addressing the Mental Health Needs of Racial and Ethnic Minority Youth-A Guide for Practitioners...
January 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Brian D Smedley
The United States is experiencing a resurgence of overt expressions of racism, xenophobia, and other forms of intolerance. These forces have clear deleterious consequences for the health and well-being of many populations of color but also harm Whites. Leadership is necessary to challenge racism operating at structural, institutional, interpersonal, and internalized levels, and interventions should be applied simultaneously and in coordination. Only such comprehensive approaches are likely to reshape policy and practice, as well as individual attitudes and behaviors, in ways that dismantle the belief in human hierarchy...
January 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Eric J Moody, Bryn Harris, Linda Zittleman, Donald E Nease, John M Westfall
OBJECTIVE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is underidentified and misidentified in the Latino community, and numerous barriers limit this community's ability to access quality health care for ASD. Appreciative inquiry/boot camp translation (AI/BCT) is a novel method of community engagement that can be used within community-based participatory research partnerships. AI/BCT uses qualitative methods to uncover strategies that the community is already successfully using and develops actionable messages to increase the use of those strategies throughout the community...
January 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Delishia M Pittman, Paramjit Kaur, Lisa T Eyler
OBJECTIVE: Black emerging adult women (ages 18-25 years) are among the fastest growing demographics of HIV infection, second only to men who have sex with men. Black women account for nine of 10 new HIV cases, whereas 84% of these cases are reported to be from heterosexual contact with infected male partners. Heterosexual Black college women (BCW) have been nearly ignored in the HIV literature despite having shared (e.g., risky alcohol use, multiple and concurrent sex partnerships, and inconsistent condom use) and unique (e...
January 2019: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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